DETERMINANTS OF BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES IN DISTRICT ALIGARH.<br />Authors :<br />Dr Tabassum Nawab, <br />Prof. Zulfia Kha...
Background:<br />Exclusive breastfeeding - single most effective intervention for child survival.<br /> Universalising ear...
METHODOLOGY:<br />Design: cross-sectional<br />Setting: antenatal & immunization clinic of  Rural & Urban Health Training ...
Mother who did not give consent for interview.</li></li></ul><li>Study tool:<br /><ul><li>A predesigned & pretested oral q...
In case a female had more than one child in the required age group, she was interviewed regarding the feeding practices in...
RESULTS<br />
Table no.1.Distribution of study population by antenatal history and infant feeding practices<br />
Table no.2.DETERMINANTS OF BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES<br />a -   SIGNIFICANT,  P  < 0.05       b  -NOT SIGNIFICANT,   <br />
Table no. 4.DETERMINANTS OF BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES<br />a -   SIGNIFICANT,  P  < 0.05       b  -NOT SIGNIFICANT,   <br />
Table no. 6.DETERMINANTS OF BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES<br />a -   SIGNIFICANT,  P  < 0.05       b  -NOT SIGNIFICANT,   <br />
CONCLUSION:<br />Breastfeeding was started within 1 hr - 29.7% of infants <br />Exclusive Breastfeeding - 41.24% infants o...
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Dr Tabassum

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Dr Tabassum

  1. 1. DETERMINANTS OF BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES IN DISTRICT ALIGARH.<br />Authors :<br />Dr Tabassum Nawab, <br />Prof. Zulfia Khan,<br /> Dr M Athar Ansari, <br />Dr R Ahmed, <br />Dr E. Waqarib.<br />Department of Community Medicine, JNMCH, Aligarh.<br />
  2. 2. Background:<br />Exclusive breastfeeding - single most effective intervention for child survival.<br /> Universalising early & exclusive breastfeeding - major public health intervention to reduce mortality in the neonates and infants.<br /> Improving complementary feeding can reduce anemia and stunting .<br />Objectives :<br />1) To study the pattern of feeding of infants.<br />2) To study the factors determining the feeding practices.<br />3) To recommend ways to improve the same.<br />
  3. 3. METHODOLOGY:<br />Design: cross-sectional<br />Setting: antenatal & immunization clinic of Rural & Urban Health Training Centers , Department of Community Medicine, Antenatal OPD & Pediatric OPD, JNMCH, Aligarh.<br />Study unit: mothers of children aged >6 months till 5 years of age , attending these clinics.<br />Inclusion Criteria:<br /> A female having any child aged >6 months till 5 years , irrespestive of her current pregnancy status.<br />Exclusion Criteria:<br /><ul><li>A female having a child aged <=6 months or >5 years.
  4. 4. Mother who did not give consent for interview.</li></li></ul><li>Study tool:<br /><ul><li>A predesigned & pretested oral questionnaire.
  5. 5. In case a female had more than one child in the required age group, she was interviewed regarding the feeding practices in the youngest child. </li></ul>Sample size:<br /> In total 354 mothers were interviewed during 15 days of survey.<br />Sampling: Consecutive sampling was done , with 25 mothers per day.<br />Analysis: was done using SPSS 17. Chi square test was applied to test statistical significance.<br />
  6. 6. RESULTS<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
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  11. 11. Table no.1.Distribution of study population by antenatal history and infant feeding practices<br />
  12. 12. Table no.2.DETERMINANTS OF BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES<br />a - SIGNIFICANT, P < 0.05 b -NOT SIGNIFICANT, <br />
  13. 13. Table no. 4.DETERMINANTS OF BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES<br />a - SIGNIFICANT, P < 0.05 b -NOT SIGNIFICANT, <br />
  14. 14. Table no. 6.DETERMINANTS OF BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES<br />a - SIGNIFICANT, P < 0.05 b -NOT SIGNIFICANT, <br />
  15. 15. CONCLUSION:<br />Breastfeeding was started within 1 hr - 29.7% of infants <br />Exclusive Breastfeeding - 41.24% infants only.<br />Complementary feeding was started at appropriate time - 61.3% infants.<br />Breastfeeding started within 1 hr is affected significantly by urban residence, any ANC, advice for BF given during pregnancy & institutional delivery.<br />Prelacteals administration is affected by any ANC, advice for BF given during pregnancy & institutional delivery.<br />Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 Months is affected significantly by education of mother, any ANC, advice for BF given during pregnancy & institutional delivery.<br />Appropriate complementary feeding is affected significantly by education of mother and place of residence.<br />
  16. 16. CONCLUSION:<br />Majority of the mothers living in urban areas started breastfeeding within 1 hour after birth.<br />Complementary feeding was started appropriately in mothers who were urban and were educated >high school.<br />Mothers who had even a single contact with health personnel, who received health education regarding breastfeeding during pregnancy and who underwent institutional delivery were more likely to have good breastfeeding practices.<br />RECOMMENDATIONS:<br />IEC activities should be directed towards education of mothers .<br />Atleast three contact with the health personnel during antenatal period, as recommended under RCH, and health education regarding breastfeeding during pregnancy should be ensured.<br />
  17. 17. Thank you!<br />BAB-E-SYED<br />
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