THE INDIVIDUAL ORAL
WHAT DO YOU NEED TO DO?
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
WHAT IS THE IOP?
1. It is one of two pieces of internal spoken
assessment for your diploma.
2. The Individual Oral Presentation is a spoken delive
IT IS GRADED USING “THE ORAL
COMPONENT” CRITERIA SHEET
BE SURE YOU ARE FAMILIAR WITH
The IOP is based on A work OR WORKS
studied in PART 4
• These are chosen by your school for
the “Schools Free Choice” section.
IOP – THE FOCUS
1. KNOWLEDGE & UNDERSTANDING of the
2. A thorough appreciation of the ASPECT
3. Knowledge & use of an appropriate register for
4.4. HIGHER – CONSIDERATION of the how theHIGHER – CONSIDERATION of the how the
author has explored the chosen aspectauthor has explored the chosen aspect
• You will deliver your IOP without interruption -
preferably without notes or powerpoints
• When completed, teachers will ask questions
(probe further) to check your understanding
• The class may then join the discussion
Tips for preparing for the IOP
• Select a topic that is tightly focused.
• For example not just “Race and Gender” in the
novels studied but “How racial hierarchy is set
up in the novels and the way it impacts on
• Rather than “Power Relations” you could say
“How different characters’ power is presented
through the use of language.”
• Or – instead of “Death and its consequences” –
“The way in which death impacts on other
characters in…” (Whatever the choice may be)
Select the most appropriate extracts to
demonstrate your points of view.
• The extracts you choose should be the most
appropriate to highlight the points you want to
• Make sure that you focus on every literary
technique contained and explain their effect.
• Include syntax and diction, as well as the more
obvious literary techniques used in prose.
Make sure that you fulfil the criteria
listed on the Assessment Sheet
• Look at what marks are awarded for and make
sure that you fulfil all of the criteria.
Rehearse your speech
• – again and again – and TIME IT.
• You should sound confident, self assured. Face
the audience. Make sure to make eye contact -
throughout. Notes should only be lightly referred
to not read the whole way through. You should
sound interested in your own speech – vary tone
and gesture. POWERPOINT presentations
should be there to refer to not to rely on. You
must fulfil time requirements or you will be
Questions, Questions, Questions!
• You will be asked questions at the end of
your presentation. Make sure that you come
up with a list of possible questions you might be
asked and think about the answers. Make sure
you understand how the extract fits into your
understanding of the rest of the novel.
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBILITIES?
You can choose topics based on any aspect(s)
based on the works studied:
the cultural setting of the works & related issues
techniques & style;
the author’s attitude to particular elements of the
works - character, subject matter (etc.)
ACTIVITIES YOU CAN USE
• Class discussion – one presenter but this can
involve whole class participation
• Presentation of material lending itself to
discussion – eg. Two opposing readings of a text
and taking questions
• An introduction to a writer or work
• An explanation of a particular aspect of a writer’s
• An of a particular interpretation of a work
• The setting of a work against another body of
material (eg. social background, or political
• A commentary on the use of a particular image
or symbol in a text or writer’s work
AND THERE’S MORE:
• An imitation of a studied poem followed by
discussion and explanation of what was
• A comparison of: two passages, characters,
• A commentary on an extract of a studied work
• An account of a student’s developing response to
one of the works
• A monologue by a character at an important
point in a work
• Reminiscences by a character from a point later
• An author’s reaction to a particular
interpretation of his/her work – eg. A critical
defense of the work in response to criticism
REMEMBER THE RULE OF THE