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Chapter 1, Section 2

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Nature of Science and Technology - Chapter 1, Section 2 - "Scientific Inquiry"

Nature of Science and Technology - Chapter 1, Section 2 - "Scientific Inquiry"

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  • 1. Scientific Inquiry
    Chapter 1, Section 2 – The Nature of Science & Technology
  • 2. Scientific inquiry refers to the diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence they gather.
    What is scientific inquiry?
  • 3. Scientific inquiry often begins with a problem or question about an observation
    Some questions CANNOT be answered by scientific inquiry
    Questions dealing with personal tastes or judgments
    Posing Questions
  • 4. A hypothesis is a possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question
    IS NOT a fact
    MUST be testable
    Developing a Hypothesis
  • 5. Designing an experiment requires several steps:
    Controlling variables
    Controlling the Experiment
    Forming “Operational Definitions”
    On the next few slides we will look at these steps in further detail……
    Designing an Experiment
  • 6. A variable is a factor that can change in an experiment
    The one variable that is purposely changed to test your hypothesis is the MANIPULATED VARIABLE (or independent variable)
    The factor that MAY change in response to the manipulated variable is the RESPONDING VARIABLE (or dependent variable)
    Controlling Variables
  • 7. An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time is a CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT
    Why is it important to control your experiment???
    Controlling the Experiment
  • 8. An operational definition is a statement that describes how to measure a particular variable or define a particular term
    Forming operational definitions
  • 9. Data are the facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations
    Keep track of data in a data table
    Then make a graph of your data….
    Collecting and Interpreting Data
  • 10. A conclusion is a summary of what you have learned in an experiment
    Points to consider in your conclusion:
    Does the data support the hypothesis?
    Did you collect enough data?
    Did anything happen that may have affected the results?
    Address these points in your summary
    Drawing conclusions
  • 11. An important part of the scientific inquiry process is communicating your results
    Communicating is the sharing of ideas and experimental findings through writing and speaking
    Communicating
  • 12. A scientific theory is a well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results
    A scientific law is a statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions
    Scientific Theories and Laws