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Introduction to the ministerial form of government
 

Introduction to the ministerial form of government

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Introduction to the Ministerial Form of Government presented by Ms. Cristita Marie Giangan, Konrad Adenauer Foundation program manager, to the Bangsamoro Transition, Cotabato City 12th August 2013

Introduction to the Ministerial Form of Government presented by Ms. Cristita Marie Giangan, Konrad Adenauer Foundation program manager, to the Bangsamoro Transition, Cotabato City 12th August 2013

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    Introduction to the ministerial form of government Introduction to the ministerial form of government Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to the Ministerial Form of Government Cristita Marie Giangan
    • Outline  Conceptual Background  Relevant Provisions in the FAB  Some Important Terms and Concepts  The Ministerial Form of Government  Fundamental Concepts  Ministerial Form of Government: Key Terms  Advantages  Challenges and Considerations
    • Conceptual Background
    • Relevant Provisions in the FAB “The government of the Bangsamoro shall have a ministerial form. The Parties agree to entrench an electoral system suitable to a ministerial form of government. The electoral system shall allow democratic participation, ensure accountability of public officers primarily to their constituents and encourage formation of genuinely principled political parties. The electoral system shall be contained in the Bangsamoro Basic Law to be implemented through legislation enacted by the Bangsamoro Government and correlated with national laws.” (FAB Section I, No.2)
    • Some Fundamental Terms  Ministerial Form of Government  Otherwise known as the parliamentary form of government  The country’s chief executive (head of government) is elected by the legislative branch of government (parliament)  Electoral System  A set of methods that governs how the citizens elect members of the legislative and the executive branches of government  Also called a voting system
    • Some Fundamental Terms  Political Party  Is a political organization that tries to influence and/or control government policies by capturing political power through fielding candidates with aligned views in elections  Genuinely Principled Political Parties  Political parties that compete in elections based on their programmatic profile composed of clearly defined political platforms
    • The Ministerial Form of Government
    • Fundamental Concepts Government and Administration Government The system by which a country is governed The Official Seal of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines
    • Fundamental Concepts Government and Administration Administration The executive branch of government under a specific head of government Philippine President Benigno Aquino III during a Cabinet Meeting
    • Fundamental Concepts Branches of Government Executive: law implementation Malacanang Palace President, Vice President, Members of Cabinet, Bureaucracy
    • Fundamental Concepts Branches of Government Legislative: law making The Congress of the Philippines holding session at the Batasang Pambansa Complex Senate (Upper House) House of Representatives (Lower House) CongressofthePhilippines
    • Fundamental Concepts Branches of Government Judiciary: law interpretation and adjudication Supreme Court of the Philippines Supreme Court of the Philippines 1 Chief Justice 14 Associate Justices
    • Fundamental Concepts Classifications of Government Who can participate in the governing process Autocracy Oligarchy Democracy Geographical distribution of governing powers Unitary/Centralized Federal/Decentralized Relationships between the Executive and Legislative branches of government Presidential Parliamentary/Ministerial
    • Ministerial Form of Government The Details
    • Definition  Ministerial Form of Government  Otherwise known as the parliamentary form of government  The country’s chief executive (head of government) is elected by the legislative branch of government (parliament)
    • Key Differences Between the Forms of Governments
    • Key Differences Between the Forms of Governments  Presidential  Separation of Powers (between the Executive and Legislative branches)  Chief Executive (President) is  Chosen independently of the legislature,  Holds office for a fixed term, and  Has a number of significant powers that are not subject to the direct control of the legislative branch  Parliamentary  Fusion of Powers  Chief Executive (PM) and the Members of Cabinet are usually members of the legislative  PM is leader of the majority party or a coalition of parties in the legislative and is chosen by that body  Members of the cabinet is usually selected by the PM with approval from the legislative
    • Key Differences Between the Forms of Governments  Presidential  Separation of Powers  Powers are spelled out in the Constitution  Each of the branches is regularly given several powers with which it can block actions of the other branch  Parliamentary  Fusion of Powers  Members of the Executive (PM and the Cabinet) remain in office only as long as their policies and administration have the support of a majority in the legislative  Vote of No Confidence  The legislative is at odds with the executive in important matters
    •  Vote of No Confidence  PM and the Cabinet resigns from office  New government is formed  Legislative chooses a new PM, or  All legislative seats are vacated to make way for general elections
    • Advantages to the Ministerial Form of Government  Legislative efficiency  Consensus  De-concentration of power from one dominant branch of government
    • Challenges and Considerations  Stability of Governments  Importance of Genuine Political Parties Political Parties  a political organization that tries to influence and/or control government policies by capturing political power through fielding candidates with aligned views in elections  Functions  Political recruitment, Political education, Political communication  Interest articulation, interest aggregation
    • Criteria and Character of Real Political Parties  Organization  Internal Democracy  Programme  Autonomy  Roots in society  Coherence  Regional and international integration
    • Challenges and Considerations  Clear accountability mechanisms  Supervision  Party interest vs. Individual interest  Role of the majority  Role of the minority
    • Questions?