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Singapore
 

Singapore

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    Singapore Singapore Presentation Transcript

    • Singapore Pro-natalist programme
    • “ To sustain growth and vitality in our economy, we need a growing population in Singapore with talents in every field.”
      • Said by Senior Minister Mr Goh Chok Tong on August 19th, 2006
    • NIC (newly industrialised country)
      • Independence in 1963 and since, the citizens’ standard of living risen dramatically.
      • It is the 5th wealthiest country in the world in terms of GDP per capita.
      • 710.2 km2 – London is 2.4 times the size of signapore
    • Anti Natal
      • The population doubled from 1947 to 1970.
      • The Anti-natalist policy 1966-1982
      • Government only wanted them to have 2 children
      • Policy worked too well
    • How did they solve it?
      • They introduced a pro-natalist policy to promote having babies. In 2001.
      • The slogan switched from ‘stop at two’ to ‘have three, if you can afford it’
      • Their target was to increase the population by 40% over 40 years
    • Techniques they used to convince people to have more babies
      • 2 children = $10,000
      • And then tax relief on third child
      • Increase maternity leave from 8 weeks to 12.
      • Shorter work so singles got together.
    • Singapore pro-natalist video
      • This video includes the Prime Minister Lee urging Singaporeans to have babies.
      • http:// www.youtube.com/profile?user =kellywonghm#play/uploads/3/UmJa6Lw4Y4s
    • Problem 1
      • Social Barrier:
      • The highly educated women and less educated men tend to have more difficulty with finding more suitable spouses.
    • Problem 2
      • Life style choice:
      • Some people choose to remain single, get married older or have fewer children.
    • Problem 3
      • Financial Consideration:
      • High cost of living
      • Parents want higher standards for children therefore they work longer and have fewer babies.
    • Other problems, slowing population growth
      • Abortion is common – ¼ pregnancies are terminated
      • Divorce rates are rising
      • Family values are strained
      • Number of childless couples is 6% and rising
    • Were there other ways to boost Singapore’s population?
      • Singapore has experienced that importing foreigners can boost population size and sustain economic growth.
      • It already has a large amount of foreigners, only 74% are Singaporeans
      • It could create a wide culture or conflict.
    • Future prospects Singapore’s fertility rate is still decreasing with a dependency ratio of 37.2% The governments aim is to increase the population by 40% from 4.5 mil to 6.5, and create the 23 rd biggest city in the world.
    • Long Term Plans
      • “ The Concept Plan takes a long-term perspective of about 40-50 years. The starting point for planners in their review is the size of the population. Planners will base the Concept Plan 2001 on a long-term population size of 5.5 million. This includes citizens, permanent residents as well as employment-pass and work-permit holders. Why 5.5 million? This is not a target figure, nor is it an optimal population size. It is a reasonable growth estimate from today’s population of 4.0 million, in order to sustain Singapore’s economic growth and provide a critical mass for developing a vibrant city.”
    •