Ageing is recognised as a global phenomenon. The United Nations estimates that within 36 years there will be more people over the age of 60 than children under 15 years globally. South Africa has one of the most rapidly ageing populations in Africa. In mid-2009, statistics SA estimated SA’s older population aged 60 years and older at 3.7 million (that is 5 % of the population). The number is projected to increase to 4.42 million (9.5 % of the population) by 2015. This increasing numbers and proportions of older people have implications for the planning of social and health services in SA.
The Older Persons Act (No. 13 of 2006) and the South African Policy for Older persons (2005), developed by the Department of Social Development in line with the MIPAA (2002), emphasise the importance of enhancing the well-being of older persons. It also aims to maintain and promote the status, well-being, safety and security of older people, recognising their skills and wisdom. SA further committed itself to the UN’s salient principles on older people, being independent, participating individuals, receiving quality medical and social care to ensure that their self-fulfillment and dignity be facilitated and respected
The majority of the older population is income poor. An estimated 25 % of older people are chronically poor and an estimated 2.3 million older people receive an old-age grant and have to survive on less than R50 per day. Challenges facing older people among others include: social exclusion, lack of access to basic services, health care, information, water, housing. Younger people migrate to mines and industry or overseas to find alternative employment. Older people continue to struggle with discrimination. SA older people also suffer from diseases such as TB, malaria and being affected and infected with HIV and AIDS/
Decline of cognitive abilities - particular short term memory Decline of sensory abilities – hearing, vision Declining of mobility
Need to belong Social support Intergenerational relatedness Need to learn and to engage with technology
To be treated with respect To be confirmed as people of importance To be connected
Older people are not only victims Unique potential to be explored and developed
AIM OF PRESENTATIONRAISE AWARENESS OF THE UNIQUE NEEDS AND POTENTIAL OF OLDER PEOPLE IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN CONTEXT3. Contextualise life world of older people in SA4. Policies and frameworks5. Challenges associated with old age6. Developmental needs of older people7. Social needs8. Psychological needs9. Potential of older people10. How to engage with older people11. How not to engage with older people
CONTEXTUALISATIONSharp increase in number of people 60 +SA: 2009 = 3.7 million (5 % of population)2015 = 4.42 million (9.5 % of population)Implications for health and social services
2005 = South African Policy for Olderpersons2006 = Older persons ActPromote psycho-social, and physical well-being of older peopleKeep older people engaged in communitiesas long as possibleUN principles: being independent,participating, care, self-fulfilment, dignity
Poverty: Older people in SouthAfrica amongst poorest people in SA25 % chronically poor2.3 million older people receive old-age grantSocial exclusion, migrationLack of access to care servicesInaccessibility of informationDiscriminationDiseases: TB, malaria, HIV/AIDS
HOW TO ENGAGE•Unique circumstances and unique needs•Meet older people within specific contexts•Orientate them to participate from their understanding of the world•Clear communication (instructions and content) in terms of Expectations Involvement Information needed•Demonstrate compassion and understanding for them as people•Share interests and find common ground•Plan sustainable involvement•
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.