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CS II.2 - C.McTighe & K.Hovland

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  • 1. SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT, EDUCATION FOR DEMOCRACY, AND GLOBAL COMPETENCES: HIGHER EDUCATION’S CRITICAL MISSION IN THE 21 ST CENTURY Caryn McTighe Musil and Kevin Hovland Association of American Colleges and Universities International Association of Universities November 29, 2012
  • 2. A GLOBAL CIVICS?[I]n order to navigate our global interdependence,we need processes where we all think through ourown responsibilities toward other fellow humansand discuss our answers with our peers. Aconversation about a global civics is indeed needed,and university campuses are ideal venues for theseconversations to start. . . we should not wait anylonger to start it. Nobel Laureate Martti AhtisaariASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 3. “WE BELIEVE THAT ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY IS IMPORTANT BUT MUST NOT BE CONFUSED WITH CIVIC HEALTH.” A Nation of Spectators, 1998ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 4. THREE GOALS FOR THIS SESSION• Describe the US context for efforts to redefine questions of educational quality by linking to the civic purposes of college.• Engage participants in conversation about similar efforts around the world and/or the barriers to such efforts.• Share examples of how colleges and universities are designing curricular and co-curricular learning opportunities to match their commitments to democratic engagement.ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 5. THREADED DISCUSSIONS ON ENGAGEMENT, DEMOCRACY, AND GLOBAL LEARNING• Association of American Colleges and Universities• Tri-National Seminar in 90s with India, South Africa, and the US funded by the Ford Foundation• International Consortium on Higher Education, Civic Responsibility, and Democracy with the Council of Europe• International Association of UniversitiesASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 6. A PROPITIOUS MOMENT TO SEIZEDemocracy can survive only as strong democracy,secured not by great leaders but by competent,responsible citizens . . . . And citizens are certainlynot born, but made as a consequence of civiceducation and political engagement in a free polity. --Benjamin BarberASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 7. U.S. TRENDS THAT HAVE TURNED CAMPUS LIFE INTO A PUBLIC COMMONS• From monocultural space to multicultural space• From access for the very few to access for the majority• From talking about democracy to doing democracy• From reaching out to the community to being part of the community, both local and global• From thinking of global as external and distinct to recognizing the interwoven global elements of the curriculum, campus life, and scholarshipASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 8. Civic Diversity CAMPUS Diversity Global CivicASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 9. GLOBE LOCAL COMMUNITY AND NATION CAMPUSASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 10. AAC&U’S LEAP--COLLEGE LEARNING FOR THE NEW GLOBAL CENTURY• The Essential Learning Outcomes• The LEAP Principles of ExcellenceASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 11. URGENT GLOBAL CHALLENGES REQUIRING INFORMED ACTION• Poverty and structural violence• Civil wars and global terror• Environmental sustainability• Illiteracy and inadequate education• Gender inequities, human trafficking, violence against women• Refugees, immigration, dislocation• Disease, health care, immunizations ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 12. GROUP DISCUSSION• What issues or comments in this first part of our discussion resonated or differed dramatically from your institution or country?• How are you defining the essential learning for a high-quality college degree?• What strategies have you employed to make higher education a more valuable resource for critical discernment, perspective-taking, and collective problem solving through and across difference?ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 13. A CONSENSUS IN U.S. ABOUT AN ESSENTIAL LEARNING OUTCOME• Personal and Social Responsibility (PSR) -- Civic knowledge and engagement—local and global -- Diversity knowledge and intercultural competence -- Ethical reasoning and action -- Foundations and skills for lifelong learningAnchored through active involvement with diverse communities and real-world challenges ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 14. ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 15. DO STUDENTS SAY COLLEGE CONTRIBUTESTO THEIR CIVIC GROWTH?ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 16. KEY FINDINGS FROM AAC&U PERSONAL AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY INVENTORY (PSRI)• Across all categories, students and campus professionals strongly agree that personal and social responsibility should be a major focus of a college education.• Across all groups surveyed, they also strongly agree, however, that there is a clear gap between what should be and what actually is. ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 17. TROUBLING SIGNS IN U.S. DEMOCRACY• Resurgent nativism and anti-immigrant attitudes and policies• Dynamically shifting racial categories even in the midst of intensified racial segregation• Inflammatory, vitriolic public discourse with little regard for accuracy or facts• Dysfunctional Congress and many state legislatures• Assault on public, collective responsibilities and campaign to affirm the individual as the carrier of democracy and business as its guardianASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 18. BACHELOR’S DEGREE ATTAINMENT BY RACE 25-29 YEAR OLDS 40% 20% 0% Hispanic, 11% Black, 18% White, 34% ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 19. BACHELOR’S DEGREE ATTAINMENTBY FAMILY INCOME BY AGE 24 Top Income Quartile, 75.0% 80.0% 70.0% 60.0% Third Quartile, 50.0% 27.7% 40.0% Second 30.0% Bottom Quartile, 13.2% 20.0% Quartile, 8.6% 10.0% 0.0% ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 20. KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION1. Foster a CIVIC ETHOS across all parts of the campus and educational culture.2. Make CIVIC LITERACY a core expectation for all students.3. Practice CIVIC INQUIRY across all fields of study.4. Advance CIVIC ACTION through transformative partnerships, at home and abroad.ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 21. THE GOOD NEWS:• The foundation has already been partially laid • In the curriculum • In new civic pedagogies • In campus life • In campus/community partnership and engagement in collective problem solving with othersASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 22. THE BAD NEWS:• It is • Random • Largely uncharted • Lacking signage • Without sufficient progression over time • Optional • Available to only some studentsASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 23. THE EMERGING DESIGNS OF 21 ST CENTURY LIBERAL EDUCATION• Curricular civic pathways • Making civic and global literacy a core expectation for all students in general education programs • Integrating civic and global inquiry into a central field of studyASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 24. OTHER DESIGNS TO BUILD UPON• Powerful civic/global pedagogies • Intergroup and deliberative dialogue • Service Learning • Collective problem solvingASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 25. STUDENT LIFE AS ARENA FOR “DOING DEMOCRACY”• Student organizations• Residential life activities• Student-led civic projects• Student activism on and off campusASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 26. INNOVATIONS ON THE EDGES: NEW DEMOCRATIC SPACES• Advancing Collaborative, Generative Civic Partnerships and Alliances Integrated as Dimension of Learning, Scholarship, and Sustainable Development • From charity to reciprocity to generative partnershipASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 27. Otis is training us to use the skills they have taught us to solve the world’s problems. We work together and learn from each other, because we can’t save the world on our own. --Student Otis College of Art and Design StudentASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES, WWW.AACU.ORG
  • 28. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACTCaryn McTighe Musil, Senior Scholar and Director of Civic Learning and Democracy Initiatives musil@aacu.org Kevin Hovland, Senior Director of Global Learning and Curricular Change hovland@aacu.org Association of American Colleges and Universities www.aacu.org To download or order A Crucible Moment, see: http://www.aacu.org/civic_learning/crucible/index.cfm Also see AAC&U quarterly Diversity & Democracy:http://www.diversityweb.org/DiversityDemocracy/index.cfm

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