Innovation Matters - Bernie Meyerson
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Innovation Matters - Bernie Meyerson

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Bernie Meyerson ...

Bernie Meyerson
Vice President for Innovation, IBM

Dr. Meyerson is IBM’s Vice President for Global Innovation and leads IBM’s Global University Relations Function within IBM’s Corporate HQ organization. He is also responsible for the IBM Academy, a self-governed organization of approximately 1000 technical executives and senior technical leaders from across IBM.

Dr. Meyerson joined IBM Research as a Staff member in 1980 and led the development of several high performance technologies over a period of 10 years. In 1992, he was appointed as an IBM Fellow, IBM’s highest technical honor. In 2001, he became Chief Technologist of IBM’s Technology Group and assumed operational responsibility for IBM’s global Semiconductor R&D efforts in 2003. In his most recent role, Dr. Meyerson was VP of Strategic Alliances and CTO for the IBM Systems and Technology group, inclusive of its M&A practice.

Dr. Meyerson is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE). He is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has received numerous technical and business awards for his work.

For his innovation efforts, Dr. Meyerson was cited as “Inventor of the Year” by the New York State Legislature in 1998, and he was recognized as “United States Distinguished Inventor of the Year” by the US IP Law Association and the Patent and Trademark office in 1999. He was recognized in May 2008 as “Inventor of the Year” by the New York State Intellectual Property Lawyers Association. Most recently, he received the Pake Prize of the American Physical Society in 2011, honoring him for his combined original scientific research and business leadership.

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  • 1. Dr. Bernard Meyerson – IBM Fellow, Vice President of Innovation, CHQ Why Innovation Matters: Big Data, Data Babies and the Analytics in Between Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 2. Why Innovate? “What is the most important capability required for growth?” Ability to innovate Ability to allocate the best talent Ability to manage a global organization Ability to allocate capitalAbility to manage increasing regulation costs 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Source: McKinsey survey of 9,345 global executives 07McKinsey Global Survey 2010: 200784% of executives say Innovation is extremely or very important to their companies’ growth strategy Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 3. Key Elements of Sustainable Innovation A short list of Innovation EssentialsDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 4. Essential #1; T-Shaped InnovatorsRequirement: Deep, Expert-Thinking, with Broad Complex-Communications Skills Broad across many Many team-oriented projects completed (resume: outcomes, accomplishments & awards) Many disciplines Many systems (understanding & communications) (understanding & communications) (analytic thinking & problem solving) (analytic thinking & problem solving) Deep in one discipline Deep in one system Deep in at least one Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 5. A Call to Alms:-})Talented techies deserve ‘rock star’ treatment: IBMBARRIE McKENNAOTTAWA — The Globe and MailPublished Tuesday, Nov. 06 2012, 5:53 PM ESTLast updated Tuesday, Nov. 06 2012, 5:55 PM ESTCanada and the United States need to get back to treating – and compensating – their leadingtechnology creators like “rock stars,” says IBM’s global head of innovation.“An economy is only as good as its supply of talent,” explained Bernard Meyerson,International Business Machine Corp.’s vice-president of innovation and relations withuniversities. “Physical infrastructure is nice to have, but without good people, you get awfulresults.” Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 6. Outcomes; The “AHA” Moments Extraordinary Innovators Create Innovations That Matter 1944: 1948: 1956: 1957: 1964: 1966: 1967: 1970: 1971: Mark 1 SSEC RAMAC FORTRAN System/360 One-Device Fractals Relational Speech Memory Cell Database Recognition Nobel Prizes: 1973: 1979: 1980: 1986: 1987: 1990: 1994: 1993: RS/6000 SP Winchester Thin Film RISC Scanning High Temperature Chemically SIGe 1996,97: Deep Blue Disk Recording Tunneling Superconductivity Amplified Heads Microscope Photoresists 2004: 2006: 2008: 2010: 1997: 1998: 1998: 2002: Blue Gene 5-stage Carbon World’s First Petaflop Watson Copper Silicon-on- MicrodriveInterconnect Insulator Millipede The fastest Nanotube Ring Supercomputer Wiring supercomputer Oscillator in the world Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 7. Valuing Continuous Innovation; Beyond The “AHA!” Moment Never Undervalue Ongoing Innovation Disk Drives –If IBM had not continued to innovate in this field, today’s laptops would weigh approximately 250,000 Tons x2Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 8. Essential #2: Innovators Need INFRASTRUCTURE Enabling Collaborative Innovation (Outreach Matters) Pangoo China Zurich TokyoAlmaden Watson Haifa Austin India Brazil IBM Research Lab Global, Smarter Planet Collaborations Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 9. Essential #3: Dynamics: Innovators Must Evolve1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Corporate  Collaborative  Work on client  Create business  Collaborative funded Team problems advantage for clients partnerships  Shared agenda  Industry-focused  Emerging markets  Technology  Effectiveness research transfer Global Collaborative Collaboration Innovation Research in the Marketplace Joint ProgramsCentrally Funded Inter-disciplinary collaboration in the market and across the globe Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 10. The Extraordinary Trajectory; A Quick Review of How We Got “Here”, And Why Innovation Must Now AccelerateDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 11. Moore’s Law – Connecting Scaling and Economics Number of devices integrated on a chip of fixed area doubles every 12-18 monthsDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 12. Scaling in the Past vs. Scaling Now 1.40 Channel Scaling High-k / Metal Gate 1.35 Body Controlled Devices 1.30 Reduced Gate HeightRelative Performance Advanced BEOL Dielectric 1.25 1.20 1.15 Scaling In The Past… 1.10 1.05 Higher Capacitance 1.00 0.95 Higher Resistance 0.90 0.85 New Scaling Requirements; 0.80 Reduced Stress Massive Innovation Scaling Now Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 13. Materials Innovation Elements Employed in Silicon Technology Before 90’s 90’s through 2005 Beyond 2006 This has gotten unimaginably EXPENSIVE!!!Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 14. Issue First Raised in 2004; Is There a Sustainable Business Model? Chip Making R&D Versus Revenues (Worldwide in Permission, VLSI inc. ~$2.3B 6 With $M) 10 Reminder; The industry trend has been 5 10 for R&D Expenses to outpace revenues Estimated cost to develop the 1022-nm CMOS logic process 4 2004-2020 Projected CAGR 1,800 3 Revenues ~ 6.5% 1,600 10 R&D ~ 12.2% $1.1B extrapolated 2 1,400 10 Process development Process ramp-up R&D Revenue 1,200 1 Expenses Growth 10 Total RD & E (Chip + Eq) Costs ($M) 12.2% 6.5% 1,000 Semiconductor Revenues 0 2004 - 2010 CAGR 10 800 70 This was/is NOT sustainable 600 60 400 50 Revenue/RD&E Fiscal reality drove our industry to 200 40 consolidate around Innovation 0 30 180nm 130nm 90nm 65nm 45nm 32nm 22nm Networks. Source: IBS Global System IC Service Management Report, April 2006. 20 10 The predicted consolidation continues virtually unabated. 3002 NO 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Year Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 15. Information Technology in the “Post-Silicon” Era The “Silicon Era” is rapidly(~10 years) coming to an end. – While silicon will be the semiconductor of choice for several decades to come, devices themselves will play a minimal role in driving future IT performance. – Deep integration of hardware, software, system, and network functionality, will absorb the “slack” created by the absence of raw silicon performance gains. – Viable “post-silicon” technology requires >1B simultaneously functional devices The tremendous investments associated with the innovations required to continue driving device density will prompt ever greater consolidation in this industry. Despite all the challenges cited here, Innovation in Information Technology will drive ever more rapid advances in its capabilitiesDr. Bernard S. Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 16. New Drivers of Progress in Information Technology Dr. Bernard S. Meyerson , October, 2012 2012 Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 17. A New Paradigm For Systems Switching Storage Memory Scale In ProcessorDr. Bernard S. Meyerson , October, 2012 Collaborative Innovation
  • 18. IBM Canada Research and Development Centre Water Brain Applied Research + Innovation Centre HPC & Agile Cities Computing Energy18 Collaborative Innovation
  • 19. The IBM Canada R&D Centre Mission Announced April 10, 2012 Focus on Agile Computing and Smarter Infrastructure –Agile computing enabling Smarter; • Healthcare • Water • Energy • Cities High Performance Computing Infrastructure Partners –University of Toronto –Western University –Canadian Leadership Data Centre Collaboration is foundational and key to success –Seven University partners –Ontario Centre of Excellence (OCE) to enable industry participation –Federal and provincial government engagements –IBM Research and Lab support –Cross discipline and cross-university collaboration19 Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 20. Collaboration at Work – The Southern Ontario Smart Computing Innovation Platform Western UofO IBM Canada McMaster UofT IBM Canada Software Lab Waterloo R&D Centre Queen’s HPC & Cloud UOIT Others Infrastructure Small & Medium Enterprises Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 21. Enabling Technologies; Advanced Microelectronics Research Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 22. Announced today @ 10:30am, ESTUniversity Partnership on Analytics SkillsDevelop and implement a model of cooperation that: a) Enhances education, training and research collaboration in the areas of Analytics between IBM and Post-Secondary educational institutions in Nova Scotia and the Atlantic Canada region, b) Increases the number of individuals with education, training, experience and certification in Analytics throughout Nova Scotia and the Atlantic Canada region, and c) Engages Nova Scotia’s post-secondary educational institutions as key partners in research and development for the creation of essential skills and applications in Analytics.Specific actions and investment to facilitate three pillars of partnership: Curriculum Technology Research & Development Installation & Development & Delivery Support Led by Post-Secondary IBM donation of HW (SUR Forward looking, building institutions, building on Grant) and SW (Academic on the critical mass of existing programs, Initiative) to develop a skills, technology materials and case provincial cloud to support infrastructure and studies curriculum deployment additional industrial / and skills development government partners22 Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 23. How Do We Focus IT Innovation In This New Era?Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 24. The Grand ChallengesIn 2008 We Asked The IBM Community To Identify Global, Societal, Grand Challenges Innovation Jam 2008-Crowd Sourcing the FutureDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 25. Global Challenge: Food Eliminating the millions of tons of food thrown away annually in the US and UK could lift more than a billion people out of hunger worldwide Image Source: SunDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 26. Global Challenge:Transportation  Today there are 1 Billion cars on the road. That number will double in 2020  Congested roadways cost $78 Billion annually in the form of 4.2 Billion lost working hours and 2.9 billion gallons of wasted gas. Collaborative Innovation © IBM CorporationDr. Bernard S. Meyerson
  • 27. Global Challenge: Healthcare $475 Billion Estimated U.S. healthcare spending each year on administrative and clinical waste, fraud and abuse and other waste.1 1.5 Million Errors in the way medications are prescribed, delivered and taken harm 1.5 million people in the U.S. every year.2 Collaborative Innovation © IBM CorporationDr. Bernard S. Meyerson
  • 28. Our Thesis:These Problems Result in Large Part FromOur Inability to Utilize VAST AMOUNTS OF INFORMATION EffectivelyDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 29. “Big” Data Is REALLY BIG “Every two days now we create as much information as we did from the dawn of civilization up until 2003.” ~ Eric Schmidt, CEO Google29 Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 30. “Data is the New Oil” In its raw form, oil has little value. Once processed & refined, it helps power the world.30 Dr. Bernard S. Meyerson , October, 2012Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 Collaborative Ann Winbald, © 2011 IBM Corporation Co-founder Hummer Winbald Venture Capital
  • 31. To Understand and Effectively Utilize Big Data We Need a New Suite of Tools: AnalyticsDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 32. Why Analytics? “Looks like you have all the data, what’s the holdup?”Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 33. -The Outcome of Innovation Jam 2008- We Believe It Is The Responsibility of Those Who Create and Deploy Such Advanced InformationTechnology To Step Up and Create a “Smarter Planet” Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 34. The Concept of a Smarter Planet Is Solutions for SocietySmart Traffic Intelligent Smart Food Smart Smart Energy Smart Retail Systems Oil field Systems Healthcare Grids technologiesSmart Water Smart Supply Smart Smart Smart Smart CitiesManagement Chains Countries Weather Regions Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 35. Why Begin With Issues of a Smarter City? Consider Future Population Demographics 7000 6000 Population (millions) 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 Urban Population Rural PopulationDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 36. Ensuring a Future: -Smarter Healthcare-Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 37. Big Data & Predictive Analytics in HealthcareToronto Hospital for Sick ChildrenSources Predict Baby Crashing ~24 hrs Files, TCP Sockets  Correlating blood oxygenation with blood pressure to predict “Baby crashing”  Nosocomial Infection Prediction  Monitoring heart rate variability with other information to predict sepsis  Alarms up to 24 hours earlier than by experienced ICU Nurses Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 38. One Element of a Smarter City: -Smarter Transportation-Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 39. The Smart Principle: Integrating real-world data with analytics allows one to be Proactive vs Reactive Operational/ Transactional Insights System wide control Road Usage Optimization, GHG emission models • Toll collection only - Operational/ • More granular • Dynamic and Transactional disconnected charging, by location congestion based operational data pricing • Analysis of trafficDevelopment • Transaction data from patterns to manage • Route planning and Business the management of city congestion. advice, shippers, payments concrete haulers, • Modeling traffic to limo companies, • Little automated use predict and manage theatres, taxis etc is made of real-time entire system traffic data • City-wide, dynamic traffic optimization Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 40. Smarter Transportation: Predicting Traffic Flow•10 minute-ahead volume forecast (blue) vs. actual •10 minute-ahead speed forecast (blue) vs. actual value (black) value (black). Data Analytics in Action Singaporeans now get there Faster, Cheaper, and Greener Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 41. Changing the Future:-Smarter Public Safety- Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 42. Collaborative Innovation With Rio de JaneiroDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 43. The Intelligent Operations Center, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil The Challenge; Evolve from Reactive to Proactive Operations History; Flooding in 2010 resulted in 110 deaths. Proactive emergency response is crucialDr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 44. Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 45. Sometimes Nature Hits VERY Close to Home Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 46. “Big Data’s” Impact on Public Safety: Example; Blue CRUSH in Memphis, TN & Richmond, VA Memphis Blue CRUSH Map Blue CRUSH predictive analysis for officer deployment & risk management generated easy-to-read crime maps every four hours Richmond, VA: Violent crime decreased in the first year by 32%, another 40% thereafter, moving Richmond from #5 on the list of the most dangerous US cities to #99 Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 47. Big Data in Big Business -”Impact” Takes on a Whole New Meaning-Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 48. Collaborative Innovation: Statoil & IBM Operational process optimization andequipment monitoring Accelerated production and increasedreserves, in addition to standardization andautomation of work processes, OLFestimated value of US$50 Billion over fiveyears (ref. Norwegian Oil Industry Association [OLF]) Environmental Factors Collaborative Innovation © IBM CorporationDr. Bernard S. Meyerson
  • 49. Cyber; The Next Battleground for Analytics http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/americas/united-states/121012/panetta-us-cyber-security-threat-pre-911-moment49 Collaborative Innovation © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 50. The New Realities of Innovation The Innovators of tomorrow require a new mix of skills to manage complex systems of systems producing BIG DATA. Data Analytics can extract unprecedented insights from BIG DATA, and within a decade will become as common a “tool” as the pocket calculator. We, the Information Technology industry, and our partners in its use, have a responsibility to enable solutions for a Smarter Planet, with all the societal benefits that entails. Dr. Bernard Meyerson Collaborative Innovation , Nov. 8, 2012 © 2011 IBM Corporation