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Workload Optimierte Systeme_Jan Klockow_IBM Symposium 2013

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  • 1. © 2013 IBM CorporationWorkload Optimized SystemsJan Klockow07.05.2013
  • 2. © 2013 IBM CorporationAgenda• IBM Research & Development• IT Trends & Challenges• Technology Perspective• Workload Optimizted Systems
  • 3. © 2013 IBM Corporation20 Consecutive Years as U.S. Patent Leader5 Nobel Laureates 6 Turing AwardsFORTRAN Relational Database RISC Disk Technology DRAM SOI Deep Blue WatsonSystemsSoftwareResearchEnabling OurClients StrategicBusiness NeedsIBM Confidential: Material Subject to IBM CDA AgreementIBM – Investing in Innovation
  • 4. © 2013 IBM CorporationIBM Germany LabLargest IBM Development Lab in EuropeAbout 1800 EmployeesFounded 1953Sites: Boeblingen (HQ), Mainz, Kassel,Walldorf, Berlin, Munich, HamburgIBM Global R&D TeamAbout 6 Billion US $ investment in R&D y/yMore than 60.000 Developers, 3.000 ResearchersMore than 80 LabsMore than 100 acquisitions since the year 2000Building the largest IT product portfolio in the worldAbout 6500 US Patents in 2012 (#1 for 20 years)4 IBM Germany Research & Development GmbH (Version: 2013-02-22)Global IBM Research and Development
  • 5. © 2013 IBM Corporation2012 Patent Leadership (20 yrs of Leadership)Research$6BIn R&DSystems &TechnologyGroupSoftwareGroup• IBM 6,478 + 4.8%• Samsung 5,081 + 3.8%• Canon 3,174 + 12.5%• Panasonic 2,769 + 8.2%• Toshiba 2,446 - 1.5%• Microsoft 2,613 + 13.1%• Sony 3,032 + 32.6%• Hon Hai 2,013 + 33%• General Electric 1,652 + 14.1%• LG Electronics 1,624 +15.1%• 15. HP 1,394 + 6.6%• 18. Intel 1,290 + 3.7%• * Source: IFI Patent Intelligence
  • 6. © 2013 IBM CorporationAgenda• IBM Research & Development• IT Trends & Challenges• Technology Perspective• Workload Optimizted Systems
  • 7. © 2013 IBM CorporationCurrent and Future IT Challenges32,6 Mio. Server world wide85% of Compute Poweris idleing15% of all Servers run24/7, without being utilizedaround the clockData Center powerconsumption doubled inpast 5 yearsEnergy cost is on the riseFrom 2000 to 20106x Server Growth69x Data GrowthIn 20152x VMs3x Devices2x User6x Data
  • 8. © 2013 IBM CorporationRising energy consumptionExploding complexity due to serverproliferationScale-out infrastructures have been growing – and so has thecomplexityReduce # of servers withconsolidation/VirtualizationDrive to higher IT UtilizationSimplified holistic Systems ManagementFaster DeploymentClient needs:IDC July 2010: The Business Value of Large Scale Server Consolidation
  • 9. © 2013 IBM CorporationAgenda• IBM Research & Development• IT Trends & Challenges• Technology Perspective• Workload Optimizted Systems
  • 10. © 2013 IBM Corporation101st TransistorDecember 16th, 1947Bardeen, Brattain, ShokleyLeading edge technology 1947>60 years Semiconductor evolution – Moore’s law(example for POWER & System z)POWER 7+EC12597 mm22.75 B567 mm22.1 B
  • 11. © 2013 IBM Corporation“Thick” Gate Oxidpresent future1.2 nm oxynitride“Scaled” Gate OxidField effect transistorSource DrainGatePhysical Limits of Traditional Transistor Scaling• Gate oxid is prone to process variations• 6 layers of atoms• +/- 1 atom variation -> 33% variation of thickness• 33% variation of thickness -> 10-100x higher leakage currents
  • 12. © 2013 IBM Corporation12Innovation Drives Performance0%20%40%60%80%100%180 nm 130 nm 90 nm 65 nm 45 nm 32 nm 22 nmGain by Technology Scaling Gain by InnovationRelative %of ImprovementIBM Confidential. All statements regarding IBMs future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goalsand objectives only.Physics is not permitting permitting performance gains by technology scaling;however it is still enabling more transistors on a node to node basis
  • 13. © 2013 IBM CorporationOne must Drive Performance Through InnovationOne must Drive Performance Through InnovationNovel Materials, Structures, Processes, and ArchitectureSilicon- on -InsulatorLow-kDielectricSiGe CopperImmersionLithographyStrainedSiliconOpticalTransceivereDRAMHigh KAir GapSelf Assembly3-D ChipStackingDual Core
  • 14. © 2013 IBM CorporationUntil 90th1hydrogenH5boronB8oxygenO15phosphorusP14siliconSi33arsenicAs13aluminumAlSince 90th 7nitrogenN9fluorineF32germaniumGe22Ti22titaniumTi73Ta73tantalumTa29copperCu29tungstenW17chlorineCl39yttriumY40zirconiumZr72hafniumHf23vanadiumV41niobiumNb24chromiumCr42molybdenumMo21scandiumSc75RheniumRe43rutheniumRu77iridiumIr45rhodiumRh27cobaltCo78platinumPt45palladiumPd28nickelNi57lanthaniumLa58ceriumCe59PraeseodymiumPr60neodymiumNd62samariumSm63europlumEu64gadolliniumGd65terbiumTb66dysprosiumDy67holmiumHo68erbiumEr69thulliumTm70ytterbiumYb20calciumCa38strontiumSr56bariumBa12magnesiumMgSince 200635Br35BromineBr30zincZn83bismuthBi6carbonC2heliumHe54xenonXeMaterials used in Chip Design
  • 15. © 2013 IBM CorporationEffects on „General Purpose“ System ArchitectureCell: Application, Gaming, 3D rendering Blue Gene: Application, e.g. Protein foldingSingle Thread PerformanceHow fast can a single task be completedImportant for legacy (non-parallel) applicationsCore PerformanceTotal work performed by a single coreVery important for TCO (software pricing)Throughput PerformanceTotal amount of work that can be completedPath to consolidationOther examples of new System architectures
  • 16. © 2013 IBM CorporationOptimized Systems – Tuned to the TaskVerticalOptimizationHorizontalOptimizationSoftwareOperatingSystemHardwareSystem ManagementCPU – Storage - NetworkThousands of online usersLarge transactional databases24x7 operationFewer usersComplex queriesMultiple data sourcesLarge data warehouseUnite content, people and process flowsOrchestrate multiple servicesEmpower business usersTransactionProcessingand DatabaseBusinessIntelligenceand AnalyticsBusinessProcessManagementMatching workloads to systems that areoptimized for the workloads’ characteristics
  • 17. © 2013 IBM CorporationThree elements are required to design an Optimized SystemVirtualization & Operating SystemsMicroprocessor DesignSemiconductor TechnologyDomain Knowledge– Workload Characteristics– Workload interdependencies– Architecture optionsSoftware– Full Stack integration– Middleware tuned for hardware– Integrated management acrossarchitecturesHardware– Multi-core architectures– Advanced threading– Low latencyOptimized MiddlewareCompilers & Java Virtual MachineSystems DesignWorkload Optimized Systems
  • 18. © 2013 IBM CorporationAgenda• IBM Research & Development• IT Trends & Challenges• Technology Perspective• Workload Optimizted Systems• Goals of „Pure Systems“• Technology• Market Momentum
  • 19. © 2013 IBM CorporationOn today’s Smarter Planet, increasing demands are placed on ITof IT Managers saySecurity is the biggestchallenge in adoptingmobilityTechnology is theleading force impactingbusinessAre your clients ready?Cloud Ready?Data Ready?Security Ready?of IT Budgetsused onmaintenance1 1. Technology factors2. People skills3. Market factors4. Macro-economic factors5. Regulatory concerns6. Globalizationorganizations fall behindschedule whendeploying new ITcapabilities68% 71%71% of CEOs identify technology as the most important external forceimpacting their organizations*
  • 20. © 2013 IBM CorporationDatabaseWarehouseStorageServicesAnalyticsDatabaseServicesServerStorageWeb AppsServicesSpecify/Design: Takes 30 days for an ITinfrastructure systemScale: Lack of dynamic elasticity results incumbersome re-allocation or resource additionProcure: Software and hardware orderedseparately taking 5-20 daysIntegrate: Components arrive as “bag of parts” –requiring optimizationDeploy: Can take weeks to monthsCustomize/Tune: Meeting Service Level Agreementsrequires customization and ongoing tuningManage: Managing development, provisioning, andmonitoring with multiple tools is time consumingMaintain: Separate updates/fixes require separate testingUpgrade: Months to plan, procure, test; potentialdays of downtimeClient Landscape - Growing IT complexity is unsustainable
  • 21. © 2013 IBM CorporationClients have Tried Various Approaches to Manage ITClient-tunedSystems Appliances CloudFlexibilityControlSimplicityRapid DeploymentAgilityElasticityTimeExpenseExpertiseSingle Purpose SharedDependenceWhat if you could have the best of all three?BenefitsChallenges
  • 22. © 2013 IBM CorporationCombining the Flexibility of General PurposeSystems with the Simplicity of an Appliance– and integrated Expert Knowledge, Ready-for-CloudServersStorageNetworkingVirtualizationManagementDevelopmentMiddlewareDeployment ApplicationsExpert Integrated SystemsAll hardware and software componentsfactory integrated and optimizedBorn virtualized and ready for cloudStorage tuned to data needsHardware directly tuned to the softwareSystem resource allocation uniquelyoptimized per selected pattern for eachapplication workload
  • 23. © 2013 IBM Corporation23IBM Pure SystemsA fully integrated and open infrastructure for unprecedented flexibilitywith integrated automation and optimization expertiseIntegrated InfrastructureFlexible and Open Environment ChoiceServers Storage NetworkingIntegrated, Flexible ManagementAIX i Linux WindowsAvailabilityVirtualizationPlatformPowerVM KVM VMware HyperVSecurity23
  • 24. © 2013 IBM CorporationNetworkingSingle Pane of GlassManagement for all resourcesStorageVirtualizationVirtual Images &Workload PatternsLibraryVirtualizationServersStorageAn integrated system yields efficiencies and agilitybut it must be simple to useIntegratedManagementApplicationMiddlewareDatabaseAnalytics
  • 25. © 2013 IBM CorporationStarts at Acquisition: A Continuum of Value from Building Blocks to SystemsPURE Systems Integrated by Design10/40GbE, FCoE,IB 8/16Gb FCNetworkingChassis14 half-widebays for nodesComputeNodesPower 2S/4Sx86 2S/4SV7000Expansionin or out of chassisStorageNodesFlex SystemManagerManagementApplianceExpansionPCIe,CaptiveStorageFlex System - Building Blocks Pure Flex Pure Application / Datawith compute, storage,networking, physical andvirtual management &entry cloud management(Application) designed fortransactional web applications&enabled for cloud(Data) ... designed fortransactional, analytics and/orBigDataPre-configured, pre-integrated,integrated expertisePure Application / DataInfrastructure Systems
  • 26. © 2013 IBM CorporationIBM is uniquely positioned to offer infrastructure value and choiceYou choose Pre-integrated• Investment protection• Designed for the next decade, no compromises• Works with your existing systems• Beyond blades• Compute, storage, networking, management• Designed and tested for inter-operation• Simplification• Management of physical and virtual domains• Single point of management• Competitive differentiation• Choice of architectures, hypervisors, operating systems• Leading managementInfrastructure ComponentsBeyond BladesIntegrated InfrastructureDelivering Infrastructure Services• Time to value• Pre-integrated, set up in as little as 4 hours• Pooled resources, deploy new services rapidly• New solutions and applications• Leading ERP, CRM, tens of thousands of available apps.• Key solutions e.g. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure• Simplification• Expert integrated system• IBM expertise from optimizing thousands of data centers• Competitive differentiation• Comprehensive – storage, networking, compute• Partner ecosystem
  • 27. © 2013 IBM CorporationFlex System PureFlex PureApplication PureDataInfrastructureComponentsIntegratedInfrastructureApplicationPlatformDataPlatformNext generationof BladesDelivering InfrastructureServicesDelivering PlatformServicesDelivering DataServicesPureSystems FamilyNodesExpansionNetworkStorageManagement
  • 28. © 2013 IBM CorporationInfrastructure ComponentsBeyond Blades• Best Chassis• Engineered for multiple generations of technology• Highest I/O bandwidth for future growth• Multi-platform for maximum flexibility• Best Compute Nodes• No compromise design allows you to do more with less• Mixed architecture design enables infrastructurestandardization and reduced operating expenses• Best Connectivity Options• Open standards provides architectural choice• High speed, low-latency in-chassis switching improvesperformance and extends the life of core networks• Best Management• Manage IT as one, reducing complexity and automatingeveryday manual tasks• Chassis• Compute Nodes• Networking• Flex System Manager• Expansion• StorageOpen choice of architectures, hypervisors, environments –designed for multiple generations of technologyArchitectures Hypervisors Operating Systems
  • 29. © 2013 IBM CorporationIBM PureFlex: Integrated Infrastructure Overview• x86 & POWER7+• Higher VM density, more Memory• Designed to support the growth of future generations• Integrated, scalable, 3rd party storage virtualization• Real-time Compression, Tiering, Pooling• Choice of Networking: IBM, Cisco, Juniper & Brocade, across multiple protocols• Industry standard OpenFlow, 802.1 Qbg• Uncompromised I/O: 40Gb Ethernet, 16Gb Fibre Channel, and 56Gb Infiniband• Open Choice for compute, network, storage, OS and Hypervisors• Desktop Virtualization: VirtualBridges, Citrix, VMware and ISV solutions• Single point of management control for resource virtualization / systems management• Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)- SmartCloud entry (private cloud)• End-to-End Life-Cycle Support• Single point of Contact• Best industry services organization and Certified Business Partner Network
  • 30. © 2013 IBM CorporationIntegrated Enterprise Chassis10U chassis14 baysStandard and fullStorage (SOD)4 switch modulesRedundant CMMsRedundant powerRedundant cooling• High physical density• Positional awareness• Virtual FC and NIC address• Mixed processor support• Hot add, hot swap• Ease of cabling• Ease of insertion and removal• High bandwidth, low latency networking• Integrated management Ethernet• Designed to support the futureFront View Rear ViewSOD = Planned Statement of Direction. IBM plans subject to change.
  • 31. © 2013 IBM Corporation14 Node Bays(7 Full Wide)Size: 10 U19” RackNodes:PowerIntelFlex System MgrFlex System Enterprise Chassis ViewFillerFillerFillerFillerp260 Power NodePCIeExpanFillerFlex System Mgr X240 System x Nodep260 Power Nodex440 System x Nodep460 Power NodeX240 System x Node
  • 32. © 2013 IBM Corporation10 UCMMFansHigh SpeedSwitch (4X)Power Supplies(6X)IBM Flex System Enterprise Chassis Rear View
  • 33. © 2013 IBM CorporationIBM Flex & PureFlex System: technology leadership in computeNew Compute Node Choices: Leading edge compute technologies deliver anopen architecture, operating system and hypervisor choiceIBM Flex System p260EnhancedIBM Flex System p24LIBM Flex System x220EnhancedIBM Flex System x240IBM Flex System x440NewIBM Flex SystemPCI expansion nodeStorage expansion nodeIBM FlexSystem p460
  • 34. © 2013 IBM CorporationIBM Flex System – technology leadershipIntegrated IBM Flex System V7000 Storage Node:• Integrated by Design: automates deployment with fullintegration into IBM PureFlex• Simplified Experience: simplifies managementsignificantly with an intuitive user interface for ease of useand faster system accessibility• Built-in Expertise:• Virtualizes third-party storage for investment protection: up to30% higher storage utilization• Optimizes performance and costs for mixed workloads: up to200% higher performance with automatic migration to SSDs• Stores up to 5x more active primary data in the samephysical disk space using IBM Real-time Compression
  • 35. © 2013 IBM CorporationIBM PureFlex System – technology leadership in networkingBrocade switch16Gb Fibre Channel Adapter8/16Gb Fibre Channel Switch(24 port version, Brocade based)Leading storage area networking (SAN)solutionEnd-to-end 8/16 GB SAN connectivityFlexibility for data centers, increasingavailability & reliabilitySolution allows:Network administrators to manage servers,storage and networks as one logical unitInvestment protection; growth in ports,bandwidth
  • 36. © 2013 IBM CorporationFlex System Manager – Simplified Management ExperienceManagement integration across all physical and virtual resources• Manage physical/virtual resources acrosscompute, storage, network• Manage workloads while the systemautomatically manages resources• Thousands of end points at your fingertipswith Quick Find
  • 37. © 2013 IBM CorporationFlex System ManagerFlex System ManagerServers Network Storage Security VirtualizationCloudMobile UI• Comes pre-installed and pre-configured• Auto-discovery and inventory of hardware• Single pane of glass• Fully integrated across compute, network, and storage• User friendly chassis maps• Born virtualized so you can deploy workloads day one• Embedded serviceability for speedy problem resolutionPlatform Management Expertise: Flex System Manager
  • 38. © 2013 IBM CorporationManagementComputeVirtualizationOSNetworkComputeStorageX86IBMHPEMCNetAppIBMJuniperWindowsHyper-VKVMPowerVMAIXLinuxIBM iVMwareCiscoBrocadePowerX86IBMHPEMCNetAppIBMJuniperWindowsHyper-VKVMPowerVMAIXLinuxIBM iVMwareCiscoBrocadePowerx86IBMHPEMCNetAppPowerx86IBMHPEMCNetAppPowerIBMJuniperWindowsHyper-VKVMPowerVMAIXLinuxIBM iVMwareCiscoBrocadeIBMJuniperWindowsHyper-VKVMPowerVMAIXLinuxIBM iVMwareCiscoBrocadeCISCO Blades(UCS components)Infrastructure Components Beyond Blades38VirtualizationStorageNetworkComputeVirtualizationStorageNetworkComputeVirtualizationStorageNetworkComputeVirtualizationStorageNetworkpLinux
  • 39. © 2013 IBM CorporationSimplified Experience: Simplified Management Interface• Visualization• Nodes, I/O modules, power, cooling• Context sensitive flyover• Hardware and OS inventory• Overlays: hardware status; compliance, firmware and notification; hardwareaccess state; component names and properties – more to come
  • 40. © 2013 IBM CorporationVM VMPureFlex Brings Differentiated Value to VMware environmentVM VMVM VMVMVMVM VMVM VMVMVMVM VMVM VMVMVMVM VMVM VMVMVMVisualize virtualtopology forbottlenecksCreate and assignstorage to VMwareclustersCreate and managenetwork pools andVM network profilesCollect and viewsystem informationAutomation forvirtualizedinfrastructureMonitor Server /Storage Health+Firmwareconfigurationand updateMeasure andreport powerconsumptionBare metalhypervisordeploymentVMVMVMVMVMVMVMVM