Bloodborne Pathogens


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Safety presentation on Bloodborne Pathogens

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  • Bloodborne Pathogens

    1. 1. Bloodborne Pathogens Presented by Bill Taylor
    2. 2. Bloodborne Pathogens Training <ul><li>29 CFR 1910.1300 is the OSHA regulation for occupational exposure to blood or other possibly infectious materials. </li></ul><ul><li>All employees who can be reasonably expected to be occupationally exposed must be provided with training. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Bloodborne Pathogens <ul><li>Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne pathogens are disease causing microorganisms that may be present in human blood. They may be transmitted with any exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material. Treat all blood and body fluids as potentially infectious </li></ul>
    4. 4. Who Has or Caries BBP <ul><li>All types of people have potentially dangerous viruses </li></ul><ul><li>300,000 people are infected with Hepatitis annually </li></ul><ul><li>35,000 are infected with HIV </li></ul>
    5. 5. Hepatitis and HIV <ul><li>Of the many different Bloodborne Pathogens we will discuss two of the more talked about types. </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis and </li></ul><ul><li>HIV </li></ul>
    6. 6. Hepatitis B Facts <ul><li>200 out of 8700 health care workers contracting Hepatitis B yearly will die. </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis can survive on surfaces at room temperature for several days and in dried blood for up to a week. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a vaccine for HBV but there is no cure . </li></ul>
    7. 7. Symptoms of Hepatitis B <ul><li>Your eyes or skin may turn yellow. </li></ul><ul><li>You may lose your appetite. </li></ul><ul><li>You may have nausea. vomiting, fever, stomach or joint pain. </li></ul><ul><li>You may feel extremely tired and not be able to work for weeks or months. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Hepatitis C <ul><li>Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is found in the blood of persons who have this disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Most persons who get hepatitis C carry the virus for the rest of their lives. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Human Immunodeficiency Virus <ul><li>281,931 individuals were living with HIV/AID in 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>An average of 35,000 people are estimated to become infected each year. </li></ul><ul><li>While treatment techniques are improving, there is no cure or preventative vaccine for HIV. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Human Immunodeficiency Virus <ul><li>Unlike HBV, HIV typically lasts less than 2 hours outside the human body. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of HIV infection can vary, but often include weakness, fever, sore throat, nausea, headaches, diarrhea, a white coating on the tongue, weight loss, and swollen lymph glands. </li></ul>
    11. 11. HIV Modes of Transmission <ul><li>Sexual Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of hypodermic needles </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass, or other sharps </li></ul><ul><li>Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids </li></ul><ul><li>Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids </li></ul>
    12. 12. Occupational Exposures <ul><li>In most work or laboratory situations, transmission is most likely to occur because of </li></ul><ul><li>accidental puncture from contaminated needles, </li></ul><ul><li>broken glass, or other sharps; </li></ul><ul><li>contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids; or </li></ul><ul><li>contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Universal Precautions <ul><li>Use PPE </li></ul><ul><li>Decontaminate and clean-up appropriately </li></ul><ul><li>Dispose of of contaminated items correctly </li></ul>Treat ALL blood and potentially infectious body fluids as if they are infectious.
    14. 14. Personal Protective Equipment <ul><li>Latex gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Masks </li></ul><ul><li>Aprons, Gowns, or Tyvek suits </li></ul><ul><li>Face shields </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever you need to wear a face mask, you must also wear eye protection </li></ul>Personal protective Equipment should prevent blood or other possible infectious material from contaminating work clothes, street clothes, undergarments, skin, eyes, mouth, or other mucous membranes.
    15. 15. Personal Protective Equipment <ul><li>Always wear personal protective equipment in exposure situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove PPE that is torn or punctured, or has lost its ability to function as a barrier to bloodborne pathogens. </li></ul><ul><li>Replace PPE that is torn or punctured. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove PPE before leaving the work area. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Hygiene <ul><li>Avoid harsh or abrasive soaps. </li></ul><ul><li>If washing facilities are not available, use waterless hand sanitizer. </li></ul>Any exposed skin should be washed thoroughly as soon as possible. Hand washing is considered to be the most effective method of preventing transmission of BBPs
    17. 17. Hygiene <ul><li>If you are working in an area where there is reasonable likelihood of exposure, you should never eat, drink, smoke, apply cosmetics or lip balm, or handle contact lenses. </li></ul><ul><li>No food or drink should be kept in refrigerators, freezers, shelves, cabinets, or on counter tops where blood or potentially infectious materials are present. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Decontamination <ul><li>All spills of blood must be cleaned up appropriately using Universal Precautions. </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbent materials such as paper towels can be used to soak up spills. </li></ul><ul><li>A 10% bleach solution will effectively decontaminate surfaces but should remain on the surface for approximately 10 minutes. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Waste Disposal <ul><li>Contaminated wastes should NEVER be disposed of in a regular trash can. </li></ul><ul><li>Dispose of contaminated paper or cloth in a labeled Bio-Hazard bag. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Waste Disposal <ul><li>Glassware that has been decontaminated may be disposed of in an appropriate sharps container. </li></ul><ul><li>Broken glassware should not be picked up directly with the hands. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Emergency Procedures <ul><li>If you are exposed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t panic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wash the area thoroughly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flush mucous membranes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report the exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your risk of contracting disease is very low. </li></ul>