Control strategies of wheat

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  • 1. Control Strategies of Wheat Stripe Rust in Turkey Fatih OZDEMIR Bahri Dagdas IARI-Konya-TURKEY
  • 2. Survey • Agricultural Research Institutes • Extention services have regular survey program in province and districts (800 point in Turkey) • SMS system used by extention services in Central Anatolia
  • 3. Main Control Strategies • Monitoring and pathogenic variation • Breeding Activities • Fungicide application • International Collaborations and Rust Network
  • 4. Yellow Rust Stem RustLeaf Rust Monitoring of Pathogenic Variation • Trap nurseries • Resistance genes • Common cultivar • Some cultivars which have important genes • Pathotype/race analyses under controlled greenhouse condition on differantial sets
  • 5. • Surveillance and Monitoring of the pathogenic variability • Screening of the wheat and barley germplasm under natural and artificial condition in the multilocation. • Registered varieties • Advance lines • Coordination of the institute and materyal changing between institutes • To enhance personel capacity and knowledge, organised training activities as theoretical and practical. • Incorporation of moleculer markers (Lr34, Sr24 etc.) related resistance genes to the breeding program. Breeding Program
  • 6. Winter Wheat National Disease Program Spring Wheat
  • 7. Breeding program conducted by agricultural research institutes in their own regions,  National Program facilitates collaboration between institutes  International Winter Wheat Improvement program (IWWIP), Turkey-CIMMYT-ICARDA collaboration
  • 8. Fungicide application • Effective fungicides are available • The cost of the fungicide application cheaper than before • Farmers apply fungicide with herbicides and other foliar applications like fertilizers. 8
  • 9. International Collaborations • IWWIP • Turkey-ICARDA (regional wheat rust center-İzmir) • CIMMYT • BGRI • FAO 9
  • 10. Challenges • Registration system – Yield is first priority. Quality is second priority. – Susceptible cultivars can be registered if yield is higher than standart cultivars • Breeding program – Several disease (not only yellow rust but also other disease • Fungicide application – Escape application or early application – Small scale farmers – Low yield potentials 10
  • 11. Thank you.