Crop Management - Jim Reiss, Precision Lab - Tank Mixing for Success
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Crop Management - Jim Reiss, Precision Lab - Tank Mixing for Success

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Learn about tank mixing practices that are emerging as part of resistance management strategies in Midwest row crops.

Learn about tank mixing practices that are emerging as part of resistance management strategies in Midwest row crops.

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Crop Management - Jim Reiss, Precision Lab - Tank Mixing for Success Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Tank Mixingfor SuccessJim ReissVice President – Agricultural ChemistriesPrecision Laboratories, Inc.
  • 2. • 50 Year-Old Company• Located in Waukegan, IL• Innovative Adjuvants, Seed Enhancements and Foliar Nutrition Technologies• Backed by University & Independent Research
  • 3. Resistance is GROWING9 weeds in 20+ states are resistant to glyphosate • Over 7 million acres of row crops infested in 2010 • 38 million by 2013 (spread by pollen 20-30 miles)Stacked resistance not just for crops • Triple-stacked & Quad-stacked resistance in weeds • ALS inhibitors, glyphosate, PPO inhibitors and triazines (S. IL)Trends support continued growth in resistance • Larger farms with less tillage • Post applications of glyphosate year after year 3
  • 4. Weed Seed Productionand Length of Seed Survival # of Seeds per Length of Seed Weed Plant Survival (yrs) Nightshade 178,000 10 - 20 G. Ragweed 60,000 5-8 Lambsquarters 72,000 3-9 Short - Immediate Marestail 200,000 + germination Waterhemp 400,000 + 3-5 Palmer Amaranth 500,000 + 3-5 Weed Science, principles and practices; Applied Weed Science, second edition; Weed Ecology, second edition; Weed Technology
  • 5. Tank Mixing is BACKPPI and PRE treatments growing• Tank mixing with UAN and / or ATS• New SC formulations not be as stable as FlowablesMore post emerge tank mixing• PREs can’t handle all our problems (volunteer corn)• More use of foliar feeding program• More fungicides & / or insecticidesMore tank mixes = more problems… UNLESS 11
  • 6. Preparing to Win Objectives• Review “Best Mixing” Practices• Review impact of water quality on pesticides and mixing order• Determine best mixing sequence & tools to avoid problems• Answer your questions
  • 7. Avoiding Mixing & Clean-out Nightmares• Mixing Technique• Mixing Order• Making Clean-out Easier
  • 8. Just because you can…DOESN’T mean you should!
  • 9. Mixing Vats & Inductors are Not Like Las Vegas • What happens here, DOESN’T just stay here… • It goes into the sprayer… • And, if your lucky it goes onto the field
  • 10. Inductors & Mixing Vats Bad Things Start Here • In the absence of sufficient water, mixing order doesn’t matter • Sometimes a little water is worse than no water • Depending on solution pH some products may not dissolve, others could salt out
  • 11. Roundup® WeatherMAX™ plusWater Conditioning AgentSALTED OUT in mixing vat
  • 12. Inductors & Mixing Vats The Solution• Conduct compatibility tests tomake sure• Mix in a minimum of 15-20% ofintended spray volume• Follow the appropriate mixingorder & WAIT• Or, open the valveand leave it open
  • 13. Mixing Order & Water Quality• pH can affect CP productsolubility & uptake• pH can affect CP half-life• pH levels should affect themixing order
  • 14. Mixing Order & Water Quality• What’s the pH of your water?
  • 15. Mixing Order & Water Quality pH Scale1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Natural pH of well water
  • 16. Mixing Order & Water Quality pH Scale1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Compatibility Agents Natural pH of well water
  • 17. Mixing Order & Water Quality pH Scale1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Compatibility Best pH to solubilize most SUs Agents Natural pH of well water
  • 18. Mixing Order & Water Quality pH Scale1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Best pH to solubilize most SUs Natural pH of well water Water Conditioners alone
  • 19. Mixing Order & Water Quality pH Scale1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Glyphosate buffer Best pH to solubilize most SUs Natural pH of well water Water Conditioners alone
  • 20. Mixing Order & Water Quality Do you have to add water conditionersto the spray solution before glyphosate?
  • 21. SEQUENCE OF TANK-MIXING WATER CONDITIONING ADJUVANTS AND HERBICIDESJohn D. Nalewaja1, Zenon Wonica2, Edward F. Szeleznak3, Brad Ramsdale4 1 Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 2 Agricultural Academy, Poznan, Poland 3 Crop and Weed Sciences, Pulawy, Poland 4 Department of Plant Science, California State University, Fresno, CAGlyphosate (IPA), 2,4-D (DMA), Dicamba, (Na) Bentazon (Na)
  • 22. Out of Mixing Order… Out of Luck!
  • 23. Best Mixing SequenceFill tank with at least ½ of intended finished spray volume and with agitation running, add:• Compatibility agents & defoamers • Add Sulfonylurea herbicides before reducing pH (or pre slurry and add)• Dry Products – Ammonium sulfate – Dry drift retardants – WP, DF, WDG, SP• Liquids – Liquid drift retardants – Flowables (F) or Liquid Flowables (FL) – Micro encapsulated (ME) and Suspension Concentrates (SC) – Emulsifiable concentrates (EC) – Solutions (L, C, LC) – Crop Oils, MSO, HSOC, NIS – Water Conditioners
  • 24. Best Mixing SequenceFill tank with at least ½ of intended finished spray volume and with agitation running, add:• Compatibility agents & defoamers • Add Sulfonylurea herbicides before reducing pH (or pre slurry and add)• Dry Products – Ammonium sulfate – Dry drift retardants – WP, DF, WDG, SP• Liquids – Liquid drift retardants – Flowables (F) or Liquid Flowables (FL) – Micro encapsulated (ME) and Suspension Concentrates (SC) – Emulsifiable concentrates (EC) – Solutions (L, C, LC) – Crop Oils, MSO, HSOC, NIS – Water Conditioners
  • 25. NIS 90:10 Protyx Border Xtra 8L Atrazine 4L Atrazine 4LBorder Xtra 8L Border Xtra 8L Atrazine 4L Border Xtra 8L Border Xtra 8LAtrazine 4L Atrazine 4L Halex GT NIS Halex GT Halex GTHalex GT Halex GT 90:10 NIS 90:10 Protyx Syngenta Recommendation
  • 26. Best Mixing SequenceFill tank with at least ½ of intended finished spray volume and with agitation running, add:• Compatibility agents & defoamers • Add Sulfonylurea herbicides before reducing pH (or pre slurry and add)• Dry Products – Ammonium sulfate – Dry drift retardants – WP, DF, WDG, SP• Liquids – Liquid drift retardants – Flowables (F) or Liquid Flowables (FL) – Micro encapsulated (ME) and Suspension Concentrates (SC) – Emulsifiable concentrates (EC) – Solutions (L, C, LC) – Crop Oils, MSO, HSOC, NIS – Water Conditioners
  • 27. Iphone App• Available for the iPhone and iPod touch (Android version coming Spring 2012)• Eliminates costly mixing errors• Database of more than 900 crop protection products from 18 manufacturers• Mixing sequence in one location
  • 28. Making Clean-Out Easier • Not all contamination comes from the spray tank • Spray booms trap contaminants for later apps • Preventative strategy and compatibility agents are best strategy
  • 29. UAN / ATS plus Guardsman® Max Tank Mix Convert TM Competitive No CompatibilityCompatibility Compatibility Agent Agent Agent
  • 30. Making Clean-Out Easier • Tank cleaners can’t remove everything left behind • Prevention is key • Use compatibility agents with UAN & PRE apps • Flush sprayers at end of each day
  • 31. Demonstrating Your Value at the Farm-Gate
  • 32. Demonstrating Your Value at the Farm-GateAcres per Day 400Sprayer Down 1 dayYield loss for every inchweeds grow* 1 bushelRained-out 4 daysWeeds grew 2 inchesLost Yield per Acre 2 bushelsSoybean value $12.00 per bushelLost Revenue $9,600* Southern Illinois University data
  • 33. Demonstrating Your Value at the Farm-GateAcres per Day 400Sprayer Down 1 dayYield loss for every inchweeds grow* 1 bushelRained-out 4 daysWeeds grew 2 inchesLost Yield per Acre 2 bushelsSoybean value $12.00 per bushelLost Revenue $9,600* Southern Illinois University data
  • 34. Demonstrating Your Value at the Farm-GateAcres per Day 400Sprayer Down 1 dayYield loss for every inchweeds grow* 1 bushelRained-out 4 daysWeeds grew 2 inchesLost Yield per Acre 2 bushelsSoybean value $12.00 per bushelLost Revenue $9,600* Southern Illinois University data
  • 35. Preparing to Win Objectives• Review “Best Mixing” Practices• Review impact of water quality on pesticides and mixing order• Add to your differentiation at the farm-gate• Answer your questions
  • 36. Additional Resourceswww.youtube.com/mixtankapp – Mixing Sequence – 3:02 minutes – Spray Solution pH – 2:16 minutes – Water Conditioners – 5:22 minutes – Water Quality – 2:34 minutes
  • 37. Tank Mixingfor SuccessJim ReissVice President – Agricultural ChemistriesPrecision Laboratories, Inc.