ICA Research Agenda


    Menno-Jan Kraak
Programme de recherche de l'ACI


          Menno-Jan Kraak
ICA Research Agenda 	


• Background


• Need for a Research Agenda


• Content


• The Research Agenda and the Commission...
ICA’s operating environments
ICA’s operating environments

                          • promote application of
                            cartography

...
ICA’s operating environments

                          • promote application of
                            cartography

...
ICA’s operating environments

                               • promote application of
                                 car...
ICA’s operating environments

                                         • promote application of
                          ...
ICA’s operating environments

                                         • promote application of
                          ...
ICA’s Science operating environment



                                         • The development of the
                 ...
Research Agenda

• Keep track of theory, concepts, methodology and technology relevant for our
  discipline
• Linked to an...
Need for a research agenda

• The gap: technology is developing rapidly but the theories and theoretical
  approaches rema...
Creating the research agenda

        • Base was ICA’s Strategic Plan (2001/2003)


2005    • A result of brainstorming se...
Content of the Research Agenda

                            Metadata and SDI             Usability



 Geographic Informat...
Sample content: theory topic
Sample content: theory topic
 Geographic Information



       Metadata
       and SDI
                             Cartog...
Sample content: geovisualization topic
 Geographic Information



       Metadata
       and SDI



        Usability



 ...
Sample content: geovisualization topic
 Geographic Information



       Metadata
       and SDI
                         ...
How well is the agenda ‘implemented’
How well is the agenda ‘implemented’


     Research Agenda’s
          Topics




      executed by C&WG’s
How well is the agenda ‘implemented’

                           Commissions and Working
     Research Agenda’s
          ...
Commissions
Working Groups
On-line enquiry among C&WG chairs




                              ?
On-line enquiry among C&WG chairs




                              ?
Analysis of the enquiry results
Doing history ....

Geographic Information



      Metadata
      and SDI


       Usability



  Geospatial Analysis



...
Doing history ....
                                                                     referred by C & WG (%)
Geographic ...
Doing usability ....

Geographic Information



      Metadata
      and SDI


       Usability



  Geospatial Analysis

...
Doing usability ....

Geographic Information
                                                            referred by C & W...
Interest in the research topic
Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
Commissions, Terms of Reference & Research
Commissions, Terms of Reference & Research
A sample or TOR and research
A sample or TOR and research
Commissions, Terms of Reference & Research
Commissions, Terms of Reference & Research
A sample or TOR and research
A sample or TOR and research
Relation research topics and interests C&WG
Research topics versus C&WG

• Interests in Cartographic Theory : twelve Commisions
C&WG versus Research topics

• Interests of the Commission on Theoretical Cartography : Cartosemiotics:
  map syntactics, ...
Lonely research topics

• topics mentioned by only one or two C&WG’s:
  ontology, documentation, legal issues, and history...
Dissemination of the agenda

• In our 2009 english language journals




  vol. 46, no.2, pp ??-??   vol. 36, no.2, pp 209...
What is missing?

• The research agenda is supposed to be a living document


• Recent trends


  • Neogeography
What is missing?

• The research agenda is supposed to be a living document


• Recent trends


  • Neogeography
         ...
What is missing?

• The research agenda is supposed to be a living document


• Recent trends


  • Neogeography
         ...
ICA Policy based on Research agenda



• Guideline for cooperation between C&WG’s


• Management of the amount of C&WG’s
 ...
ICA’s operating environments revisited

• matrix C&WG versus environments


                                     ICA

    ...
ICA Research Agenda
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ICA Research Agenda

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Presentation on the ICA Research Agenda by Menno-Jan Kraak in Bern, 2008

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ICA Research Agenda

  1. 1. ICA Research Agenda Menno-Jan Kraak
  2. 2. Programme de recherche de l'ACI Menno-Jan Kraak
  3. 3. ICA Research Agenda • Background • Need for a Research Agenda • Content • The Research Agenda and the Commissions and Working Groups • The Research Agenda and ICA Policy • Conclusions
  4. 4. ICA’s operating environments
  5. 5. ICA’s operating environments • promote application of cartography Society
  6. 6. ICA’s operating environments • promote application of cartography • development and promotion of our Education subject Society
  7. 7. ICA’s operating environments • promote application of cartography Prof Practice • development and promotion of our Education subject • support professionals and users Society
  8. 8. ICA’s operating environments • promote application of cartography Prof Practice • development and promotion of our Education subject Science • support professionals and users Society • development scientific and technology base
  9. 9. ICA’s operating environments • promote application of cartography Prof Practice • development and promotion of our Education subject Science • support professionals and users Society Art • development scientific and technology base • stimulate a good design
  10. 10. ICA’s Science operating environment • The development of the scientific and technological Prof Practice basis of Cartography and GIScience Education Science • more interdisciplinary • technology driven developments Society Art • maps: any-where, any- time, any-appearance
  11. 11. Research Agenda • Keep track of theory, concepts, methodology and technology relevant for our discipline • Linked to and stimulate the other operational fields (Society, Education, Professional Practice, and Art) science society education prof practice art • Give guidelines for ICA C&WG’s work and improve co-operation • Moderate discussion, interaction and co-operation within and without ICA • Support the development of an effective ICA C&WG structure
  12. 12. Need for a research agenda • The gap: technology is developing rapidly but the theories and theoretical approaches remain traditional technological development opportunities cartographic theory time
  13. 13. Creating the research agenda • Base was ICA’s Strategic Plan (2001/2003) 2005 • A result of brainstorming sessions in ICC A Corunã 2006 • Further developed by Commission chairs and EC members 2007 • First version was presented / published at Moscow ICC 2008 • Content was linked to ICA Commission & Working Groups’ TORs 2009 • Published in the ICA endorsed Journals The research agenda is supposed to be a living document
  14. 14. Content of the Research Agenda Metadata and SDI Usability Geographic Information Geospatial analysis Society Geovisualization Research Topics Education Map Production History of Cartography Cartographic Theory
  15. 15. Sample content: theory topic
  16. 16. Sample content: theory topic Geographic Information Metadata and SDI Cartographic Theory Usability Geospatial Analysis • Conceptual analysis of maps and Cartography Geovisualization • Structural models of Cartography • Map artefact as a concept Map Production • Cartographic design principles Cartographic Theory • Cartosemiotics: map syntactics, map semantics History of Cartography • Geospatial knowledge Education • Cartographic ontology, terminology Society
  17. 17. Sample content: geovisualization topic Geographic Information Metadata and SDI Usability Geospatial Analysis Geovisualization Map Production Cartographic Theory History of Cartography Education Society
  18. 18. Sample content: geovisualization topic Geographic Information Metadata and SDI Geovisualization Usability Geospatial Analysis • Explorative data analysis Geovisualization • Geovisual analytics • Visualization in knowledge acquisition and reasoning Map Production • Collaborative decision-making Cartographic Theory • Visualization processes and models History of Cartography • Visual thinking Education Society
  19. 19. How well is the agenda ‘implemented’
  20. 20. How well is the agenda ‘implemented’ Research Agenda’s Topics executed by C&WG’s
  21. 21. How well is the agenda ‘implemented’ Commissions and Working Research Agenda’s Groups Topics Terms of Reference executed by C&WG’s earmarked as research TOR
  22. 22. Commissions
  23. 23. Working Groups
  24. 24. On-line enquiry among C&WG chairs ?
  25. 25. On-line enquiry among C&WG chairs ?
  26. 26. Analysis of the enquiry results
  27. 27. Doing history .... Geographic Information Metadata and SDI Usability Geospatial Analysis Geovisualization Map Production Cartographic Theory History of Cartography Education Society
  28. 28. Doing history .... referred by C & WG (%) Geographic Information Metadata Impact mapmaking skills and SDI Development production techniques Usability Progress in mapping Geospatial Analysis Preservation / use artefacts Geovisualization Colonial & political Map Production Private / government History of Cartographic Theory History of giscience Cartography History of Cartography Map as cult heritage Education 0 25 50 75 100 Society
  29. 29. Doing usability .... Geographic Information Metadata and SDI Usability Geospatial Analysis Geovisualization Map Production Cartographic Theory History of Cartography Education Society
  30. 30. Doing usability .... Geographic Information referred by C & WG (%) Metadata and SDI User centred map design Usability Usability Special map interfaces Geospatial Analysis Usability testing Geovisualization Visual perception Map Production Use of maps and GI Cartographic Theory Spatial thinking & cognition History of Cartography Location based services Education 0 25 50 75 100 Society
  31. 31. Interest in the research topic
  32. 32. Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
  33. 33. Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
  34. 34. Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
  35. 35. Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
  36. 36. Working Groups, Terms of Reference & Research
  37. 37. Commissions, Terms of Reference & Research
  38. 38. Commissions, Terms of Reference & Research
  39. 39. A sample or TOR and research
  40. 40. A sample or TOR and research
  41. 41. Commissions, Terms of Reference & Research
  42. 42. Commissions, Terms of Reference & Research
  43. 43. A sample or TOR and research
  44. 44. A sample or TOR and research
  45. 45. Relation research topics and interests C&WG
  46. 46. Research topics versus C&WG • Interests in Cartographic Theory : twelve Commisions
  47. 47. C&WG versus Research topics • Interests of the Commission on Theoretical Cartography : Cartosemiotics: map syntactics, map semantics
  48. 48. Lonely research topics • topics mentioned by only one or two C&WG’s: ontology, documentation, legal issues, and history of giscience
  49. 49. Dissemination of the agenda • In our 2009 english language journals vol. 46, no.2, pp ??-?? vol. 36, no.2, pp 209-222 vol. 44, no.1, pp 44-55 • Potential German, Spanish, Russian, and Chinese translations (Polish realized) • ICA website
  50. 50. What is missing? • The research agenda is supposed to be a living document • Recent trends • Neogeography
  51. 51. What is missing? • The research agenda is supposed to be a living document • Recent trends • Neogeography what? formal waar? wanneer? what informal what? where? when?
  52. 52. What is missing? • The research agenda is supposed to be a living document • Recent trends • Neogeography what? formal waar? wanneer? what informal what? where? when?
  53. 53. ICA Policy based on Research agenda • Guideline for cooperation between C&WG’s • Management of the amount of C&WG’s • realize research is just one of the environments • realize C&WG’s depend on ‘voluntary’ workforce • realize the research is done/dictated in members own institute /university • C&WG play an important role in international (cartographic) cooperation and each have their niche
  54. 54. ICA’s operating environments revisited • matrix C&WG versus environments ICA Comm 1 Prof Practice Comm 2 Education Comm 3 Science Comm 4 Comm 5 Comm 6 Society Art WG 1 WG 2 0% 100%
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