Higher Education Partnerships for EFA

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A presentation of study findings on higher education institutions partnerships in EFA within cooperation agencies and of concrete actions undertaken by the Catalan organisation, Jaume Bofill Foundation, in the field of education development.
Presented by Dr. Valtencir M. Mendes, Research Fellow, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (Spain) and Head of International Projects, Jaume Bofill Foundation, at the IAU Workshop on higher education for EFA held in New Delhi, India, on 20-21 February 2014. Dr. Mendes is also a member of the IAU Reference Group for Higher Education for EFA.

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  • It is worth mentioning goal 2 and 3 are also linked to the EFA goals. As shown with Goal 7, Goal 2 and Goal 3, it seems that when UN campaigns are aligned there is greater potential to achieve better results. Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD).REFLEXION: It seems the Post 2015 agenda goes in this direction: unify efforts. We just need to unsure that Education is in the core of it.
  • Contrasting these figures to the results of research carried out by GUNI, IAU and the African Association of Universities (AAU) on promotion of Sustainable Development by HEIs in Sub-Saharan Africa (Mohamedbhai, 2010), it is possible to find a similar result: over 60% of the HEIs surveyed had established some form of partnership (universities and other institutions, governmental agencies, national governments, international associations, research centres, corporations, foundations, etc., as well as from other African nations and others outside the continent, with Europe having a high representation.
  • Education is everybody’s business! Education ALWAYS understood as a PUBLIC GOOD; MDG’s have GOAL 7 IS SPECIFICLY DECICATED To PARTNERSHIPS
  • Higher Education Partnerships for EFA

    1. 1. IAU Collaborative Workshop: A three-step activity to envision higher education for EFA (February 20 – 21, 2014) HEIS PARTNERSHIPS FOR EDUCATION FOR ALL ACHIEVEMENT Partnerships as a driving force to accelerate progress towards EFA Valtencir M.Mendes PhD, Polytechnic University of Catalonia Head of International Projects, Jaume Bofill Foundation Member of the IAU Reference Group on HEEFA vmendes@fbofill.cat
    2. 2. Index  Results from research carried out at Polytechnic University of Catalonia (Barcelona, Spain) in collaboration with the University of Glasgow (UK).  Multi-stakeholder partnerships for EFA  The Barcelona experience: Jaume Bofill Foundation  Why do we need partnerships?  A call for action
    3. 3. Research methodology  Methodological triangulation  Literature review and interviews with experts  Online survey launched through the Global University Network for Innovation (GUNI) newsletter  Online data gathering from HEIs cases from public databases of IAU/HEEFA Project Database; UNESCO; GUNI; Talloires Network and Living Knowledge Network (2012) Gathered data: 608 examples of good practice from HEIs across all five continents
    4. 4. Online survey  Are you aware whether EFA, MDGs or DESD are promoted in your university? 81% 19% No Sí No Yes  Awareness of other HEIs in own country involved in the implementation of EFA/MDGs in their teaching and training programmes or in other activities 21% 79% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Yes No .
    5. 5. Experiences per MDG and Region % Examples of Good Practice & MDGs % TOTAL GP x GOAL x REGION AF AS AP EU LC UC Goal 1 – Poverty & Hunger 7% 0% 10% 3% 4% 2% Goal 2 – Universal primary edu 11% 7% 17% 7% 4% 13% Goal 3 – Gender equality 13% 14% 13% 3% 3% 7% Goal 4 – Child mortality 2% 0% 2% 1% 3% 0% Goal 5 – Maternal health 0% 4% 2% 1% 2% 0% Goal 6 – HIV/AIDS, Malaria… 11% 4% 4% 1% 0% 4% Goal 7 – Environm. sustainability 24% 7% 29% 44% 16% 27% Goal 8 – Global partnership 5% 0% 2% 5% 1% 5% Table 16. Experiences percentage x MDG & world region Geographic area AF - Africa AS - Arab States AP - Asia & the Pacific EU - Europe LC - Latin America & the Caribbean UC - USA & Canada The research evidence suggests that when UN campaigns are aligned there is a greater possibility of achieving better results among the HEIs.
    6. 6. HEIs experiences by institutional area  From 608 examples of good practice: 4% 12% 8% 2% 2% 3% 39% 5%5% 8% 9% 3% 2% 3% 49% 5% 0% 2% 6% 1% 0% 8% 16% 2% 6% 12% 8% 4% 3% 3% 45% 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% GOAL 1: ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY & HUNGER GOAL 2: ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION GOAL 3: PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN GOAL 4: REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY GOAL 5: IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH GOAL 6: COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASES GOAL 7: ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY GOAL 8: DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT TEACHING RESEARCH OPERATIONS OUTREACH
    7. 7. Quadruple Helix partnerships University Gover nment Third Sector Industr y • 10,33% of the 608 experiences in Quadruple Helix partnerships • 51% of the experiences in Africa, Europe, USA and Canada with at least one partnership Triple Helix + Third Sector
    8. 8. Partnerships  Partnerships with national or international experts during the design and preparation of EFA/MDGs actions 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 140% 62% 35% 30% 5% Private Sector Other HEIs Government Third Sector  Third Sector is the main HEI’s partner in EFA/MDGs actions
    9. 9. The Jaume Bofill Foundation (JBF) An independent, socially-committed Catalan institution which focuses on improving and developing education for all in order to achieve a more cohesive and equitable society.
    10. 10. School dropouts and poverty under 16 Germany Austria Belgium Bulgària Catalonia Denmark Slovakia Slovenia Spain EstoniaFinland France Greece Netherland Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia LithuaniaLuxemburg Malta Poland Portugal United Kingdom Czech Republic Romania Sweden Cyprus R² = 0.272 0.05 5.05 10.05 15.05 20.05 25.05 30.05 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Schooldropouts (2012) Poverty rate of young people under 16 years (2011) (24%)
    11. 11. JBF Partnerships: empowering HEIs
    12. 12. Why do we need partnerships?  learning systems (many levels and stakeholders) are involved in providing direction and taking responsibility for improving education  beyond the formal education system: NGOs, foundations, social groups, companies... are taking the lead (Leadership for 21st Century Learning, OECD Publishing, 2013)  However, HEIs can be the catalyst and driving force for bringing the full range of potential stakeholders together.
    13. 13. Why do we need partnerships? Multi stakeholder partnerships are a source of continuing innovation (Etzkowitz, 2010; Mendes, 2011;)
    14. 14. A call to action!  Don’t be afraid of trying once and once again!  Tailor your own partnership model.  Some tools such as ethical codes for partnerships might help (UNESCO Partnerships for Education; Partner Ethical Criteria; UN Global Compact)  HEIs can foster a new impetus for the formation of new quadruple helix partnerships that allow all social actors to come together to achieve EFA.  There is still a dearth of information and research on how HEIs are tackling EFA.  IAU HEEFA Portal is a unique and necessary tool and should be fostered. “One third of primary school age children are not learning the basics...” Irina Bokova Director- General of UNESCO 11th EFA Global Monitoring Report January, 2014
    15. 15. Thank you! vmendes@fbofill.cat An example of joint effort to accelerate progress towards EFA: http://www.educationforall2015.org http://youtu.be/Jieco-43WNI

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