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Dr saira Dr saira Presentation Transcript

  • How are infant and young children fed in peri-urban areas? 
    Saira Mehnaz, Ali JaferAbedi, Zulfia Khan, M. AtharAnsari, NajamKhalique.
    Department of Community Medicine, J. N.Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University,
    Aligarh
  • introduction
  • INTRODUCTION
    Impact on child survival.
    Critical to improved nutrition, health and development of children.
  • INTRODUCTION
    To evaluate the appropriateness of feeding , we can calculate certain indices in a simple manner.
    These indices can help us to manage the feeding of these children at the community level .
    Evidence base is the need of the hour
  • Aims and objectives
  • Aims and objectives
    The following study was carried out in a typical peri- urban area to: 
    Assess the prevalence of appropriate of feeding pattern in infants.
    To assess the factors related to breast feeding pattern and appropriate complementary feeding practices in 12 to 24 months old children.
  • methodology
  • Methodology
    We used the indicators suggested by WHO in ……
    Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices-Part 2 Measurement.
    A cross sectional house to house survey using PPS was conducted in the registerd families of UHTC, JNMC AMU, Aligarh.
    A preframed- pretested proforma was used for the study
  • Methodology
    56 infants and 45 children 12 to 24 months were included in the study .
    An oral consent was taken
    Reason of study explained to mothers
    Mothers interviewed in friendly , non formal manner and care taken to give counseling regarding feeding and infant care where needed.
  • Methodology
    To calculate “IBF age in days”: Date of interview – date of birth
    If IBF age in days is less than 730 (2 years) the observation can be included in calculating Indicator, Early initiation of breastfeeding, and Indicator, Children ever breastfed.
  • Methodology
    To calculate “IYCF age in days”: Date of interview – date of birth.
    Use IYCF age in days to determine whether each observation belongs in each “current status” indicator calculation
    Example: 6 months = 6 * (365/12) = 183 days. All children less than 183 days of (estimated) age can be included in numerators and denominators for exclusive breastfeeding 0–5 months.
  • results
  • Socio-cultural status
    P>0.05
    0-11 months- 56%
    12-23months- 45%
  • Socio-cultural status
    P>0.05
    14.85%
    39.6%
    45.54%
  • Socio-cultural status
    P>0.05
    6.93%
    52.48%
    4.95%
    3.91%
    10.89%
    15.84%
  • Early initiation of breastfeeding
    Children born in the last 24 months who were put to the breast within one hour of birth *100
    Children born in the last 24 months
  • Factors related to Initiation ofbreastfeeding(p<0.05)
  • Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months
    Infants 0–5 months of age who received only breast milk during the previous day
    Infants 0–5 months of age
  • Factors related to Exclusive breastfeeding
    P<0.05
  • Continued breastfeeding
    Children 12–15 months of age who received breast milk during the previous day
    Children 12–15 months of age
  • Factors related to Continued breastfeeding
    P<0.05
  • Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods
    Infants 6–8 months of age who received solid, semi-solid or soft foods during the previous day
    Infants 6–8 months of age
  • Factors related to Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods
  • 100% CHILDREN CAME IN THE CATEGORY OF EVERBREASTFED
  • CONCLUSIONS
    Most of the children belonged to the medium SLI
    56.4% children received breastmilk within 1st hour of life at the right time
  • CONCLUSIONS
    37% children were exclusively breastfed
    Continued breastfeeding was found in about 70% of children
    36% were introduced with the solid and semi solid soft food at the appropriate time.
     
  • Most of the mothers following appropriate feeding practices came in the medium and high SLI group
  • THANKYOU