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Consolidating server infrastructure

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  • 1. zEnterprise – The Ideal Platform For Smarter ComputingConsolidating Server Infrastructure
  • 2. Simplifying Hardware InfrastructureDramatically Reduces The Cost Per Workload Our front end infrastructure is too You can simplify by consolidating complex… everything on a single platform! CIO IBM 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 3
  • 3. Eliminate Sprawl With zEnterprise Multi-Architecture Environment Intranet Platforms Optimized for Different WorkloadsInternet Linux on Linux on z/OS System z AIX System x Windows DataPower Best Fit for Workload Standalone SPRAWL! Consolidate with zEnterprise! 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 4
  • 4. Run Web Front End Workloads OnzEnterprise Platform Web facing Message CICS/DB2 Extends mission critical quality front-end hub core system of service to hybrid environments Virtualization for workload isolation Run as ensemble of virtual servers Unified management of virtual machines DataPower DB2 Manage ensemble as a single WAS workload with service goals XI50z CICS Assign best fit to Power blade AIX z/OS and XI50z for lowest cost per workload zEnterprise BladeCenter zEnterprise Extension (zBX) z114 / z196 Embedded pre-configured data network 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 5
  • 5. DataPower XI50z – Built For Purpose ApplianceEnterprise Microsoft BizTalk Server 492 messages per sec $764 per mpsService Bus Windows on Intel Server BizTalk 4 sockets, 32 coresbenchmark Server 128 GBcomparison Windows Competitior Service Bus 5,839 messages per sec OSB $120 per mps Oracle Linux on HP DL380 2 sockets, 12 cores Linux 128 GB messages messages DataPower XI50z 5,117 messages per sec DataPower $33 per mpsSource: IBM internal benchmarks. Tests consists of measuring XI50z in zBXmaximum throughput of ESB while performing a variety of messagemediation workloads: pass-through, routing, transformation, and HS 22, 8 coresschema validation. 3 yr. TCA includes hardware acquisition,maintenance, software acquisition and S&S. US list prices used.Prices may vary by country. 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 6
  • 6. Web Front Ends Cost 59% Less On zEnterprise Competitive Packaged Competitor’s system relies on System physical workload isolation 24 Sun Fire X4170 M2 12- core Xeon servers in ¾ rack Web front-end 2 HP DL380 servers (for ESB) workloads 312 cores total $433K Web Facing Message Deploy on Sun Driven hardware per workload 24 3yr TCA workloads Front end HW+SW Each workload driving 3080 tps WebSphere App Server High availability 24 POWER7 8-core blades Workload isolation 2 DataPower XI50z in zBX 192 cores total $177K Power blades per workloadSource: IBM Internal benchmarks. Competitive Packaged System includes in zBX 3yr TCACompetitive Application Server and Sun Fire X4170 M2 servers. 3 yr. TCA Front end HW+SWcalculation includes hardware acquisition, maintenance, software acquisitionand S&S. US list prices. Prices may vary by country. 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 7
  • 7. Run SAP Front End Applications OnzEnterprise Platform SAP Application DB2 Server core system Run as ensemble of virtual servers Unified management of virtual machines Manage ensemble as a single workload with service goals SAP DB2 Assign best fit to Power blade for lowest cost per workload AIX z/OS Embedded pre-configured zEnterprise zEnterprise data network BladeCenter z114 / z196 Extension (xBX) 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 8
  • 8. SAP Applications Cost 18% Less On zEnterprise 38 Sun T3-1B blades SAP applications on in Sun rack 608 cores total older SPARC T2+ servers Data Upgrade to new $60K Processing per workload 20 SPARC T3 hardware 3yr TCA Front end HW+SW workloads 23 POWER7 blades in zBX 184 cores total Consolidate on $49K per workload zEnterprise 3yr TCASource: IBM Internal sizing benchmarks for SAP. 3 yr. TCAcalculation includes hardware acquisition, maintenance, Front end HW+SWsoftware acquisition and S&S. US list prices. Prices mayvary by country. 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 9
  • 9. A Closer Look At Fit-For-Purpose WorkloadAssignment Linux z/OS z/VM AIX Linux Windows PowerVM x86_IH x86_IH PR/SM Power Blades Intel Blades I/O Sub-system Scale up to 80 cores Scales to 8 cores Scales to 16 cores in a frame (z/OS per blade per blade clusters with sysplex) 4 fast processing 2 fast processing Dedicated I/O sub- threads per core threads per core system Floating point Commodity I/O Superior qualities of accelerators Modest qualities of service service 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 10
  • 10. Workload Characteristics Influence TheBest Fit Deployment Decision Easiest workloads workloads workloadsarchitectural fit Linux z/OS z/VM AIX Linux Windows PowerVM x86_IH x86_IH PR/SM Power Blades Intel Blades I/O Sub-system Heavy I/O Light CPU Heavy CPU Qualities of service Deploy or consolidate workloads on the environment best suited for each workload to yield lowest cost 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 11
  • 11. Deploying Stand Alone Workloads With Heavy I/O Requirements Benchmark to Virtualized on Intel determine which 1 workload 16 core HX5 Blade platform provides per Intel blade $380,046 per workload the lowest TCA over 3 years 1 workload PowerVM on PS701 Heavy I/O per POWER7 blade 8 core POWER7 Blade workloads $204,036 per workload IBM WebSphere ND Monitoring software On 4 core “Older” Intel Online banking z/VM on z196 CPC workloads, each driving 40 workloads 22 transactions per 32 IFLs per 32-way z/VM second, with 1 MB I/O $84,985 per workload per transaction I/O bandwidth Best Fit large scale poolConsolidation ratios derived from IBM internal studies. HX5 2.13GHz 2ch/16coperformance projected from x3550 2.66GHz 2ch/12co measurements. zBX withx blades is a statement of direction only. Results may vary based on customerworkload profiles/characteristics. Prices will vary by country. 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 12
  • 12. Deploying Stand Alone Workloads With Heavy CPU Requirements Benchmark to Virtualized on Intel determine which 2 workloads 16 core HX5 Blade platform provides per Intel blade $190,023 per workload Scale to 16 the lowest TCA cores Best Fit over 3 years 1 workload PowerVM on PS701 Heavy CPU workloads per POWER7 blade 8 core POWER7 Blade $204,036 per workload IBM WebSphere ND Monitoring software On 8 core Nehalem servers Online banking z/VM on z196 CPC 10 workloadsworkloads, each driving 32 IFLs per 32-way z/VM 460 transactions per $339,939 per workload second with light I/OConsolidation ratios derived from IBM internal studies. HX5 2.13GHz 2ch/16coperformance projected from x3550 2.66GHz 2ch/12co measurements. zBX withx blades is a statement of direction only. Results may vary based on customerworkload profiles/characteristics. Prices will vary by country. 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 13
  • 13. Deploying Stand Alone Workloads With Light CPU Requirements Benchmark to Virtualized on Intel determine which 47 workloads 16 core HX5 Blade platform provides per Intel blade $8,086 per workload the lowest TCA over 3 years 28 workload PowerVM on PS701 Light per POWER7 blade 8 core POWER7 Blade workloads Fast low cost $7,287 per workload threads IBM WebSphere ND Best Fit Monitoring software On 4 core “Older” Intel Online banking z/VM on z196 CPC workloads, each driving 155 workloads 22 transactions per 32 IFLs per 32-way z/VM second with light I/O $21,932 per workloadConsolidation ratios derived from IBM internal studies. HX5 2.13GHz 2ch/16coperformance projected from x3550 2.66GHz 2ch/12co measurements. zBX withx blades is a statement of direction only. Results may vary based on customerworkload profiles/characteristics. Prices will vary by country. 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 14
  • 14. Case Study – Consolidate 880 StandaloneWorkloads On zEnterprise Distributed workload profile is a mix of − 784 light − 56 heavy CPU − 40 heavy I/O What is the most cost effective way to consolidate/deploy all these workloads? Sun Fire X4470 zEnterprise 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 15
  • 15. A Best Fit Assignment Of 880 Standalone Workloads On zEnterprise 28 28 workloads IBM POWER7 784 light workloads per POWER7 blade blades in 1 zBX 2 workloads 28 56 heavy CPU IBM HX5 Blades workloads per HX5 blade in same zBX 40 workloads 1 40 heavy I/O per 32 IFLs z196 CPC workloads 32 IFLs Best fit assignmentsServer configurations are based on consolidation ratios derivedfrom IBM internal studies. Projected Sun Fire X4470 2.0GHz2ch/16co from x3550 2.66GHz 2ch/12co measurements. Prices arein US currency, prices will vary by country 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 16
  • 16. Standalone Workloads Cost 47% Less On zEnterprise 40 heavy I/O 56 heavy CPU 784 light workloads workloads workloads Deployed on Sun Best fit on zEnterprise Fire X4470 95 Sun Fire Servers z196 56 Blades 32 IFLs 672 cores 1520 cores $43K $23K 47% less per workload per workload 3yr TCA 3yr TCA HW+SW HW+SWServer configurations are based on consolidation ratios derivedfrom IBM internal studies. Projected Sun Fire X4470 2.0GHz2ch/16co from x3550 2.66GHz 2ch/12co measurements. Prices arein US currency, prices will vary by country 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 17
  • 17. A Deeper Look At Linux On z/VMCapabilities Cost benefit of Enterprise Linux Server Solution Edition pricing Cost of IFL’s Cost benefit of software pricing for IFL’s Dedicated I/O Sub-system offloads I/O processing Greater I/O bandwidth Virtualization of I/O processing resources Superior Reliability, Serviceability, and Security Achieves lowest TCA for heavy I/O workloads 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 18
  • 18. Linux On z/VM Is Designed For EfficientVirtualization And Consolidation Logical Partitions Share Processors, Common Cache Structures, and I/O I/O Sub- systemoffloads I/Oprocessing Linux Linux Linux z/OS z/OS z/VM z/VM z/VM Internal networking via secure high Intelligent Resource speed Director dynamically HiperSockets allocates processors to partitions Shared access to all disk data and to z/VM supports external networks All Data Linux on z/VM can run on 1000’s of virtualized images up to 32 IFL Processors per LPAR 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 19
  • 19. System z Solution Editions For Linux OfferSignificant Cost ReductionsSpecial Package Prices System z Solution Edition for Enterprise Linux Add Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL) processors, memory and z/VM to an existing mainframe Hardware and software maintenance for three or five years Enterprise Linux Server Standalone System zEnterprise server with IFLs, memory, I/O connectivity, and z/VM Hardware and software maintenance for three or five years Linux on System z available from distribution partners 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 20
  • 20. Linux On z/VM Benefits From High I/O Bandwidth Provided By z196 Up to 80 General Purpose (GP) or GPs Specialty Engine processors Execute business logic Up to 14 System Assist Processors SAPs (SAP) to manage I/O requests Logical Channel Sub-systems …. FICON Express8 card virtualize I/O Can sustain up to 2.2M IOPS* Up to 84 physical FICON cards for RISC processors – I/O transfers 1/channel Up to 336 RISC channel I/O processors High Performance FICON connections (zHPF) IBM DS8800 Storage System Up to 440K IOPS capability with zHPF Benefits both z/OS and z/VM workloads* Recommend 70% max utilization – 1.5M IOPS 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 21
  • 21. Linux On z/VM Also Benefits From High I/O Bandwidth Provided By z114 Up to 10 General Purpose GPs (GP) or Specialty Engine processors Execute business logic SAPs Up to 2 System Assist Processors (SAP) to manage …. FICON Express8 cards I/O requests Can sustain up to 230K IOPS* RISC processors – 1/channel Up to 64 physical FICON cards for I/O transfers Up to 128 RISC channel I/O processors* Recommend 70% max utilization – 161K IOPS 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 22
  • 22. Linux On z/VM Benefits From Virtualized Logical Channel Sub System – Sharing And Failover P P P P P P P P P P P A A A A A A A A A A A R R R R R R R R R R R T T T T T T T T T T T I I I I I I I I I I I T T T T T T T T T T T I I I I I I I I I I I O O O O O O O O O O O N N N N N N N N N N N CPUz196 Physical Logical Channel Logical Channel Logical Channel Logical Channel hardware - Sub-system 1 Sub-system 2 Sub-system 3 Sub-system 4 virtualized and shared via logical channel System z Physical Channel Sub-system architecture FICON Channel Path OSA Transparently Shared Transparently Shared by By Logical Partitions All Logical Partitions Configured to Logical FICON Switch, Channel Sub-system 4 Switches, CU, Devices, etc Network Links, etc. 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 23
  • 23. z/VM Security For Linux Workloads Protects Linux virtual machines from each other Operates without interference/harm from guest virtual machines Virtual machines cannot circumvent system security features z/VM certified at Common Criteria EAL4+ LPAR certified Common Criteria EAL5 RACF Ensures that a user only has access to resources specifically permitted Tracks who is accessing all system resources HiperSockets for highly secure internal networking Access to System z Crypto features CPACF, CryptoExpress3 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 24
  • 24. Linux On z/VM Workloads Inherit System zQualities Of Service Reliability, availability, serviceability characteristics of System z Site failover for disaster recovery Capacity on demand upgrades Add physical processors to Linux environment without disruption 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 25
  • 25. DEMO: Dynamically Add New Processor To z/VM LPAR To Handle Increased Workload 1. A customer has in-house Risk Analysis program running on Linux on System z 2. Increased workload to all 4 Linux guests is causing z/VM LPAR utilization of 90%+ 3. Customer determines this is a long term trend - additional physical capacity needed 4. New capacity made available to LPAR as new Logical CPU, VMware can’t recognize and available for work take advantage of additional Without disruption in service physical processors without bringing down and rebooting the systemNote: Assumes available processors oninstalled books 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 26
  • 26. Installed MIPS For Linux on z/VM Are Growing At 45% CAGR The momentum continues: Shipped IFL MIPS increased 84% from YE08 to YE10 Linux is 18% of the System z customer install base (MIPS) Over 80% of the top 100 System z clients are running Linux on the mainframe More than 3,100 applications available for Linux on System z1 Based on YE 2004 to YE 2010 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 27
  • 27. Blue Cross Blue Shield Of Minnesota Saves UpTo 50% By Reducing Their Hardware Footprint• Lead time forserver provisioningreduced to 99% 140 Windows Servers 6 IFL processors for Inflexible and costly to maintain SUSE applications• IT deploys new Business Problem: DB2 for z/OSLinux VirtualServers for test anddev within 20 mins• Not a single “We found that running a virtualized Linux environment onincidence of System z would be somewhere between 30 and 50 percent lessunplanned expensive than a distributed architecture.”downtime or — Ted Mansk, Director of Infrastructure Engineering andunderperformance Databases at BCBSM 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 28
  • 28. We’ve looked at hybrid and standaloneworkloads. Let’s put it all together to seehow much money zEnterprise can save! 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 29
  • 29. Compare Server Hardware And Software Cost Of Acquisition 40 heavy I/O 56 heavy CPU 784 light 24 WAS and 20 SAP workloads workloads workloads DP workloads workloads Deployed on Sun + Best fit on zEnterprise HP servers 24 Sun Fire X4170 95 Sun Fire X4470 38 Sun T3-1B z196 105 Blades 1,520 cores 896 cores 32 IFLs 1,064 cores 159 servers 106 servers 2,440 cores 1,096 cores 49% less $49.4M Total 2 DL380 24 cores $25.0M Total 3yr TCA HW+SW 3yr TCA HW+SWServer configurations are based on consolidation ratiosderived from IBM internal studies. Prices are in UScurrency, prices will vary by country 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 30
  • 30. Compare Network Cost Of Acquisition 40 heavy I/O 56 heavy CPU 784 light 24 WAS and 20 SAP workloads workloads workloads DP workloads workloads Deployed on Sun + Best fit on zEnterprise HP servers Additional network parts 1 switch Additional network parts 10 cables 22 switches 10 adapters 480 cables 91% less 380 adapters 21 total network parts 882 total network parts $0.03M Total $0.32M TotalNetwork configuration is based on IBM internal studies.Prices are in US currency, prices will vary by country 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 31
  • 31. Compare Power Consumption 40 heavy I/O 56 heavy CPU 784 light 24 WAS and 20 SAP workloads workloads workloads DP workloads workloads Deployed on Sun + Best fit on zEnterprise HP servers 159 servers 106 servers 115.3 kW 47.1 kW $0.46M Total $0.21M Total 54% less 3 years 3 years @ $0.10 per kWh @ $0.10 per kWhServer configurations are based on consolidation ratiosderived from IBM internal studies. Prices are in UScurrency, prices will vary by country 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 32
  • 32. Compare Server Infrastructure Labor Costs 40 heavy I/O 56 heavy CPU 784 light 24 WAS and 20 SAP workloads workloads workloads DP workloads workloads Deployed on Sun + Best fit on zEnterprise HP servers 35,755 labor hrs/yr 26,371 labor hrs/yr 17.19 administrators 12.68 administrators $8.23M Total $6.07M Total 26% less 3 years 3 years @ $159,600/yr @ $159,600/yrServer configurations are based on consolidation ratiosderived from IBM internal studies. Prices are in UScurrency, prices will vary by country 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 33
  • 33. Compare Total Cost Of Ownership 40 heavy I/O 56 heavy CPU 784 light 24 WAS and 20 SAP workloads workloads workloads DP workloads workloads Deployed on Sun + Best fit on zEnterprise HP servers 159 servers 106 servers 2,440 cores 1096 cores $58.4M Total $31.3M Total 46% less or $63K per workload or $34K per workload 3yr TCO 3yr TCOServer configurations are based on consolidation ratiosderived from IBM internal studies. Prices are in UScurrency, prices will vary by country 03 - Consolidating Server Infrastructure V2.0 34

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