Teaching reading as an EFA priority


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A presentation of local EFA priorities with a particular focus on teaching reading as seen by the Stones2Milestones Edu Services Pvt. given at the IAU Workshop on higher education for EFA held in New Delhi, India, on 20-21 February 2014. Presented by Ms. Jagruti Gala, Creative Director, Stones2Milestones Edu Services Pvt.

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  • Specifically I would like to talk to u abt our exclusive readin prog for class 1-3. u might ask why exclusive reading prog: doesn’t our lang prog suffice, many reading text book used in school etc. I will tell u why it doesn’t suffice. Then I will take them through points mentioned on the slide. In order for children to independently decode they need to be taught. It specifically target 1-3. it offers a good instructional reading.
  • Prog after research exclusively to read. We believe children undergo WOW will nt only do well academically as they can read well but wll also start reading both for purpose and pleasure
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  • We r proud of the fact that pur prog goes beyond skill. It helps build attitude.
  • Teaching reading as an EFA priority

    1. 1. Economics of Teaching Reading Local priorities to address in EFA: stakeholders’ perspectives By Jagruti Gala, Creative Director, Stones2milestones
    2. 2. The Context As per recent reports upwards of 47% of Indian graduates are not qualified for any industry jobs, and ‘Lack of Communication, written and verbal skills’ are amongst the top skill-gaps identified by recruiters.
    3. 3. Why teach ‘Reading English’- The Economic Case Research shows a direct correlation between the English skills of a population and the economic performance of the country The EF English Proficiency Index (EF EPI), the largest ranking of English skills by country, found that in almost every one of the 60 countries and territories surveyed, a rise in English proficiency was connected with a rise in per capita income. – source HBR.Org The study also found a correlation between English proficiency and the Human Development Index, a measure of education, life expectancy, literacy, and standards of living.
    4. 4. Why teach Reading? Develops Creativity Improves Communic -ation Skills Strengthe ns - compreh ension Expands Thinking & Imaginatio n Improves Writing skills According to a study conducted in the United States, students who learn to read by the time they are in third grade are less likely to take drugs, drop out school or end up in prison Improves vocabular y and spellings
    5. 5. Reality Check “The findings are significant because they come at a time when India is making a big push in education and improving the skills of its workforce. If the results from the two states hold good for the rest of the country, India’s long-term competitiveness may be in question.” www.Livemint.com PISA (A global study of learning standards in 74 countries that aims to assess education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students in participating economies.) has ranked India all but the bottom in overall reading skills.
    6. 6. Research Says- Catch them early! Reading is one of the most valuable skills developed during childhood, but is also one of the most cognitively challenging proficiencies to acquire. (Lyon, 1998) It is easier to remediate poor readers when they are younger, (ages six to seven), than when they are older. (Truch and Salvin) Those who are behind in first grade have a 1 in 8 chance of catching up. (Juel, Griffith and Gough,Journal of Educational Psychology 78-4 (1986) and Juel, Educational Psychology 4 (2008)) Not only do poor readers never catch up, but a large percentage of children actually get worse over time. (Fletcher and Satx )
    7. 7. Teaching Reading- The key factors 75% of students identified with reading problems in third grade are still reading - disabled in 9th grade The key is to start EARLY (between the age 3 to grade 3) to make a deep long lasting impact on a child’s interest and skill level in Reading Especially relevant in India as English is a second language and it is not entirely phonetic Explicit reading instruction helps children to become better readers than if they were left alone Reading has to be taught systematically through developmentally graded strategies Research on reading & its impact on children development indicates - Well developed reading skill is the most important factor on which all future academic success is built
    8. 8. The Challenges to Reading Our Indian society faces various challenges to reading, English in particular. Some of the challenges to English reading are listed below: Not entirely phonetic Second language Cultural barriers Reading not a priority Teachers lack training Academic pressure Lack of resources / public libraries Distractions – alternative media Cost Lack of reading at home “A large body of international research says that a systematic & explicit program in Reading Instruction proves beneficial in increasing student achievement in reading”
    9. 9. The greatest gift is a passion for reading. Elizabeth Hardwick Wear the old coat and buy the new book. Austin Phelps
    10. 10. What is a good Reading Program? Need for a research based Program devoted to the exclusive teaching of READING Aim should be to create children who choose to read – for purpose and for pleasure Comprehension Making meaning Fluency Speed and Accuracy Creating a Reading Culture Extension Larger Connections The Focus of the program should be on The hallmark of a good Reading program is that all the instructional strategies should be embedded into a matrix of rich reading material and literature that is engaging, relevant and meaningful
    11. 11. The Instructional Value Phonological Awareness Phonics FluencyVocabulary Comprehension Reading …to develop an awareness that words are composed of individual sounds, or phonemes, and to develop the ability to manipulate sounds in words …to help children use the sound-symbol relationship to read and write words …to enable a child to read words automatically and with good speed and accuracy …to provide students with an understanding of the meaning and use of words so that they can comprehend what they are reading and communicate effectively …to teach children specific strategies to understand the text while they are reading A Program should give systematic & explicit instruction in all the crucial five components
    12. 12. The Inspirational Value Wings of Words IMPACTS Feelings Thoughts Actions Cognitive Development Creativity Open Mindedness Knowledge Base Empathy Reflection Imagination Sensitivity Maturity Decision Making Interaction Working or Recreation
    13. 13. Program: Learning Processes Read Aloud Group Work Reflection Skill Development Literature Response Dialogue & Discussion
    14. 14. Let us make a DIFFERENCE to the world of a CHILD Thank You !!!