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Utrecht sa- lesley wilson

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  • 1. Taking Bologna Forward: Beyond 2010 Lesley Wilson Secretary General European University Association (EUA)IAU Annual Conference – Utrecht, 15-18 July Series A: Wednesday 16 July, 16:30 – 18:00 …1…
  • 2. I. About the EUAEstablished in 2001 in Brussels (merger of 2 previousbodies) – rapid growth in members & activities since thenMission: strengthen European universities by Shaping European policy at European level – building a coherent European HE and research area Supporting institutional developmentNon-governmental membership organisation Individual members: doctorate-granting institutions Collective members: National rectors’ conferences …2…
  • 3. EUA - « the Voice of 34 national Rectors’European Universities« Conferences 770 individual universities Affiliated university networks + organisations in 46 European countries …3…
  • 4. II. 2010 – Completion of two/three complementary European reform processesLisbon Strategy/European Research Area: Bologna Process27 Member States of European Union 46 Bologna Countries …4…
  • 5. The Bologna Process: Building the European Higher Education Area1998/99 46 European countries have signed up Governmental push for system convergence, stakeholder supported implementation in universities across Europe The Lisbon Strategy: 2000 European Union – currently 27+ countries to make Europe the most competitive knowledge based society But also « capable of sustainable economic growth, with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion » The European Research Area2000 multi-national co-operation among all the actors & in all scientific fields - EU Member States and international partners Universities are central actors in all cases …5…
  • 6. III. Bologna : a pan-European HE Reform ProcessBologna – a voluntary process; 46 countries signed upwith no legal obligations & a tiny ‘Bologna’ SecretariatJoint Ministerial Meeting & Communiqué – every 2 yearsA shared responsibility: governments, universities, staff& students = members of the Bologna Follow-Up GroupIncreasingly stakeholder driven now thatimplementation is the priorityAgreement on 10 Bologna Action linesEnormous progress since 1999: 83% of HEIs have the 3cycle structure in place (Trends V, 2007) > 53% in 2003 …6…
  • 7. IV. Toward a European Higher Education Area:Bologna Reform achievementsReform in 46 countries – changes in legislation, ininstitutional reality & in mentalitiesIntroduction of 3 cycle degree system using commontools: European Qualifications Framework, incl. Leveldescriptors, credits (ECTS) etc. & a Diploma SupplementCommon principles for doctoral programmesEuropean Quality Assurance arrangementsAgreement on the elements of a global Dimension ofEuropean HE …7…
  • 8. IV. Bologna Achievement: an exampleA European Dimension in Quality Assurance Quality - a core issue of Bologna Bergen 2005 - Joint European Standards and Guidelines for internal, external QA, at institutional and agency level 2006: European Quality Forum London 2007: European Register of Quality Assurance Agencies – launched in 2008 …8…
  • 9. IV. Bologna Achievements: a second example The Global Dimension of BolognaLondon Ministerial Meeting 2007 - Adoption of a “strategy forthe EHEA in a global context”Universities are a driving force but new approaches required> globalisation, growing competition, new providers etc.The challenge - rethink their role, mission & goals & developspecific profiles & portfolios:growing Bologna interest across the globedemand for policy dialogue & enhanced cooperation How does the 3 cycle degree structure articulate with other regions? What about ECTS and the Diploma Supplement? Bologna as a model for HE reform and HE regional integration …9…
  • 10. V. Approaching 2010Debate underway among all partners: milestones Ministerial Meeting - Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve, April 2009 EUA Trends VI – 2010: European Universities’ perceptions Vienna: 2010 Bologna Ministerial Anniversary Conference Have the reforms achieved their goals? Implementation at institutional and national level Discussing goals and priorities for post 2010? Refocus: on unfinished business & less tangible, less easily ‘benchmarked’ issues, e.g. learning outcomes, mobility, social dimension, access Rethinking: beyond the boundaries of HE (articulation EHEA & ERA, obstacles to mobility (visa, pension rights, recognition) …10…
  • 11. V. Key challenges for the European Higher Education Area post 20102010 - less a deadline and more the start of a new phase? some reforms are accomplished, others not yet individual Bologna countries implement reform at a different pace growing links between the EHEA, & the EU Lisbon Agenda goals/the European Research Area The economic and social environment is changing e. g. demographic situation of Europe Increasing awareness of the role of universities in building a knowledge society in Europe Globalisation & the emergence of international education EUA Slide 11 …11…
  • 12. V. EHEA- increasingly intertwined in a global settingEHEA cannot function in a vacuum : communicating the‘process’ to the world and engaging partners is crucialDifferent institutions and countries across the EHEA are atdifferent phases of their ‘internationalisation’ process &have different prioritiesMobility is an international, & not simply an intra-EuropeanquestionAttracting global talent: the changing role of the universityas a service provider and an ‘exporter’Demographic developments will play an increasinglyimportant role EUA Slide 12 …12…
  • 13. V. EHEA- increasingly intertwined in a global settingEHEA cannot function in a vacuum : communicating the‘process’ to the world and engaging partners is crucialDifferent institutions and countries across the EHEA are atdifferent phases of their ‘internationalisation’ process &have different prioritiesMobility is an international, & not simply an intra-EuropeanquestionAttracting global talent: the changing role of the universityas a service provider and an ‘exporter’Demographic developments will play an increasinglyimportant role EUA Slide 13 …13…
  • 14. V. Impact on universities and EUAInternationalisation is an increasing priority for universitiesacross EuropeBuilds on longstanding research collaboration but now takesaccount of the challenges of globalisation – competition andcooperationParticular importance of cooperation at master & doctoral levelEUA increasingly developing its own international agenda, e.g. Longstanding & regular ‘Transatlantic Dialogue’ with the US and Canada (ACE & AUCC) International cooperation with associations of graduate schools Development of new form of policy dialogue, especially with Asia & Latin America Publication of a Bologna & …14… an,Internationalisation Handbook
  • 15. VI ConclusionThe 2010 deadline for creating the European Higher EducationArea (EHEA) is approaching – time to reflect & move onSuccessful movement for reform across 46 countries in arelatively short period – raising the profile of European HE &overcoming fragmentationconsiderable progress but also still work to do: mobility, LLL,realising a student centred approachHas proved to be a catalyst for new reform thinking & ways ofworking (e.g. government – stakeholder cooperation)Is developing a European HE discourse (identity & approach)while providing a basis for cooperation with other regionsMust now respond to increasing global pressure – rankings,international competition, brain drain etc. …15…
  • 16. “Europe, thanks to Bologna, may have been given the opportunity to respond to the 21st century agendas” Peter Scott, ACA President,Vice-Chancellor, Kingston University/UK EUA Bologna Handbook, 2006 …16…