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Standards Infrastructure as a National Growth Engine: from Imitator, Imovator, to Innovator por Dr. Dong Geun CHOI
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Standards Infrastructure as a National Growth Engine: from Imitator, Imovator, to Innovator por Dr. Dong Geun CHOI

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Exposición en la conferencia internacional del 23 de agosto "PERÚ, PAÍS COMPETITIVO: IMPACTO DE LA INNOVACIÓN Y LA CALIDAD EN LA APERTURA COMERCIAL"

Exposición en la conferencia internacional del 23 de agosto "PERÚ, PAÍS COMPETITIVO: IMPACTO DE LA INNOVACIÓN Y LA CALIDAD EN LA APERTURA COMERCIAL"

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  • 1. Standards Infrastructure as a National Growth Engine: from Imitator, Imovator, to Innovator 23 August 2011 (version 2) Donggeun CHOI Chief Manager, Korean Standards Association (KSA) Guest Researcher, National Institute of Standards and Technology (USA)1
  • 2. ContentsI. Warming Up Quiz about South KoreaII. Korea’s Economic GrowthIII. Economic Growth with Korean StandardsIV. Changing Global Business EnvironmentsV. Future Agenda2
  • 3. I. Warming Up Quiz about S-Korea3
  • 4. Q. Basics of about S-Korea? Q1. Where is it? Q2. How warm/cool is it? Q3. How big is it? Q4. How many live there? Q5. How many live in Seoul Metropolitan area? Q6. What is the GDP in 2010? Q7. What is the GDP ratio of 2010 by 1960? Q8. What is the ranks of GDP and Trade in 2011?4
  • 5. Q1. S-Korea: where is it?  Where is Korean Peninsula Located in Asia? 1) North-Eastern Asia 2) North-Western Asia 3) South-Eastern Asia 4) South-Western Asia *Between China and Japan5
  • 6. Q2. S-Korea: how warm/cool is it?  What is the common weather of Seoul, S-Korea? 1) August:51°F-66°F, January: 01°F-15 °F 2) August:61°F-76°F, January: 11°F-25 °F 3) August:71°F-86°F, January: 19°F-33 °F 4) August:81°F-96°F, January: 29°F-43 °F6
  • 7. Q3. S-Korea: how big is it?  S-Korea is around OO% of Peru in size 1) 8% 2) 13% 3) 18% 4) 23% * South Korea: 100,032 km2, Peru: 1,285,216 km2, - Lima region: 32,129km2, - Junin regoin: 44,197 km2, - Pasco region: 25,319 km27
  • 8. Q4. S-Korea: how many live there?  S-Korea is around OO% of Peru in population 1) 75% 2) 115% 3) 145% 4) 165% * Peru: 30,135,875; S-Korea: 50,004,441 (2012 July)8
  • 9. Q5. S-Korea: how many live in Seoul Metropolitan area?  Seoul Metropolitan area (Seoul plus 50k near by area) is around OO% of Peru in population 1) 25% 2) 50% 3) 75% 4) 100% * Seoul metropolitan : 23,616,000 (Seoul + Incheon + Gyeonggi province)9
  • 10. Q6. S-Korea: What is the GDP in 2011?  Which country is most comparable (IMF, PPP, $Million)? 1) Argentina (716,419) 2) Brazil (2,293,954) 3) Mexico (1,661,640) 4) Peru (301,967)10
  • 11. Q7. S-Korea: What is the GDP ratio of 2010 by 1960?  What is the growth rate 1960-2010? 1) 50 times 2) 100 times 3) 200 times 4) 250 times * Peru: 2.5B to 154B (60times)11
  • 12. **GDP nominal in 1960-2010 - 4B to 1,000B (250 times)  13B to 1,000B (Mexico 75 times), 15.2B to 2,100 B (Brazil, 130 times)12
  • 13. **GDP per Capita in 1960-2010 - 155 to 22,424 (nominal) Value of imported goods and services as percentage of GDP.13
  • 14. Q8. S-Korea: What is the ranks of GDP and Trade in 2011?  GDP nominal and Trade volume ranks? 1) GDP: 8th - Trade: 15th 2) GDP: 12th - Trade: 22nd 3) GDP: 15th - Trade: 8th 4) GDP: 22nd - Trade: 12th * Exports(7th) and Import(8th)14
  • 15. So, What do these mean? - Korea’s Development  Rapid and Successful Development in the 1960s-90s  Short and Quick Industrialization History  Government Leadership based Success  Limited Private Sector Leadership  Export/Imports Trade Dependent Country  All of above applies to Standards Infrastructure  US-Korea is major trading partners in both Goods/Services  Standards Governance of Trade Partner May Matter15
  • 16. II. Koreas Economic Growth16
  • 17. 1. Korea’s Economic Growth -GDP and Export GDP: (1970) 3 B-USD  (2009) 1,364 B-USD Export: (1970) 0.8 B-USD  (2009) 364 B-USD GDP (12th ) Export (9th)  Korea’s National Strategy Source: IMF  Export-driven Growth Strategy  Globally-harmonized Open Policy17
  • 18. 2. Korea’s Economic Growth – World Class Product The number of Korea’s World Class Products has grown ten times: (‘01) 55 products  (‘09) 387 + 197  World Class: ranked within top 5 in global market share  Movie clip of ‘Korea’s World Class Products’ (MKE)18
  • 19. 3. Korea’s Economic Growth – World No.1 Products Korean Product with No.1 Global Market Share  (2002) 49 Products  (2009) 148 Products Expansion of world No.1 products has been supported by export-driven policy and globally-harmonized standardization strategy P roducts M.Share C ompanies Samsung Electronics, Memory/DRAM 50.0% Hynix Samsung Electronics, TFT-LCD 46.0% LG Philips LCD Samsung SDI, PDP 52.0% LG Electronics Hyundai Heavy Industry, LNG Carrier 73.0% Samsung Heavy Industry Samsung Electronics, CDMA Mobile Phones 38.0% LG Electronics Samsung Electronics, Flash Memory 54.0% Hynix Industrial Monitor 70.0% Kortech large-size marine Hyundai Heavy Industry, 61.3% diesel engine Doosan Engine19
  • 20. 4. Korea: Industry Development - 1950s to 2010s 50-60s 70s 80s Raw, Agric, Light Industry Heavy Industry Marine. Fabrics, Clothing Ship, Auto 10s 00s 90s Smart Product ICT EE product Knowledge Serv20
  • 21. 5. Korea: National Priority Evolution - Standards and Quality Infrastructure ‘60: Legislation, Organizations • ISA, MA, PSA ‘70-’80 : Quality Control • KS certification, TQC, QC-Circle, Quality Control ’90 : Quality Management • ISO 9000, WTO-TBT, International Standard ‘00 : Internet, Climate Change • Web-base technology, E-commerce, GHG reduction, • Sustainability ’10 : Smart Technology, Convergence Industry • IT-convergence, mobile, smart phone, smart car, smart home, smart city21
  • 22. 6. Korea: Key Legislation Timeline  1949 Agriculture Inspection Act  1961 Industrial Standardization Act  1961 Measurement Act *1992  Act on Weight and Measurement *2000  Measures Act  1967 Industrial Product Safety Control Act *1993  Quality Management Promotion Act *2000  Quality Management and Industrial Products Safety Control Act  1974 Electrical Appliances Safety Control Act  1980 R.O.Korea’s Constitution (27 Oct)  The State shall establish a system of national standards.  1999 National Standards Framework Act  2010 Framework Act on Product Safety22
  • 23. 7. Korea: Key Legislation - Standards, CA, Measurement23
  • 24. 8. Korea: Key Organization Timeline  1961 Bureau of Standards (within Ministry of Commerce) *1973  (IAA) Industrial Advancement Administration *1999  (KATS) Korean Agency for Technology and Standards * merged with National Technology and Quality Agency - 1994 (KOLAS) Korean Laboratory Accreditation System (AB for labs) - 2001 (KAS) Korean accreditation system (AB for product certification)  1962 (KSA) Korean Standards Association  1975 (KSRI) Korean Standards Research Institute *1991  (KRISS) Korean Research Institute for Standards and Science  1990 (KASTO) Korea Association of Standards & Testing Organizations  1995 (KCA) Korean Association for Quality and Environment Certification * 2001  (KAB) Korean Accreditation Board24
  • 25. 9. Korea: Key Organizations G G G G25
  • 26. III. Economic Growth and Korean Standards26
  • 27. 1. Korean Standards – Publications 1962-2009•1962-2000 : Zero to 10,000+ KSs • Production Based Standards; Mainly from JIS, BS, DIN, ASTM, etc•2000-2010 : 10,000 to 20,000+ KSs • Function based Standards; Mainly from ISO, IEC 25000 Imitator 23372 +Innovator 22058 20000 = Imovator 19865 Imitator Mainly 15000 from ISO, IEC 15176 Mainly from JIS, 10845 10000 BS, DIN, ASTM, etc 9368 8552 7029 7475 5000 4698 1846 1081 0 300 62 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 00 02 04 06 0927
  • 28. 2. Korean Standards – Number of Publications  Quantitatively, the number of KS is world class level  Similar to the total volume of ISO plus IEC No. of Standards 39,555 40,031 40,000 23,372 24,229 30,000 I E C 6,146 20,000 10,864 ISO 18,083 10,000 KS iSO/IEC DIN BS JIS  Consideration of industrial changes, Korea employed new classification system in KS:  In line with ISO ICS (International Classification System)  More standards on functions and processes than product standards28
  • 29. 3. Korean Standards – mainly originated from ISO/IEC Statistics Original (15%)  61% identical/modified from ISO, IEC  24% based on JIS, BS, DIN, ASTM, etc  15% purely Korean Strategy JIS, BS, ISO, IEC DIN,  Harmonized (61%) ASTM, etc with Int’l Standards (24%)  Originated from advanced as of formal or non-formal standards Dec 2007 These National Standards Have Assisted Korea Economic Growth Institutionally29
  • 30. 4. Korean Standards – KS Certification KS Certification in 1985 – 2005 (cumulative) Number of Certification Number of Factories Number of Standards KS Certification of KS (based on ISO, IEC, other advanced standards) Contributed to the Development of World Class Korean Products  Semiconductor, Ship-building, Automobiles, TFT-LCD30 30  Knowledge and Technology transferred to developed countries
  • 31. 5. Korean Standards - ISO Certification in Korea The double increase of ISO 9001/14001/TS16949 Certifications have facilitated Korean Export, thus Economic Growth  Higher Level of Openness and Advancement of Socio-Economic Infrastructure ISO 9001 : 11th(‘04)  10th (‘09) ISO 14001: 10th (’04)  6th (‘08) TS 16949 : 6th (‘04)  3rd (’08) 31 (Source: ISO Survey 2004 and 2008)
  • 32. 6. Quality Activities in Korea Number of Quality Circles Companies with QC Circles Reported Higher Profit Ratio 2003~2005 Listed Companies Companies Average with QC Circles Profit Ratio Yes 1,240 Yes 0.0415 No 289 No -0.0517 KS and ISO Certifications have triggered QC Activities QC Activities have positive impact on Business Performance in Korea32 32
  • 33. IV. Changing Global Biz Environments33
  • 34. V. Standards and Trade & Innovation34
  • 35. 1. Imitator, Imovator, and to Innovatorin Standardization Korean Economic Growth • Legislation ISO, Law • Regulation IEC, … • Certification Mark • Test/Inspection JIS, DIN, • Promotion … Award • Competition  Standards have functioned as a mechanism for knowledge and technology transfer in Korean economic growth.  It started from the position of imitator, has evolved to imovator, and will transform to innovator in the upcoming years.35
  • 36. 2. Strengthening ‘Research’ Activities domestically and internationally Economic Trade/FTAs Public Policy Impact Business Corporate Open Source Strategy Intelligence Model R&D-IPR- Technology Service Standards Innovation Innovation HRD Case Studies …… Education36
  • 37. 3. Standards and Trade  “New rules will determine who flourishes, and who falls behind. At the heart of those new rules are standards.  Honourable John Manley, Canadian Minister of Industry (March 2000)  “From a macroeconomic perspective, it is significant that standards make a greater contribution to economic growth than patents or licenses…. Innovation potential alone is not sufficient to maintain competitiveness. An efficient dissemination of innovation via standards is a precondition for economic growth. ”  “Economic Benefits of Standardization Summary of Results” Published by DIN German Institute for Standardization (2000)37
  • 38. **Korea’s trade statistics38
  • 39. **Peru’s trade statistics39
  • 40. **Brazil’s trade statistics40
  • 41. 4. Standards, Innovation and Competitiveness  "Approximately 80 percent of international trade is affected by standards and the health, safety and environmental regulations that incorporate the m. The Department of Commerce is pledged to ensuring level playing field s for US manufacturers and exporters by urging our trading partners to a dopt market-driven performance standards, and to seek assurance of confo rmity to agreed-upon standards so that we can achieve the goal of "one te st, one time, accepted everywhere.“  Dr. Arden Bement, Director, National Institute of Standards and Technology (20 02)  “At the international level, standards are becoming a pillar of the new glo bal trade system. As barriers to trade and investment are eliminated and information technologies continue to evolve, standardization is taking on an increasingly important role in global affairs. ”  “Canadian Standards Strategy and Implementation Proposals” (March 2000)41
  • 42. **SCaM is tech-quality infra Measurement Standardization Legal Metrology Testing Calibration /Inspection42 Certification Accreditation
  • 43. 5.1 Task – Three sectors (not separately) M CA S43
  • 44. 5.2 Task – Governance: who/what  Government led?  Industry led?  Partnership? Government  Model country?  USA?  Germany?  Japan? Industry44
  • 45. 5.3 Task – Standards harmonization and development  Gold-powder/Zinc/Copper, Oil/Gas/Petroleum, Coffee/Meat, Machinery  Harmonization with ISO, IEC  Harmonization with Exporting countries  EU, USA, China, Switzerland, Canada  Harmonization with Importing countries  EU, USA, China, Brazil, Ecuador  Developing Pure Peruvian: pros and cons?  What if they are slightly different?45
  • 46. 5.4 Task – Seven Pillars Source: NSCAF 7 (KSA 2012) Performance Process 4 6 5 Infra- Human structure Resources Strategies and Implementation 2 3 Stakeholders Plans 1 Laws, Systems and Institutions Metrology46
  • 47. 5.4.5 Task – HRD/HRM Concept • Cultivation of human resources(education, qualification, eligibili ty criteria) • Management system for human resources • Capability of human resources(size, level) 1) Standardization • Experts on standards planning(Strategy, needs) • Experts on standards development • (development & preparation) • Experts capable of international standardization activities47
  • 48. 5.3.5 Task HRD/HRM (2) 2) Conformity Assessment • Policy experts for conformity assessment • Certification auditor • Experts for testing, calibration, inspection • People in charge of quality control 3) Metrology (science, industry, legal) • Experts on measurement standards development • Experts on reference materials development • Experts on reference standards development • Experts on international measurement standards development and act ivities48
  • 49. CONCLUSION- Cooperation to move forward together1) Strategy for Expanded Role/Domain of Standardization2) Efforts in Human Resources Development for Standardization3) Serving and Contributing More to Int’l Standards Activities4) Strengthening ‘Research’ Activities‘ at nationally and internationally5) Cooperating with our neighbors49
  • 50. Thank you for your attention!50