Impacts of Wheat Stripe Rust in Uzbekistan: Breeding and Control Strategies
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Impacts of Wheat Stripe Rust in Uzbekistan: Breeding and Control Strategies

on

  • 1,410 views

Z. F. Ziyadullaev, R.C. Sharma, A.A. Amanov,

Z. F. Ziyadullaev, R.C. Sharma, A.A. Amanov,
Z. M. Ziyaev, Z.I. Khalikulov, S.M. Alikulov

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,410
Views on SlideShare
1,408
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://localhost 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Impacts of Wheat Stripe Rust in Uzbekistan: Breeding and Control Strategies Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Impacts of Wheat Stripe Rust in Uzbekistan: Breeding and Control Strategies Z. F. Ziyadullaev, R.C. Sharma, A.A. Amanov, Z. M. Ziyaev, Z.I. Khalikulov, S.M. Alikulov International Wheat Stripe Rust Symposium ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria 18-20 March
  • 2. Kashkadarya Grain Breeding and Seed production Research Institute
  • 3. Map of Uzbekistan
    • Population: 28 mln
  • 4. Wheat production statistics in Uzbekistan
  • 5. Wheat Improvement Priorities in Uzbekistan
    • Yield potential
    • Quality
    • Disease resistance
      • Stripe rust
      • Leaf rust
    • Insect pest resistance
    • Drought and heat tolerance
    • Salinity tolerance
    • Cold / frost tolerance
  • 6. Wheat Rust Problem in Uzbekistan Occurrence Crop stage Damage without spray Yellow rust Every year Early Up to 70% yield loss Leaf rust Once in 5 years Flowering Up to 20% yield loss Stem rust Seldom Milking Rare
  • 7. Wheat Stripe Rust Epidemics in Uzbekistan:
    • Five stripe rust epidemics since 1999 (1999, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2010 ).
    Chillaki Polovchanka
  • 8. Stripe Rust Research Activities in Uzbekistan
    • Identification of resistant varieties
    • Capacity building
    • Monitoring and surveillance
  • 9. Identification of Stripe Rust Resistant Varieties
    • Hybridization and selection
    • International nurseries
    • Regional collaboration
  • 10. National Wheat Varietal Improvement
    • Germplasm screening and evaluation
      • Field screening for stripe rust resistance
        • Artificial inoculation in the field
        • Natural disease epiphytotics
      • Observation nurseries
      • Multi-location yield trials
  • 11. International Nurseries
    • International Winter Wheat Program
    • ICARDA
    • CIMMYT
  • 12. Stripe rust resistance – 2010 Hazrati Bashir = Agri/Nac//Mlt/5/Gov/Az//Mus/3/Dodo/4/Bow/6/Vorona/TR810200 Elomon = KVZ/T171/3/ MAYA//BB/INIA/4/KARDJ2/5/ANZA/6/ORE F1.158/FDL/BLO/3/SHI4414/CROW Gozgon = AGRI/BJY//VEE/3/AKULA/4/F10S-1 Nursery No. of resistant lines advanced to 2011 Resistant Varieties submitted Yield Trial (Selections from 2008, 2009, 2010) Uzbekistan 3 3 IWWIP Yield Trials- 2010 23 1 st WWSRRN 14
  • 13. Status of Varietal Resistance Name of variety Year of release Level of yellow rust severity when released Year when became susceptible to yellow rust Level of yellow rust severity at present Kroshka 2000 10-15MR 2009 100S Polovchanka 1999 10MR 2009 100S Pamyat 2006 R 2010 100S Moskvich 2007 R 2009 100S Krasnodar99 2006 R 2009 60S Kuma 2006 10MR 2009 40MR Kupava 1999 10MR 2009 80S Tanya 2006 R 2009 60S Chillaki 2002 15-20MR 2009 100S Bobur 2006 20MR 2009 80S Andijon4 2004 10MR 2009 100S Andijon2 2003 20MR 2009 100S Dustlik 2005 10MR 2010 30S Esaul 2008 5MR 10MR Nota 2007 20MR 2010 40MS Starshina 2004 10MR 2009 40MS-S Jayhun 2004 20MR 2009 10MS
  • 14. Capacity Building
    • Training of young researchers
  • 15. National Institutions
    • Uzbek Scientific Production Center
      • Kashkadarya Grain Breeding and Seed Production Research Institute
      • Andijan Research Institute
      • Gallarol Research Institute
      • Uzbek Research Institute of Plant Industry
    • Institute of Genetics and Experimental biology
    • Tashkent Agrarian University
    • Samarkand Agricultural Institute
  • 16. Monitoring and Surveillance of Wheat Rusts
    • Monitoring of rust pathogens by Plant Protection Center through out crop cycle
    • Annual surveillance of rust pathogens in collaboration with ICARDA and FAO
    • Rust Trap Nurseries evaluated in different sites
    • Collaboration with Aarhus University, Denmark and Washington State University, USA for race analysis
  • 17. Rust Surveillance
  • 18. Wheat Stripe Rust Control Strategies
    • A combination of available resistant varieties and fungicide spray is used to minimize losses due to stripe rust.
  • 19. Additional Efforts
    • Incorporate characterized stripe rust resistance genes into commercial cultivars
    • Using of marker-assisted selection
    • Characterization pathogen populations
  • 20. Collaboration
    • ICARDA
    • CIMMYT
    • BGRI
    • FAO
    • Advance Labs in Australia, Denmark and the USA
  • 21. Acknowledgement
    • ICARDA
    • CIMMYT
    • FAO
    • BGRI
    • Advance Labs in Australia, Denmark and the USA
  • 22. Thank you for attention