Kobe Earthquake 1995

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  • 1. 17 JANUARY 1995 Kobe Earthquake
  • 2. Location: Kobe, Japan
  • 3. Result
  • 4. Why???
    • Kobe lies on a destructive margin where the two plates (the Eurasian Plate and the Philippine sea plate) moved towards each other until the Philippine plate moved moved under the Eurasian plate causing friction resulting in the earthquake.
  • 5. Facts
    • Happened on Tuesday 17th January at 5:46 Japan standard time
    • Approximately 6,434 people lost their lives
    • It caused $102.5 billion in damages
    • It recorded 7.2 on the Richter Scale
    • It only lasted for 20 seconds
  • 6. Primary Effects 200,000 bulidings collapsed 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe were destroyed collapse of 1 km of the Hanshin Expressway Several bullet trains de-railed
  • 7. Secondary Effects
    • Many systems were shut down i.e gas, electric and water
    Many blocked roads delaying ambulances and fire engines 230,000 people left homeless Shortages of clean water and food
  • 8. Wild Fire
    • After the quake a fire spread through the city due to broken gas pipes and electricity wires
    • It destroyed 7500 wooden houses.
    • The fire was so great that at one stage the wall of flames was 400 metres plus in height
  • 9. Response
    • After the quake there were approximately 1.2 million volunteers involved in the relief efforts.
    • It took about 3 months for everything to be back working i.e water, gas and electricity
    • New plans have been made to make buildings more quake and fire proof buildings.
    • More seismographs were installed to keep better track on how the earth was moving, so they can be prepared in case it happens again.