The American Family

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Presentation in American ways for 2013 Intensive English Course for TEE-A Teachers

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The American Family

  1. 1. The American Family Chapter 11 Hyosook Jung
  2. 2. Contents 1. Family Structures 2. The Emphasis on Individual Freedom 3. Marriage and Divorce 4. The Role of the child 5. Equality in the Family 6. Four Stages of Marriage Relationships 7. The Rule of the Family Society 8. Family values
  3. 3. Modern Family
  4. 4. Phil and Claire • Traditional family • A husband, wife, and children living in a house • Working father • Say-at home mother • Children under the age of eighteen
  5. 5. Jay and Gloria • Stepfamily or blended family • Divorced people remarry • Children living with a stepmother or stepfather • Multi-ethnic family
  6. 6. Mitchell and Cameron • Civil union or same- sex marriage • A gay couple • Adopting children • Multi-ethnic family
  7. 7. 1. Family Structures In the 1950s • Classic traditional American family • A husband, wife and two children • Father=Breadwinner • Mother=Homemaker Today • Different types of families in America • Traditional family : 25% • Living alone : 25% • Married couples without children • Single parents and their children • Unrelated people living together * Korea : traditional family (24.4%) living alone (23.1%) in 2010
  8. 8. 2. The Emphasis on Individual Freedom • Family’s primary purpose : Advancing the happiness of individual members • Traditional American values • Equality of opportunity • Desire for freedom from outside control • Making independent decisions
  9. 9. 3. Marriage and Divorce • Effects of individualism on marriage • Parents have little control on their children’s marriage • Individual’s happiness is important • The most important part of marriage is … (American women) Economic support, Companionship, Having children
  10. 10. 3. Marriage and Divorce • Effects of individualism on divorce • Easy to obtain divorce • High rate of divorce • Rising rapidly from 1960s to 1980s • Now : one out of every two marriages ends in divorce • Belief in divorce • Unhappy couples should not stay married because they have children at home
  11. 11. 4. The Role of the Child
  12. 12. 4. The Role of the Child • Effects of individualism on children • Best parenting is emphasize… A. Child’s needs and desires B. Child’s social and family responsibilities • Major purpose of family • Development and welfare of each member as an individual
  13. 13. 5. Equality in the Family • Effects of individualism on equality in Family • Socially equal between parents and children • Giving a lot of freedom and equality to children
  14. 14. 5. Equality in the Family Traditional • “Leave the nest” • After graduating from high school(age 18) • Going on to collage(another city) or getting a job Today • “Boomerang kids” • Hard to find jobs • Moving back in with their parents
  15. 15. • Parasite single • Kippers • Kangaroo kids • Mama Hotel • Tanguy • Nesthocker • mammone A. Japan B. UK C. Korea D. Australia E. France F. Germany G. Italy 5. Equality in the Family * Kippers (Kids in Parents’ Pockets Eroding Retirement Savings)
  16. 16. 5. Four Stages of Marriage Relationships Wives… - have increased the degree of equality with their husbands - have gained more power within the family Wife as Servant to Husband Stage I Husband -Head, Wife- Helper Stage II Husband -Senior Partner, Wife- Junior Partner Stage III Husband -Wife Equal Partners Stage IV
  17. 17. 6. The Role of the Family in Society Benefit • Needs and desires of each member are important Problem • Families are less stable and lasting • Main goal -> achieving individual freedom and equality
  18. 18. 6. The Role of the Family in Society • Contradictions in American family A. Tolerating much instability to protect freedom and equality B. Being strongly attached to the idea of family Ex1) People who get divorced find a new partner and remarry Ex2) They believe that family life is an important value
  19. 19. 7. The Role of the Family in Society • Definition of family: becoming broader • Traditional family: father, mother, and their children • Blended family: remarried couple, children living with a stepmother or stepfather • Single parents, raising their children alone • Single mothers: one-third of all new babies in 1990s • Single parents and their children with the grandparents for economic and emotional support • Gay and lesbian couple, adopting children
  20. 20. 8. Family Values

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