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Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
Izmir 14-developing yr res  germplasm m keser
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Izmir 14-developing yr res germplasm m keser

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  • 1. Developing Yellow Rust Resistant Winter Wheat Germplasm Mesut Keser, A. Morgounov, B. Akın, Z. Mert, F. Ozdemir, K. Nazari 28 April 2014 Izmir, Turkey
  • 2. 600 6500 4000 350 3900 800
  • 3. IWWIP  1986 IWWIP: Turkey and CIMMYT established joint winter wheat breeding program for the region based in Anatolian Plateau of Turkey.  1990 IWWIP: Turkey/CIMMYT/ICARDA  ICARDA Highland Wheat Breeding Program joined IWWIP to establish a well integrated international breeding framework.
  • 4. Edirne Adapazari Ankara Konya Adana Eskisehir Erzurum Diyarbakir SW WW Research Institutes in Turkey contributing to the IWWIP-TCI Aleppo Izmir Samsun
  • 5. Biotic Stresses in the Region Country Biot1 Biot2 Biot3 Armenia Comm bunt Loose Sm Sr Azerbaijan Yr Lr Comm bunt Iran Yr Lr S Pest Georgia Weed Cer Leaf Beet Comm bunt S.Kazakhstan Yr Septoria Smut Kyrgystan Yr Septoria Sunn Pest Tajikistan Yr Sr-Lr Leaf Beetle Turkey Yr Sr-Lr Spest-RR Uzbekistan Lr Yr PM-Spest
  • 6. Edirne LR Adapazari LR Ankara YR, SR Konya YR Adana YR, LR Eskisehir YR Erzurum YR Diyarbakir YR YR LR Wheat rust diseases in Turkey Aleppo YR Izmir YR, SR Samsun SR, LR Kastamonu SR SR
  • 7. IWWIP disease priority Disease Artificial inoculation starts  Yellow Rust F2  Leaf Rust F2  Soil Born Pathogens  Nematodes F3  Root rots F3  Common bunt F6  Stem rust F6  Septoria -  Tan spot -  Powdery mildew -
  • 8. Yr Haymana vs TH Aleppo  PYT 1573 (including Checks)  Locations Ankara, Turkey and TH, Syria  YR evaluation under artificial inoculation
  • 9. TH vs Haymana Haymana Tel Hadya Altitude 950 m 400 m Min Temp 0C -15 -20 - 4 -6 Max Temp 0C 33-34 40-42 Precip. mm 350 340 First Yr Simp Mid May Mid April
  • 10. Tel Hadya vs Haymana (%) 26,2 44,2 20,4 28,7 24,7 17,8 14 7,8 14,7 1,4 0 10 20 30 40 50 % R MR MS S VS TH HYM
  • 11. YR Scores of Checks (18 reps) 0 20 40 60 80 100 47 32 TH Hym
  • 12. Material  163 winter and spring bread wheat cultivars/lines  A set of tester varieties (1-20), USA differantial set *B. Akın, in collaboration with Dr. Xianming Chen Resistance Genes at WFW material*
  • 13. Evaluated at / by 1- Seedling stage 2- Adult stage 3- Molecular markers
  • 14. The frequency of different resistant types and resistance genes in WFW germplasm Type of resistance Resistance genes All germplasm studied Number of entries % Adult Plant Resistance (APR) only 44 27 Including Yr18 16 19 Major genes only 11 6 Major genes and APR 107 67 Including: unknown major gene + Yr18 40 24 Yr1 + unknown APR gene/s 5 3 Yr17 + unknown APR gene/s 3 2 Yr17+Yr18 1 0.6 Yr9 + unknown APR gene/s 4 2 Yr9 + Yr18 8 5 Yr5 or Yr10 or Yr15 0 0 Total 162 100
  • 15. Yield gain in leaf rust resistant and susceptible winter wheat varieties due to fungicide application* Genotypes 24 (6 R, 6 MR, 6 MS, 6 S Reps 6 (3 protected/3 non-protected Place Sakarya, Turkey Inoculation Natural Year 2012, 2013 * A. Morgounov
  • 16. Results 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 2 6 18 3 13 20 5 15 14 10 4 17 25 22 21 24 1 19 12 9 16 7 8 11 %Yieldprotected/control 2012 R MR SMS 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 6 20 2 3 13 18 15 14 5 17 10 4 21 25 22 24 19 1 11 9 7 12 8 16 %Yieldprotected/control 2013
  • 17. Conclusions  How can we capture this trait in the breeding program?  Combination of treated and disease exposed generations?  Resistance is highly needed but can be combined with response?
  • 18. 18 Number of Entries Tested for Yellow Rust Screening (1995-2013) 967 2.467 5.077 7.167 5.881 7.192 6.776 7.869 7.255 6.295 6.743 6.117 5.974 4.641 6.295 8.960 12.50012.572 11.813 0 2.000 4.000 6.000 8.000 10.000 12.000 14.000 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009* 2010* 2011* 2012* 2013* *Kastamonu included * * * *
  • 19. Percent of Resistant Entries for Yellow Rust in IWWIP Nurseries (1995-2011) (CI 20%) 9 20 18 59 45 62 46 32 60 41 64 57 72 73 68 75 0 20 40 60 80 100 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 ?* *2007 Evaluated only PYT Nur.
  • 20. International Nurseries 2011-12 Nursery # of Entry Rep # of Sets # of Country 19FAWWON-SA 150 1 70 35 19FAWWON-Ir 150 1 80 40 14IWWYT-SA 30 2 30 15-20 15IWWYT-Ir 40 2 30 15-20 3rdSRRN 100 1 50 30 LRRN 50 20 10 YrRN 50 20 10 SPestRN 11 10 6
  • 21. WFW varieties originated from IWWIP and released in the region y = 0.218x - 436.6 R² = 0.990 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Area.mlnha Years Area under IWWIP originated varieties Country Varieties released Afghanistan 5 Armenia 4 Azerbaijan 2 Georgia 4 Iran 6 Kazakhstan 2 Kyrgyzstan 6 Tajikistan 3 Turkey 27 Turkmenistan 1 Uzbekistan 1 Utilization of IWWIP germplasm in Europe and USA primarily as parents
  • 22. WFW varieties originated from IWWIP and released in the region since 2010 Country Release d Variety Name Institution Cross Cross ID Selection history Afghanistan 2013 Bamiyan-013 ARIA-MAIL VORONA/KAUZ/4/URES/BBL//KAUZ/3/BC N TCI971315 -0SE-0YC-0YE-… Azerbaijan 2010 Tale-38 Azeri Res. Inst. of Farming SPN/NAC//ATTILA CMSW92W M00217S -0SE-0YC-1YE-0YC Azerbaijan 2014 Gizil Bugda Azeri Res. Inst. of Farming SAULESKU41/SADOVO1 TCI950295 -3AP-0AP-0E-1YE-0YE-1YM-0YM Georgia 2010 Lomtagora-09 Lomtagora Seed Farm SHARK/F4105W2.1 CIT925169 -0SE-0YC-6YC-0YC Georgia 2010 Lomtagora- 123 Lomtagora Seed Farm FRTL/NEMURA CMSW93W M0073 -0AP-0YC-*-1YE-1YC-0YC Georgia 2012 Sauli 9 Georgian Agrarian University SAULЕSКU#44/ТR810222 CMSW94W M00586S -03Y-0B-0SE-3YE-0YC-2YM-0YM Iran 2010 Zare Seed and Plant Improvement Institute 130L1.11//F35.70/MO73/4/YMH/TOB//MCD /3/LIRA CIT925080 -0SE-0YC-7YC-0YC-1YC-0YC-3YC- 0YC Iran 2011 Rijaw Dryland Agricultural Research Institute PATO/CAL/3/7C//BB/CNO/5/CAL//CNO/SN 64/4/CNO//BAD/CHR/3/KL../6/SABALAN TCI-97-312 0AP-0MAR-0MAR-1MAR-0MAR Iran 2013 Tak-Ab Dryland Agricultural Research Institute MANNING/SDV1//DOGU88 CIT90038 -0YC-0YC-0YC-12YC-0YC Iran 2014 Baran Dryland Agricultural Research Institute PTZ NISKA/UT1556-170//UNKNOWN TCI97AP -037-0AP-0MA- 1MA-0MA Kazakhstan 2011 Konditerskaya Red Fall Experimental Station NEELY/SPN//SPN/3/SPN//63.189.66.7/BEZ WWN86012 9 -2H-0YC-3YC-0YC Kyrghyzstan 2011 Petr MIS Cooperative Farm SDY/ALD/3/NAI60/HN7//BUC/4/ALUCAN CMSW90M7 8 20H-0P-1YC-0YC-4YC-0YC Turkey 2011 AY YILDIZ East Anatolia Agric. Res. Inst., Erzurum NGDA146/4/YMH/TOB//MCD/3/LIRA/5/F13 0L1.12 CIT935224 -0SE-0YC-3YE-0YC-3YM-0YM Turkey 2012 ERAYBEY Bahri Dagdas International Agric. Res. Institute, Konya F10S-1/CHISHOLM TCI97AP012 -0AP-0AP-0YE-6YE-0YE-1YE-0YE
  • 23.  Acknowledgements  Turkey  CIMMYT  ICARDA  IWWIP Cooperators  Thank you Where to go next

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