Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Chiang mai  pres alvaro romo
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Chiang mai pres alvaro romo

416

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
416
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. AN IAU-IAUP SYMPOSIUMUNIVERSITY AUTONOMY AND ACADEMIC FREEDOM:A PERSPECTIVE FROM LATIN AMERICA AND THE USA By Alvaro Romo
  • 2. CONFUSION ABOUT THE MEANING OF UNIVERSITY AUTONOMY AND ACADEMIC FREEDOM• POLYSEMY DERIVED FROM DIVERSE HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL CIRCUMSTANCES• DIFFERENT AND EVEN OPPOSING IDEOLOGICAL POSITIONS
  • 3. EMERGENCE OF AUTONOMYMOVEMENT IN LATIN AMERICA• NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF CORDOBA, ARGENTINA, 1918• OTHER FACTORS: FIRST WORLD WAR AND SOCIALIST SOVIET REVOLUTION
  • 4. WHAT WERE THE STUDENTS AFTER?1. “CO-GOVERNANCE”2. “FREEDOM OF TEACHING” = RIGHT TO SELECT FACULTY3. “PARALLEL CHAIRS” = OPTIONS TO CHOOSE SUBJECTS4. “UNIVERSITY EXTENSION” = ABANDON “IVORY TOWER” CONCEPT
  • 5. NOTE SEMANTIC CHANGE:• FROM “FREEDOM OF TEACHING” AS SELECTION PROCESS TO “FREEDOM OF TEACHING” AS THE RIGHT OF PROFESSORS TO TEACH WITHOUT COERTION TO FOLLOW A GIVEN LINE OF THOUGHT OR IDEOLOGY.• “LIBERTAD DE CATEDRA”
  • 6. CHANGING POSTURES OFGOVERNMENTS IN LATIN AMERICA• FROM TOTAL DISREGARD OF AUTONOMY AND ACADEMIC FREEDOM TO A RESPECTFUL POSITION, DEPENDING ON IDEOLOGY• MEXICO, 1930’s: AN OPENLY PRO-MARXIST- LENINIST POSITION LED TO THE CREATION OF THE FIRST PRIVATE UNIVERSITY IN 1935
  • 7. UNREST AND DISSENT• UNAM STRIKE FROM APRIL 20, 1999 TO FEBRUARY 6, 2000• REASON: RECTOR BARNES’ PROPOSAL TO RAISE TUITION TO $ 68 DOLLARS PER SEMESTER
  • 8. ISSUES OF FINANCES• SUBSIDY FROM THE STATE• THE QUESTION OF ACCOUNTABILITY• THE PRESSURE OF INCREASING DEMAND• THE GROWTH OF PRIVATE EDUCATION: IN BRAZIL, CHILE AND COLOMBIA PRIVATE EDUCATION HAS BECOME DOMINANT
  • 9. THE ISSUES OF PERTINENCE AND QUALITY• ROLE OF THE STATE IN QUALITY ASSURANCE WITHOUT INTRUDING IN THE INSTITUTION’S AUTONOMY• QUALITY: PUBLIC versus PRIVATE?• AN INTERESTING DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA: 318 “INDEPENDENT COLLEGES”
  • 10. CHANGES IN PROGRESS• NEW MECHANISMS FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN LATIN AMERICA• INTEREST IN DEVELOPING A LATIN AMERICAN REGION ACCREDITATION OR EQUIVALENCE PROCESS
  • 11. THE ISSUE OF PERTINENCE• CAPACITY TO BE RESPONSIVE TO EXPECTATIONS AND NEEDS OF SOCIETY• RESPONSE TO MARKET SHOULD NOT BECOME A DEPENDENCE• IAUP DECLARATION
  • 12. USA REALITY• HIGH QUALITY AND POOR QUALITY INSTITUTIONS COEXIST• NO MINISTRY OF EDUCATION• ACCREDITATION MOSTLY HANDLED BY PRIVATE AGENCIES• LEARNING OUTCOMES WILL BE CONSIDERED
  • 13. CONTRAST• LATIN AMERICA REBELLED AGAINST NAPOLEONIC MODEL• USA MODEL IS COMPLETELY DIFFERENT IN TERMS OF GOVERNANCE AND ACADEMIC TRADITION
  • 14. PACE BASIC PRINCIPLES SUPPORTING AUTONOMY:• FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION• FREEDOM TO DISSEMINATE INFORMATION• FREEDOM TO CONDUCT RESEARCH AND DISTRIBUTE KNOWLEDGE
  • 15. ACADEMIC FREEDOM AND AUTONOMY• IMPLY TRUST IN UNIVERSITIES• HAVE AS PRECONDITIONS ACCOUNTABILITY, TRANSPARENCY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE
  • 16. CHALLENGESBURNING ISSUES SUCH AS:• STEM-CELL RESEARCH IN THE USA• PROVIDING ACCESS TO MILLIONS IN LATIN AMERICA WHILE PROVIDING QUALITY ASSURANCE
  • 17. IMPERATIVES• PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES IN A CONTEXT OF CONFLICT• ASSOCIATIONS OF UNIVERSITIES MUST WORK TOGETHER• IAUP MOTTO• NOT “SI VIS PACEM PARA BELLUM” BUT “IF YOU WANT PEACE, EDUCATE FOR PEACE”

×