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Morocco: The Green Plan for Food Security
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Morocco: The Green Plan for Food Security


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Dr. M. Kadi, Ministry of Agriculture and maritime fisheries, Morocco

Dr. M. Kadi, Ministry of Agriculture and maritime fisheries, Morocco

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  • 1. The  Green  Plan  For  Food  Security  International Conference on Policies for Water and FoodSecurity in Dry Areas24th to 26th of June, Cairo, EgyptPr Mohamed Ait KadiMorocco  
  • 2. Content of this talkWATERAGRICULTURE TRADESSFSü Commercial / Non commercial Agricultureü “Super market revolution”ü Commodity prices volatilityIWRMMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 3. Agriculture  Matters  MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 4. Farming  Systems  20-35%5-10%70-80 BMAD45-50%60-70%3-4 MioJobs35-40%10-15%EmploymentValueFresh50-55%13 BMADDHProcessed45-50%ExportsHigh value addedFruits & VegetablesGrains & Forage25%7,4 Mio Ha75%AreaLivestockMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 5. Importance  of  the    Smallholders  Sector  Annual income (MAD)149 000Tomatoes115 000Apples66 000Citrus7 000Olives2 000WheatThe poverty trap!1.5 mio 8.7mio HaFarms CL< 5 ha> 5 ha70%24%Average:2,1 Ha perHoldingMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 6. MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 7. The  Challenge  Ø  To reliably produce increasing supplies and more varietiesof food, mainly through higher yields using less water andother resource inputs in an environmentally friendlymanner – and at reasonable and affordable prices forconsumersØ  This challenge must be met as the climate changes, and asalmost every input to the food production, processing andconsumption chain increases in cost.Ø  This can only be done by mobilizing technology in allkinds of agriculture including smallholders, using allsources of water and achieving much better coordination,cooperation and partnerships among the majorstakeholders involvedMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 8. Generating  a  Virtuous  Cycle  InvestmentsProductivity/ QualityHigh ValueMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 9. Building  on  Successes  MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 10. Operating  Principles  of  the  New  Vision  for  Agriculture  MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 11. Agriculture a positive driver of socio-economic development &environmental sustainabilityCross cutting Reforms + Enabling EnvironmentPillar IISmallholderfarming as abusinessPillar IRobust commercialAgricultureHolistic/transactionalApproachLand tenure Water TradeDomesticMarketDoing business Value Chains AdministrationMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 12. Pillar I: Aggressivelydevelop a high value/high productivityagricultural sectorImplementing advanced production & developingvalue- add facilities through holistic value chaininterventions700 – 900 investment projects across thecountryAttract private investors while protectingsocial interestsInvestment :110-150 Md DH10 yearsMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 13. « OFFRE MAROC » for InvestorsA WIN WIN Partnership in the context of AggregationStrategic aggregationprogram based oncontracts with clearlydefined conditionsfor each value chainInnovative framework of incentives(targeted subsidies, special tax regimes)V1Preferential land leasingV2Preferential access to financingV3Support of aggregation over thelong- term:• Promotion• Dispute resolution/arbitrationV4Preferential access to tradeassociated benefits• Exports & logistics• Branding & Quality management• Agrotec – R&DV5Commitment to generate growth andinvestments (upstream &downstream)Investments, sales& value added,jobs, know-howE2Commtment to support aggregatedfarmers upstreamAccess to inputs and technologyUptake garanties…E1Commitment to fairnessPolicy of fair and attractiveremuneration to farmersE3Commitments made by theStateFramework of IncentivesCommitments made byaggregatorsMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 14. 14Pillar II: Smallholderfarming as a businessLifting greatestnumber of farmersout of povertyInvestment :15-20 Md DH10 yearsProactive marketing to Domestic andInternational InvestorsStrengthening capacities of social institutionsfor proper project implementation on thegroundReconversion ProjectsIntensification ProjectsDiversification Projects300-400 projectsCatalyst for development of Oasis & MountainsMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 15. WATER-AGRICULTURE-TRADEWATERAGRICULTURE TRADESSFSü Commercial / Non commercial Agricultureü “Super market revolution”ü Commodity prices volatilityIWRMMohamed AITKADI GWP/TECMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 16. Sujets  de  discussion  •  Présentez les principales idées que vous allezdévelopperMorocco is a highly water stressed countrywith erratic rainfall and frequent droughts.The country is reaching the end of the waterdevelopment era. Water resourcesmanagement is therefore shifting to the moredifficult task of ensuring economically,socially and environmentally efficient waterallocation within the existing water resourcesconstraints.MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 17. Rewable Water Resources/ca/RB11908531045141856512418114416102004006008001000120014001 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9River BasinsRenewableWaterResourcesm3/ca123456789730 m3 /ca/yearDeficit/surplus96-2191068-35-1468-163 -12611 -4-2000-1500-1000-5000500100015001 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9River BasinsMm3Water resourcesendowment/distributionMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 18. Morroco’s  Water  Issues  &  Constraints  • Water demand is growing fast;• Water availability is falling to crisislevels;• Overexploitation of groundwater• Shortages are compounded bypollution• Low water use efficiency in irrigation;MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 19. Water  Sector  Reforms  (1995/2009)  •  The adoption of a long term strategy for an integratedwater resources management;•  The development of a new legal and institutionalframework to promote decentralized management andincrease stakeholder participation;•  Introducing economic incentives in water allocationdecisions through rational tariff and cost recovery;•  Taking capacity enhancing measures to meetinstitutional challenges for the management of waterresources; and•  Establishing effective monitoring and control of waterquality to reduce environmental degradationMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 20. § Objectives§ Cost: 37BMAD1.  Convert 550 000 Ha to dripirrigation (2008-2020)>220 000 Ha collective projects>330 000 Ha individuals•  Increase irrigation efficiency and water productivityTHE NATIONAL IRRIGATION WATER SAVINGS PROGRAMME§ Impacts:Savings: 1.4Km3
  • 21. UpperCatchmentBasin Agencies Irrigation agencies WUA/FarmersWatershed ReservoirConveyance & DistributionSystem FarmEvaporationEvapotranspirationEvaporationSeepage OperationSeepageRun offDeep percolationLeachingPhreatophytesReturn flow andaquifer recharge* Reforestationand watershedmanagement* Water resource database* Decision support systems* Coordination* Control* O. & M.* Rehabilitation* WUA* PPP* Cropping patterns* crop productivity.*Irrigation technologies and practices* pricing-- A System wide approachMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 22. 100,000  300,000  500,000  700,000  900,000  2002  2003  2004  2005  2006  2007  2008  2009  2010  2011  2012  2013  2014  2015  2016  2017  2018  2019  2020  Hectares  Area converted to drip irrigationMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 23. WATER-AGRICULTURE-TRADE NEXUSWATERAGRICULTURE TRADESSFSü Commercial / Non commercial Agricultureü “Super market revolution”ü Commodity prices volatilityIWRMMohamed AITKADI GWP/TECMohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 24. Sujets  de  discussion  •  Présentez les principales idées que vous allezdévelopperWith its heavy dependence on imports ofwheat, maize, oilseeds and energy for domesticconsumption Morocco has been severely hit by risingworld food and oil prices. This has raised seriousconcerns about food security, macroeconomic andsocial stabilityFOOD IMPORTS/TOTAL IMPORTS (%)66,577,588,599,51010,5112003 2004 2005 2006 2007FOOD EXPORTS/FOOD IMPORTS60801001201401601802003 2004 2005 2006 2007MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 25. Ø We need a trading system thatdraws on the expertise of everynation and returns to everynation a more diverse andabove all secure supply offood.INTERNATIONAL  TRADE    is  not  an  option  >  it  is  a  necessity  !  MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 26. 26Projet6454465661757969866879104 102107990204060801001201998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012AGRICULTURAL GDP-Price Base 1998 -AV (5 years)98 BMADAV (5 years)75 BMADTOTAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION: 43% 2005-2007 VS2011Food availability/capita: 14%Employements: 77,000 EPJCitrus : + 28% (1.251.000 T >1.599.000 T)Olives : + 67% (774.00 T >1.295.000 T)Poultry: + 40% (363.000 T > 508.000 T)Meat: + 17% de 363.000 T > 426.000TMilk : + 21% (1,68 BL > 2,03 BLGrains: +42% (57M Qx > 80M QX)Dattes : + 40 % (81.000 T > 114.000T)
  • 27. Conclusion    Two major breaks with the agriculturaldevelopment model of the past 50years:1.  Overcoming dualisms: embracing the diversityof ecological and agricultural productionsystems and recognizing the need to increasethe capacities of different types of actor in thesector2.  Actors centered approach: progress shouldbe based on an entrepreneurial spirit anddynamic.MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 28. Lessons  learned    Ø The importance of transactional approachesØ The importance of decentralizationØ The need to foster institutional innovation;Ø Financing must be available to supportinnovation and policy implementation (includingfrom the private sector/banks); andØ That progress should be based on anentrepreneurial spirit and dynamic.MohamedAitKadiCGDA
  • 29. Thanks  for  listening      Questions, comments and suggestions are welcome