PREVALENCE  OF EYE DISORDERS IN CHILDREN OF 5 – 16 YEARS AGE GROUP,IN DISTRICT DEHRADUN.Dr Aditi Sharma, Dr Amit Maitreya,...
INTRODUCTION<br />In the world today, a child goes blind every minute. Upto  60% die within one year of becoming blind.<br...
 The leading causes of visual impairment in children are :<br /><ul><li> refractive errors
vitamin A deficiency
congenital cataract
retinal conditions  and others.</li></ul>Hence, keeping in view of all the above this study was done.<br />
           AIMS AND OBJECTIVES<br /> <br />To find out the prevalence of eye disorders in children of  5-16 years age grou...
MATERIALS AND METHODS<br />The proposed study was conducted by the Department of Ophthalmology, HIMS, Dehradun<br />STUDY ...
<ul><li>  First stage: Out of the 13 zones in the Doiwala block,  6 (46%) were selected
Out of 42 schools , 21 (50%)  were randomly selected.</li></li></ul><li> Second Stage:<br />The visual acuity was measured...
<ul><li>Children with visual acuity less than 6/9 in either eye, and any other ocular disorder  were refferred to HIMS.</l...
RESULTS<br />
AGE AND SEXWISE DISTRIBUTION OF CHILDREN<br />NUMBER OF CHILDREN<br />AGE IN YEARS<br />TOTAL OF 5918 CHILDREN : 3462 MALE...
Age Group wise distribution of     children with   ocular morbidity<br />MAXIMUM CHILDREN WERE IN GROUP II AND MINIMUM IN ...
 Overall, the ocular morbidity was more in children less than 10 years of age (6.48%) <br />As the age increased (>10 year...
Sex wise distribution of children with Ocular Morbidity <br />There was no statistically significant relationship between ...
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Dr Aditi

  1. 1. PREVALENCE OF EYE DISORDERS IN CHILDREN OF 5 – 16 YEARS AGE GROUP,IN DISTRICT DEHRADUN.Dr Aditi Sharma, Dr Amit Maitreya, Dr Jayanti Semwal Prof Harsh BahadurHimalayan Institute of Medical Sciences , HIHT University.<br />
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION<br />In the world today, a child goes blind every minute. Upto 60% die within one year of becoming blind.<br /> Blindness in children accounts for one third of the economic cost of blindnes.Although, it represents less than 4% of the overall magnitude of blindness. <br />WHO estimates incidence of childhood blindness as 0.75 per 1000 children<br />
  3. 3. The leading causes of visual impairment in children are :<br /><ul><li> refractive errors
  4. 4. vitamin A deficiency
  5. 5. congenital cataract
  6. 6. retinal conditions and others.</li></ul>Hence, keeping in view of all the above this study was done.<br />
  7. 7. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES<br /> <br />To find out the prevalence of eye disorders in children of 5-16 years age group .<br />
  8. 8. MATERIALS AND METHODS<br />The proposed study was conducted by the Department of Ophthalmology, HIMS, Dehradun<br />STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.<br />SAMPLING: Multistage stratified random sampling.<br />SETTING: Government and Private Schools in the Doiwala block of Dehradun.<br />PARTICIPANTS: 5918 students ; 3462 males and 2456 females .<br />
  9. 9. <ul><li> First stage: Out of the 13 zones in the Doiwala block, 6 (46%) were selected
  10. 10. Out of 42 schools , 21 (50%) were randomly selected.</li></li></ul><li> Second Stage:<br />The visual acuity was measured using Snellen’s chart by an Optometrist.<br />Initially, a torch light examination was done by an ophthalmologist at the school.<br />
  11. 11. <ul><li>Children with visual acuity less than 6/9 in either eye, and any other ocular disorder were refferred to HIMS.</li></ul>Interpretation and analysis of the data : Epi Info Software and chi-square test was used. <br />
  12. 12. RESULTS<br />
  13. 13. AGE AND SEXWISE DISTRIBUTION OF CHILDREN<br />NUMBER OF CHILDREN<br />AGE IN YEARS<br />TOTAL OF 5918 CHILDREN : 3462 MALES AND 2456 FEMALES WERE INCLUDED <br />
  14. 14. Age Group wise distribution of children with ocular morbidity<br />MAXIMUM CHILDREN WERE IN GROUP II AND MINIMUM IN GROUP IV<br />
  15. 15. Overall, the ocular morbidity was more in children less than 10 years of age (6.48%) <br />As the age increased (>10 years), children with ocular morbidity decreased (4.4%). <br />This relationship was found to be statistically significant, with a p value <0.05.<br />
  16. 16. Sex wise distribution of children with Ocular Morbidity <br />There was no statistically significant relationship between sex and ocular morbidity with a p value >0.05.<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. CONCLUSION<br />This study was the first of its kind done in Uttarakhand and more studies can be done at a larger scale for future strategic planning………..<br /> With increase in age, there is a decrease in the ocular morbidity. <br />Hence children in younger age group should be examined more meticulously and patiently……<br /> Refractive error was the commonest cause of ocular morbidity<br />
  19. 19. Effective methods of vision screening in school children are useful in detecting correctable causes of decreased vision,, especially refractive errors and in minimizing long-term visual disability..<br />
  20. 20. THANK YOU<br />
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