Citizenship– Citizenship • Individual’s full political membership in the state • Permanent allegiance to the state • Individual’s integration into the political system • Legal relationship between the individual and the state
Citizenship– Citizenship brings certain rights, duties, privileges and obligations: • All public offices are open to a citizen. • He is eligible for recruitment to all public services. • The right to vote and certain fundamental rights are available only to citizens. • Citizens have obligations like paying taxes, defending the nations.
Citizenship– Article 5 : A person becomes entitled to the citizenship of India if, at the commencement of the constitution: • He has his domicile in the territory of India. • He or either of his parents were born in India, or • He has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately before the commencement of the constitution.– Article 6: citizenship rights of migrants from Pakistan before the commencement of the constitution.
Citizenship– Article 7 makes special provisions for: • Persons who migrated to Pakistan after March 1, 1947 but returned to India subsequently.– Article 8 takes care of future citizenship needs of all Indians residing abroad.– Article 9 provides that if a person has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign country he shall forfeit the right of citizenship of India.
Citizenship– Article 10 provides that every person who is or is deemed to be a citizen of India shall continue to be a citizen of India • Subjects to the provisions of any law that may be made by parliament.– Article 11 endows Parliament with powers for enacting legislation pertaining to the acquisition and termination of the citizenship of India.
Citizenship– The Citizenship Act,1955: Acquisition and Termination of Citizenship. • A person born in India after 26 January 1950 would, subject to certain exceptions, like those of children of diplomats and of enemy aliens, be a citizen of India; • Anyone born outside India after 26 January 1950, subject to certain requirements, would be a citizen of India if his father was an Indian citizen at the time of his birth; • Under certain conditions, certain category of persons could acquire Indian citizenship by registration in the prescribed manner;
Citizenship– The Citizenship Act,1955: Acquisition and Termination of Citizenship. • Foreigners could acquire Indian citizenship on application for naturalisation on certain conditions; • If any territory become a part of India, the Government of India could by order specify the persons who would become citizen of India as a result thereof; • Citizenship could be lost by termination, renunciation or deprivation on certain grounds; • A citizen of a Commonwealth country would have a status of a Commonwealth citizen in India.
Citizenship– Amendments in the Citizenship Act 1955 • Amended in 1986 to tackle the situation created by the large-scale unlawful immigration from Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and some African countries. • Most fundamental changes in the Act came during 2003-2005. • Maintenance of a national register of Indian citizens and for ‘Overseas Citizenship of India. • The provision of double citizenship to ‘Overseas Citizens of India’ applies only to those in some specified countries: Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, New Zeeland, Portugal, Republic of Cyprus, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and United States of America.
About IASpireD IASpireD*: I Aspire for Education Digitally. IASpireD is an Online Learning Socially Driven platform that offers Online Courses and Digital Content Products for competitive examinations. IASpireD aims to make interactive learning, socially driven education affordable and accessible to anyone, anywhere via the web. This Online Learning Socially Driven platform builds a user-friendly educational ecosystem.
IASpireD Online Courses Online learning, anytime, anywhere, and at your convenience. Learn at your own pace and around your own schedules. Helps you create Study Groups and access to peers beyond geographic locations. Advantage of learning without relocating yourself Convenient and Cost-effective education eliminating travel and facilities fees. Easily downloadable Course; suitable for your iPads, tablets and smart phones.Mail: email@example.comVisit Us: www.iaspired.co.in