Ahmadov izmir rs

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Ahmadov izmir rs

  1. 1. Identification and seed multiplication ofIdentification and seed multiplication of winter wheat varieties resistant towinter wheat varieties resistant to stripestripe rustrust in Tajikistanin Tajikistan H.M. Ahmadov, R.C. Sharma, S.H.M. Ahmadov, R.C. Sharma, S.ТТ. Saidov, A.U. Jalilov. Saidov, A.U. Jalilov Izmir 2014Izmir 2014
  2. 2. Map of TajikistanMap of Tajikistan  The map of TajikistanThe map of Tajikistan
  3. 3. General InformationGeneral Information • Tajikistan is landlocked countryTajikistan is landlocked country • The territory is 142,600 kmThe territory is 142,600 km22 • 93% of the area occupied by mountains93% of the area occupied by mountains • Population is more than 8 millionsPopulation is more than 8 millions • 70% of population live in rural areas70% of population live in rural areas
  4. 4. Area under cereal and legume cropsArea under cereal and legume crops ((thousand he.)thousand he.) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 2005 2006 2007 208 2009 2010 2011 cereal and cereal- legumes crops Wheat
  5. 5. Production grainProduction grain ((thousand/tonnesthousand/tonnes))
  6. 6. YieldYield of cereal cropsof cereal crops 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Yield (q/ha)
  7. 7. MMain reasonain reasonss for low wheat productivityfor low wheat productivity The main reason for low wheat productivity is aThe main reason for low wheat productivity is a complex of natural and anthropogenic factors,complex of natural and anthropogenic factors, such as:such as:  Low quality soilLow quality soil  Low soil fertilityLow soil fertility  Untimely sowingUntimely sowing  Shortages of equipment, mineral fertilizers andShortages of equipment, mineral fertilizers and quality of seedsquality of seeds  Using of slope landsUsing of slope lands  Diseases (stripe rust,Diseases (stripe rust, leaf rustleaf rust, tan spot, and, tan spot, and others)others)
  8. 8. Wheat breeding nurseries underWheat breeding nurseries under natural infection of stripe rustnatural infection of stripe rust Gissar - 2013Gissar - 2013
  9. 9. International cooperation on stripe rustInternational cooperation on stripe rust research in Tajikistanresearch in Tajikistan ICARDA and CIMMYT support work on identifyingICARDA and CIMMYT support work on identifying stripe rust resistant wheat varieties and theirstripe rust resistant wheat varieties and their promotionpromotion  Improved wheat varieties through InternationalImproved wheat varieties through International nurseries are testednurseries are tested  Support through visit of scientists in the regionSupport through visit of scientists in the region  Training of researchersTraining of researchers  Organizing field daysOrganizing field days  Participation in conferencesParticipation in conferences  Support through special research projectsSupport through special research projects
  10. 10.  NewNew varietiesvarieties fromfrom InternationalInternational Organizations wereOrganizations were regionzed. Theyregionzed. They occupy the area moreoccupy the area more than 20000 hectares.than 20000 hectares. Variety zonation from ICARDA and CMMYT 
  11. 11. Results of monitoring of a wheat stripe rustResults of monitoring of a wheat stripe rust   6 photos6 photos
  12. 12. Precipitation mapPrecipitation map
  13. 13. Khatlon oblastKhatlon oblast LocationLocation namename Date ofDate of surveysurvey AltitudeAltitude: м: м LatitudeLatitude LongitudeLongitude Stripe Rust:Stripe Rust: %% Leaf RustLeaf Rust:: %% HurosonHuroson 23.05.23.05. 519519 N 38.04677N 38.04677 E 068.70411E 068.70411 2200 00 BokhtarBokhtar 23.05.23.05. 405405 N 37.80099N 37.80099 E 068.74453E 068.74453 1010 1010 RumiRumi 23.05.23.05. 380380 N 37.68982N 37.68982 E 068.63876E 068.63876 2020 1010 JilikulJilikul 23.05.23.05. 366366 N 37.56589N 37.56589 E 068.57032E 068.57032 1010 1010 VakhshVakhsh 23.05.23.05. 478478 N 37.86323N 37.86323 E 068.91127E 068.91127 1010 00 SarbandSarband 23.05.23.05. 744744 N 37.92518N 37.92518 E 069.10250E 069.10250 1010 00 DangaraDangara 24.05.24.05. 618618 N 38.05282N 38.05282 E 069.33271E 069.33271 1010 2020 VoseVose 24.05.24.05. 447447 N 37.75763N 37.75763 E 069.52396E 069.52396 1010 3030
  14. 14. Sogd oblastSogd oblast LocationLocation namename Date ofDate of surveysurvey AltitudeAltitude: м: м LatitudeLatitude LongitudeLongitude Stripe Rust:Stripe Rust: %% Leaf RustLeaf Rust:: %% AiniAini 27.05.27.05. 12631263 N 39.44855N 39.44855 E 068.19739E 068.19739 1010 00 PenjikentPenjikent 27.05.27.05. 936936 N 39.50724N 39.50724 E 067.49582E 067.49582 7070 00 IstravshanIstravshan 28.05.28.05. 723723 N 40.02390N 40.02390 E 069.05996E 069.05996 5050 00 SpitamenSpitamen 28.05.28.05. 402402 N 40.13819N 40.13819 E 069.36592E 069.36592 1010 00 B. GafurovB. Gafurov 28.05.28.05. 336336 N 40.19530N 40.19530 E 069.48072E 069.48072 1010 00 KanibadamKanibadam 29.05.29.05. 357357 N 40.22500N 40.22500 E 069.96402E 069.96402 1010 00 IsfaraIsfara 29.05.29.05. 812812 N 40.15662N 40.15662 E 070.69995E 070.69995 1010 00 IsfaraIsfara 29.05.29.05. 810810 N 40.15709N 40.15709 E 070.70494E 070.70494 1515 00
  15. 15. Central RegionCentral Region LocationLocation namename Date ofDate of surveysurvey AltitudeAltitude: м: м LatitudeLatitude LongitudeLongitude Stripe Rust:Stripe Rust: %% Leaf RustLeaf Rust:: %% GissarGissar 22.05.22.05. 767767 N 38.51271N 38.51271 E 067.64584E 067.64584 8080 00 GissarGissar 22.05.22.05. 754754 N 38.50678N 38.50678 E 068.59558E 068.59558 8080 00 GissarGissar 22.05.22.05. 772772 N 38.50926N 38.50926 E 068.55888E 068.55888 8080 00 RudakiRudaki 24.05.24.05. 814814 N 38.55612N 38.55612 E 068.93984E 068.93984 3030 1100 RudakiRudaki 24.05.24.05. 764764 N 38.54270N 38.54270 E 068.85140E 068.85140 2020 00 RudakiRudaki 24.05.24.05. 847847 N 38.39134N 38.39134 E 068.69286E 068.69286 3030 00 VahdatVahdat 24.05.24.05. 980980 N 38.51343N 38.51343 E 069.09707E 069.09707 4040 00 VahdatVahdat 24.05.24.05. 865865 N 38.52698N 38.52698 E 069.02718E 069.02718 5050 00
  16. 16. Monitoring of development of wheatMonitoring of development of wheat stripe ruststripe rust  Monitoring of development of wheat stripe rust inMonitoring of development of wheat stripe rust in Tajikistan is carried out every yearTajikistan is carried out every year  In the most part of the territory these indicatorsIn the most part of the territory these indicators are insignificantare insignificant  Only in the Gissar valley this indicator is greatestOnly in the Gissar valley this indicator is greatest because of good condition for development ofbecause of good condition for development of wheat stripe rustwheat stripe rust  On a high natural infectious background in thisOn a high natural infectious background in this zone susceptible Russianzone susceptible Russian varietiesvarieties Irishka andIrishka and Delta, and the TurkishDelta, and the Turkish varietievarietie Tratva KhartyTratva Kharty were revealed. They showed 80% severity bywere revealed. They showed 80% severity by stripe ruststripe rust
  17. 17. RResistanсesistanсe to a stripe ruste to a stripe rust  HighHigh resistanсresistanсe showed wheat of a locale showed wheat of a local varietiesvarieties Ormon, Oriyon and ShumonOrmon, Oriyon and Shumon  ModerateModerate resistanсresistanсe showede showed varietiesvarieties Sadoqat and AlexSadoqat and Alex..  The RussianThe Russian varietiesvarieties Sila, Ayvina, Proton,Sila, Ayvina, Proton, Vassa, Vershina, Kalym, Grom alsoVassa, Vershina, Kalym, Grom also showed highshowed high resistanсresistanсe to a stripe ruste to a stripe rust
  18. 18. Effective genes stability to a stripe rustEffective genes stability to a stripe rust  Highly effective genes YrHighly effective genes Yr,, showing stability in ashowing stability in a heading stageheading stage ((immune type of reactionimmune type of reaction): 5, 8,): 5, 8, 15;15;  effective -1, 1 (2) points, degree 1- 10%effective -1, 1 (2) points, degree 1- 10% genes of adult plantsgenes of adult plants YrYr: 4, 10,: 4, 10, NDND;;  -- moderately effective-moderately effective-2 (3)2 (3) points,points, degreedegree 11 – 30%11 – 30% - genes of adult plants- genes of adult plants --YrYr: 2, 3а,: 2, 3а, 4а, 17, 18, А+18, 25,4а, 17, 18, А+18, 25, SPSP,, APRAPR  -- nonnon effectiveeffective - 3 (4)- 3 (4) pointspoints,, degree moredegree more 30% -30% - genes of adult plantsgenes of adult plants YrYr: 1, 6, 7, 9, 18,: 1, 6, 7, 9, 18, 21, А, 27, 27+18, 28, 29, 31.21, А, 27, 27+18, 28, 29, 31.
  19. 19. Seed multiplication of resistant wheatSeed multiplication of resistant wheat varieties in 2014varieties in 2014 Ormon –Ormon – 435 ha435 ha Alex –Alex – 558 ha558 ha Shumon –Shumon – 7 ha7 ha Total:Total: 1000 ha1000 ha
  20. 20. Field Day – 4 June 2013Field Day – 4 June 2013 Wheat Seed Multiplication, TajikistanWheat Seed Multiplication, Tajikistan
  21. 21. Thank you very much for yourThank you very much for your attention!attention!

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