The Clipper Group, Lowering the TCO of the Data Center: IBM Innovates Tape Architecture...Again.
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The Clipper Group, Lowering the TCO of the Data Center: IBM Innovates Tape Architecture...Again. Document Transcript

  • 1. Lowering the TCO of the Data Center - IBM Innovates Tape Architecture ... Again!THE CLIPPER GROUPNavigator TM SM SM Navigating Information Technology HorizonsPublished Since 1993 Report #TCG2008037RLI July 16, 2008 Lowering the TCO of the Data Center — IBM Innovates Tape Architecture … Again! Analyst: David Reine Management Summary I had the opportunity to test drive a new car recently and I was most impressed with a feature that I did not know the car had and did not intend to test. Unbelievably, this feature activated itself and oper- ated as it was designed, automatically. While I was driving, the windshield wipers came on automat- ically! I thought that I had hit the wiper switch by accident, as it did not appear to be raining, but while I was searching for the wiper control, they stopped, again by themselves. A few moments later, they came on again. This time I noticed that it had begun to rain. As I observed the wipers, I realized that they were operating at a faster rate as the rain became heavier. In fact, these were rain-sensing, variable speed windshield wipers. With these rain-sensing wipers, the driver does not have to worry about controlling their speed; they take care of that for you. Apparently, there is a small sensor in the windshield that detects when it is raining, and identifies how much water is obstructing your vision. Moreover, since Mother Nature can change her mind quickly, these wipers adjust their speed auto- matically. I was very impressed by this innovative technology because I am easily distracted while driving and I hate to “fiddle” with the variable speed control in my car trying to compensate for the changes in rain intensity. There is a parallel for this technology in the data center of every enterprise. Over the past few years, data has been growing at a rate that has never been seen before. In fact, data has been doubling every 12 to 18 months, creating a storage nightmare as IT administrators try to maintain performance while securing an expanding volume of data, and deploying, installing, and man- aging primary and secondary storage devices in the data center. It was bad enough when the IT staff had to manage and secure the viability and integrity of a multi-terabyte storage architecture. Now, they must try to manage the petabyte storage area networks (SANs) that proliferate the enterprise environ- ment in 2008. Many data centers have implemented a disk-to-disk (D2D) backup architecture in order to be able to satisfy the recovery service level agreements (SLAs) that they establish with their client base. Unfortunately, the high costs associated with the deployment and operation of an all-disk envi- ronment demand that every CIO with an eye on the bottom line implement a disk-to-disk-to tape (D2D2T) environment for archive and long-term storage requirements. Unfortunately, not all tape systems are created equal, especially in terms of capacity and operating in concert with disk drives and SANs. In fact, many tape drives have to stop entirely while they wait for the network to transfer data into their available buffer space. IBM has just announced a new version of their enterprise tape drive, the 1TB TS1130 Tape Drive, IN THIS ISSUE which not only encrypts your data to secure it from prying eyes, but it also receives data at six The Trouble with Terabytes ................... 2 different speeds, dynamically, to ensure that all IBM Enterprise Tape Drives ................... 2 of your drives are operating at the optimum speed. To learn more about the high-capacity The IBM TS1130 Tape Drive................... 2 TS1130, please read on. Conclusion .............................................. 4 The Clipper Group, Inc. - Technology Acquisition Consultants Strategic Advisors 888 Worcester Street Suite 140 Wellesley, Massachusetts 02482 U.S.A. 781-235-0085 781-235-5454 FAX Visit Clipper at www.clipper.com Send comments to editor@clipper.com
  • 2. TMJuly 16, 2008 The Clipper Group Navigator Page 2The Trouble with Terabytes can recover any lost data. Unfortunately, the floor Enterprise storage requirements are growing, and space and the cost of energy to keep these devicesthey are growing at a rate never seen before in the spinning is itself spiraling out of control. The cost ofdata center. In fact, the most vivid comparison that electricity is tied to the cost of oil, and that is now incomes to mind would be Episode #44 of the original excess of $145 per barrel. In order to control theStar Trek series, entitled The Trouble with Tribbles. total cost of ownership (TCO) for the data center in-The problem with Tribbles was that they reproduced frastructure, the IT staff is returning to the legacyindiscriminately and they consumed all edible con- environment of tape for long-term storage and ar-tents available to them. They also physically inter- chiving1 . The IT staff is taking advantage of bothfered with essential ship systems (infrastructure), the performance of disk in a D2D environment andcausing havoc with, would you believe, a starship the long-term cost advantages and archive datanamed Enterprise. protection attributes of tape by designing a D2D2T This massive growth in data is due to several environment. Which tape architecture to use,factors changing the traditional storage paradigm in however, is another question.the data center and is reflected in the fact that storage IBM Enterprise Tape Drivesrequirements are doubling every 12-18 months atmost enterprises. The IT staff tries to meet the mis- IBM is not only viewed as a leader in tape tech-sion-critical demands of their application set, while, nology, they have been the leader for over 55 years.at the same time, attempting to adhere to budget con- Starting with the IBM 726 Tape Drive in 1952, IBMstraints. Government regulations and best practices has been at the forefront of almost every new tapepolicies require the preservation of an increasing innovation. Their latest family of enterprise tapestore of historical email and financial data that pre- drives has its genesis in the introduction of theviously was merely a nuisance, but now is required to enterprise-level IBM TotalStorage 3590 Tape Drivekeep executives out of trouble and out of jail. This in 1995. IBM has continued to innovate with thiscompliance data adds to the category of business- technology, first with the IBM TotalStorage 3592critical data. Tape Drive in 2003, and then with the IBM System Storage TS1120 Tape Drive2 in 2005. IBM has Enterprises place mission-critical data on high- always been first in tape: the first tape cartridge inperformance disk arrays to respond instantly to the 1964, first to deliver LTO in 2000, the first withqueries of everyone from corporate executives to automatic tape encryption. Now IBM is taking thecustomers and partners. Enterprise databases have to next giant leap forward in tape functionality with thebe accessible, 24x7, to place orders and process new IBM System Storage TS1130 Tape Drive.invoices. System outages are simply unacceptablewhen the enterprise measures downtime in thousands The IBM TS1130 Tape Driveof dollars per minute rather than just minutes and The TS1130 is the fastest 1TB tape drive in thehours. Backup and recovery data has similar urgen- world. It is the third generation of IBM’s 3592cy, although, as the information ages, it carries less enterprise tape technology, and using the existingsignificance to the everyday data center operation. 3592 Extended Data Cartridge (JB/JX), can storeDue to the requirement for immediate recovery from 1TB of uncompressed data at up to 160MB/s. IBMa failure, some of this data is now being captured on accomplished this, in part, by employing its Gianthigh-capacity drives with slightly less performance Magneto Resistive (GMR) head technology, pre-capability in a D2D environment. Archived data and viously in use only for disk drives. IBM has beenlong-term storage of backups is another matter. That working in their Almaden Research Center, alongmust be saved and managed, but is rarely accessed. with the Fuji Photo Film Company, in the develop-For this third-tier data, tape often proves to be the ment of GMR technology for tape, announcing aprice/performance leader. high-density tape demonstration in 2006 that could Another advantage of tape is that it is portable lead to 8TB tape cartridges3 . GMR heads can detectand the IT staff can transport it to a remote vault tosatisfy disaster recovery and compliance best prac-tices. One concern with data in transit is that it must 1 See the issue of Clipper Notes dated February 13, 2008,be protected beyond the secure walls of the data cen- entitled Disk and Tape Square Off Again – Tape Remainster. In order to resolve this dilemma, all tape car- King of the Hill with LTO-4, and available attridges that leave the data center should be encrypted http://www.clipper.com/research/TCG2008009.pdf. 2to protect the enterprise from embarrassing headlines See The Clipper Group Navigator dated November 29,and costly programs to protect those whose personal 2005, entitled Sun Challenges IBM for Enterprise Tape Drivedata may have been lost or stolen. Supremacy – T10000’s Improvements Fall Short, available at http://www.clipper.com/research/TCG2005077.pdf. In order to meet their SLAs, many data centers 3 See The Clipper Group Captain’s Log dated May 24, 2006,implement a D2D backup architecture. By using entitled Tape Density Evolution? No Revolution!, available atdisk as a target for backup, the data center quickly http://www.clipper.com/research/TCG2006042.pdfCopyright © 2008 by The Clipper Group, Inc. Reproduction prohibited without advance written permission. All rights reserved.
  • 3. TMJuly 16, 2008 The Clipper Group Navigator Page 3weaker and smaller signals, enabling them to in- TS11206 , and the TS1130 enjoys an 80% im-crease areal density, thereby increasing capacity and provement for large files with the new SkipSyncperformance. They are less subject to noise and feature.interference because of increased sensitivity to im- • Enhanced Reliability – The replacement of stan-prove reliability. A GMR read/write head provides dard AMR technology with GMR technology im-fewer data read errors and improved robustness over proves the density and reliability of the drive headthe life of the drive, due in part to an alumina-basedhead coating, introduced on IBM’s tape technology compared to the TS1120. In addition, an im-for the first time, which improves head reliability, proved Statistical Analysis Reporting Systemreduces wear on media, providing a longer life for (SARS) to help report and monitor media healthboth the drive and the media. GMR technology and drive usage is included.helps to lower the TCO of the TS1130 environment. The TS1130 Tape Drive comes with a dual- IBM has implemented several significant ported, native 4-Gbps Fibre Channel interface forchanges in the overall architecture of the TS1130 to attachment to host systems, or a switched fabricimprove its competitive position, resulting in: environment. As with the TS1120, the TS1130 can read WORM7 cartridges and has an automatic drive-• Enhanced TCO – With a 1TB cartridge, the based encryption feature included as standard on TS1130 has 43% more capacity than the TS1120 every drive8 , which works with IBM’s Encryption with the same media. This is a 100% improve- Key Manager. This new model, the TS1130 model ment over the capacity available on the Sun E06, has a list price of $39,050, with a one-year T10000 cartridge4 . (See Exhibit 1, on the next warranty. It supports all existing 3592 cartridges, page, for a more complete comparison IBM’s and protecting the investment that the enterprise has Sun’s new drives and those of the previous gener- made in existing media, one of the largest capital ation.) In addition, the TS1130 lowers power costs in a growing tape architecture. The data center consumption, with a reduction from 46W to can also reformat existing cartridges from 700GB to 17W in standby mode. The drive automa- 1TB, deferring the need to buy new cartridges, hel- tically reduces fan speed when idle to lower ping to reduce data center TCO. In fact, reformatting energy dissipation and reduce the risk of will provide more than a 40% increase in uncom- unnecessary airborne debris contamination pressed data center tape capacity, as compared to the over extended idle periods. TS1120 with 700GB tape cartridges. These im- provements are possible because the TS1130 has• Improved Productivity – With a native through- 1152 tracks, as compared to the TS1120 with 896 put of up to 160MB/s, as compared with 104MB/s tracks. The TS1130 writes data 16 tracks at a time, at for the TS1120, the TS1130 has almost a 60% a tape speed of 8.6 m/s versus 6.2 m/s for the higher data rate5 . This is also 33% faster than the TS1120, an improvement of almost 40%, with a 14% Sun T10000A or the new B drive. The TS1130 increase in linear density. also has a 24% improvement in high-speed IBM is also delivering an upgrade, the TS1130 space/locate, as compared to the TS1120. Model EU6, to fit into existing TS1120 Model E05• Improved Streaming Capability – The TS1130 canisters. At $19,500, this model is functionally has a 2x improvement in the size of its internal equivalent to the TS1130 Model E06, helping to data buffer, 1GB versus 512MB for the TS1120. protect the investment made in the second-generation The T10000A and B only have a 256MB buffer. drives, but the E06 will not be upgradeable further, if• Improved Speed Matching – With the ability to and when IBM comes out with the next generation match six data-streaming rates automatically, the drive. TS1130 can keep its drive spinning to eliminate The TS1130 attaches to all IBM systems, in- the stop/start phenomenon common in other archi- cluding IBM System z via the TS1120 C06 or 3592 J70 controllers. It also attaches to selected HP and tectures. This helps to improve job performance Sun systems, running with selected versions of and increase the life of the drive and media. The Microsoft Windows and selected Linux editions. The T10000A and B drives only support two speeds. TS1130 is supported in the IBM System Storage• Enhanced Virtual Backhitch – Virtual Back- TS3400, TS3500, and TotalStorage 3494 tape librar- hitch can also help keep tape streaming to improve ies, as well as the IBM 3592 C20 silo compatible job performance. With the TS1130, it has a 100% frame, for attachment to the Sun Powderhorn tape improvement in performance as compared to the libraries.4 6 The new Sun T10000B supports a 1TB cartridge, but at the This feature is not available on the Sun T10000. 7same performance rates as the T10000. Write Once, Read Many.5 8 With a 3:1 compression ratio, the data center can increase this A feature that costs an extra $5,000 on the Sun T10000throughput to 350MB/s. family.Copyright © 2008 by The Clipper Group, Inc. Reproduction prohibited without advance written permission. All rights reserved.
  • 4. TM July 16, 2008 The Clipper Group Navigator Page 4 Exhibit 1 – Comparison of Enterprise Tape Drives Drive Feature IBM TS1120 IBM TS1130 (New) Sun T10000 Sun T10000B (New)Max Native Cartridge Capacity 700GB 1 TB 500 GB 1 TBNative Data Rate 104 MB/s 160 MB/s 120 MB/s 120 MB/sSystem z Attachment 4Gb FICON or ESCON 4Gb FICON or ESCON 4Gb FICON 4Gb FICONOpen Systems Attachment 4-Gbps Fibre 4-Gbps Fibre 2 or 4-Gbps Fibre 4-Gbps FibreVirtual Backhitch (minimizes start/stop) Yes Yes (Advanced) No NoTape Drive Buffer 512 MB 1 GB 256 MB 256 MBSpeed Matching Capability 6 speeds 6 speeds 2 speeds 2 speedsLoad Thread Time 13 seconds 13 seconds 16 seconds 16 secondsAverage File Access Time (includes load time) 58 seconds 49 seconds 62 seconds 62 secondsAverage Rewind time 47 seconds 38 seconds 48 seconds 48 secondsEncryption Included in price Included in price $5,000 additional $5,000 additionalPower Consumption (Drive/Standby) 46 W/30 W 46 W/17 W 63 W/NA 63 W/NAList Price-Fibre drive (USD) $35,500 $39,050 $37,000 $37,000Source: IBM and Sun web sites and spec sheets on 7/15/2008 and subject to change. User results may vary. Conclusion encryption appliances and more cost. The TS1130 provides significantly increased At $39,050, the IBM TS1130 carries a 10% value to the data center enabling the enterprise to higher cost than the TS1120 but adds significantly reduce the number of tape drives, cartridges, and more capacity, performance, and reliability. It is floor space. With an increased capacity of 1TB of worth noting that the TS1130 is about $2,000 more native data and increased performance, at a com- expensive than Sun’s new T10000B, with the same parable price as compared to the TS1120, the capacity. However, the TS1130 does have 33% TS1130 enables the IT staff to decrease the backup more performance. When you window and reduce the number of cartridges re- incorporate Sun’s encryption op- quired to complete any backup or archiving task. tion to secure your data in transit, Fewer cartridges and increased storage density can the TS1130 becomes almost result in fewer frames and less floor space, helping to $3,000 less expensive. reduce both capital and operational expenses. The If you are looking to reduce fact that the TS1130 can use the same cartridges as the size of your tape architecture the TS1120 means that IBM has protected the invest- and, at the same time, improve ment that the enterprise has made in its IT infrastruc- your enterprise performance to ture, not to mention the fact that the data center can warp speed, look at IBM’s stretch their budget by reformatting their existing TS1130. SM media and achieve a 43% improvement in library capacity. With lower power consumption rates on every idle drive, the data center can also achieve significant savings in energy use, perhaps even helping to elim- inate the necessity to build a new data center to cope with increased energy demands. Although not a new functionality, the inclusion of encryption as a stan- dard feature helps to eliminate the need for additional Copyright © 2008 by The Clipper Group, Inc. Reproduction prohibited without advance written permission. All rights reserved.
  • 5. TMJuly 16, 2008 The Clipper Group Navigator Page 5 About The Clipper Group, Inc. The Clipper Group, Inc., is an independent consulting firm specializing in acquisition decisions and strategic advice regarding complex, enterprise-class information tech- nologies. Our team of industry professionals averages more than 25 years of real-world experience. A team of staff consultants augments our capabilities, with significant experience across a broad spectrum of applications and environments. The Clipper Group can be reached at 781-235-0085 and found on the web at www.clipper.com. About the Author David Reine is Director, Enterprise Systems for The Clipper Group. Mr. Reine specializes in enterprise servers, storage, and software, strategic business solutions, and trends in open systems architectures. He joined The Clipper Group after three decades in server and storage product marketing and program management for Groupe Bull, Zenith Data Systems, and Honeywell Information Systems. Mr. Reine earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from Tufts University, and an MBA from Northeastern University. Reach David Reine via e-mail at dave.reine@clipper.com or at 781-235-0085 Ext. 123. (Please dial “123” when you hear the automated attendant.) Regarding Trademarks and Service Marks The Clipper Group Navigator, The Clipper Group Explorer, The Clipper Group Observer, The Clipper Group Captain’s Log, The Clipper Group Voyager, Clipper Notes, and “clipper.com” are trademarks of The Clipper Group, Inc., and the clipper ship drawings, “Navigating Information Technology Horizons”, and “teraproductivity” are service marks of The Clipper Group, Inc. The Clipper Group, Inc., reserves all rights regarding its trademarks and service marks. All other trademarks, etc., belong to their respective owners. Disclosure Officers and/or employees of The Clipper Group may own as individuals, directly or indirectly, shares in one or more companies discussed in this bulletin. Company policy prohibits any officer or employee from holding more than one percent of the outstanding shares of any company covered by The Clipper Group. The Clipper Group, Inc., has no such equity holdings. Regarding the Information in this Issue The Clipper Group believes the information included in this report to be accurate. Data has been received from a variety of sources, which we believe to be reliable, including manufacturers, distributors, or users of the products discussed herein. The Clipper Group, Inc., cannot be held responsible for any consequential damages resulting from the application of information or opinions contained in this report.Copyright © 2008 by The Clipper Group, Inc. Reproduction prohibited without advance written permission. All rights reserved.