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Diversity Challenge Resilience
    SCHOOL LIBRARIES IN ACTION
Supporting the Digital Education Agenda
           Roy Lundi...
SUB TITLE

      AN UPDATE / REFRESHER ON SOME THINGS THAT
       WILL CHALLENGE YOU AND SOME THINGS THAT
                ...
AIMS
  To Analyze The Probable Characteristics Of A “Transparent
  Democracy” Environment
  To Suggest CAUSES as well as S...
FUTURES ORIENTED LEARNING SKILLS

  CONTINUOUS PARTIAL ATTENTION ( Seligman)
  SCANNING FOR OPPORTUNITIES (SEEING LINKAGES...
KEY AREAS TO BE COVERED
  Public Pressures-”The Transparent Democracy”
  Specific issues and Pressures from a “Transparent...
MAIN MESSAGES
  Futures Oriented Schools Are Very Different From The Ones
  That Many Of You, And I Learned In, And Traine...
The Library as an iCentre
Hay 2010,151: “An iCentre is the central facility within the school
  where information, technol...
Some Useful Aust. Refs
  LEE AND GAFFNEY (1988)
    Lee M. and Gaffney M. (Eds) (2008). Leading A Digital
    School. Camb...
THESE PROVIDE EXCELLENT INFO
AND SUGGESTIONS
   MH Selections Available As pdf Readings:-
     LEE & GAFFNEY CH 2
     CRA...
Peter Ellyard
Teachers Need To Become:- “KNOWLEDGE NAVIGATORS’
and ‘MENTORS’
My role in this Presentation is to ‘Knowledge...
WE HAVE INCREASED PUBLIC SCRUTINY IN MANY WAYS:-
    AS PUBLIC POLICY
       e.g. “mySchool” and PROPOSED “myUniversity” /...
SOME EXAMPLES
  Great public interest and commentary on mySchool website
  24/7 Scrutiny of Selected Politicians (and famo...
Current commentaries on
mySchool.com.au
  Australian College of Educators’ Journal:-Professional Educator
  9,2 June 2010 ...
THE MORAL AND ETHICAL
MESSAGES OF CURRENT SOCIETY
  The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) Triggered By The Sub
  Prime Market ...
SO
  EVERYONE IS BEING PRESSURED TO WORK
  DIFFERENTLY
  One View:- All Professional and Organizational providers
  are un...
A Range Of Pressures Is Exerting Greater
  Scrutiny Of Organizational Activities- Including but
  more than Schools and th...
WHAT PERSPECTIVE DO YOU WORK FROM-
  1?
    Optimists View:- THAT IDEA IS PROMISING- HOW CAN
    I GET IT TO WORK IN MY SC...
WHAT PERSPECTIVE DO YOU WORK FROM-
        2?
          BEWARE THE “IDEA ASSASSIN”
          “ We Tried That Once at West ...
TYPICAL AUSTRALIAN PRESSURES
Watson (2008)
  Eco-exhaustion
  Conscious capitalism
  Resurgence in Individualised Hobbies ...
THE LATEST(?) 2010 SCENE
  Australia- a TWO PART ECONOMY:-
     BOOMING ( WA AND QLD)
     DOLDRUMS ( NSW, VIC)
  CITY vs ...
Mackay ( 2010)
 Australians’ 10 Social “ Desires”
  To Be Taken Seriously
  To Have “My Place”
  Something To Believe In
 ...
BUSINESS IS USING WEB 2.0!
 For an example of an Australian small business initiative on
 how to use moodle go to:-
      ...
A GENERATIONAL DIFFERENCE
        EXAMPLE
          If You Started Work 25 Years Ago:-
             There were no CD’s (th...
A CENTURY OF DIFFERENCE
 SELECTED STATISTICS FROM 1910 (USA)
  8% OF HOMES HAD A TELEPHONE
  AVERAGE LIFE EXPECTANCY:- 47 ...
WE NEED TO LIVE IN A SOCIETY NOT
        AN ECONOMY
              SENGE (2007):-
               The Over Riding Purpose of...
1st Wave (agrarian) society- Technology related to
  SURVIVAL.
  2nd Wave (industrial) society- Technology related to
  PR...
The 'Information' Revolution - INITIALLY based on
       silicon chip developments;
       The 'Bio-Technologies' Revoluti...
WE WILL CONCENTRATE ON I.C.T.
TECHNOLOGIES

   But-A BIG SLEEPER is the emerging knowledge that a Change in
              ...
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
  ELECTRICITY
  TELEPHONY
  COMPUTING
  INTERNET
  MOBILE TELEPHONY
  BROADBAND
    Ref:- Tanne...
BALANCING I.C.T. COMPETENCIES WITH
        MORAL AND EMOTIONAL GROWTH

          Our Younger Staff/ Students Are PERCEIVED...
Typical Challenges For Digital Generation
        Learners ( A CIO’s Checklist!)
        Issues for the Digital Generation...
MESSAGES-
        KEY MESSAGES-2
          YOUNGER GENERATION LEARNERS AND TEACHERS
          ARE READY TO ADOPT AND USE T...
KEY MESSAGES-3
          IMPROVING LEARNING CAPABILITIES With The Use Of
          Technology Is Not Sufficient
          ...
COMPOSITION OF GENERATIONS OF
        AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY

      BEFORE 1925 :-            SENIORS
      1926-1945:-       ...
SO

          GEN X ARE APPROX 28-42 YRS OLD

          GEN Y ARE APPROX 11-27 YRS OLD

          GEN Z ARE APPROX 10 YRS ...
Digital Natives vs. Digital
        Immigrants
          Marc Prensky (2005,9) makes a distinction between ‘Digital
      ...
The Facts:- Digital Capabilities of
Younger Learners-1
Research Based Australian Findings:-
  The information literacy of ...
Digital Capabilities of Younger
 Learners-2
The speed of young people’s web searching means they have little
time for eval...
Digital Capabilities of Younger
Learners-3
  They make very little use of advanced search facilities, and
  assume that se...
General Literacy Levels in Australian Society
The most recent ABS Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey
(based on data coll...
SOME SOCIAL / TECHNOLOGY BASED
    TRENDS-1
     Fewer Children + Greater Choices For Women
     State Assuming Responsibi...
SOME SOCIAL / TECHNOLOGY BASED
    TRENDS-2
      Increased Emphasis On Consumers And Customer
      ‘Rights’ –the Serial ...
OUTCOMES FOR SCHOOLS AND
  CHILDREN
     THE HELICOPTER PARENT FUSSING OVER ‘THEIR’ KID
     LESSENING OF SCHOOL –PARENT P...
Some Pertinent Questions!

             McKenzie puzzles over a digital    ‘A similar question might well be
             ...
SOME POSSIBLE ANSWERS
INSIDE SCHOOLS                   OUTSIDE SCHOOLS
  Limited Funding for I.C.T.      Serious funding F...
SO
                                 If We Are Not Careful-

          “WE ALL NEED LEARNING, BUT WE MAY NOT NEED
         ...
The Global Paradox
  THE “GLOBAL PARADOX”
     (JOHN NAISBITT 1994)

  THE WORLD IS GETTING MORE ‘GLOBAL’
          AT THE...
So-A Value Adding School
Understands
  A School needs to Assist Students With-
  “MAKING A LIVING” WHICH IS INCREASINGLY A...
SOME POSSIBLE WAYS FORWARD
A STARTING POINT
  Our Students Are Technically Very Competent / Advanced In
  I.C.T. Based Ski...
A RECOMMENDED APPROACH IN A
“TRANSPARENT DEMOCRACY”

                    WHEREVER POSSIBLE:-

                       SPEAK...
Research Based Action Guidelines
     STAFF ARE THE KEY TO A SUCCESSFUL SCHOOL And Developing Their (Positive)
    Attitud...
DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP
THE LIBRARY NEEDS TO LEAD WITH OTHER
 TO:-
 Enhancing The Learning Of Younger Generation
 Learners ...
A Deliberate Linkage
  Does it (I.C.T.) Add Value to the key Processes and
  Outcomes We Have Selected As Important for Th...
EFFECTIVE SCHOOL LEADERSHIP INVOLVES
PARTNERSHIPS
SOME SCHOOL BASED PARTNERSHIPS AND ALLIANCES-1
  HIGH SCHOOL –FEEDER PRI...
SOME SCHOOL BASED PARTNERSHIPS AND
ALLIANCES-2

 WITH DIGITAL NATIVES EG YOUNGER PARENTS TEACHERS
 STUDENTS
    Hough Pdf ...
AN IMPORTANT SCHOOL CENTRED
PARTNERSHIP-2A
   LIBRARIAN PARTNERING WITH SCHOOL EXECUTIVE
   TO LEAD ON I.C.T. BASED OPTION...
SOME SCHOOL BASED PARTNERSHIPS AND ALLIANCES-3


 WITH EXTERNAL ORGANISATIONS
   EG REAL ESTATE AGENTS
 WITH INDUSTRY TO P...
SOME SCHOOL BASED PARTNERSHIPS AND
ALLIANCES-4
VIRTUAL ALLIANCES
 SCHOOL INTRANET BASED
   DIGITAL PORTFOLIOS
   LEARNER B...
SOME ACTIVE EDUCATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS


 Kids As Active Learners Needing Educational Passports

 Teachers As Knowledge Navi...
SOME SUGGESTED FEATURES OF KIDS AS
LEARNING PARTNERS
  CHANGE IS FROM ‘JOB TAKER’ TO ‘JOB MAKER’
  3 ‘PASSPORTS’ REQUIRED:...
SOME CONCLUDING COMMENTS
     AND ADVICE




61    PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
“TRANSPARENT DEMOCRACY” ISSUES
       WE MUST ASSUME:- MUCH GREATER SCRUTINY OF
       SCHOOLS/ TEACHING AND EDUCATION:-
 ...
Some Action Focus Points

      What are the Important Processes and Outcomes
      That Contribute / Add Value To Our Sch...
Action Recommendations
     School Leaders should act to ensure that:-
        Schools Make Much Greater Use of the Commun...
ADDING VALUE
  MH Selected “Process” Indicators:-
    “ A school of choice” with waiting lists
    Closure would be strong...
SELECTING KEY MEASURES-Basic
Approach
 Work with your community to develop:-
         SELECTED VALUE      CORE QUALITY   P...
SELECTING KEY MEASURES-1
         “A SCHOOL OF     CORE QUALITY       PERIPHERAL
            CHOICE”                      ...
SELECTING KEY MEASURES-2
   “STRONG NETWORK      CORE QUALITY ISSUES   PERIPHERAL QUALITY
   OF INFLUENCE”                ...
POSSIBLE LIBRARY MEASURES

LIBRARIAN AS CIO        CORE QUALITY             PERIPHERAL QUALITY

MAKING A LIVING    PROVIDE...
PRINCIPLES OF REPORTING
 USE THE POWER OF I.C.T. BASED DATA SYSTEMS
 WHEREVER POSSIBLE TO GATHER/ANALYSE/ REPORT
 USE GRAP...
SOME STIMULATING RESOURCES
  YOUTUBE:- SHIFT HAPPEN
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C2jDOkzrVew

ABC1 SERIES:- “VISIONS OF ...
Next SESSIONS

  Session 2
  The Role of the Librarian and Library in supporting:-
    Teacher Staff Development and I.C.T...
You are reminded of the Confucian
Curse
                May You Live In Interesting Times




PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP ...
THANK YOU

                                 mhough5@gmail.com




PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
                         ...
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In schools that face the future: Libraries matter

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This keynote address will provide an overview of the societal and economic pressures that are driving change in post industrial economies and their schools, review the characteristics of selected societies such as Australia, USA and Hong Kong, summarize the current trends in information and communication technologies and their impacts on learning and schooling, review the impacts of generational differences on schooling, and provide focused advice on the features of a school and its library that fully incorporate digital technologies.

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Transcript of "In schools that face the future: Libraries matter"

  1. 1. Diversity Challenge Resilience SCHOOL LIBRARIES IN ACTION Supporting the Digital Education Agenda Roy Lundin Memorial Address In Schools That Face The Future:-Libraries Matter Diversity Challenge Resilience: School Libraries in Action - The 12th Biennial School Library Association of Queensland, the 39th International Association of School Librarianship Annual Conference incorporating the 14th International Forum on Research in School Librarianship, Brisbane, QLD Australia, 27 September – 1 October 2010. PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  2. 2. SUB TITLE AN UPDATE / REFRESHER ON SOME THINGS THAT WILL CHALLENGE YOU AND SOME THINGS THAT WILL REASSURE YOU PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 2
  3. 3. AIMS To Analyze The Probable Characteristics Of A “Transparent Democracy” Environment To Suggest CAUSES as well as SYMPTOMS Of Some Of The Major Challenges For Futures Oriented Schools Using Digital Technologies To Suggest Some SOLUTION APPROACHES- Including Examples for the Roles of Librarians To Provide Some USEFUL STIMULUS MATERIALS For Further Use by Librarians PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  4. 4. FUTURES ORIENTED LEARNING SKILLS CONTINUOUS PARTIAL ATTENTION ( Seligman) SCANNING FOR OPPORTUNITIES (SEEING LINKAGES AND CONNECTIONS) Built Upon Speed Reading ( i.e. 21st C Literacy is essential) Making Initial Decisions Quickly about “ Big Ideas” and the Value of that Content. E.G:- * Really Useful- Need to go Back and Look Again * Could Be Useful- I Know Where It Is When I Need It * Can’t Use It- Move On PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  5. 5. KEY AREAS TO BE COVERED Public Pressures-”The Transparent Democracy” Specific issues and Pressures from a “Transparent Democracy” Australian Societal Trends Change Pressures from New Technologies Schools As Networked Learning Communities Generational Differences in Learning Teachers, Students And Learning Communities Some Action Suggestions For Librarians as Leaders in Schools PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  6. 6. MAIN MESSAGES Futures Oriented Schools Are Very Different From The Ones That Many Of You, And I Learned In, And Trained To Teach In THE SCRUTINY AND EXPECTATIONS OF THE AUSTRALIAN COMMUNITY ARE ALSO VERY DIFFERENT Schools are developing Into Networked Learning Communities The main investment and activity with I.C.T. for students and staff is IN THE HOME/OUTSIDE THE SCHOOL The Library is central to the evolution of relevant schooling Excellent Ref:-Lee M., Finger, G.(2010) Developing a Networked School Community ACER PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  7. 7. The Library as an iCentre Hay 2010,151: “An iCentre is the central facility within the school where information, technology, learning and teaching needs are supported by qualified information and technology specialists” At the most conceptual level the iCentre is an amalgam of the following functions:- The School Librarian taking leadership roles as the Chief Information Officer of the school The iCentre becoming the location for all ICT support and advice The iCentre becoming an exemplar centre of a digital learning location and support facility
  8. 8. Some Useful Aust. Refs LEE AND GAFFNEY (1988) Lee M. and Gaffney M. (Eds) (2008). Leading A Digital School. Camberwell, VIC. ACER CRANSTON AND EHRLICH ( 2009) Cranston, N. & Ehrich, L. (2009) Australian School Leadership Today. Bowen Hill QLD. Australian Academic Press LEE AND FINGER ( 2010) Lee, M. & Finger, G. (Eds). (2010). Developing a Networked School Community: A Guide To Realising TheVision. Camberwell, VIC. ACER PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  9. 9. THESE PROVIDE EXCELLENT INFO AND SUGGESTIONS MH Selections Available As pdf Readings:- LEE & GAFFNEY CH 2 CRANSTON & EHRLICH CH 11 Mal Lee Is Presenting At This Conference PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  10. 10. Peter Ellyard Teachers Need To Become:- “KNOWLEDGE NAVIGATORS’ and ‘MENTORS’ My role in this Presentation is to ‘Knowledge Navigate’ you through the Ideas, Issues and Challenges of The Powerpoint and Accompanying e-Handout The Aim is to Stimulate Your Thinking and in the Process To Provide You with Relevant Ideas That You can Use to discuss in this Conference and Later Back In Your Library There is TOO MUCH CONTENT-Just As in Web Based Learning Environments Print Based Handouts are environmentally unfriendly PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  11. 11. WE HAVE INCREASED PUBLIC SCRUTINY IN MANY WAYS:- AS PUBLIC POLICY e.g. “mySchool” and PROPOSED “myUniversity” / “my Hospital” Websites National CURRICULUM and NAPLAN Testing AS A RECOGNITION OF IMPACT OF I.C.T. ON PUBLIC AND EMPLOYEE BEHAVIOUR(S) WIKILEAKS / FACEBOOK / TWITTER / AVATARS /Second Life / Informal Rating Sites AS A RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGY e.g. CSR AS LEGAL CONFORMANCE E.G. FOI / WHISTLEBLOWER Legislations OTHER? e.g. As Competitive Advantage? State vs Non State Schools (THE N.B.N. WILL ACCELERATE THIS TREND) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  12. 12. SOME EXAMPLES Great public interest and commentary on mySchool website 24/7 Scrutiny of Selected Politicians (and famous people) “Ball by ball” Scrutiny of referees and officials in sport 24/7 Digital News channels and commentaries e.g. new ABC free to air news channel/ New Delhi C’wealth Games Constant scrutiny of performance of hospitals/ medical practitioners e.g. Internet diagnoses Web based social networking e.g. Facebook Pressure on Legal Systems e.g. iPad as legal evidence / Use of social networking sites to find ‘natural’ parents Confident (and Careless) Younger Users of I.C.T. PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  13. 13. Current commentaries on mySchool.com.au Australian College of Educators’ Journal:-Professional Educator 9,2 June 2010 has three articles evaluating / commenting on mySchool Margaret Clark CEO ACE:- “Evaluating MySchool” Ben Jensen:- “ What We Give Them” Jeremy Ludowyke:- “ Bursting the MySchool Bubble” PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  14. 14. THE MORAL AND ETHICAL MESSAGES OF CURRENT SOCIETY The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) Triggered By The Sub Prime Market Excesses Of The USA Home Mortgage Business Has Affected The Global Financial System And Created A Severe Recession Which Is Still Happening – especially overseas Archbishop George Pell:-We Live In A Time Of Global Moral Crisis ( Easter 2009) Our Public Morals And Ethics Have Been Found Wanting (e.g. GFC / NSW-Wollongong CC/ ICAC) Australians emphasize “Rights” not “Responsibilities” PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  15. 15. SO EVERYONE IS BEING PRESSURED TO WORK DIFFERENTLY One View:- All Professional and Organizational providers are under pressure to change Paranoia View:- They Are Not out Just To Get You, They Are Out To Get EVERYBODY PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  16. 16. A Range Of Pressures Is Exerting Greater Scrutiny Of Organizational Activities- Including but more than Schools and their Libraries! I.C.T. Based Pressures Are VERY STRONG More Educated Employees / The General Public Have Different and Higher Expectations Of Customer Service And Employee Roles School Leaders And Teachers Have To Work Differently ( SMARTER NOT HARDER) Librarians Lead As Chief Information Officers, And Promote The Library As The ‘Driver’ Of I.C.T. Learning (THE iCentre) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  17. 17. WHAT PERSPECTIVE DO YOU WORK FROM- 1? Optimists View:- THAT IDEA IS PROMISING- HOW CAN I GET IT TO WORK IN MY SCHOOL? Pessimists View:- I CAN IMMEDIATELY SEE ALL THE REASONS WHY THAT IDEA WON’T WORK! PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 17
  18. 18. WHAT PERSPECTIVE DO YOU WORK FROM- 2? BEWARE THE “IDEA ASSASSIN” “ We Tried That Once at West OOBERGALABIE School in 1998 and it didn’t work then- SO IT DOESN’T WORK!” The Idea Assassin delights in generalizing from the ‘Single Case Example’ PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 18
  19. 19. TYPICAL AUSTRALIAN PRESSURES Watson (2008) Eco-exhaustion Conscious capitalism Resurgence in Individualised Hobbies and Making Things Robotics Rise of Industrial Provenance Use of DataVisualisation This will be closely related to:- Data Mining Restoring Rhythm and Balance To Lifestyle Intimacy Industries Fantasy and Escape Lifestyles PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  20. 20. THE LATEST(?) 2010 SCENE Australia- a TWO PART ECONOMY:- BOOMING ( WA AND QLD) DOLDRUMS ( NSW, VIC) CITY vs COUNTRY ATTITUDES AND LIFESTYLES Digital Access RICH versus Digital Access POOR POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY AT FEDERAL LEVEL WITH A HUNG PARLIAMENT LABOR- NATIONAL BROADBAND NETWORK (OPTICAL FIBRE)-EST $A 43BN SUDDEN EMPHASIS ON:- REGIONS / CARBON TAX / EUTHANASIA PROBUS SEP 2010. M. HOUGH
  21. 21. Mackay ( 2010) Australians’ 10 Social “ Desires” To Be Taken Seriously To Have “My Place” Something To Believe In To Connect To Be Useful To Belong For More For Control For Something To Happen For Love Mackay H “What Makes Us Tick?” 2010
  22. 22. BUSINESS IS USING WEB 2.0! For an example of an Australian small business initiative on how to use moodle go to:- http://lms.demo.microsolve.com.au. Microsolve is a Wollongong I.C.T. support business that offers an illustratory ‘moodle’ learning website for education e.g. high schools, as well as businesses to use
  23. 23. A GENERATIONAL DIFFERENCE EXAMPLE If You Started Work 25 Years Ago:- There were no CD’s (they were just about to be introduced) DVD’s hadn’t been invented Bob Hawke was PM and Neville Wran was NSW Premier No:- Laptops / I-Pods /mobile phones/ Digital Cameras/ Blackberrys/ iPhones/ Internet ( i.e. NO email/Facebook/Google/ Twitter) Coke was a drink / Grass was mown /Pot was something you cooked in/ Gay meant happy Letters /Telegrams/ Faxes/ Cheques/ Travellers’ Cheques/ Bankcard were main ways of communicating and paying PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  24. 24. A CENTURY OF DIFFERENCE SELECTED STATISTICS FROM 1910 (USA) 8% OF HOMES HAD A TELEPHONE AVERAGE LIFE EXPECTANCY:- 47 YEARS 14% OF HOMES HAD BATHTUBS 95% OF BIRTHS WERE AT HOME AND 90% OF DOCTORS HAD NO COLLEGE LEVEL EDUCATION TALLEST STRUCTURE IN WORLD:- EIFFEL TOWER AVERAGE US WAGE WAS $200-$400 PER YEAR COFFEE WAS .15C PER POUND
  25. 25. WE NEED TO LIVE IN A SOCIETY NOT AN ECONOMY SENGE (2007):- The Over Riding Purpose of a School for the 21 C is to prepare students to survive in the 21 C 21 C issues:- Global Warming / Water / Environment/ Population Pressures/ Sustainability Teachers Need to Be “Futurists” We Need to Develop Learning as well as Teaching PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  26. 26. 1st Wave (agrarian) society- Technology related to SURVIVAL. 2nd Wave (industrial) society- Technology related to PRODUCTION 3rd Wave (information) society- Technology related to KNOWLEDGE. ( A Transparent Democracy is a later form of an Information Society) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  27. 27. The 'Information' Revolution - INITIALLY based on silicon chip developments; The 'Bio-Technologies' Revolution - based on DNA / RNA research; The 'Ecological' Revolution - understanding the inter- relatedness of long cycle systems. The ‘Advanced Materials’ Revolution’-replacing the Fe and C atom materials Nano / Micro Technology’ Revolution-development of “Micro World” processes PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  28. 28. WE WILL CONCENTRATE ON I.C.T. TECHNOLOGIES But-A BIG SLEEPER is the emerging knowledge that a Change in DNA/RNA occurs when we learn! PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  29. 29. INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ELECTRICITY TELEPHONY COMPUTING INTERNET MOBILE TELEPHONY BROADBAND Ref:- Tanner(2010) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  30. 30. BALANCING I.C.T. COMPETENCIES WITH MORAL AND EMOTIONAL GROWTH Our Younger Staff/ Students Are PERCEIVED as Technically Very Competent / Advanced In I.C.T. Based Skills Their Capabilities Need To Be Matched With Accompanying Growth In Moral And Ethical Skills PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  31. 31. Typical Challenges For Digital Generation Learners ( A CIO’s Checklist!) Issues for the Digital Generation:- 1. Copyright and protection of Intellectual property ( e.g. plagiarism) 2. Protection of Privacy ( in a world which is creating more e-scrutiny) 3. Protocols of learning online ( e.g. chat / discussion / notice boards) 4. Conduct / Protocols for e-communication (e.g. mobile phone protocols, sms, email, twitter and Facebook protocols)/ Avatar Behaviours e.g. in Second Life 5. Cyber-bullying 6. Protecting against e-predators ( Identity theft, grooming, paedophilia, avatar relationships) 7. Ethical use of information harvested on the web. (identity theft, plagiarism) 8. Building and upgrading digital competencies for learning ( A Google search usually provides large quantities of unsorted, low grade information) 9. Acceptance that digital learning has adult implications that can be triggered by individual behaviour (s) at any age- if you can access a web capable device 10. Acceptance of adult/ legal concerns about e.g. sexting / cyber bullying etc 11. DEVELOPING AND PROTECTING THEIR CYBER IMAGE AND IDENTITY PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  32. 32. MESSAGES- KEY MESSAGES-2 YOUNGER GENERATION LEARNERS AND TEACHERS ARE READY TO ADOPT AND USE TECHNOLOGY BASED LEARNING At The Same Time As THEY ARE YEARNING FOR GUIDANCE ON “THE MEANING OF LIFE” AND “SEEKING VALUES” And They Are NOT as Technically Smart As We Assume They Are- see following PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  33. 33. KEY MESSAGES-3 IMPROVING LEARNING CAPABILITIES With The Use Of Technology Is Not Sufficient We Need To Improve The Capabilities Of Learners To Make ETHICAL AND MORAL DECISIONS About How To Use Their New Technology Based Capabilities RELEVANCE To Current And Future Issues Is Extremely Important To Younger Generation Learners PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  34. 34. COMPOSITION OF GENERATIONS OF AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY BEFORE 1925 :- SENIORS 1926-1945:- BUILDERS 1946-1964:- BOOMERS 1965-1981:- GENERATION X 1982:-2000:- GENERATION Y 2001- ? :- GENERATION Z ( McCrindle is more conservative in his age ranges than other commentators) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 34
  35. 35. SO GEN X ARE APPROX 28-42 YRS OLD GEN Y ARE APPROX 11-27 YRS OLD GEN Z ARE APPROX 10 YRS OLD OR YOUNGER PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 35
  36. 36. Digital Natives vs. Digital Immigrants Marc Prensky (2005,9) makes a distinction between ‘Digital Immigrants’ (like us) and ‘Digital Natives’ (like our children). Digital natives are ‘native speakers of technology, fluent in the digital language of computers, video games, and the Internet. He calls those of us who were not born in this digital age as digital immigrants ‘who have adopted many aspects of the technology but just like those who learn another language later in life, we retain an ‘accent’ because we still have one foot in the past’. Comment This well meant observation has been used as the basis of the view:- “young people are expert at technology so they are OK on their own” PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  37. 37. The Facts:- Digital Capabilities of Younger Learners-1 Research Based Australian Findings:- The information literacy of young people has not improved with their greater access to technology Young people have unsophisticated ‘mental maps’ of what the Internet is and do not appreciate that it is a collection of networked resources from different providers Many young people do not find library sponsored resources intuitive and therefore prefer to use Google or Yahoo instead As a result a search engine becomes their primary ‘brand’ that they associate with the internet-and they tend to adopt the tools their friends use PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  38. 38. Digital Capabilities of Younger Learners-2 The speed of young people’s web searching means they have little time for evaluating for relevance, accuracy, or authority, of the obtained information They move rapidly from source to source and spend little time reading or digesting the information, and have difficulty making relevant judgements about the pages they retrieve Observations show that boys scan differently to girls, and that young people scan online pages very quickly (boys rely more on hyperlinks) Young people have a poor understanding of their information needs, and therefore have difficulty in developing effective search strategies PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  39. 39. Digital Capabilities of Younger Learners-3 They make very little use of advanced search facilities, and assume that search engines ‘understand’ their queries If they obtain many search ‘hits’, young people find it difficult to assess the relevance of the materials presented and tend to save or print with little more than a glance at the materials Ref:-Rowlands and Nicholas (2008) cited in Lee and Finger 2010,145-146. PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  40. 40. General Literacy Levels in Australian Society The most recent ABS Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey (based on data collected in 2006 but published in 2008):- Prose Literacy (46% of respondents were below satisfactory -and 26% of University graduates are below satisfactory) Document Literacy (47% of respondents below satisfactory) Numeracy Literacy (53% of respondents below satisfactory) Problem Solving Literacy (70% are below satisfactory) Health Literacy (60% are below satisfactory) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  41. 41. SOME SOCIAL / TECHNOLOGY BASED TRENDS-1 Fewer Children + Greater Choices For Women State Assuming Responsibility For Behaviour(s) With Accompanying Outcomes:- Diminishing Of Individual Freedom /Choice And Growth Of Litigation Growing Awareness:-We Have All This Stuff and We Work Really Hard- IS THIS ALL THERE IS TO LIFE? PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 41
  42. 42. SOME SOCIAL / TECHNOLOGY BASED TRENDS-2 Increased Emphasis On Consumers And Customer ‘Rights’ –the Serial Complainer Car Based Societies Have Dispersed Activities And Facilities Beyond “Local” Environmental Factors encouraging “Local” Again Global Communications Mean We All Know About ‘Something Happened’ E.g. Australian Crime Rates are falling but perception / media image is:- “Its more dangerous out there” PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 H 42
  43. 43. OUTCOMES FOR SCHOOLS AND CHILDREN THE HELICOPTER PARENT FUSSING OVER ‘THEIR’ KID LESSENING OF SCHOOL –PARENT PARTNERSHIP MINDSETS CHILDREN’S PERSPECTIVES:- MOST ADULTS ARE DANGEROUS UNSUPERVISED PLAY IS DANGEROUS RISK IS UNACCEPTABLE ITS SOMEONE ELSE’S FAULT WHEN THINGS GO WRONG I AM IMPORTANT AND MY NEEDS COME FIRST THESE ARE OFTEN THE FOUNDATIONS FOR CHILDREN’S USING / EXPLORING THE DIGITAL WORLD PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 43
  44. 44. Some Pertinent Questions! McKenzie puzzles over a digital ‘A similar question might well be paradox. “How can it be," asked about the integration of new technologies into education: Stanford Professor Larry Cuban once asked:- “How can it be that so "that so much school much has been invested in reform has taken place equipping and wiring schools, yet few teachers over the last century, yet are using the new schooling appears pretty technologies on a frequent much the same as it's and sustained basis to enhance student always been?" learning?” PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  45. 45. SOME POSSIBLE ANSWERS INSIDE SCHOOLS OUTSIDE SCHOOLS Limited Funding for I.C.T. Serious funding For Home Slow Take-up and use By / Community based I.C.T. Older Generation who Rapid Take-up and use, have retained control over with Older generation I.C.T. usage displaying much trust Suspicion of “ New Ways of Couldn’t care less about Learning?” good or bad, I ‘m just “Doing It” PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  46. 46. SO If We Are Not Careful- “WE ALL NEED LEARNING, BUT WE MAY NOT NEED SCHOOLS” PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 46
  47. 47. The Global Paradox THE “GLOBAL PARADOX” (JOHN NAISBITT 1994) THE WORLD IS GETTING MORE ‘GLOBAL’ AT THE SAME TIME AS THE WORLD IS GETTING MORE ‘LOCAL PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  48. 48. So-A Value Adding School Understands A School needs to Assist Students With- “MAKING A LIVING” WHICH IS INCREASINGLY A GLOBAL ISSUE AT THE SAME TIME AS THEY NEED TO “MAKING A LIFE” WHICH IS BECOMING A LOCAL ISSUE PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  49. 49. SOME POSSIBLE WAYS FORWARD A STARTING POINT Our Students Are Technically Very Competent / Advanced In I.C.T. Based Skills – In Their Actions And Opinions Anyway Their Capabilities Need To Be Matched With Accompanying Growth In Moral And Ethical Skills Most Of The I.C.T. Capabilities And Investments Are Outside Of The School PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  50. 50. A RECOMMENDED APPROACH IN A “TRANSPARENT DEMOCRACY” WHEREVER POSSIBLE:- SPEAK WITH DATA PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  51. 51. Research Based Action Guidelines STAFF ARE THE KEY TO A SUCCESSFUL SCHOOL And Developing Their (Positive) Attitudes To I.C.T.Will Be A Key Success Factor (Concept 1) * Many Of The Educational Practices With Which Current Teachers And Schools Are Skilled In ARE NON I.C.T. BASED, And Were Derived To Meet The Needs Of A Previous Society, And Are Needed Less And Less By Current And Future Societies (Concept 2) * ‘Older’ Methods Of Leadership Are LESS AND LESS EFFECTIVE With Younger Generations And In Meeting The Needs Of A Post Industrial Society (Concept 3) * I.C.T. Based Learning Will Initially Be Based On Existing Practices But Over Time Will Create Interest And Capabilities To Move TO NEW WAYS OF WORKING IN SCHOOLS (Concept 4) * Younger Generations Are Extremely Comfortable And Confident With I.C.T. Based Learning, And Will WELCOME ITS GREATER USAGE In Schools And Learning (Concept 5) * Technology In Itself Is Not The Primary Issue-The Leadership Criterion Applied To Selecting and Using Technology Should Be:-“DOES IT ADDVALUE TO THE KEY PROCESSES AND OUTCOMES We Have Selected As Important For The Success Of This School?” (Concept 6) • Effective Schools That Maximise Student Learning Are Those Schools That Focus On MAKING THEIR STAFF AS PROFESSIONAL AND CONFIDENT AS POSSIBLE IN THEVALUE ADDING USAGE OF I.C.T. (Concept 7) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  52. 52. DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP THE LIBRARY NEEDS TO LEAD WITH OTHER TO:- Enhancing The Learning Of Younger Generation Learners / Teachers And Parents Developing Leadership Capabilities Based On Emotional And Moral Intelligence Understandings And Capabilities Activating Partnerships Within And Between Schools And Their External And Internal Communities Partnerships On E.G. Myschool Data / Outstanding Teacher Data / Etc PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  53. 53. A Deliberate Linkage Does it (I.C.T.) Add Value to the key Processes and Outcomes We Have Selected As Important for The Success Of The School? Linked To:- A Transparent Democracy is creating a requirement to identify the key processes and use, report and defend them in acceptable ways PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  54. 54. EFFECTIVE SCHOOL LEADERSHIP INVOLVES PARTNERSHIPS SOME SCHOOL BASED PARTNERSHIPS AND ALLIANCES-1 HIGH SCHOOL –FEEDER PRIMARY PARTNERSHIPS ON ISSUES SUCH AS:- DEVELOPING LITERACY AND NUMERACY PROMOTING WELLNESS REDUCING OBESITY ATTITUDES TO LEARNING ETC (THESE ARE ANALOGOUS TO SUPPLY CHAIN PARTNERSHIPS IN INDUSTRY) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  55. 55. SOME SCHOOL BASED PARTNERSHIPS AND ALLIANCES-2 WITH DIGITAL NATIVES EG YOUNGER PARENTS TEACHERS STUDENTS Hough Pdf Chapters give many illustrations about specific approaches being recommended and used WITH PARENTS EG LEARNING CONTRACTS WITH STUDENTS 55 SEE ADVICE FOLLOWING WITH TECHNOLOGY TO REDUCE DRUDGERY TO RELEASE PEOPLE FOR HIGH LEVEL VALUE ADDING PRO FES RELATIONSHIPS AND EXPERIENCES SOR MIC HAE L HOU GH. SEP 10
  56. 56. AN IMPORTANT SCHOOL CENTRED PARTNERSHIP-2A LIBRARIAN PARTNERING WITH SCHOOL EXECUTIVE TO LEAD ON I.C.T. BASED OPTIONS AND USAGES LIBRARY AS iCENTRE PARTNERING WITH:- STAFF TO SUPPORT AND PROMOTE I.C.T. BASED LEARNING STUDENTS PARENTS Professor Michael Hough Sep 2010
  57. 57. SOME SCHOOL BASED PARTNERSHIPS AND ALLIANCES-3 WITH EXTERNAL ORGANISATIONS EG REAL ESTATE AGENTS WITH INDUSTRY TO PROVIDE DEDICATED SPECIALISED FEED RE SKILL DEMANDS WITH PROFESSIONAL GROUPS TO PROVIDE DEDICATED LEARNERS WITH UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 57 WITH NOT FOR PROFIT COMMUNITY ORGANISATIONS (SCOUTS , GUIDES , HOBBY GROUPS) PRO FES SOR MIC HAE L HOU GH. SEP 10
  58. 58. SOME SCHOOL BASED PARTNERSHIPS AND ALLIANCES-4 VIRTUAL ALLIANCES SCHOOL INTRANET BASED DIGITAL PORTFOLIOS LEARNER BASED LEARNING SYSTEMS WWW BASED OPEN RELATIONSHIPS EG SISTER SCHOOLS 58 CLOSED RELATIONSHIPS EG CLASSROOM LEVEL LEARNING 3RD PARTY SOFTWARE BASED e.g. Cloud Computing 2ND LIFE PRO FES WIKIS SOR MIC HAE L HOU GH. SEP 10
  59. 59. SOME ACTIVE EDUCATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS Kids As Active Learners Needing Educational Passports Teachers As Knowledge Navigators Teachers As Mentors Schools As ‘Tribalising’ Places 59 PRO FES SOR MIC HAE L HOU GH. SEP 10
  60. 60. SOME SUGGESTED FEATURES OF KIDS AS LEARNING PARTNERS CHANGE IS FROM ‘JOB TAKER’ TO ‘JOB MAKER’ 3 ‘PASSPORTS’ REQUIRED:- HOUGH.SEP 10 HOUGH.SEP 10 PROFESSOR MICHAEL PROFESSOR MICHAEL ACADEMIC PASSPORTS VOCATIONAL PASSPORT ENTERPRISE PASSPORT (ELLYARD 1998) CO-WORKERS IN I.C.T.SUPPORT
  61. 61. SOME CONCLUDING COMMENTS AND ADVICE 61 PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  62. 62. “TRANSPARENT DEMOCRACY” ISSUES WE MUST ASSUME:- MUCH GREATER SCRUTINY OF SCHOOLS/ TEACHING AND EDUCATION:- PROACTIVE:- What Data / Information will be selected and promoted By YOU / By your LIBRARY/SCHOOL/SYSTEM/ PROFESSIONAL GROUP? REACTIVE:- What Are Plans For Reacting To Others’ Use of Data and Information? i.e. How YOUR SCHOOL LIBRARY promote / defend its professional and members’ interests through electronically accessible capabilities and strategies? 62 PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  63. 63. Some Action Focus Points What are the Important Processes and Outcomes That Contribute / Add Value To Our School? (See next slide) What Are The Key Measures That Can Be Made Of These Important Ones? How Can We Make them Useful To Us? How Will We Select, Measure and Report? 63 PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  64. 64. Action Recommendations School Leaders should act to ensure that:- Schools Make Much Greater Use of the Community Based I.C.T. Resources and develop networks of Networked Learning Communities that are based on active partnerships between the I.C.T. capabilities of the home and those of the school. Focus on Developing STAFF Capabilities School Librarians and School iCentres need to become central agencies in the staff development upgrades of staff, students and parents as the networked learning community emerges iCentres should promote adaptive staff development which must be developed using “targeting” techniques such as risk management applied to staff development choices, if the wide range of challenges and needs is to be met in upgrading teachers and leaders in our schools Librarians need to exert a leadership role in the ICT support of teachers and leaders by developing into the Chief Information Officer (CIO) Role- a role which will require them to remain current in the developing technologies and recommended options, to provide effective leadership in selecting wisely from I.C.T. options and usages, and be available to ‘project manage’ and ‘house’ the actual approaches developed In a Transparent Democracy Environment :- SPEAK WITH DATA 64 PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  65. 65. ADDING VALUE MH Selected “Process” Indicators:- “ A school of choice” with waiting lists Closure would be strongly resisted by its community Graduates are sought after and prized Graduates support their strong alma mater Strong networks of influence Advice sought and taken by business, community Exemplar for the profession especially in use of iCentres PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  66. 66. SELECTING KEY MEASURES-Basic Approach Work with your community to develop:- SELECTED VALUE CORE QUALITY PERIPHERAL ADDED FEATURE QUALITY MAKING A LIVING SELECTED SELECTED DATA DATA MEASURE(S) MEASURE(S) MAKING A LIFE SELECTED SELECTED DATA DATA MEASURE(S) MEASURE(S) PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  67. 67. SELECTING KEY MEASURES-1 “A SCHOOL OF CORE QUALITY PERIPHERAL CHOICE” QUALITY MAKING A LIVING •WAITING LIST OF •POPULAR, EASY HIGHLY QUALIFIED TO USE STUDENT TEACHERS JOB ADVICE •HIGH VALUE WEBSITE AND ADDING TO PUPIL LINKS TEST SCORES •ETC •ETC MAKING A LIFE •STRONG SENSE OF •MAXIMUM SCHOOL AS A INVOLVEMENT OF LEARNING COMMUNITY WITH COMMUNITY SCHOOL PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 •ETC •ETC
  68. 68. SELECTING KEY MEASURES-2 “STRONG NETWORK CORE QUALITY ISSUES PERIPHERAL QUALITY OF INFLUENCE” ISSUES MAKING A LIVING •ACCEPTANCE / •ACTIVE FACEBOOK EMPLOYABILITY OF SITE OF SUPPORTIVE GRADUATES GRADUATES •STRONG • ACTIVE PROGRAM PROFESSIONAL OF INTERNSHIPS NETWORKS •ETC •ETC MAKING A LIFE *MANY OPTIONS FOR •PARENTS AND JOINING AN INTEREST COMMUNITY USE GROUP IN SCHOOL SCHOOL FACILITIES TIME EXTENSIVELY ETC •MANY VOLUNTEERS PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  69. 69. POSSIBLE LIBRARY MEASURES LIBRARIAN AS CIO CORE QUALITY PERIPHERAL QUALITY MAKING A LIVING PROVIDE I.C.T. LEADERSHIP MODEL BY EXAMPLE I.C.T. AND ADVICE TO STAFF OF SYSTEMS THAT ENABLE SCHOOL ON I.C.T. BASED EASY ACCESS AND HELPFUL BEHAVIOURS ADVICE TO THOSE WHO NEED IT MAKING A LIFE PROVIDE PERSONAL ENSURING THAT CIO HAS EXAMPLES OF ACTIVE EXTERNAL LIFE CONTINUOUS LEARNING AND INFLUENCE BEYOND AND EXPLORING NEW THE SCHOOL ROLE USES OF I.C.T.
  70. 70. PRINCIPLES OF REPORTING USE THE POWER OF I.C.T. BASED DATA SYSTEMS WHEREVER POSSIBLE TO GATHER/ANALYSE/ REPORT USE GRAPHICAL RATHER THAN NUMBERS BASED REPORTING WHEREVER POSSIBLE USE ‘EXCEPTIONALITY’ REPORTING BY ESTABLISHING PREDICTED / REQUIRED MEASURES AND USING I.C.T. TO SHOW ONLY EXCEPTIONS . I.E. NO REPORT MEANS EVRYTHING IS ‘WITHIN RANGE’ CONVERT EXCEPTIONALITY REPORTING INTO “HEADUP” DISPLAY LOGIC WHEREVER POSSIBLE PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  71. 71. SOME STIMULATING RESOURCES YOUTUBE:- SHIFT HAPPEN http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C2jDOkzrVew ABC1 SERIES:- “VISIONS OF THE FUTURE” PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  72. 72. Next SESSIONS Session 2 The Role of the Librarian and Library in supporting:- Teacher Staff Development and I.C.T. Situational Leadership AND I.C.T. Using a RISK MANAGEMENT APPROACH TO TRAINING PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  73. 73. You are reminded of the Confucian Curse May You Live In Interesting Times PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10
  74. 74. THANK YOU mhough5@gmail.com PROFESSOR MICHAEL HOUGH.SEP 10 74
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