"web 2.0, this ideology promotes radical freedom onthe surface of the web, but that freedom, ironically,is more for machines than people. Nevertheless, it issometimes referred to as open culture."- Jaron Lanier, You Are Not a Gadget
Quote on Quote"web 2.0, this ideology promotes radical freedom onthe surface of the web, but that freedom, ironically,is more for machines than people. Nevertheless, it issometimes referred to as open culture."- Jaron Lanier, You Are Not a Gadget"Open wallets. Freedom for sale."- Eliot Bu
Newspeak You donʼt grasp the beauty of the destruction of words. Do you know that Newspeak is the only language in the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year? Donʼt you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it. Every concept that can ever be needed will be expressed by exactly one word, with its meaning rigidly deﬁned and all its subsidiary meanings rubbed out and forgotten.
FREEDOM noun the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint : we do have some freedom of choice | he talks of revoking some of the freedoms. See note at liberty . • absence of subjection to foreign domination or despotic government : he was a champion of Irish freedom. • the state of not being imprisoned or enslaved : the shark thrashed its way to freedom. • the state of being physically unrestricted and able to move easily : the shorts have a side split for freedom of movement. • ( freedom from) the state of not being subject to or affected by (a particular undesirable thing) : government policies to achieve freedom from want. • the power of self-determination attributed to the will; the quality of being independent of fate or necessity. • unrestricted use of something : the dog is happy having the freedom of the house when we are out.
LIBERTY noun 1 the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on ones way of life, behavior, or political views : compulsory retirement would interfere with individual liberty. • (usu. liberties) an instance of this; a right or privilege, esp. a statutory one : the Bill of Rights was intended to secure basic civil liberties. • the state of not being imprisoned or enslaved : people who have lost property or liberty without due process. 2 the power or scope to act as one pleases : individuals should enjoy the liberty to pursue their own interests and preferences. • Philosophy a persons freedom from control by fate or necessity.
Notice how the two deﬁnitions are very different except for in one instance; both include "the state of not being imprisoned or enslaved".
Convergence of deﬁnition allowed for a ﬂip in the popular culture to occur, where simplistic freedom replaced the far more sinewed--and thus complicated--liberty in the public discourse. This is a tragedy.
Freedom is devoid of responsibility ("nothing left to lose"?) and awareness for its environment, people and society included... "My freedom ends where yours begins" This maxim speaks directly of the true nature of what it means to live in a group (which connotes a society, which connotes all sorts of things like laws and politics.)
If "freedom ends", then it is not by deﬁnition freedom, for freedom has no limits. If I accept that there is a self and an other, and that we have met, then it is with liberty that we must living in a group live together. I am free to kill you, but it goes further than mere freedom, for I have the liberty to choose to do so and suffer the responsibility such an act entails.
The idea of human rights , that is the notion that anyone has a set of inviolable rights simply on grounds of being human regardless of legal status, origin or conviction for crimes, emerges as an idea of Humanism in the Early Modern period and becomes a position in the 18th century Age of Enlightenment.
Magna Carta is an English charter originally issued in 1215. Magna Carta was the most signiﬁcant early inﬂuence on the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional law today. Magna Carta inﬂuenced the development of the common law and many constitutional documents, such as the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights.
Magna Carta was originally written because of disagreements amongst Pope Innocent III, King John and the English barons about the rights of the King. Magna Carta required the King to renounce certain rights, respect certain legal procedures and accept that his will could be bound by the law. It explicitly protected certain rights of the Kings subjects, whether free or fettered — most notably the writ of habeas corpus, allowing appeal against unlawful imprisonment.
For modern times, the most enduring legacy of Magna Carta is considered the right of habeas corpus. This right arises from what are now known as clauses 36, 38, 39, and 40 of the 1215 Magna Carta.
Habeas corpus (Latin meaning "you are to have the body") is a writ, or legal action, through which a prisoner can be released from unlawful detention. The remedy can be sought by the prisoner or by another person coming to his aid. Habeas corpus originated in the English legal system, but it is now available in many nations. It has historically been an important legal instrument safeguarding individual freedom against arbitrary state action.
Habeas corpus has certain limitations. It is technically only a procedural remedy; it is a guarantee against any detention that is forbidden by law, but it does not necessarily protect other rights, such as the entitlement to a fair trial. So if an imposition such as internment without trial is permitted by the law then habeas corpus may not be a useful remedy. Furthermore, in many countries, the process may be suspended due to a national emergency.
The right to petition for a writ of habeas corpus has nonetheless long been celebrated as the most efﬁcient safeguard of the liberty of the subject.
Albert Venn Dicey wrote that the British Habeas Corpus Acts "declare no principle and deﬁne no worth a hundred rights, but they are for practical purposes constitutional articles guaranteeing individual liberty".
John Locke most notably, and several 17th and 18th century European philosophers, developed the concept of natural rights, the notion that people are naturally free and equal. Though Locke believed natural rights were derived from divinity since humans were creations of God, his ideas were important in the development of the modern notion of rights. Lockean natural rights did not rely on citizenship nor any law of the state, nor were they necessarily limited to one particular ethnic, cultural or religious group.
Two major revolutions occurred that century in the United States (1776) and in France (1789). The Virginia Declaration of Rights of 1776 sets up a number of fundamental rights and freedoms. The later United States Declaration of Independence includes concepts of natural rights and famously states "that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." Similarly, the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen deﬁnes a set of individual and collective rights of the people. These are, in the document, held to be universal - not only to French citizens but to all men without exception.
Thomas Paine, John Stuart Mill and Hegel expanded on the theme of universality during the 18th and On 19th centuries. In 1849 Henry David Thoreau, wrote about human rights in his treatise the Duty of Civil Disobedience which was later inﬂuential on human rights and civil rights thinkers.
United States Supreme Court Justice David Davis, in his 1867 opinion for Ex Parte Milligan, wrote "By the protection of the law , human rights are secured; withdraw that protection and they are at the mercy of wicked rulers or the clamor of an excited people."
Security of the person is a basic entitlement guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations in 1948. It is also a human right explicitly mentioned and protected by the Constitution of Canada, the Constitution of South Africa and other laws around the world.
In general, the right to the security of ones person is associated with liberty and includes the right, if one is imprisoned unlawfully, to the remedy of habeas corpus . Security of person can also be seen as an expansion of rights based on prohibitions of torture and cruel and unusual punishment. Rights to security of person can guard against less lethal conduct, and can be used in regard to prisoners rights.