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  1. 1. Singapore Pro-natalist programme
  2. 2. “ To sustain growth and vitality in our economy, we need a growing population in Singapore with talents in every field.” <ul><li>Said by Senior Minister Mr Goh Chok Tong on August 19th, 2006 </li></ul>
  3. 3. NIC (newly industrialised country) <ul><li>Independence in 1963 and since, the citizens’ standard of living risen dramatically. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the 5th wealthiest country in the world in terms of GDP per capita. </li></ul><ul><li>710.2 km2 – London is 2.4 times the size of signapore </li></ul>
  4. 4. Anti Natal <ul><li>The population doubled from 1947 to 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>The Anti-natalist policy 1966-1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Government only wanted them to have 2 children </li></ul><ul><li>Policy worked too well </li></ul>
  5. 5. How did they solve it? <ul><li>They introduced a pro-natalist policy to promote having babies. In 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>The slogan switched from ‘stop at two’ to ‘have three, if you can afford it’ </li></ul><ul><li>Their target was to increase the population by 40% over 40 years </li></ul>
  6. 6. Techniques they used to convince people to have more babies <ul><li>2 children = $10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>And then tax relief on third child </li></ul><ul><li>Increase maternity leave from 8 weeks to 12. </li></ul><ul><li>Shorter work so singles got together. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Singapore pro-natalist video <ul><li>This video includes the Prime Minister Lee urging Singaporeans to have babies. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// =kellywonghm#play/uploads/3/UmJa6Lw4Y4s </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problem 1 <ul><li>Social Barrier: </li></ul><ul><li>The highly educated women and less educated men tend to have more difficulty with finding more suitable spouses. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Problem 2 <ul><li>Life style choice: </li></ul><ul><li>Some people choose to remain single, get married older or have fewer children. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Problem 3 <ul><li>Financial Consideration: </li></ul><ul><li>High cost of living </li></ul><ul><li>Parents want higher standards for children therefore they work longer and have fewer babies. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other problems, slowing population growth <ul><li>Abortion is common – ¼ pregnancies are terminated </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce rates are rising </li></ul><ul><li>Family values are strained </li></ul><ul><li>Number of childless couples is 6% and rising </li></ul>
  12. 12. Were there other ways to boost Singapore’s population? <ul><li>Singapore has experienced that importing foreigners can boost population size and sustain economic growth. </li></ul><ul><li>It already has a large amount of foreigners, only 74% are Singaporeans </li></ul><ul><li>It could create a wide culture or conflict. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Future prospects Singapore’s fertility rate is still decreasing with a dependency ratio of 37.2% The governments aim is to increase the population by 40% from 4.5 mil to 6.5, and create the 23 rd biggest city in the world.
  14. 14. Long Term Plans <ul><li>“ The Concept Plan takes a long-term perspective of about 40-50 years. The starting point for planners in their review is the size of the population. Planners will base the Concept Plan 2001 on a long-term population size of 5.5 million. This includes citizens, permanent residents as well as employment-pass and work-permit holders. Why 5.5 million? This is not a target figure, nor is it an optimal population size. It is a reasonable growth estimate from today’s population of 4.0 million, in order to sustain Singapore’s economic growth and provide a critical mass for developing a vibrant city.” </li></ul>