Hazard Communication
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Hazard Communication Safety Training

Hazard Communication Safety Training

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  • I. Speaker’s Notes: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires employers to have a written Hazard Communication Plan. The plan demonstrates the employer’s commitment to helping employees work safely with the chemicals that are used in the workplace. Today’s class will discuss the chemicals in the workplace, how to determine chemical hazards, and how to protect yourself from those hazards.

Hazard Communication Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Central Plant Safety Training Presentations Presented by Bill Taylor
  • 2. Close Encounters with Chemicals
    • We encounter chemicals almost every day
      • Filling your vehicle with gasoline
      • Cleaning the bathroom
      • Applying pesticides or insecticides
      • Using solvents or acids at work
    • Many chemicals can cause injury or illness if not handled properly.
  • 3. Hazard Communication ‘Goals’
    • Right to Know chemical hazards
    • PPE, first aid, spills/leaks
    • Labels, Material Safety Data sheets
  • 4. Right to Know
    • OSHA created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure your safety when working with hazardous chemicals.
    • You have a RIGHT TO KNOW about the hazardous chemicals you use on the job and how to work safely with those chemicals.
  • 5. Hazard Communication Standard
    • Chemical manufacturers must :
    • Determine a chemical’s hazards
    • Provide labels and MSDSs
    • Employers must :
    • Provide a hazard communication program
    • Maintain MSDSs
    • Train on hazardous materials
  • 6. HazCom Standard (cont.)
    • Employees must :
    • Read labels and MSDSs
    • Follow employer instructions and warnings
    • Identify hazards before starting a job
    • Participate in training
  • 7. Chemical Hazards
    • Physical Hazards :
    • Flammable
    • Explosive
    • Reactive
    • Health Hazards :
    • Corrosive
    • Toxic
  • 8. Routes of Entry
    • Skin and eye contact
    • Inhalation
    • Swallowing
    • Penetration (skin absorption)
  • 9. Hazard Communication ‘Goals’
    • Right to know and chemical hazards
    • PPE, first-aid, and spills/leaks
    • Labels and MSDS
  • 10. Personal Protective Equipment
    • Dust masks and respirators
    • Glasses, goggles, and face shields
    • Hearing protection
    • Gloves
    • Foot protection
    • Head protection
    • Aprons or full-body suits
  • 11. Hazardous Materials First Aid
    • Eyes: Flush with water for 15 minutes
    • Skin: Wash with soap and water
    • Inhalation: Move to fresh air
    • Swallowing: Get emergency medical assistance
  • 12. Spills and Leaks
    • Evacuate the area
    • Notify a supervisor or the emergency response team
    • Remove ignition sources (if safe to do so)
    • Stay away
  • 13. Importance of Labels
    • The identity of the chemical
    • Name, address, emergency phone number of manufacturer
    • Physical and health hazards
    • Special handling instructions
    • Basic PPE recommendations
    • First aid, fire response, spill cleanup
  • 14. NFPA Labeling Systems
    • NFPA = National Fire Protection Association
    • Blue = Health
    • Red = Flammability
    • Yellow = Reactivity
    • White = Other hazards or special handling = Other hazards or Special handling
    • Scale: 0 (No Hazard) to 4 (Extreme Hazard)
  • 15. 4-Severe, 3-Serious, 2, Dangerous 1-Minor, 0-None / Negligible Health Hazard Fire Hazard 4 Deadly Flash Points 3 Extreme Danger 4 Below 73 F 2 Hazardous 3 Below 100F 1 Slightly Hazardous 2 Above 100 F not 0 Normal Material exceeding 200 F 1 Above 200 F 0 Will not Burn Specific Hazard Reactivity ACID = acid 4 May detonate ALK = Alkali 3 Shock & heat may COR = Corrosive Detonate W = use no water 2 Violent Chemical Change 1 Unstable, if heated 4 4 4 NFPA 704 System
  • 16. Other Label Warnings
    • The identity of the chemical
    • Name, address, emergency phone number of manufacturer
    • Physical and health hazards
    • Special handling instructions
    • Basic PPE recommendations
    • First aid, fire response, spill cleanup
  • 17. Material Safety Data Sheets
    • Chemical and manufacturer identity
    • Hazardous ingredients
    • Physical and chemical characteristics
    • Fire, explosion, and reactivity
  • 18. Material Safety Data Sheets (cont.)
    • Health hazards
      • Routes of entry
      • Exposure levels (PEL or TLV)
      • Symptoms of exposure
      • First-Aid and emergency information
  • 19. Material Safety Data Sheets (cont.)
    • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    • Safe handling and storage
    • Spills and leaks
    • Compliance issues
  • 20. Hazard Communication Goals
    • Right to Know and Chemical Hazards
    • PPE, First aid, and Spills/leaks
    • Labels and Material safety data sheets
  • 21. Hazard Communication Summary
    • Identify chemical hazards by reading labels and MSDSs
    • Follow warnings and instructions, or ask your supervisor if in doubt
    • Use the correct personal protective equipment
    • Practice sensible, safe work habits
    • Learn emergency procedures