Political Parties: Definition, Criteria, Rationale

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Presentation by Prof. Edmund Tayao at the Institute for Autonomy & Governance - Konrad Adenauer Stiftung training on political party development attended by seniors leaders of the Moro Islamic …

Presentation by Prof. Edmund Tayao at the Institute for Autonomy & Governance - Konrad Adenauer Stiftung training on political party development attended by seniors leaders of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front | Intramuros, Manila | March 27-31, 2014

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  • 1. Date Political Parties, Definition, Criteria and Rationale Prof. EDMUND S. TAYAO University of Santo Tomas, Department of Political Science Local Government Development Foundation Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 2. Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 3. Key Concepts Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 4. Key Concepts Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 5. Key Concepts Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 6. Key Concepts Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 7. Key Concepts Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Political Hardware -Framework/Structural Design Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 8. Key Concepts Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Political Software -Programs/Policies -subjective relationships between leaders and followers Political Hardware -Framework/Structural Design Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 9. Key Concepts Hard Power (Coercion, Penalties) Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Political Software -Programs/Policies -subjective relationships between leaders and followers Political Hardware -Framework/Structural Design Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 10. Key Concepts Hard Power (Coercion, Penalties) Soft Power (Incentives, Enticements) Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Political Software -Programs/Policies -subjective relationships between leaders and followers Political Hardware -Framework/Structural Design Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 11. Understanding the Political System Vertical Dynamics- Central, Regional, Local Relations (Unitary or Federal System of Government) Horizontal Dynamics- Executive Legislative System (Presidential or Parliamentary Form of Government) System of Representation- Political Party System (Multi-Party System) Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 12. Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 13. Inherently plural and divided society Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 14. Inherently plural and divided society ✤ 80 Effective Languages all over the country; Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 15. Inherently plural and divided society ✤ 80 Effective Languages all over the country; ✤ Social and Economic Stratification; Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 16. Inherently plural and divided society ✤ 80 Effective Languages all over the country; ✤ Social and Economic Stratification; ✤ Religious Diversity Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 17. Inherently plural and divided society ✤ 80 Effective Languages all over the country; ✤ Social and Economic Stratification; ✤ Religious Diversity as a political party therefore, it must be able to have a firm grasp of the what the country is, in order to shape what policies, programs and action to take Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 18. Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 19. democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 20. ✤ No such thing as “Direct Democracy”; democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 21. ✤ No such thing as “Direct Democracy”; ✤ Politics is about policy thus requiring substance (programmatic); democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 22. ✤ No such thing as “Direct Democracy”; ✤ Politics is about policy thus requiring substance (programmatic); ✤ Need for leadership and arena of participation for the masses; democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 23. ✤ No such thing as “Direct Democracy”; ✤ Politics is about policy thus requiring substance (programmatic); ✤ Need for leadership and arena of participation for the masses; ✤ Superiority of Professional Leaders in Respect to Culture (Behavior), the formal and real incompetence of the mass. democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 24. Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 25. real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 26. real political parties ✤ Programmatic (different from ideological) Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 27. real political parties ✤ Programmatic (different from ideological) ✤ Internal/Organizational Democratic Dynamics Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 28. real political parties ✤ Programmatic (different from ideological) ✤ Internal/Organizational Democratic Dynamics ✤ Grassroots-Based and International Linkages Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 29. real political parties ✤ Programmatic (different from ideological) ✤ Internal/Organizational Democratic Dynamics ✤ Grassroots-Based and International Linkages ✤ Exists and Operates even in- between elections Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 30. Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 31. real political parties are democratic Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 32. real political parties are democratic ✤ Same “comrades” too long in leadership regard themselves as “God-given leaders” (Robert Michel 1962); Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 33. real political parties are democratic ✤ Same “comrades” too long in leadership regard themselves as “God-given leaders” (Robert Michel 1962); ✤ Fundamental Difference of the “dignified” and the “efficient” (Walter Bagehot 1867); and, Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 34. real political parties are democratic ✤ Same “comrades” too long in leadership regard themselves as “God-given leaders” (Robert Michel 1962); ✤ Fundamental Difference of the “dignified” and the “efficient” (Walter Bagehot 1867); and, ✤ Comprehensive (7) Function of Political Parties in Society (Gunther and Diamond 2001) Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 35. Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 36. seven functions of parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 37. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 38. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 39. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 40. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; ✤ Represent various social groups; Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 41. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; ✤ Represent various social groups; ✤ Interest aggregation; Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 42. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; ✤ Represent various social groups; ✤ Interest aggregation; ✤ Forming and sustaining governments; and, Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 43. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; ✤ Represent various social groups; ✤ Interest aggregation; ✤ Forming and sustaining governments; and, ✤ Social Integration Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 44. Organizing the Party ✤ Identity- Who we are? ✤ Inclusive not Exclusive- Identity need not be exclusive (note that democracy is about numbers) ✤ Ideology as Basic Principle not Limiting Framework- Result is Issue- Based ✤ Democratic, Participatory, Transparent and Accountable Organizational Set-up and Dynamics (Strict adherence to Party Laws and Principles) ✤ Because it is Inclusive, Operations are not dominated by a person or small group and therefore the party operates on its own funds. Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 45. Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 46. We start with ourselves, with our political party, then our society to have a country we deserve Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 47. We start with ourselves, with our political party, then our society to have a country we deserve edtayao@yahoo.com; (twitter) @edtayao; www.logodef.org Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 48. We start with ourselves, with our political party, then our society to have a country we deserve edtayao@yahoo.com; (twitter) @edtayao; www.logodef.org see “why we need career politicians” and Saturday, September 14, 13
  • 49. We start with ourselves, with our political party, then our society to have a country we deserve edtayao@yahoo.com; (twitter) @edtayao; www.logodef.org see “why we need career politicians” and “we end up electing the wrong people” at rappler.com Saturday, September 14, 13