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Belief System

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When you remember me, it means that you have carried something of who I am with you, that I have left some mark of who I am on who you are. It means that you can summon me back to your memory even ...

When you remember me, it means that you have carried something of who I am with you, that I have left some mark of who I am on who you are. It means that you can summon me back to your memory even though countless years and miles may stand between us. It means that if we meet again, you will know me. It means that even after I die, you can still see my face and remember my voice and speak to me in your heart, for as long as you remember me, I am never entirely lost. if you forget me, part of who I am will be gone from your memory.

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Belief System Belief System Document Transcript

  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFUL BELIEF SYSTEMTHE BELIEVERS, MEN AND WOMEN, ARE PROTECTORS ONE OFANOTHER: THEY ENJOIN WHAT IS JUST AND FORBID WHAT IS EVIL:THEY OBSERVE REGULAR PRAYERS, PRACTICE REGULAR CHARITY ANDOBEY ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER. ON THEM WILL ALLAH POUR HISMERCY: FOR ALLAH IS EXALTED IN POWER, WISE. (THE NOBLE QURAN9:71) THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFUL ABOUT ALLAHATTRIBUTES OF ALLAHTHERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH, THE LIVING, THE SELF-SUBSISTING,ETERNAL. NO SLUMBER CAN SEIZE HIM. HE IS EVER AWAKE. (II. 255).NO VISION CAN GRASP HIM, BUT HIS GRASP IS OVER ALL VISION. HE IS ABOVE ALLCOMPREHENSION. (VI. 103).SUCH IS HE, THE KNOWER OF ALL THINGS, HIDDEN AND OPEN, THE EXALTED, THE MERCIFUL.(XXXII. 6).IT IS ALLAH WHO FORGIVES SINS, ACCEPTS REPENTANCE, IS STRICT IN PUNISHMENT ANDHAS A LONG REACH IN ALL THINGS. THERE IS NO ALLAH BUT HE, TO HIM IS THE FINAL GOAL.(XL. 3).IT IS HE WHO IS ALLAH IN HEAVEN AND ALLAH IN EARTH, HE IS FULL OF WISDOM ANDKNOWLEDGE. TO HIM BELONGS THE DOMINIONS OF THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH AND ALLBETWEEN THEM. WITH HIM IS THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE HOUR OF JUDGEMENT AND TO HIMYOU SHALL ALL BE BROUGHT BACK (XLIII. 84-85).IT IS HE WHO GIVES LIFE AND DEATH. HE HAS POWER OVER ALL THINGS. HE IS THE FIRSTAND THE LAST, THE EVIDENT AND THE IMMANENT. HE HAS FULL KNOWLEDGE OF ALL THINGS.(LW. 23).ALLAH IS HE THAN WHOM THERE IS NO OTHER GOD. HE KNOWS ALL THINGS, BOTH SECRETAND OPEN. HE IS MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL. (LIX. 22).ALLAH IS HE THAN WHOM THERE IS NO OTHER GOD, THE SOVEREIGN, THE HOLY ONE, THESOURCE OF PEACE AND PERFECTION, THE GUARDIAN OF FAITH, THE PRESERVER OF SAFETY,THE EXALTED, THE MIGHTY, THE IRRESISTIBLE, THE SUPREME, ABOVE ALL PARTNERS (LIX.23).HE IS ALLAH THE CREATOR, THE EVOLVER, THE BESTOWER OF FORMS. TO HIM BELONG THEMOST BEAUTIFUL NAMES. (LIX. 24).HE IS ALLAH THE ONE AND ONLY, ALLAH THE ETERNAL, ABSOLUTE. HE BEGETS NOT, NOR ISHE BEGOTTEN, AND THERE IS NONE LIKE HIM. (CXII. 14).ALLAH-MOST BEAUTIFUL NAMESMOST BEAUTIFUL NAMES BELONG TO ALLAH AND THE BELIEVERS ARE ENJOINED TO CALLUPON ALLAH BY SUCH BEAUTIFUL NAMES - ASMA-UL-HUSNA. ACCORDING TO TRADITIONSTHERE ARE 99 BEAUTIFUL NAMES OF ALLAH.THE MOST BEAUTIFUL NAMES BELONG TO GOD. SO CALL HIM BY SUCH NAMES, BUT SHUNSUCH MEN WHO REFER TO HIM WITH PROFANITY. WHAT YOU DO WOULD BE REQUITED. (W.180). THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULCALL UPON ALLAH. CALL UPON RAHMAN. BY WHATEVER BEAUTIFUL NAME YOU CALL UPON HIMIT IS WELL, FOR TO HIM BELONG THE MOST BEAUTIFUL NAMES. (XW. 110).ALLAH; THERE IS NO GOD BUT HE. TO HIM BELONGS THE MOST BEAUTIFUL NAMES. (XX. 8).HE IS ALLAH THE CREATOR, THE EVOLVER, THE BESTOWER. TO HIM BELONG THE MEETBEAUTIFUL NAMES. (LIX. 24).ALLAH-THE OMNISCIENTONE OF THE ATTRIBUTES OF ALLAH IS THAT HE IS OMNISCIENT. HE HAS PERFECTKNOWLEDGE OF ALL THINGS HIDDEN OR OPEN.OF ALL THINGS ALLAH HAS PERFECT KNOWLEDGE. (II. 29).ALLAH KNOWS THE SECRETS OF HEAVEN AND EARTH, AND HE KNOWS WHAT YOU REVEALAND WHAT YOU CONCEAL. (II. 33).DO NOT CONCEAL EVIDENCE FOR ALLAH KNOWS ALL THAT YOU DO (II. 283).WHETHER YOU SHOW WHAT IS IN YOUR MIND OR CONCEAL IT, ALLAH IS WELL AWARE OFTHAT AND WILL CALL YOU TO, ACCOUNT THEREFOR. (II. 284).FROM ALLAH VERILY, NOTHING IS HIDDEN ON EARTH OR IN THE HEAVENS. (III.5).WHATEVER YOU HIDE WHAT IS IN YOUR HEARTS OR REVEAL IT, ALLAH KNOWS IT ALL. HEKNOWS WHAT IS IN THE HEAVENS AND WHAT IS ON EARTH. (III. 29).ALLAH KNOWS WELL ALL THE SECRETS OF THE HEART.(II.119).ALLAH KNOWS WHAT YOU HIDE AND WHAT YOU REVEAL AND HE KNOWS THE RECOMPENSEWHICH YOU EARN BY YOUR DEEDS. (VI. 3).WITH ALLAH ARE THE KEYS OF THE UNSEEN TREASURES THAT NONE KNOW BUT HE. HEKNOWS WHATEVER THERE IS ON THE EARTH AND IN THE SEA. NOT A LEAF FALLS BUT WITHHIS KNOWLEDGE. THERE IS NOT A GRAIN IN THE DARKNESS OF THE EARTH NOR ANYTHINGFRESH OR DRY OF WHICH HE DOES NOT HAVE KNOWLEDGE. (VI. 59).IT IS HE WHO TAKES YOUR SOULS BY NIGHT AND HAS KNOWLEDGE OF ALL THAT YOU HAVEDONE BY DAY. (VL. 60).ALLAH KNOWS WHAT YOU KEEP SECRET AND WHAT YOU MAKE KNOWN. HE IS THE WISE,WELL AWARE OF ALL THINGS. (VL. 73).ALLAH KNOWS BEST WHO STRAY FROM HIS WAY. HE KNOWS BEST WHO THEY ARE THATRECEIVE HIS GUIDANCE. (VI. 117).ALLAH KNOWS WHAT EVERY FEMALE WOMB BEARS, BY HOW MUCH THE WOMBS FALL SHORTOF THEIR TIME. EVERY SINGLE THING IS BEFORE HIS SIGHT. (XIII. 8).ALLAH KNOWS THE UNSEEN AND THE SEEN. (XIII. 9). THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIT IS THE SAME TO HIM WHETHER ANY OF YOU CONCEAL HIS SPEECH OR DECLARE IT OPENLY,WHETHER HE LIES HIDDEN BY NIGHT, OR WALKS FORTH FREELY BY DAY. (XIII.10).UNDOUBTEDLY ALLAH KNOWS WHAT THEY CONCEAL AND WHAT THEY REVEAL. (XVI. 23).VERILY THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE HOUR IS WITH ALLAH ALONE. IT IS HE WHO SENDS DOWNRAIN, AND IT IS HE WHO KNOWS WHAT IS IN THE WOMB. NOR DOES ANY ONE KNOW WHATIT IS THAT HE WILL EARN ON THE MORROW. NOR DOES ANY ONE KNOW IN WHAT LAND HE ISTO DIE. VERILY WITH ALLAH IS FULL KNOWLEDGE AND HE IS ACQUAINTED WITH ALL THINGS.[XXI. 34).HE KNOWS ALL THAT GOES INTO THE EARTH AND ALL THAT COMES OUT THEREOF; ALL THATCOMES DOWN FROM THE SKY AND ALL THAT ASCENDS THERETO, (XXXN. 2).ALLAH KNOWS WELL THE SECRET OF ALL HEARTS. (LXIV. 4).ALLAH-THE PLANNERWHEN THE QURAISH OF MECCA CAME TO KNOW THAT THE HOLY PROPHET AND HISFOLLOWERS WERE PLANNING MIGRATION TO MADINAH, THEY HELD A COUNSEL OF WAR ANDHIT UPON A PLAN. ACCORDING TO THE PLAN, EACH SECTION OF THE QURAISH PICKED OUTITS BRAVEST YOUNG MEN. THE YOUNG MEN FROM ALL THE SECTIONS WERE TO SURROUNDTHE HOUSE OF THE HOLY PROPHET BY NIGHT. THE PLAN WAS THAT WHEN THE HOLY PROPHETCAME OUT OF THE HOUSE IN THE MORNING, ALL THE YOUNG MEN WERE TO FALL ON THEHOLY PROPHET AND KILL HIM.ALLAH REVEALED THE PLOT TO THE HOLY PROPHET. THE HOLY PROPHET LEFT ALI IN HIS BED,AND HIMSELF ESCAPED ALONG WITH ABU BAKR, AND SOUGHT SHELTER IN A CAVE IN MT.THAUR OUTSIDE MECCA. THIS EVENT IS REFERRED TO IN SURA VIII.AND REMEMBER WHEN THE DISBELIEVERS MADE THEIR PLAN TO CONFINE YOU, OR KILL YOU,OR EXPEL YOU, THEY MADE THEIR PLANS AND ALLAH MADE HIS PLAN, AND ALLAH IS THEBEST OF PLANNERS. (VIII. 30). WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT ISLAMTHE ISLAM THAT WAS REVEALED TO MUHAMMED (PBUH), IS THE CONTINUATION ANDCULMINATION OF ALL THE PRECEDING REVEALED RELIGIONS AND HENCE IT IS FOR ALL TIMESAND ALL PEOPLES. THIS STATUS OF ISLAM IS SUSTAINED BY GLARING FACTS. FIRSTLY,THERE IS NO OTHER REVEALED BOOK EXTENT IN THE SAME FORM AND CONTENT AS IT WASREVEALED. SECONDLY, NO OTHER REVEALED RELIGION HAS ANY CONVINCING CLAIM TOPROVIDE GUIDANCE IN ALL WALKS OF HUMAN LIFE FOR ALL TIMES. BUT ISLAM ADDRESSESHUMANITY AT LARGE AND OFFERS BASIC GUIDANCE REGARDING ALL HUMAN PROBLEMS.MOREOVER, IT HAS WITHSTOOD THE TEST OF FOURTEEN HUNDRED YEARS AND HAS ALL THEPOTENTIALITIES OF ESTABLISHING AN IDEAL SOCIETY AS IT DID UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OFTHE LAST PROPHET MUHAMMED (PBUH).IT WAS A MIRACLE THAT PROPHET MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) COULD WIN EVEN HIS TOUGHESTENEMIES TO THE FOLD OF ISLAM WITHOUT ADEQUATE MATERIAL RESOURCES. WORSHIPPERSOF IDOLS, BLIND FOLLOWERS OF THE WAYS OF FOREFATHERS PROMOTERS OF TRIBAL FEUDS, THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULABUSERS OF HUMAN DIGNITY AND BLOOD, BECAME THE MOST DISCIPLINED NATION UNDERTHE GUIDANCE OF ISLAM AND ITS PROPHET (P.B.U.H.). ISLAM OPENED BEFORE THEM VISTASOF SPIRITUAL HEIGHTS AND HUMAN DIGNITY BY DECLARING RIGHTEOUSNESS AS THE SOLECRITERION OF MERIT AND HONOUR. ISLAM SHAPED THEIR SOCIAL, CULTURAL, MORAL ANDCOMMERCIAL LIFE WITH BASIC LAWS AND PRINCIPLES WHICH ARE MOST IN CONFORMITYWITH HUMAN NATURE AND HENCE APPLICABLE IN ALL TIMES AS HUMAN NATURE DOES NOTCHANGE.IT IS SO UNFORTUNATE THAT THE CHRISTIAN WEST INSTEAD OF SINCERELY TRYING TOUNDERSTAND THE PHENOMENAL SUCCESS OF ISLAM DURING ITS EARLIER TIME, CONSIDEREDIT AS A RIVAL RELIGION. DURING THE CENTURIES OF THE CRUSADES THIS TREND GAINEDMUCH FORCE AND IMPETUS AND HUGE LITERATURE WAS PRODUCED TO TARNISH THE IMAGEOF ISLAM. BUT ISLAM HAS BEGUN TO UNFOLD ITS GENUINENESS TO THE MODERNSCHOLARS WHOSE BOLD AND OBJECTIVE OBSERVATIONS ON ISLAM BELIE ALL THE CHARGESLEVELLED AGAINST IT BY THE SO-CALLED UNBIASED ORIENTALISTS.HERE WE FURNISH SOME OBSERVATIONS ON ISLAM BY GREAT AND ACKNOWLEDGED NON-MUSLIM SCHOLARS OF MODERN TIME. TRUTH NEEDS NO ADVOCATES TO PLEAD ON ITSBEHALF. BUT THE PROLONGED MALICIOUS PROPAGANDA AGAINST ISLAM HAS CREATEDGREAT CONFUSION EVEN IN THE MINDS OF FREE AND OBJECTIVE THINKERS.WE HOPE THAT THE FOLLOWING OBSERVATIONS WOULD CONTRIBUTE TO INITIATING ANOBJECTIVE EVALUATION OF ISLAM.IT (ISLAM) REPLACED MONKISHNESS BY MANLINESS. IT GIVES HOPE TO THE SLAVE,BROTHERHOOD TO MANKIND, AND RECOGNITION OF THE FUNDAMENTAL FACTS OF HUMANNATURE.CANON TAYLOR, PAPER READ BEFORE THE CHURCH CONGRESS AT WALVERHAMTON, OCT. 7,1887, QUOTED BY ARNOND IN THE PREACHING OF ISLAM, P.P. 71-72.SENSE OF JUSTICE IS ONE OF THE MOST WONDERFUL IDEALS OF ISLAM, BECAUSE AS I READIN THE QURAN I FIND THOSE DYNAMIC PRINCIPLES OF LIFE, NOT MYSTIC BUT PRACTICALETHICS FOR THE DAILY CONDUCT OF LIFE SUITED TO THE WHOLE WORLD.SARONJINI NAIDU, LECTURES ON "THE IDEALS OF ISLAM" SEE SPEECHES AND WRITINGS OFSAROJINI NAIDU, MADRAS, 1918, P. 167.HISTORY MAKES IT CLEAR HOWEVER, THAT THE LEGEND OF FANATICAL MUSLIMS SWEEPINGTHROUGH THE WORLD AND FORCING ISLAM AT THE POINT OF THE SWORD UPON CONQUEREDRACES IS ONE OF THE MOST FANTASTICALLY ABSURD MYTHS THAT HISTORIANS HAVE EVERREPEATED.DE LACY OLEARY, ISLAM AT THE CROSSROADS, LONDON, 1923 P.8.BUT ISLAM HAS A STILL FURTHER SERVICE TO RENDER TO THE CAUSE OF HUMANITY. ITSTANDS AFTER ALL NEARER TO THE REAL EAST THAN EUROPE DOES, AND IT POSSESSES AMAGNIFICENT TRADITION OF INTER-RACIAL UNDERSTANDING AND CO-OPERATION. NOOTHER SOCIETY HAS SUCH A RECORD OF SUCCESS IN UNITING IN AN EQUALITY OF STATUS,OF OPPORTUNITY, AND OF ENDEAVOURS SO MANY AND SO VARIOUS RACES OF MANKIND...ISLAM HAS STILL THE POWER TO RECONCILE APPARENTLY IRRECONCILABLE ELEMENTS OF THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULRACE AND TRADITION. IF EVER THE OPPOSITION OF THE GREAT SOCIETIES OF EAST ANDWEST IS TO BE REPLACED BY CUPERTINO, THE MEDIATION OF ISLAM IS AN INDISPENSABLECONDITION. IN ITS HANDS LIES VERY LARGELY THE SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM WITHWHICH EUROPE IS FACED IN ITS RELATION WITH THE EAST. IF THEY UNITE, THE HOPE OF APEACEFUL ISSUE IS IMMEASURABLY ENHANCED. BUT IF EUROPE, BY REJECTING THECUPERTINO OF ISLAM, THROWS IT INTO THE ARMS OF ITS RIVALS, THE ISSUE CAN ONLY BEDISASTROUS FOR BOTH.H.A.R. GIBB, WHITHER ISLAM, LONDON, 1932, P. 379I HAVE ALWAYS HELD THE RELIGION OF MUHAMMED IN HIGH ESTIMATION BECAUSE OF ITSWONDERFUL VITALITY. IT IS THE ONLY RELIGION WHICH APPEARS TO ME TO POSSESS THATASSIMILATING CAPACITY TO THE CHANGING PHASE OF EXISTENCE WHICH CAN MAKE ITSELFAPPEAL TO EVERY AGE. I HAVE STUDIED HIM - THE WONDERFUL MAN AND IN MY OPINIONFAR FROM BEING AN ANTI-CHRIST, HE MUST BE CALLED THE SAVIOUR OF HUMANITY. IBELIEVE THAT IF A MAN LIKE HIM WERE TO ASSUME THE DICTATORSHIP OF THE MODERNWORLD, HE WOULD SUCCEED IN SOLVING ITS PROBLEMS IN A WAY THAT WOULD BRING ITTHE MUCH NEEDED PEACE AND HAPPINESS: I HAVE PROPHESIED ABOUT THE FAITH OFMUHAMMED THAT IT WOULD BE ACCEPTABLE TO THE EUROPE OF TOMORROW AS IT ISBEGINNING TO BE ACCEPTABLE TO THE EUROPE OF TODAY.G. B. SHAW, THE GENUINE ISLAM, VOL. 1, NO. 81936THE EXTINCTION OF RACE CONSCIOUSNESS AS BETWEEN MUSLIMS IS ONE OF THEOUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTS OF ISLAM AND IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD THERE IS, ASIT HAPPENS, A CRYING NEED FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THIS ISLAMIC VIRTUE.A.J. TOYNBEE, CIVILIZATION ON TRIAL, NEW YORK, 1948, P. 205.THE RISE OF ISLAM IS PERHAPS THE MOST AMAZING EVENT IN HUMAN HISTORY. SPRINGINGFROM A LAND AND PREVIOUSLY NEGLIGIBLE PEOPLE, ISLAM SPREAD WITHIN A CENTURYOVER HALF THE EARTH, SHATTERING GREAT EMPIRES, OVERTHROWING LONG-ESTABLISHEDRELIGIONS, REMOULDING THE SOULS OF RACES, AND BUILDING UP A WHOLE NEW WORLD -WORLD OF ISLAM.THE CLOSER WE EXAMINE THIS DEVELOPMENT THE MORE EXTRAORDINARY DOES IT APPEAR.THE OTHER GREAT RELIGIONS WON THEIR WAY SLOWLY, BY PAINFUL STRUGGLE AND FINALLYTRIUMPHED WITH THE AID OF POWERFUL MONARCHS CONVERTED TO THE NEW FAITH.CHRISTIANITY HAD ITS CONSTANTINE, BUDHISM ITS ASOKA, AND ZOROASTRIANISM ITSCYRUS, EACH LENDING TO HIS CHOSEN CULT THE MIGHTY FORCE OF SECULAR AUTHORITY,NOT SO ISLAM. ARISING IN A DESERT LAND SPARSELY INHABITED BY A NOMAD RACEPREVIOUSLY UNDISTINGUISHED IN HUMAN ANNALS. ISLAM RALLIED FORTH ON ITS GREATADVENTURE WITH THE SLENDEREST HUMAN BACKING AND AGAINST THE HEAVIES MATERIALODDS. YET ISLAM TRIUMPHED WITH SEEMINGLY MIRACULOUS EASE, AND A COUPLE OFGENERATIONS SAW THE FIERY CRESCENT BORNE VICTORIOUS FROM THE PYRENEES TO THEHIMALAYAS AND FROM THE DESERT OF CENTRAL ASIA TO THE DESERTS OF CENTRAL AFRICA..A. M. L. STODDARD, QUOTED IN ISLAM - THE RELIGION OF ALL PROPHETS, BEGUM BAWANIWAQF, KARACHI, PAKISTAN P. 56 THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULISLAM IS A RELIGION THAT IS ESSENTIALLY RATIONALISTIC IN THE WIDEST SENSE OF THISTERM CONSIDERED ETYMOLOGICALLY AND HISTORICALLY. THE DEFINITION OF RATIONALISMAS A SYSTEM THAT BASES RELIGIOUS BELIEFS ON PRINCIPLES FURNISHED BY THE REASONAPPLIES TO IT EXACTLY.. IT CANNOT BE DENIED THAT MANY DOCTRINES AND SYSTEMS OFTHEOLOGY AND ALSO MANY SUPERSTITIONS, FROM THE WORSHIP OF SAINTS TO THE USE OFROSARIES AND AMULETS, HAVE BECOME GRAFTED ON THE MAIN TRUNK OF MUSLIM CREED.BUT IN SPITE OF THE RICH DEVELOPMENT, IN EVERY SENSE OF THE TERM, OF THETEACHINGS OF THE PROPHET, THE QURAN HAS INVARIABLY KEPT ITS PLACE AS THEFUNDAMENTAL STARTING POINT, AND THE DOGMA OF UNITY OF GOD HAS ALWAYS BEENPROCLAIMED THEREIN WITH A GRANDEUR, A MAJESTY, AN INVARIABLE PURITY AND WITH ANOTE OF SURE CONVICTION, WHICH IT IS HARD TO FIND SURPASSED OUTSIDE THE PALE OFISLAM. THIS FIDELITY TO THE FUNDAMENTAL DOGMA OF THE RELIGION, THE ELEMENTALSIMPLICITY OF THE FORMULA IN WHICH IT IS ENUNCIATED, THE PROOF THAT IT GAINS FROMTHE FERVID CONVICTION OF THE MISSIONARIES WHO PROPAGATE IT, ARE SO MANY CAUSESTO EXPLAIN THE SUCCESS OF MUHAMMEDAN MISSIONARY EFFORTS. A CREED SO PRECISE,SO STRIPPED OF ALL THEOLOGICAL COMPLEXITIES AND CONSEQUENTLY SO ACCESSIBLE TOTHE ORDINARY UNDERSTANDING MIGHT BE EXPECTED TO POSSESS AND DOES INDEEDPOSSESS A MARVELLOUS POWER OF WINNING ITS WAY INTO THE CONSCIENCES OF MEN.EDWARD MONTET, "LA PROPAGANDE CHRETIENNE ET SES ADVERSARIES MUSULMANS" PARIS1890, QUOTED BY T. W. ARNOLD IN THE PREACHING OF ISLAM, LONDON 1913, PP. 413-414I AM NOT A MUSLIM IN THE USUAL SENSE, THOUGH I HOPE I AM A "MUSLIM" AS ONESURRENDERED TO GOD, BUT I BELIEVE THAT EMBEDDED IN THE QURAN AND OTHEREXPRESSIONS OF THE ISLAMIC VISION ARE VAST STORES OF DIVINE TRUTH FROM WHICH IAND OTHER OCCIDENTALS HAVE STILL MUCH TO LEARN, AND ISLAM IS CERTAINLY A STRONGCONTENDER FOR THE SUPPLYING OF THE BASIC FRAMEWORK OF THE ONE RELIGION OF THEFUTURE.W. MONTGOMERY WATT, ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY TODAY, LONDON 1983, P. IX. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT MUHAMMED (PBUH)DURING THE CENTURIES OF THE CRUSADES, ALL SORTS OF SLANDERS WERE INVENTEDAGAINST THE PROPHET MUHAMMED (PBUH). BUT WITH THE BIRTH OF THE MODERN AGE,MARKED WITH RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE AND FREEDOM OF THOUGHT, THERE HAS BEEN AGREAT CHANGE IN THE APPROACH OF WESTERN AUTHORS IN THEIR DELINEATION OF HISLIFE AND CHARACTER. THE VIEWS OF SOME NON-MUSLIM SCHOLARS REGARDING PROPHETMUHAMMED, GIVEN AT THE END, JUSTIFY THIS OPINION.BUT THE WEST HAS STILL TO GO A STEP FORWARD TO DISCOVER THE GREATEST REALITYABOUT MUHAMMED AND THAT IS HIS BEING THE TRUE AND THE LAST PROPHET OF GOD FORTHE WHOLE HUMANITY. IN SPITE OF ALL ITS OBJECTIVITY AND ENLIGHTENMENT THERE HASBEEN NO SINCERE AND OBJECTIVE ATTEMPT BY THE EAST TO UNDERSTAND THEPROPHETHOOD OF MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.). IT IS SO STRANGE THAT VERY GLOWING TRIBUTESARE PAID TO HIM FOR HIS INTEGRITY AND ACHIEVEMENT BUT HIS CLAIM OF BEING THEPROPHET OF GOD HAS BEEN REJECTED EXPLICITLY OR IMPLICITLY. IT IS HERE THAT ASEARCHING OF THE HEART IS REQUIRED, AND A REVIEW OF THE SO-CALLED OBJECTIVITY ISNEEDED. THE FOLLOWING GLARING FACTS FROM THE LIFE OF MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) HAVEBEEN FURNISHED TO FACILITATE AN UNBIASED, LOGICAL AND OBJECTIVE DECISIONREGARDING HIS PROPHETHOOD. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULUP TO THE AGE OF FORTY MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) WAS NOT KNOWN AS A STATESMAN, APREACHER OR AN ORATOR. HE WAS NEVER SEEN DISCUSSING THE PRINCIPLES OFMETAPHYSICS, ETHICS, LAW, POLITICS, ECONOMICS OR SOCIOLOGY. NO DOUBT HEPOSSESSED AN EXCELLENT CHARACTER, CHARMING MANNERS AND WAS HIGHLY CULTURED.YET THERE WAS NOTHING SO DEEPLY STRIKING AND SO RADICALLY EXTRAORDINARY IN HIMTHAT WOULD MAKE MEN EXPECT SOMETHING GREAT AND REVOLUTIONARY FROM HIM IN THEFUTURE. BUT WHEN HE CAME OUT OF THE CAVE OF HIRA WITH A NEW MESSAGE, HE WASCOMPLETELY TRANSFORMED. IS IT POSSIBLE FOR SUCH A PERSON OF THE ABOVE QUALITIESTO TURN ALL OF A SUDDEN AN IMPOSTOR AND CLAIM TO BE THE PROPHET OF ALLAH ANDINVITE ALL THE RAGE OF HIS PEOPLE? ONE MIGHT ASK: FOR WHAT REASON DID HE SUFFERALL THOSE HARDSHIPS? HIS PEOPLE OFFERED TO ACCEPT HIM AS THEIR KING AND TO LAYALL THE RICHES OF THE LAND AT HIS FEET IF ONLY HE WOULD LEAVE THE PREACHING OF HISRELIGION. BUT HE CHOSE TO REFUSE THEIR TEMPTING OFFERS AND GO ON PREACHING HISRELIGION SINGLE-HANDEDLY IN FACE OF ALL KINDS OF INSULTS, SOCIAL BOYCOTT ANDEVEN PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY HIS OWN PEOPLE. WAS IT NOT ONLY GODS SUPPORT AND HISFIRM WILL TO DISSEMINATE THE MESSAGE OF ALLAH AND HIS DEEP-ROOTED BELIEF THATULTIMATELY ISLAM WOULD EMERGE AS THE ONLY WAY OF LIFE FOR THE HUMANITY, THAT HESTOOD LIKE A MOUNTAIN IN THE FACE OF ALL OPPOSITIONS AND CONSPIRACIES TOELIMINATE HIM? FURTHERMORE. HAD HE COME WITH A DESIGN OF RIVALRY WITH THECHRISTIANS AND THE JEWS, WHY SHOULD HE HAVE MADE BELIEF IN JESUS CHRIST ANDMOSES AND OTHER PROPHETS OF GOD (PEACE BE UPON THEM), A BASIC REQUIREMENT OFFAITH WITHOUT WHICH NO ONE COULD BE A MUSLIM?IS IT NOT AN INCONTROVERTIBLE PROOF OF HIS PROPHETHOOD THAT IN SPITE OF BEINGUNLETTERED AND HAVING LED A VERY NORMAL AND QUIET LIFE FOR FORTY YEARS, WHEN HEBEGAN PREACHING HIS MESSAGE, ALL OF ARABIA STOOD IN AWE AND WONDER AND WASBEWITCHED BY HIS WONDERFUL ELOQUENCE AND ORATORY? IT WAS SO MATCHLESS THATTHE WHOLE LEGION OF ARAB POETS, PREACHERS AND ORATORS OF HIGHEST CALIBREFAILED TO BRING FORTH ITS EQUIVALENT. AND ABOVE ALL, HOW COULD HE THENPRONOUNCE TRUTHS OF A SCIENTIFIC NATURE CONTAINED IN THE QURAN THAT NO OTHERHUMAN-BEING COULD POSSIBLY HAVE DEVELOPED AT THAT TIME?LAST BUT NOT THE LEAST, WHY DID HE LEAD A HARD LIFE EVEN AFTER GAINING POWER ANDAUTHORITY? JUST PONDER OVER THE WORDS HE UTTERED WHILE DYING: "WE THECOMMUNITY OF THE PROPHETS ARE NOT INHERITED. WHATEVER WE LEAVE IS FOR CHARITY".AS A MATTER OF FACT MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) IS THE LAST LINK OF THE CHAIN OF PROPHETSSENT IN DIFFERENT LANDS AND TIMES SINCE THE VERY BEGINNING OF THE HUMAN LIFE ONTHIS PLANET.IF GREATNESS OF PURPOSE, SMALLNESS OF MEANS, AND ASTOUNDING RESULTS ARE THETHREE CRITERIA OF HUMAN GENIUS, WHO COULD DARE TO COMPARE ANY GREAT MAN INMODERN HISTORY WITH MUHAMMED? THE MOST FAMOUS MEN CREATED ARMS, LAWS ANDEMPIRES ONLY. THEY FOUNDED, IF ANYTHING AT ALL, NO MORE THAN MATERIAL POWERSWHICH OFTEN CRUMBLED AWAY BEFORE THEIR EYES. THIS MAN MOVED NOT ONLY ARMIES,LEGISLATIONS, EMPIRES, PEOPLES AND DYNASTIES, BUT MILLIONS OF MEN IN ONE-THIRD OFTHE THEN INHABITED WORLD; AND MORE THAN THAT, HE MOVED THE ALTARS, THE GODS,THE RELIGIONS, THE IDEAS, THE BELIEFS AND SOULS ..... HIS FORBEARANCE IN VICTORY,HIS AMBITION, WHICH WAS ENTIRELY DEVOTED TO ONE IDEA AND IN NO MANNER STRIVINGFOR AN EMPIRE; HIS ENDLESS PRAYERS, HIS MYSTIC CONVERSATIONS WITH GOD, HIS THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULDEATH AND HIS TRIUMPH AFTER DEATH; ALL THESE ATTEST NOT TO AN IMPORTANT BUT TOA FIRM CONVICTION WHICH GAVE HIM THE POWER TO RESTORE A DOGMA. THIS DOGMAWAS TWOFOLD, THE UNITY OF GOD AND THE IMMATERIALITY OF GOD; THE FORMER TELLINGWHAT GOD IS, THE LATTER TELLING WHAT GOD IS NOT; THE ONE OVERTHROWING FALSEGODS WITH THE SWORD, THE OTHER STARTING AN IDEA WITH THE WORDS.PHILOSOPHER, ORATOR, APOSTLE, LEGISLATOR, WARRIOR, CONQUEROR OF IDEAS,RESTORER OF RATIONAL DOGMAS, OF A CULT WITHOUT IMAGES; THE FOUNDER OF TWENTYTERRESTRIAL EMPIRES AND OF ONE SPIRITUAL EMPIRE, THAT IS MUHAMMED. AS REGARDSALL STANDARDS BY WHICH HUMAN GREATNESS MAY BE MEASURED, WE MANY WELL ASK, ISTHERE ANY MAN GREATER THAN HE?LAMARTINE, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, PARIS 1854 VOL II, PP. 276-77IT IS NOT THE PROPAGATION BUT THE PERMANENCY OF HIS RELIGION THAT DESERVES OURWONDER; THE SAME PURE AND PERFECT IMPRESSION WHICH HE ENGRAVED AT MECCA ANDMEDINA IS PRESERVED, AFTER THE REVOLUTIONS OF TWELVE CENTURIES BY THE INDIAN,THE AFRICAN AND THE TURKISH PROSELYTES OF THE KORAN... THE MAHOMEDANS HAVEUNIFORMLY WITHSTOOD THE TEMPTATION OF REDUCING THE OBJECT OF THEIR FAITH ANDDEVOTION TO A LEVEL WITH THE SENSES AND IMAGINATIONS OF MAN. I BELIEVE IN ONEGOD AND MAHOMET THE APOSTLE OF GOD, IS THE SIMPLE AND INVARIABLE PROFESSION OFISLAM. THE INTELLECTUAL IMAGE OF THE DEITY HAS NEVER BEEN DEGRADED BY ANYVISIBLE IDOL; THE HONOURS OF THE PROPHET HAVE NEVER TRANSGRESSED THE MEASUREOF HUMAN VIRTUE; AND HIS LIVING PRECEPTS HAVE RESTRAINED THE GRATITUDE OF HISDISCIPLES WITHIN THE BOUNDS OF REASON AND RELIGION.EDWARD GIBBON AND SIMON OCKLAY, HISTORY OF THE SARACEN EMPIRE, LONDON 1870, P.54.HE WAS CAESAR AND POPE IN ONE; BUT HE WAS POPE WITHOUT POPESPRETENSIONS, CAESAR WITHOUT THE LEGIONS OF CAESAR: WITHOUT A STANDINGARMY, WITHOUT A BODYGUARD, WITHOUT A PALACE, WITHOUT A FIXED REVENUE; IFEVER ANY MAN HAD THE RIGHT TO SAY THAT HE RULED BY THE RIGHT DIVINE, ITWAS MUHAMMED, FOR HE HAD ALL THE POWER WITHOUT ITS INSTRUMENTS ANDWITHOUT ITS SUPPORTS.BOSWORTH SMITH, MUHAMMED AND MUHAMMEDANISM, LONDON 1874, P. 92.IT IS IMPOSSIBLE FOR ANYONE WHO STUDIES THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF THE GREATPROPHET OF ARABIA, WHO KNOWS HOW HE TAUGHT AND HOW HE LIVED, TO FEEL ANYTHINGBUT REVERENCE FOR THAT MIGHTY PROPHET, ONE OF THE GREAT MESSENGERS OF THESUPREME. AND ALTHOUGH IN WHAT I PUT TO YOU I SHALL SAY MANY THINGS WHICH MAY BEFAMILIAR TO MANY, YET I MYSELF FEEL WHENEVER I RE-READ THEM, A NEW WAY OFADMIRATION, A NEW SENSE OF REVERENCE FOR THAT MIGHTY ARABIAN TEACHER.ANNIE BESANT, THE LIFE AND TEACHINGS OF MUHAMMED, MADRAS 1932, P. 4HIS READINESS TO UNDERGO PERSECUTION FOR HIS BELIEFS, THE HIGH MORAL CHARACTEROF THE MEN WHO BELIEVED IN HIM AND LOOKED UP TO HIM AS LEADER, AND THEGREATNESS OF HIS ULTIMATE ACHIEVEMENT - ALL ARGUE HIS FUNDAMENTAL INTEGRITY. TOSUPPOSE MUHAMMED AN IMPOSTOR RAISES MORE PROBLEMS THAN IT SOLVES. MOREOVER, THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULNONE OF THE GREAT FIGURES OF HISTORY IS SO POORLY APPRECIATED IN THE WEST ASMUHAMMED.W. MONTGOMERY, MUHAMMED AT MECCA, OXFORD, 1953, P. 52MUHAMMED, THE INSPIRED MAN WHO FOUNDED ISLAM, WAS BORN ABOUT A.D. 570 INTO ANARABIAN TRIBE THAT WORSHIPPED IDOLS. ORPHANED AT BIRTH, HE WAS ALWAYSPARTICULARLY SOLICITOUS OF THE POOR AND NEEDY, THE WIDOW AND THE ORPHAN, THESLAVE AND THE DOWNTRODDEN. AT TWENTY HE WAS ALREADY A SUCCESSFULBUSINESSMAN, AND SOON BECAME DIRECTOR OF CAMEL CARAVANS FOR A WEALTHY WIDOW.WHEN HE REACHED TWENTY-FIVE HIS EMPLOYER, RECOGNISING HIS MERIT, PROPOSEDMARRIAGE. EVEN THOUGH SHE WAS FIFTEEN YEARS OLDER, HE MARRIED HER, AND AS LONGAS SHE LIVED REMAINED A DEVOTED HUSBAND.LIKE ALMOST EVERY MAJOR PROPHET BEFORE HIM, MUHAMMED FOUGHT SHY OF SERVING ASTHE TRANSMITTER OF GODS WORD, SENSING HIS OWN INADEQUACY. BUT THE ANGELCOMMANDED READ. SO FAR AS WE KNOW, MUHAMMED WAS UNABLE TO READ OR WRITE,BUT HE BEGAN TO DICTATE THOSE INSPIRED WORDS WHICH WOULD SOON REVOLUTIONISEA LARGE SEGMENT OF THE EARTH: "THERE IS ONE GOD".IN ALL THINGS MUHAMMED WAS PROFOUNDLY PRACTICAL. WHEN HIS BELOVED SONIBRAHIM DIED, AN ECLIPSE OCCURRED, AND RUMOURS OF GODS PERSONAL CONDOLENCEQUICKLY AROSE. WHEREUPON MUHAMMED IS SAID TO HAVE ANNOUNCED, "AN ECLIPSE IS APHENOMENON OF NATURE. IT IS FOOLISH TO ATTRIBUTE SUCH THINGS TO THE DEATH ORBIRTH OF A HUMAN-BEING".AT MUHAMMEDS OWN DEATH AN ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO DEIFY HIM, BUT THE MAN WHOWAS TO BECOME HIS ADMINISTRATIVE SUCCESSOR KILLED THE HYSTERIA WITH ONE OF THENOBLEST SPEECHES IN RELIGIOUS HISTORY: IF THERE ARE ANY AMONG YOU WHOWORSHIPPED MUHAMMED, HE IS DEAD. BUT IF IT IS GOD YOU WORSHIPPED, HE LIVES FOREVER.JAMES A. MICHENER, "ISLAM: THE MISUNDERSTOOD RELIGION", IN THE READERS DIGEST(AMERICAN EDITION) FOR MAY, 1955, PP. 68-70.MY CHOICE OF MUHAMMED TO LEAD THE LIST OF THE WORLDS MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONSMAY SURPRISE SOME READERS AND MAY BE QUESTIONED BY OTHERS, BUT HE WAS THE ONLYMAN IN HISTORY WHO WAS SUPREMELY SUCCESSFUL ON BOTH THE RELIGIOUS AND SECULARLEVEL.MICHAEL H. HART, THE 100: A RANKING OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY,NEW YORK: HART PUBLISHING COMPANY, INC. 1978, P. 33. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT THE GLORIOUS QUR’ANHUMANITY HAS RECEIVED THE DIVINE GUIDANCE ONLY THROUGH TWO CHANNELS: FIRSTLYTHE WORD OF ALLAH, SECONDLY THE PROPHETS WHO WERE CHOSEN BY ALLAH TOCOMMUNICATE HIS WILL TO HUMAN-BEINGS. THESE TWO THINGS HAVE ALWAYS BEENGOING TOGETHER AND ATTEMPTS TO KNOW THE WILL OF ALLAH BY NEGLECTING EITHER OFTHESE TWO HAVE ALWAYS BEEN MISLEADING. THE HINDUS NEGLECTED THEIR PROPHETSAND PAID ALL ATTENTION TO THEIR BOOKS THAT PROVED ONLY WORD PUZZLES WHICH THEY THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULULTIMATELY LOST. SIMILARLY THE CHRISTIANS, IN TOTAL DISREGARD TO THE BOOK OFALLAH, ATTACHED ALL IMPORTANCE TO CHRIST AND THUS NOT ONLY ELEVATED HIM TODIVINITY, BUT ALSO LOST THE VERY ESSENCE OF TAWHEED (MONOTHEISM) CONTAINED INTHE BIBLE.AS A MATTER OF FACT THE MAIN SCRIPTURES REVEALED BEFORE THE QURAN I.E., THE OLDTESTAMENT AND THE GOSPEL, CAME INTO BOOK-FORM LONG AFTER THE DAYS OF THEPROPHETS AND THAT TOO IN TRANSLATION. THIS WAS BECAUSE THE FOLLOWERS OF MOSESAND JESUS MADE NO CONSIDERABLE EFFORTS TO PRESERVE THESE REVELATIONS DURINGTHE LIFE OF THEIR PROPHETS. RATHER THEY WERE WRITTEN LONG AFTER THEIR DEATH.THUS WHAT WE NOW HAVE IN THE FORM OF THE BIBLE (THE OLD AS WELL AS THE NEWTESTAMENT) IS TRANSLATIONS OF INDIVIDUALS ACCOUNTS OF THE ORIGINAL REVELATIONSWHICH CONTAIN ADDITIONS AND DELETIONS MADE BY THE FOLLOWERS OF THE SAIDPROPHETS. ON THE CONTRARY, THE LAST REVEALED BOOK, THE QURAN, IS EXTENT IN ITSORIGINAL FORM. ALLAH HIMSELF GUARANTEED ITS PRESERVATION AND THAT IS WHY THEWHOLE OF THE QURAN WAS WRITTEN DURING THE LIFE TIME OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMED(PBUH) HIMSELF THOUGH ON SEPARATE PIECES OF PALM LEAVES, PARCHMENTS, BONES ETC..MOREOVER, THERE WERE TENS OF THOUSANDS OF THE COMPANIONS OF THE PROPHET WHOMEMORISED THE WHOLE QURAN AND THE PROPHET HIMSELF USED TO RECITE IT TO THEANGEL GABRIEL ONCE A YEAR AND TWICE WHEN HE WAS ABOUT TO DIE. THEN THE FIRSTCALIPH, ABU BAKR ENTRUSTED THE COLLECTION OF THE WHOLE QURAN IN ONE VOLUME TOTHE PROPHETS SCRIBE, ZAID IBN THABIT. THIS VOLUME WAS WITH ABU BAKR TILL HISDEATH. THEN IT WAS WITH THE SECOND CALIPH UMAR AND AFTER HIM IT CAME TO HAFSA,THE PROPHETS WIFE. IT WAS FROM THIS ORIGINAL COPY THAT THE THIRD CALIPH UTHMANPREPARED SEVERAL OTHER COPIES AND SENT THEM TO DIFFERENT MUSLIM TERRITORIES.THE QURAN WAS SO METICULOUSLY PRESERVED BECAUSE IT WAS TO BE THE BOOK OFGUIDANCE FOR HUMANITY FOR ALL TIMES TO COME. THAT IS WHY IT DOES NOT ADDRESSTHE ARABS ALONE IN WHOSE LANGUAGE IT WAS REVEALED. IT SPEAKS TO MAN AS A HUMANBEING:"O MAN! WHAT HAS SEDUCED YOU FROM YOUR LORD". THE PRACTICABILITY OF THEQURANIC TEACHINGS IS ESTABLISHED BY THE EXAMPLES OF MUHAMMED (PBUH) AND THEGOOD MUSLIMS THROUGHOUT THE AGES. THE DISTINCTIVE APPROACH OF THE QURAN ISTHAT ITS INSTRUCTIONS ARE AIMED AT THE GENERAL WELFARE OF MAN AND ARE BASED ONTHE POSSIBILITIES WITHIN HIS REACH. IN ALL ITS DIMENSIONS THE QURANIC WISDOM ISCONCLUSIVE. IT NEITHER CONDEMNS NOR TORTURES THE FLESH NOR DOES IT NEGLECT THESOUL. IT DOES NOT HUMANISE GOD NOR DOES IT DEIFY MAN. EVERYTHING IS CAREFULLYPLACED WHERE IT BELONGS IN THE TOTAL SCHEME OF CREATION.ACTUALLY THE SCHOLARS WHO ALLEGE THAT MUHAMMED (PBUH) WAS THE AUTHOR OF THEQURAN CLAIM SOMETHING WHICH IS HUMANLY IMPOSSIBLE. COULD ANY PERSON OF THESIXTH CENTURY C.E. UTTER SUCH SCIENTIFIC TRUTHS AS THE QURAN CONTAINS? COULD HEDESCRIBE THE EVOLUTION OF THE EMBRYO INSIDE THE UTERUS SO ACCURATELY AS WE FINDIT IN MODERN SCIENCE?SECONDLY, IS IT LOGICAL TO BELIEVE THAT MUHAMMED (PBUH), WHO UP TO THE AGE OFFORTY WAS MARKED ONLY FOR HIS HONESTY AND INTEGRITY, BEGAN ALL OF A SUDDEN THEAUTHORSHIP OF A BOOK MATCHLESS IN LITERARY MERIT AND THE EQUIVALENT OF WHICHTHE WHOLE LEGION OF THE ARAB POETS AND ORATORS OF HIGHEST CALIBRE COULD NOTPRODUCE? AND LASTLY, IS IT JUSTIFIED TO SAY THAT MUHAMMED (PBUH) WHO WAS KNOWN THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULAS AL-AMEEN (THE TRUSTWORTHY) IN HIS SOCIETY AND WHO IS STILL ADMIRED BY THENON-MUSLIM SCHOLARS FOR HIS HONESTY AND INTEGRITY, CAME FORTH WITH A FALSECLAIM AND ON THAT FALSEHOOD COULD TRAIN THOUSANDS OF MEN OF CHARACTER,INTEGRITY AND HONESTY, WHO WERE ABLE TO ESTABLISH THE BEST HUMAN SOCIETY ONTHE SURFACE OF THE EARTH?SURELY, ANY SINCERE AND UNBIASED SEARCHER OF TRUTH WILL COME TO BELIEVE THATTHE QURAN IS THE REVEALED BOOK OF ALLAH.WITHOUT NECESSARILY AGREEING WITH ALL WHAT THEY SAID, WE FURNISH HERE SOMEOPINIONS OF IMPORTANT NON-MUSLIM SCHOLARS ABOUT THE QURAN. READERS CANEASILY SEE HOW THE MODERN WORLD IS COMING CLOSER TO REALITY REGARDING THEQURAN. WE APPEAL TO ALL OPEN-MINDED SCHOLARS TO STUDY THE QURAN IN THE LIGHTOF THE AFOREMENTIONED POINTS. WE ARE SURE THAT ANY SUCH ATTEMPT WILL CONVINCETHE READER THAT THE QURAN COULD NEVER BE WRITTEN BY ANY HUMAN BEING."HOWEVER OFTEN WE TURN TO IT [THE QURAN] AT FIRST DISGUSTING US EACH TIMEAFRESH, IT SOON ATTRACTS, ASTOUNDS, AND IN THE END ENFORCES OUR REVERENCE... ITSSTYLE, IN ACCORDANCE WITH ITS CONTENTS AND AIM IS STERN, GRAND, TERRIBLE - EVERAND ANON TRULY SUBLIME -- THUS THIS BOOK WILL GO ON EXERCISING THROUGH ALL AGESA MOST POTENT INFLUENCE."GOETHE, QUOTED IN T.P. HUGHES "DICTIONARY OF ISLAM", P. 526."THE KORAN ADMITTEDLY OCCUPIES AN IMPORTANT POSITION AMONG THE GREAT RELIGIOUSBOOKS OF THE WORLD. THOUGH THE YOUNGEST OF THE EPOCH-MAKING WORKS BELONGINGTO THIS CLASS OF LITERATURE, IT YIELDS TO HARDLY ANY IN THE WONDERFUL EFFECTWHICH IT HAS PRODUCED ON LARGE MASSES OF MEN. IT HAS CREATED AN ALL BUT NEWPHASE OF HUMAN THOUGHT AND A FRESH TYPE OF CHARACTER. IT FIRST TRANSFORMED ANUMBER OF HETEROGENEOUS DESERT TRIBES OF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA INTO A NATIONOF HEROES, AND THEN PROCEEDED TO CREATE THE VAST POLITICO-RELIGIOUSORGANISATIONS OF MUHAMMEDAN WORLD WHICH ARE ONE OF THE GREAT FORCES WITHWHICH EUROPE AND THE EAST HAVE TO RECKON TODAY."G. MARGOLIOUTH, INTRODUCTION TO J.M. RODWELLS, THE KORAN, NEW YORK: EVERYMANSLIBRARY, 1977. P. VII."A WORK, THEN, WHICH CALLS FORTH SO POWERFUL AND SEEMINGLY INCOMPATIBLEEMOTIONS EVEN IN THE DISTANT READER - DISTANT AS TO TIME, AND STILL MORE SO ASMENTAL DEVELOPMENT - A WORK WHICH NOT ONLY CONQUERS THE REPUGNANCE WHICH HEMAY BEGIN ITS PERUSAL, BUT CHANGES THIS ADVERSE FEELING INTO ASTONISHMENT ANDADMIRATION, SUCH A WORK MUST BE A WONDERFUL PRODUCTION OF THE HUMAN MINDINDEED AND A PROBLEM OF THE HIGHEST INTEREST TO EVERY THOUGHTFUL OBSERVER OFTHE DESTINIES OF MANKIND."DR STEINGASS, QUOTED IN T.P. HUGHES, DICTIONARY OF ISLAM, PP. 526-7."THE ABOVE OBSERVATION MAKES THE HYPOTHESIS ADVANCED BY THOSE WHO SEEMUHAMMED AS THE AUTHOR OF THE QURAN UNTENABLE. HOW COULD A MAN, FROM BEINGILLITERATE, BECOME THE MOST IMPORTANT AUTHOR, IN TERMS OF LITERARY MERITS, IN THEWHOLE OF ARABIC LITERATURE? HOW COULD HE THEN PRONOUNCE TRUTHS OF A THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULSCIENTIFIC NATURE THAT NO OTHER HUMAN-BEING COULD POSSIBLY HAVE DEVELOPED ATTHAT TIME, AND ALL THIS WITHOUT ONCE MAKING THE SLIGHTEST ERROR IN HISPRONOUNCEMENT ON THE SUBJECT?"MAURICE BUCAILLE, THE BIBLE, THE QURAN AND SCIENCE, 1978, P. 125."HERE, THEREFORE, ITS MERITS AS A LITERARY PRODUCTION SHOULD PERHAPS NOT BEMEASURED BY SOME PRECONCEIVED MAXIMS OF SUBJECTIVE AND AESTHETIC TASTE, BUT BYTHE EFFECTS WHICH IT PRODUCED IN MUHAMMEDS CONTEMPORARIES AND FELLOWCOUNTRYMEN. IF IT SPOKE SO POWERFULLY AND CONVINCINGLY TO THE HEARTS OF HISHEARERS AS TO WELD HITHERTO CENTRIFUGAL AND ANTAGONISTIC ELEMENTS INTO ONECOMPACT AND WELL ORGANISED BODY, ANIMATED BY IDEAS FAR BEYOND THOSE WHICH HADUNTIL NOW RULED THE ARABIAN MIND, THEN ITS ELOQUENCE WAS PERFECT, SIMPLYBECAUSE IT CREATED A CIVILISED NATION OUT OF SAVAGE TRIBES, AND SHOT A FRESHWOOF INTO THE OLD WARP OF HISTORY."DR. STEINGASS, QUOTED IN HUGES, DICTIONARY OF ISLAM, P. 528."IN MAKING THE PRESENT ATTEMPT TO IMPROVE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MYPREDECESSORS, AND TO PRODUCE SOMETHING WHICH MIGHT BE ACCEPTED AS ECHOINGHOWEVER FAINTLY THE SUBLIME RHETORIC OF THE ARABIC KORAN, I HAVE BEEN AT PAIN TOSTUDY THE INTRICATE AND RICHLY VARIED RHYTHMS WHICH - APART FROM THE MESSAGEITSELF - CONSTITUTE THE KORANS UNDENIABLE CLAIM TO RANK AMONGST THE GREATESTLITERARY MASTERPIECES OF MANKIND. THIS VERY CHARACTERISTIC FEATURE - THATINIMITABLE SYMPHONY, AS THE BELIEVING PICKTHALL DESCRIBED HIS HOLY BOOK, THEVERY SOUNDS OF WHICH MOVE MEN TO TEARS AND ECSTASY - HAS BEEN ALMOST TOTALLYIGNORED BY PREVIOUS TRANSLATORS; IT IS THEREFORE NOT SURPRISING THAT WHAT THEYHAVE WROUGHT SOUNDS DULL AND FLAT INDEED IN COMPARISON WITH THE SPLENDIDLYDECORATED ORIGINAL."ARTHUR J. ARBERRY, THE KORAN INTERPRETED, LONDON: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS,1964, P. X."A TOTALLY OBJECTIVE EXAMINATION OF IT [THE QURAN] IN THE LIGHT OF MODERNKNOWLEDGE, LEADS US TO RECOGNISE THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE TWO, AS HAS BEENALREADY NOTED ON REPEATED OCCASIONS. IT MAKES US DEEM IT QUITE UNTHINKABLE FORA MAN OF MUHAMMEDS TIME TO HAVE BEEN THE AUTHOR OF SUCH STATEMENTS, ONACCOUNT OF THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE IN HIS DAY. SUCH CONSIDERATIONS ARE PART OFWHAT GIVES THE QURANIC REVELATION ITS UNIQUE PLACE, AND FORCES THE IMPARTIALSCIENTISTS TO ADMIT HIS INABILITY TO PROVIDE AN EXPLANATION WHICH CALLS SOLELYUPON MATERIALISTIC REASONING."MAURICE BUCAILLE, THE QURAN AND MODERN SCIENCE, 1981, P. 18 RIGHTS OF ISLAMIC BROTHERHOODTHE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.), LIKE ALL EARLIER APOSTLES, WAS CHOSEN AND BESTOWEDWITH DIVINE FAITH AND HEAVENLY GUIDANCE. THOSE WHO RESPONDED TO HIS CALL BYACCEPTING HIS MESSAGE, NATURALLY, WENT TO FORM A SEPARATE COMMUNITY - WHICHCAME TO BE KNOWN AN "UMMAT-UM-MUSLIMAH THE ISLAMIC FRATERNITY ANDBROTHERHOOD. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULDURING THE PROPHETS LIFETIME, THE UMMAH SERVED AS HIS RIGHT HAND ASSISTING HIMIN THE PREACHING AND PROPAGATION OF THE ISLAMIC FAITH TO MANKIND. AFTER HISDEATH, THE UMMAH HAD TO FULFIL THIS SACRED MISSION, TILL THE END OF TIME, AS HIS"DEPUTY." THE FULFILMENT OF THIS RESPONSIBILITY NOT ONLY REQUIRES POSSESSION OFQUALITIES OF FIRM BELIEF, DEVOTION TO ALLAH ALMIGHTY, PIETY, RIGHTEOUSNESS,ENTHUSIASM ETC., BUT ALSO STRONG BOND OF UNITY AMONGST THE MEMBERS, OF THEUMMAH - WHERE THEIR HEARTS REMAIN UNITED AND THEY ACT LIKE A SINGLE BODY. THEYSHOULD BEHAVE LIKE A FRATERNITY, BOUND TOGETHER BY TIES OF RELIGIOUS SOLIDARITY,BROTHERLY LOVE AND KIND FEELINGS. IF, ON THE OTHER HAND, THE MUSLIMS WERE TO BEDIVIDED AMONG THEMSELVES, AND IF INSTEAD OF UNITY AND SOLIDARITY THERE IS ADISCORD AND DISUNITY, THEY CANNOT BE REGARDED AS WORTHY OF SUCH A TASK.DUE TO THIS VERY REASON, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) TOOK SPECIAL PAINS TO STRESS UPONTHE MEMBERS AND DIFFERENT CLASSES OF THE UMMAH (I.E. ALL MUSLIMS), THE NEED TOBEHAVE TOWARDS EACH OTHER AS BROTHERS- HELPING ONE ANOTHER FULFILLING THECLAIMS ARISING FROM THE COMMON BOND OF ISLAM. THIS EMPHASIS BY RASULULLAH(S.A.W.) WAS ALL THE MORE NECESSARY BECAUSE THE UMMAH INCLUDES PEOPLE FROMVARIOUS COUNTRIES, RACES, TRIBES AND SOCIAL RANKS, EACH WITH THEIR OWN ETHNIC,CULTURAL, LINGUISTIC OR TEMPERAMENTAL FEATURES.ISLAMIC UNITY ENLIKENED TO A STRONG BUILDINGIT IS RELATED BY ABU MOOSA ASHARI (R.A.) THAT THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (S.A.W.) SAID"THE CONNECTION BETWEEN MUSLIMS IS LIKE THAT OF A STRONG BUILDING - ONE PARTSTRENGTHENS ANOTHER." THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) THEN SHOWED THIS BY INTERLOCKING THEFINGERS OF ONE HAND WITH THOSE OF THE OTHER (THAT MUSLIMS SHOULD REMAIN UNITEDAND COMBINED - THEREBY STREGHTHENING ONE ANOTHER).IN THE ABOVE HADITH, BY ENLIKENING MUSLIM UNITY TO A STRONG BUILDING, THE HOLYPROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS IN EFFECT URGED THE UMMAH TO FORM A FORTRESS BY UNITINGWHERE EACH MUSLIM WILL BE A "BRICK" AND THE CLOSENESS AND COHERENCE AMONGSTMUSLIMS SHOULD BE LIKE THAT OF BRICKS IN A BUILDING. HE THEN DEMONSTRATED,INTERLOCKING THE FINGERS OF BOTH HANDS THAT THE MUSLIMS SHOULD REMAINTOGETHER AND BLEND INTO A SINGLE BODY.IN A HADITH, NARRATED BY NOMAN IBN BASHIR (R.A.) THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) IS REPORTEDTO HAVE SAID THAT "THE MUSLIMS(THE UMMAH) ARE LIKE THE LIMBS OF A MAN, WHERE IFTHE EYE HURTS THE WHOLE BODY FEELS PAIN AND IF THE HEAD HURTS, THE WHOLE BODYFEELS PAIN AND SUFFERING.THIS HADITH, ALSO SEEKS TO EMPHASISE THE DESIRED UNITY OF THE UMMAH. "ALL FORONE AND ONE FOR ALL" SHOULD BE THE MUSLIMS MOTTO. THEY SHOULD BE PREPARED TOASSIST ONE ANOTHER AND EVEN SHARE THE SORROWS AND PROBLEMS OF EACH OTHER. INFACT, IN YET AN OTHER HADITH MENTION IS MADE OF THE FACT THAT JUST AS IT ISNECESSARY FOR A BELIEVER(MUSLIM) TO BE LOYAL AND DEVOTED TO ALLAH, THE HOLYPROPHET (S.A.W.), THE HOLY QUR‟AN AND THE ISLAMIC GOVERNMENT; IT IS AN ESSENTIALCONDITION, FOR BEING A FAITHFUL BELIEVER, NOT TO REMAIN INDIFFERENT TO THEDIFFICULTIES AND PROBLEMS OF THE MUSLIMS BUT TO TAKE A GENUINE INTEREST IN THEM.AS RELATED BY HUZAIFAH (R.A.) THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "WHOEVER DOES NOT TAKE ANINTEREST IN THE AFFAIRS AND PROBLEMS OF THE MUSLIMS, HE IS NOT OF THEM. AND THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULWHOEVERS STATE IS SUCH THAT, EACH MORNING AND EVENING, HE IS NOT LOYAL ANDEARNEST TO ALLAH, HIS APOSTLE, HIS BOOK, THE ISLAMIC RULER AND TOWARDS THEMUSLIMS, AS A WHOLE, HE IS NOT OF THEM. THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) WAS SO STEMWITH REGARDS TO THE MUTUAL RELATIONSHIP OF MUSLIMS, THAT HE EVEN TOOK PLEDGESFOR BROTHERLY FEELING AND SINCERITY TOWARDS ALL MUSLIMS.IT IS RELATED BY JABIR IBN ABDULLAH (R.A.) THAT HE SAID "I HAD TAKEN A PLEDGE AT THEHAND OF RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) TO OBSERVE SALAAH (PRAYERS), TO PAY ZAKAAH (CHARITYDUE) AND TO BE A SINCERE WELL-WISHER OF EVERY MUSLIM." THE FACT THAT THE PROPHET(S.A.W.) TOOK THE PLEDGE OR PROMISE FROM THE COMPANIONS, FOR BEING A SINCEREWELL-WISHER OF THE MUSLIMS TOGETHER WITH THAT OF OBSERVING SWALAAH ANDZAKAAH WHICH ARE IMPORTANT PILLARS OF ISLAM - SHOWS THE IMPORTANCE ATTACHED BYHIM TO THE MATTER.SOME SPECIAL RIGHTS AND CLAIMSBESIDES THE GENERAL KIND TREATMENT, BROTHERLY LOVE ETC. TO BE EXTENDED TOFELLOW MUSLIMS, THERE ARE CERTAIN SPECIFIC RIGHTS AND CLAIMS TO BE FULFILLED.IT IS RELATED BY ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID, "THERE ARE FIVECLAIMS OF A MUSLIM UPON A MUSLIM: TO RETURN HIS GREETINGS WHEN HE GREETS; TOVISIT HIM WHEN HE FALLS ILL; TO ATTEND HIS FUNERAL; TO ACCEPT HIS INVITATION TO AMEAL AND TO PRAY FOR HIM, WHEN HE SNEEZES, BY SAYING YARHAMUKALLAH(MAY THEMERCY OF ALLAH BE ON YOU)."THE FIVE THINGS MENTIONED IN THE HADITH ARE ACTS WHICH NOT ONLY GIVE EXPRESSIONTO, BUT ALSO PROMOTE BROTHERLY FEELINGS BETWEEN MUSLIMS AND THEREFORE ASPECIAL ATTENTION SHOULD BE PAID TO THEM. IN ANOTHER REPORT, SOME OTHER ACTSARE SPECIFIED TOO - WHICH SHOWS THAT THE CLAIMS DESCRIBED HERE ARE BY WAY OFEXAMPLE ONLY AND NOT CONCLUSIVE.ANAS (R.A.) REPORTS THAT RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) ONCE SAID "I SWEAR BY THE HOLY BEINGIN WHOSE POWER MY LIFE IS, ANY ONE OF YOU CANNOT BE A TRUE BELIEVER UNLESS HEDESIRES FOR HIS FELLOW-BROTHER WHAT HE DESIRES FOR HIMSELF.TO FEEL EARNESTLY FOR A MUSLIM BROTHER, TO THE EXTENT OF PREFERRING FOR HIMWHAT ONE PREFERS FOR ONESELF HAS BEEN CLASSED AS A PREREQUISITE FOR COMPLETEFAITH. SO, ANYONE WHO CLAIMS TO BE A MUSLIM, BUT IS LACKING IN THIS ASPECT, HE INFACT DOES NOT POSSESS THE REALITY OF FAITH (IMAN).DEFENDING THE HONOUR OF A MUSLIMTHE HONOUR AND DIGNITY OF A MUSLIM IS PRECIOUS IN THE SIGHT OF THE ALMIGHTY ANDTHEREFORE IT IS A GRAVE SIN TO ABSTAIN FROM DEFENDING AND PROTECTING IT, LETALONE DISGRACING HIM OR TREATING HIM DISRESPECTFULLY. THE DEFENCE OF A MUSLIMSHONOUR, WHEN IT IS AT STAKE, IS IN FACT A VIRTUOUS AND REWARDABLE DEED ASEXPLAINED IN THE HADITH RELATED BY JABIR (R.A.), THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "THEMUSLIM WHO FORSAKES A FELLOW MUSLIM BROTHER(AND DOES NOT COME TO HISASSISTANCE) AT A TIME WHEN HIS HONOUR IS AT STAKE, WILL BE DENIED THE HELP OFALLAH WHEN HE IS GREATLY IN NEED OF IT, WHEREAS THE MUSLIM WHO STANDS BY A THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULFELLOW MUSLIM AT A TIME WHEN HIS HONOUR IS AT STAKE, - ALLAH WILL GRANT HIM HISASSISTANCE WHEN HE WILL NEED IT MOST."IN ANOTHER HADITH, REPORTED BY ABDULLAH IBN UMAR (R.A.) THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.)SAID "EVERY MUSLIM IS THE BROTHER OF A MUSLIM, HE SHOULD NEITHER HARM HIM, NORSHOULD HE LEAVE HIM ALONE WHEN OTHERS TREAT HIM UNJUSTLY (HE SHOULD HELP HIM).WHOEVER WILL FULFIL THE NEED OF A FELLOW BROTHER, ALLAH WILL FULFIL HIS NEED, ANDWHOEVER REMOVES THE DISTRESS OF A FELLOW MUSLIM, ALLAH WILL REMOVE HISDISTRESS ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT, AND WHOEVER WILL HIDE (KEEP SECRET) THEFAULTS (AND SHAME) OF A FELLOW MUSLIM, ALLAH WILL KEEP HIS SINS SECRET ON THE DAYOF ACCOUNT."BOTH THESE REPORTS SHOW THE VALUE AND RESPECT THAT SHOULD BE ATTACHED TO THEHONOUR AND GOOD NAME OF A MUSLIM.A MUSLIM IS LIKE A MIRROR UNTO A FELLOW MUSLIMABU HURAIRAH(R.A.) RELATES THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "A BELIEVER IS A MIRRORTO A FELLOW-BELIEVER AND HE IS HIS BROTHER, HE REMOVES HIS DEFECT (OR DEFICIENCY)AND GUARDS HIM FROM BEHIND. (IN CASES WHERE HE IS UNAWARE ETC.)." JUST AS AMIRROR REFLECTS EVERY BLEMISH ON THE FACE OF A PERSON (AND SHOWS IT TO HIM),SIMILARLY EVERY BELIEVING MUSLIM SHOULD ACT AS A MIRROR TO HIS FELLOW-BROTHERBY INFORMING HIM OF ANY FAULTS OR WEAKNESS THAT HE MAY OBSERVE IN HIM. HESHOULD DO THIS WITH A SINCERE HEART AND, AS EXPLAINED IN THE PREVIOUS SECTION,SHOULD MOST DEFINITELY REFRAIN FROM SPREADING THIS TO ANYONE ELSE (I.E. HESHOULD KEEP IT SECRET). AND SINCE THE HADITH CLASSES THE FELLOW-BELIEVER AS HISBROTHER, IT WILL BE HIS DUTY TO PROTECT HIM, TO THE BEST OF HIS ABILITY, FROM ANYEVIL OR DANGER, THAT HE MAY BE UNAWARE OF.MUTUAL HATRED, JEALOUSY, BACK-BITING ETC., IS STRICTLY FORBIDDENTHE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) STRONGLY CONDEMNED ACTS WHICH CREATE MUTUAL HATREDLIKE SUSPICION, CONTEMPT, JEALOUSY, BACKBITING ETC. AND WARNED THE UMMAH, IN ALLEARNESTNESS, AGAINST THE PAINFUL CONSEQUENCES OF SUCK HABITS.IT IS RELATED BY ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET OF ALLAH (S.A.W.) SAID "DO NOTBE SUSPICIOUS, FOR SUSPICION IS THE HEIGHT OF FALSEHOOD, NOR BEAR A GRUDGE ORENMITY AGAINST EACH OTHER, NOR BE JEALOUS OF EACH OTHER, NOR INDULGE INBACKBITING NOR DIG INTO SECRETS OF ONE ANOTHER, NOR TRY TO (UNREASONABLY) EXCELONE ANOTHER, BUT 0 BONDMEN OF ALLAH! LIVE LIKE BROTHERS AS THE LORD HASCOMMANDED.THE EVILS MENTIONED ABOVE ARE HIGHLY DETRIMENTAL TO THE GROWTH OF GOOD ANDFRIENDLY RELATIONS. THEY CAUSE ILL-WILL AND PRODUCE BITTERNESS IN THE HEARTS.THEY BREED HATRED AND ENMITY AND LEAVE NO ROOM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OFGOODWILL AND FELLOWSHIP WHICH THE COMMON RELIGIOUS BOND DEMANDS. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFUL CHILDRENS RIGHTS ON PARENTSSOCIAL COMMANDMENTS BEGIN WITH THE BIRTH OF A CHILD, HENCE WE BEGIN WITH THEPROPHETS (S.A.W.) SAYINGS REGARDING BIRTH AND THE DUTIES OF PARENTS TO THE NEW-BORN CHILD.SAYING OF ADHAAN (IN THE EARS OF A NEW-BORN CHILD).ABU RAFEY (R.A.) RELATES THAT "I SAW THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAYING THE ADHAAN OFSALAAH IN THE EAR OF HIS GRANDSON, HASAN, WHEN THE CHILD WAS BORN TO HISDAUGHTERFATIMA.COMMENTARY: IN THIS HADITH ONLY THE SAYING OF ADHAAN HAS BEEN MENTIONED, BUT INANOTHER HADITH REPORTED BY HUSAIN (R.A.) THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) PRESCRIBED THESAYING OF ADHAAN IN THE RIGHT EAR AND IQAAMAH IN THE LEFT EAR (OF THE NEW-BORNCHILD, AND ALSO MENTIONED ITS SUSPICIOUSNESS. HE SAID, THAT ON ACCOUNT OF IT, THECHILD REMAINED SAFE FROM INFANTILE EPILEPSY.AS THESE AHADITH SHOW, THE PRIMARY CLAIM OF A CHILD ON HIS PARENTS IS THAT HISEARS, AND THROUGH HIS EARS, HIS HEAD AND HEART ARE MADE AQUAINTED WITH THENAME OF THE ALMIGHTY AND HIS ONENESS AND WITH THE CALL OF FAITH AND SALAAH. THEBEST WAY TO IT, EVIDENTLY, IS THAT ADHAAN AND IQAAMAH ARE SAID IN HIS EARS, ASTHESE IMPART THE KNOWLEDGE OF SPIRIT AND THE FUNDAMENTAL PRACTICES OF ISLAM INA MOST EFFECT MANNER.TAHNEEQWHEN A CHILD WAS BORN IN THE FAMILY OF THE SAHAABA(R.A.), THEY WOULD TAKE IT TOTHE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SO THAT HE WOULD BLESS IT, AND APPLY THE PULP OF A DATE,CHEWED BY HIM, TO ITS PALATE, WHICH THE SAHAABA BELIEVED WOULD HELP TO KEEP THECHILD SAFE FROM EVILS AND BRING IT GOOD FORTUNE. THIS IS CALLED „TAHNEEQ INISLAMIC TERMS AYESHA (R.A.) NARRATES THAT "THE PEOPLE USED TO BRING THEIR NEW-BORN CHILDREN TO THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) AND HE WOULD BLESS THEM AND PERFORM THETAHNEEQ."THIS SHOWS THAT WHEN A CHILD IS BORN IN A MUSLIM HOME, IT SHOULD BE TAKEN TO AVIRTUOUS, PIOUS PERSON TO RECEIVE HIS BLESSING AND HAVE THE TAHNEEQ DONE. IT ISONE OF THE SUNNAH PRACTICES THAT HAVE NOW SADLY BECOME EXTINCT.AQEEQAHIN ALMOST ALL THE COMMUNITIES OF THE WORLD, THE BIRTH OF A CHILD IS CONSIDERED ABLESSING AND SOME CEREMONY IS HELD TO CELEBRATE THE EVENT. BESIDES BEINGNATURAL, IT ALSO SERVES A SPECIAL PURPOSE, AND MAKES IT KNOWN, IN A SUITABLE ANDDIGNIFIED MANNER, THAT THE FATHER HAS ACCEPTED THE CHILD AS HIS OWN AND THERE ISNO DOUBT OR SUSPICION IN HIS MIND CONCERNING IT. IT SHUTS THE DOOR TO MANYMISCHIEFS THAT CAN ARISE IN THE FUTURE. THE PRACTICE OF AQEEQAH WAS OBSERVEDAMONG THE ARABS, EVEN DURING THE AGE OF IGNORANCE, FOR THIS VERY REASON. THEHAIR ON THE CHILDS HEAD WAS SHAVED OFF AND ITS WEIGHT EQUIVALENT WASSACRIFICED AS A MARK OF REJOICING - WHICH WAS A CHARACTERISTIC FEATURE OF THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULMILLAT-U IBRAHIM (THE RELIGION OF PROPHET IBRAHIM (A.S.)) WHILE PRESERVING THEPRACTICE IN PRINCIPLE, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) GAVE APPROPRIATE INSTRUCTIONS, AND HESET AN EXAMPLE OF HOW IT WAS TO BE DONE.IT IS REPORTED BY BURAIDAH (R.A.) THAT "DURING THE AGE OF IGNORANCE", WHEN ACHILD WAS BORN TO ANYONE OF US, WE USED TO SLAUGHTER A GOAT AND SMEAR THEHEAD OF THE CHILD WITH ITS BLOOD. LATER, AFTER THE DAWN OF ISLAM, OUR PRACTICEBECAME, (ON THE ADVICE OF THE PROPHET (S.A.W.)) THAT WE SACRIFICE A GOAT OFAQEEQAH ON THE SEVENTH DAY AFTER THE BIRTH OF A CHILD, AND SHAVE THE HEAD OF THEINFANT, AND APPLY SAFFRON ON IT."SINCE, AS WE HAVE SEEN, THE AQEEQAH SERVED AS A USEFUL PURPOSE IN MANY WAYS,AND WAS ALSO IN KEEPING WITH THE SPIRIT OF ISLAM AND, PERHAPS, LIKE THE RITUALS OFHAJJ, IT WAS AMONG THE REMAINING PRACTICES OF MILLAT-U-LBRAHIM, THE PROPHET(S.A.W.) PRESERVED THE REALITY OF AQEEQAH, BUT CORRECTED THE BACKWARD PRACTICESTHAT HAD BECOME ASSOCIATED WITH IT.THE AQEEQAH CEREMONY WAS ALSO OBSERVED BY THE JEWS, BUT THEY SACRIFICED ANANIMAL ONLY IN THE CASE OF A MALE CHILD - WHICH WAS INDICATIVE OF THE LESSERVALUE PLACED ON GIRLS IN THE PRE-ISLAMIC TIMES. THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) CORRECTEDTHIS TOO, AND ENJOINED THAT THE AQEEQAH OF GIRLS SHOULD ALSO BE PERFORMED, LIKETHAT OF THE BOYS. HOWEVER, KEEPING IN MIND THE NATURAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THETWO SEXES, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) LAID DOWN THAT WHILE ONE GOAT WAS TO BESACRIFICED IN THE AQEEQAH OF A FEMALE CHILD, TWO SHOULD BE SACRIFICED IN THEAQEEQAH OF A MALE CHILD - PROVIDED THAT ONES FINANCIAL POSITION PERMITTED IT.IT IS REPORTED BY ABDULLAH IBN AMR IBN-UL-AAS (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID"TO WHOMSOEVER A CHILD IS BORN, AND HE WANTS TO PERFORM A SACRIFICE OF AQEEQAHON BEHALF OF IT, HE SHOULD SACRIFICE TWO GOATS FOR A BOY AND ONE FOR A GIRL."COMMENTARY: AS IS EVIDENT IN THIS HADITH, AQEEQAH IS NOT OBLIGATORY, BUT IT ISAMONG THE MUSTAHAB ACTS, I.E. THOSE ACTS WHICH ARE RECOMMENDED ANDREWARDABLE BUT ARE NOT BINDING OR COMPULSORY. IN THE SAME WAY IT IS NOTNECESSARY TO SACRIFICE TWO GOATS FOR A MALE CHILD. IT IS BETTER TO SACRIFICE TWO,IF ONE CAN AFFORD IT, OTHERWISE, ONE IS ENOUGH. IN SOME AHADITH, THE GIVING AWAYIN CHARITY OF SILVER EQUAL IN WEIGHT TO THE CHILD‟S SHAVED HAIR, OR ITS PRICE INCASH, IS ALSO MENTIONED, IN ADDITION TO THE SACRIFICE OF THE ANIMAL. THIS TOO ISMUSTAHAB AND NOT COMPULSORY.THE COMMAND TO PERFORM THE AQEEQAH ON THE DAY OF THE BIRTH HAS NOT BEEN GIVEN,PERHAPS FOR THE REASON THAT, AT THE TIME THE FAMILY IS OCCUPIED WITH THE NEEDSAND COMFORTS OF THE MOTHER AND THE SHAVING OF THE HAIR(HEAD) CAN ALSO BEHARMFUL TO THE CHILD. GENERALLY, AFTER A WEEK THE MOTHER GETS WELL AND DOES NOTNEED SPECIAL ATTENTION AND THE BABY, TOO, BECOMES STRONG ENOUGH TO GO THROUGHTHE SHAVING OF THE HAIR.IN SOME OTHER AHADITH, IT IS SAID THAT THE CHILD SHOULD ALSO BE NAMED ON THESEVENTH DAY, TOGETHER WITH AQEEQAH, BUT FROM A FEW OTHER AHADITH IT APPEARSTHAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAD NAMED CHILDREN EVEN ON THE DAY OF THEIR BIRTH.THERE IS, AS SUCH, NO HARM IN NAMING THE CHILD BEFORE THE SEVENTH DAY, BUT IF IT THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULHAS NOT BEEN DONE, THE CHILD SHOULD BE NAMED ON THE SEVENTH DAY, TOGETHER WITHTHE AQEEQAH.THE AQEEQAH CEREMONY, AS WEVE SEEN CONSISTS OF TWO ACTS: THE SHAVING OF THEHAIR (HEAD) AND THE SACRIFICE OF THE ANIMAL. THERE IS A PECULIAR LINK BETWEEN THETWO ACTS AND THESE ACTS ARE AMONG THE RELIGIOUS PRACTICES OF MILLAT-U-LBRAHIM.IN HAJJ, TOO, THEY GO TOGETHER - WHERE THE PILGRIMS HAVE THEIR HAIR (HEAD) SHAVEDAFTER THE ADHIYAH. THUS, AQEEQAH ALSO, IS A PRACTICAL DEMONSTRATION OF OURASSOCIATION WITH NABEE IBRAHIM (A.S.) AND OF THE FACT THAT THE CHILD, TOO, IS AMEMBER OF THE SAME COMMUNITY.TASMIYATHAT THE CHILD BE GIVEN A GOOD NAME IS ALSO AN OBLIGATION OF THE PARENTS.ABDULLAH IBN ABBAS (R.A.) RELATES THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "IT IS ALSO A CLAIMOF THE CHILD ON HIS FATHER THAT HE GIVES HIM A GOOD NAME AND TEACHES HIM GOODMANNERS."IN ANOTHER HADITH, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION, YOUWILL BE CALLED OUT BY YOUR NAME AND THE NAME OF YOUR FATHER. -THE CALL WILL BE:-SO AND-SO, SON OF SO-AND-SO, THEREFORE, GIVE GOOD NAMES."FROM THESE SAYINGS AND THE PRACTICES OF THE PROPHET (S.A.W.), WE GET THEGUIDANCE THAT IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE PARENTS TO GIVE NAMES TO THEIRCHILDREN OR HAVE THEM NAMED BY A PIOUS PERSON.RELIGIOUS UPBRINGINGALL THE PROPHETS, AND, LASTLY THE PROPHET MUHAMMED (S.A.W.) HAVE STRESSED THATTHE BRIEF EARTHLY STAY OF A HUMAN BEING IS AN INTRODUCTION TO THE EVERLASTINGLIFE OF ETERNITY. IT, THEREFORE, FOLLOWS THAT A GREATER ATTENTION IS PAID TO THEBETTERMENT OF PROSPECTS IN THE LIFE TO COME AND ATTAINMENT OF HAPPINESS IN THEHEREAFTER THAN TO THE AFFAIRS AND INTERESTS OF THIS LIFE. THUS, THE HOLY PROPHET(S.A.W.) HAS ENJOINED UPON THE PARENTS TO TAKE CARE OF THE RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTIONOF THEIR CHILDREN FROM THE VERY BEGINNING, OTHERWISE THEY WILL BE CALLED TOACCOUNT FOR NEGLIGENCE ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT.IT IS RELATED BY IBN ABBAS (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "HAVE YOUR CHILDRENUTTER, FIRST OF ALL, THE KALIMA OF LAA-ILAHA-ILLALLAH, (I.E. LET THESE BE THE FIRSTWORDS THAT THEY SPEAK), AND EMPHASISE UPON THEM TO UTTER THE SAME KALIMA AT THETIME OF THEIR DEATH.COMMENTARY: THE CHILD BEGINS TO RECEIVE THE IMPRESSION OF WHAT IT SEES OR HEARSFROM THE TIME OF ITS BIRTH. THE SAYING OF ADHAAN AND IQAAMAH IN THE EARS OF ANEWLY-BORN INFANT, ALSO, GIVES A CLEAR INDICATION OF IT. THIS HADITH SHOWS THATWHEN A CHILD BEGINS TO SPEAK, IT SHOULD BE TAUGHT TO UTTER THE KALIMA, AS A FIRSTSTEP TOWARDS ITS EDUCATION. IT FURTHER TELLS THAT WHEN THE DYING MOMENT ISNEAR, A PERSON SHOULD, AGAIN BE URGED TO PRONOUNCE THE SAME KALIMA. BLESSEDINDEED IS THE MAN WHO WHEN HE UTTERS THE FIRST WORDS, ON COMING INTO THISWORLD, IT IS THE KALIMA, AND THE SAME KALIMA IS ON HIS LIPS WHEN HE DEPARTS. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS SAID "NO FATHER GIVES A BETTER GIFT TO HIS CHILDREN THANGOOD MANNERS AND GOOD CHARACTER.IT IS RELATED BY ANAS (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "SHOW RESPECT TO YOURCHILDREN AND ADORN THEM WITH GOOD MANNERS." SHOWING OF RESPECT TO ONESCHILDREN DENOTES THAT THEY SHOULD BE TREATED NOT AS A BURDEN, BUT A BLESSINGAND TRUST OF ALLAH, AND BROUGHT UP WITH CARE AND AFFECTION.IN ANOTHER HADITH, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "WHEN YOUR CHILDREN ATTAIN THE AGEOF SEVEN, INSIST UPON THEM TO OFFER SALAAH (REGULARLY), AND WHEN THEY ARE TENYEARS OLD, PUNISH THEM IF THEY DO NOT, AND HAVE SEPARATE BEDS FOR THEM (TO SLEEPON).COMMENTARY: CHILDREN GENERALLY, DEVELOP THE FACULTY OF UNDERSTANDING AT THEAGE OF SEVEN, AND IT IS TIME THAT THEIR FEET WERE SET ON THE PATH OF THE WORSHIPOF ALLAH. THEY SHOULD, THEREFORE, BE TOLD TO OFFER SALAAH REGULARLY WHEN THEYATTAIN THAT AGE. AT TEN, THEIR POWERS OF DISCRETION AND INTELLIGENCE ARE FAIRLYADVANCED AND THEY BEGIN TO APPROACH MATURITY. AT THAT TIME, THE OBSERVANCE OFSALAAH OUGHT TO BE ENJOINED STRICTLY UPON THEM, AND THEY SHOULD BE TAKEN TOTASK, IN AN APPROPRIATE MANNER, IF THEY FAIL TO DO SO. THEY SHOULD FURTHER BEREQUIRED TO SLEEP ON SEPARATE BEDS AND NOT TOGETHER (WHICH IS PERMITTED UP TOTHE AGE OF TEN). ALL THESE, IN BRIEF, ARE THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN, BOTH BOYS ANDGIRLS, ON THEIR PARENTS, AND THE PARENTS WILL HAVE TO RENDER A FULL ACCOUNT INRESPECT OF THEM ON THE DAY OF RECKONING.SHOWING KINDNESS TO DAUGHTERSEVEN NOW DAUGHTERS ARE CONSIDERED AN UNWANTED BURDEN IN SOME SOCIETIES ANDINSTEAD OF REJOICING, AN ATMOSPHERE OF GRIEF AND DISAPPOINTMENT IS PRODUCED INTHE FAMILY AT THEIR BIRTH. THIS IS THE POSITION, TODAY, BUT IN THE PRE-ISLAMIC TIMESTHE DAUGHTERS WERE POSITIVELY CONSIDERED A SHAME AND DISGRACE AMONG THEARABS, SO MUCH SO THAT EVEN THE RIGHT TO LIVE WAS DENIED TO THEM. MANY A HARD-HEARTED PARENT USED TO STRANGLE HIS DAUGHTER TO DEATH, WITH HIS OWN HANDS,WHEN SHE WAS BORN, OR BURY HER ALIVE. THE QUR‟AN SAYS:WHEN NEWS IS BROUGHT TO ONE OF THEM, OF THE BIRTH OF A FEMALE, HIS FACE DARKENSAND HE IS FILLED WITH INWARD GRIEF.HE HIDES HIMSELF WITH SHAME, FROM THE PEOPLE, BECAUSE OF THE BAD NEWS HE HASHAD. (ASKING HIMSELF): SHALL HE KEEP IT IN CONTEMPT OR BURY IN THE DUST. AH: WHATAN EVIL CHOICE THEY DECIDE.”ABDULLAH IBN ABBAS (R.A.) REPORTS THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "WHOEVERBECOMES THE FATHER OF A GIRL, HE SHOULD NEITHER HURT HER NOR TREAT HER WITHCONTEMPT NOR SHOW PREFERENCE OVER HER TO HIS SONS IN KINDNESS AND AFFECTION.(BOTH BOYS AND GIRLS SHOULD BE TREATED ALIKE.) ALLAH WILL GRANT HIM PARADISE INRETURN FOR KIND TREATMENT TOWARDS THE DAUGHTER.IT IS NARRATED THAT A VERY POOR WOMAN, WITH TWO DAUGHTERS, CAME TO AYESHAS(R.A.) PLACE TO BEG. BY CHANCE, AYESHA (R.A.) HAD ONLY ONE DATE WITH HER, AT THATTIME, WHICH SHE GAVE TO THE WOMAN. THE WOMAN BROKE THE DATE INTO TWO PARTS THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULAND GAVE ONE PART EACH TO THE GIRLS. SHE DID NOT EAT ANYTHING OF IT HERSELF.WHEN AFTER SOME TIME, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) CAME, AYESHA (R.A.) RELATED THEINCIDENT TO HIM, UPON WHICH HE REMARKED:"THE BELIEVING MAN OR WOMAN UPON WHOM THERE IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OFDAUGHTERS AND HE OR SHE DISCHARGES IT WELL AND TREATS THEM WITH AFFECTION, THEDAUGHTERS WILL BECOME A MEANS OF FREEDOM, FOR HIM OR HER, IN THE HEREAFTER.IT IS RELATED BY ANAS (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "THE BELIEVER WHO BEARSTHE RESPONSIBILITY OF TWO DAUGHTERS AND SUPPORTS THEM TILL THEY ATTAIN PUBERTY,HE AND I WILL BE CLOSE TO ONE ANOTHER LIKE THIS ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT." ANAS(R.A.), ADDS THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SHOWED, BY JOINING THE FINGERS OF HIS HAND,THAT AS THE FINGERS WERE CLOSE TO ONE ANOTHER, IN THE SAME WAY WILL THE BELIEVERBE CLOSE TO HIM ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT.ABU SAEED KHUDRI (R.A.) RELATES THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "WHOEVER BEARS THERESPONSIBILITY OF THREE DAUGHTERS OR SISTERS OR EVEN OF TWO DAUGHTERS ORSISTERS, AND BEARS IT WELL, AND LOOKS AFTER THEIR TRAINING AND WELFARE PROPERLY,AND THEN, GETS THEM MARRIED, ALLAH WILL REWARD HIM WITH PARADISE."IN THESE AHADITH, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS NOT ONLY STATED THAT KIND TREATMENTWAS THE NATURAL RIGHT OR CLAIM OF THE DAUGHTERS, BUT, ALSO THAT THE BELIEVERSWHO FULFILLED THE OBLIGATION TOWARDS THEM IN A GOOD AND PROPER MANNER WOULDBE REWARDED WITH PARADISE IN THE HEREAFTER. HE, FURTHER, GIVES THE JOYFULTIDINGS THAT SUCH A MAN WILL BE CLOSE TO HIM, ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT, AS THEFINGERS OF A HAND ARE, WHEN JOINED TOGETHER.TREATING ALL THE CHILDREN EQUALLYTHE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS EMPHASISED THAT PARENTS SHOULD BE JUST AND FAIR TOALL THE CHILDREN, PARTICULARLY IN MATTERS OF GIFTS AND KINDNESS, AND IT MUST NOTBE THAT WHILE ONE GETS MORE THE OTHER GETS LESS OR NOTHING. BESIDES BEINGDESIRABLE IN ITSELF, EQUALITY TO ALL THE CHILDREN ALSO MEETS THE DEMANDS OFJUSTICE AND EQUITY WHICH IS PLEASING TO THE ALMIGHTY. BESIDES, IF DISCRIMINATIONIS MADE AMONG THE CHILDREN AND ONE IS FAVOURED MORE THAN THE OTHER, IT WILLLEAD TO ILL-WILL AND JEALOUSY, AND NOTHING BUT EVIL CAN ARISE FROM THIS. THE CHILDWHO IS DISCRIMINATED AGAINST WILL BEAR A GRUDGE AGAINST THE FATHER, - THEPAINFUL CONSEQUENCES OF WHICH, ARE EASY TO IMAGINE.NARRATES NOMAN IBN BASHIR(R.A.), "MY FATHER TOOK ME TO THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) ANDSAID (TO HIM), "I HAVE GIVEN A SLAVE TO THIS SON OF MINE." THE PROPHET ENQUIRED,"HAVE YOU GIVEN THE SAME TO ALL OF YOUR SONS?" "NO," MY FATHER REPLIED. THEPROPHET, THEREUPON, SAID, "IT IS NOT CORRECT. TAKE IT BACK.""IN ANOTHER VERSION, OF THE SAME HADITH, THE PROPHET ASKED, "DO YOU WANT ALLYOUR CHILDREN TO BE EQUALLY DEVOTED TO YOU?" "YES, OF COURSE," HE REPLIED. THEPROPHET SAID "THEN DO NOT ACT LIKE THAT (LET IT NOT BE THAT YOU GIVE SOMEPROPERTY TO ONE CHILD AND EXCLUDE THE OTHERS.)"IN YET ANOTHER VERSION IT IS ADDED THAT THE PROPHET REMARKED, "I CANNOT BE AWITNESS TO AN ACT OF INJUSTICE." THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIN THIS HADITH, IT IS ENJOINED UPON PARENTS NOT TO DISCRIMINATE AMONG THEIRCHILDREN WHEN IT DOMES TO GIVING THEM SOMETHING AS A GIFT ETC. THIS HAS BEENCONDEMNED BY THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) AS UNJUST AND UNFAIR. SOME OF THE LEARNEDPEOPLE HAVE GONE TO THE EXTENT OF CALLING IT HARAAM, BUT THE MAJORITY OF THEMHOLD THE VIEW THAT THOUGH IT IS NOT HARAAM, IT IS MAKROOH, AND HIGHLYUNDESIRABLE.IT MUST, HOWEVER, BE EMPHASISED THAT THE COMMAND APPLIES ONLY TO A SITUATIONWHERE THE PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT IS BASED ON A CONSIDERATION THAT IS NOTLAWFUL OR JUSTIFIABLE IN THE EYE OF THE SHARIAH, OTHERWISE NO BLAME WILL BEATTACHED TO IT. FOR EXAMPLE, IF A CHILD IS PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED AND CANNOT EARNHIS LIVELIHOOD LIKE HIS BROTHERS, A SPECIAL FAVOUR TO HIM WILL NOT BE INCORRECT,BUT TO AN EXTENT IT WILL BE ESSENTIAL AND WORTHY OF DIVINE REWARD. SIMILARLY,SHOULD ANY CHILD DEDICATE HIMSELF TO THE CAUSE OF IMAN OR PUBLIC WELFARE ANDHAVE NO TIME TO LOOK AFTER HIS ECONOMIC NEEDS, IT WOULD ALSO BE CORRECT ANDDESERVING OF REWARD, TO MAKE A REASONABLE ALLOWANCE FOR HIM OVER THE OTHERCHILDREN.THERE IS NO HARM IF PREFERENCE IS SHOWN TO ONE OF THE CHILDREN WITH THE CONSENTOF THE OTHERS TIE THE BROTHERS & SISTERS).IN A HADITH, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAYS, "TREAT ALL YOUR CHILDREN EQUALLY IN REGARDTO FREE GIFTS. IF I WERE TO SHOW PREFERENCE IN THIS MATTER, I WOULD SHOW IT TODAUGHTERS. (IF EQUALITY WAS NOT NECESSARY AND BINDING, I WOULD HAVE DECLAREDTHAT MORE BE GIVEN TO DAUGHTERS THAN TO SONS.)"IT CAN BE CONCLUDED FROM THIS HADITH THAT THOUGH, AFTER THE DEATH OF THEPARENTS, THE SHARES OF DAUGHTERS IN ANCESTRAL PROPERTY IS HALF OF THE SONS, INTHEIR LIFE-TIME, THE SHARE OF BOTH THE SONS AND THE DAUGHTERS IS EQUAL.THEREFORE WHATEVER THE PARENTS GIVE TO THE SONS, IN THEIR LIFE-TIME, SHOULD ALSOBE GIVEN TO THE DAUGHTERS.RESPONSIBILITY OF MARRIAGEIT IS THE DUTY OF PARENTS TO ARRANGE THE MARRIAGE OF THEIR CHILDREN WHEN THEYCOME OF AGE. THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS STRESSED THAT IT SHOULD BE TAKEN SERIOUSLYAND WITH A FULL SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY. ABU SAEED KHUDRI AND ABDULLAH IBN ABBAS(R.A.) NARRATED THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "WHOEVER IS BLESSED BY THE CREATORWITH CHILDREN SHOULD GIVE THEM GOOD NAMES, A GOOD TRAINING, TEACH THEM GOODMANNERS, AND ARRANGE FOR THEIR MARRIAGE WHEN THEY ATTAIN THE AGE OF PUBERTY, IFHE DOES NOT PAY DUE HEED TO IT AND FAILS TO GET THEM MARRIED, ON REACHINGMARRIAGEABLE AGE (DUE TO NEGLIGENCE) AND THEY TAKE TO WAYS THAT ARE FORBIDDEN,THE FATHER WILL BE HELD RESPONSIBLE FOR IT."COMMENTARY:- IN THIS HADITH THE MARRIAGE OF THE CHILDREN, TOO, ON THEIRATTAINING THE MARRIAGEABLE AGE, HAS BEEN MADE A RESPONSIBILITY OF THE FATHER.BUT ALAS WE ARE GROWING INCREASINGLY INDIFFERENT TO IT MAINLY BECAUSE WE HAVEMADE MARRIAGE A MOST TIRESOME AND EXPENSIVE AFFAIR BY FOLLOWING AND ADOPTINGTHE CUSTOMS OF OTHERS. IF WE FOLLOW THE GOOD EXAMPLE OF THE PROPHET (S.A.W.)AND BEGIN TO PERFORM MARRIAGES AS HE HAD PERFORMED HIS OWN MARRIAGE OR THE THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULMARRIAGES OF HIS DAUGHTERS, THE WHOLE CEREMONY WILL BE AS EASY AND SIMPLE, AS ITIS FOR A MUSLIM TO OBSERVE AND FULFIL THE FRIDAY PRAYERS. BLESSINGS WILL THENFLOW FROM IT OF WHICH WE HAVE DEPRIVED OURSELVES, THROUGH THOUGHTLESSIMITATIONS OF UN-LSLAMIC SOCIETIES CONCEPT OF GOD IN ISLAMIT IS A KNOWN FACT THAT EVERY LANGUAGE HAS ONE OR MORE TERMS THAT ARE USED INREFERENCE TO GOD AND SOMETIMES TO LESSER DEITIES. THIS IS NOT THE CASE WITHALLAH. ALLAH IS THE PERSONAL NAME OF THE ONE TRUE GOD. NOTHING ELSE CAN BECALLED ALLAH. THE TERM HAS NO PLURAL OR GENDER. THIS SHOWS ITS UNIQUENESSWHEN COMPARED WITH THE WORD GOD WHICH CAN BE MADE PLURAL, GODS OR FEMININE,GODDESS. IT IS INTERESTING TO NOTICE THAT ALLAH IS THE PERSONAL NAME OF GOD INARAMAIC, THE LANGUAGE OF JESUS AND A SISTER LANGUAGE OF ARABIC.THE ONE TRUE GOD IS A REFLECTION OF THE UNIQUE CONCEPT THAT ISLAM ASSOCIATESWITH GOD. TO A MUSLIM ALLAH IS THE ALMIGHTY, CREATOR AND SUSTAINER OF THEUNIVERSE, WHO IS SIMILAR TO NOTHING AND NOTHING IS COMPARABLE TO HIM. PROPHETMUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) WAS ASKED BY HIS CONTEMPORARIES ABOUT ALLAH; THE ANSWERCAME DIRECTLY FROM GOD HIMSELF IN THE FORM OF A SHORT CHAPTER OF THE QURAN,WHICH IS CONSIDERED THE ESSENCE OF THE UNITY OR THE MOTTO OF MONOTHEISM. THISIS CHAPTER 112 WHICH READS:SAY (O MUHAMMED) HE IS GOD THE ONE GOD, THE EVERLASTING REFUGE, WHO HAS NOTBEGOTTEN, NOR HAS BEEN BEGOTTEN, AND EQUAL TO HIM IS NOT ANYONE.SOME NON-MUSLIMS ALLEGE THAT GOD IN ISLAM IS A STERN AND CRUEL GOD WHODEMANDS TO BE OBEYED FULLY. HE IS NOT LOVING AND KIND. NOTHING CAN BE FURTHERFROM TRUTH THAN THIS ALLEGATION. IT IS ENOUGH TO KNOW THAT, WITH THE EXCEPTIONOF ONE, EACH OF THE 114 CHAPTERS OF THE QURAN BEGINS WITH THE VERSE: "IN THENAME OF GOD, THE MERCIFUL, THE COMPASSIONATE". IN ONE OF THE SAYINGS OF PROPHETMUHAMMED (PBUH) WE ARE TOLD THAT "GOD IS MORE LOVING AND KINDER THAN A MOTHERTO HER DEAR CHILD".BUT GOD IS ALSO JUST. HENCE EVILDOERS AND SINNERS MUST HAVE THEIR SHARE OFPUNISHMENT AND THE VIRTUOUS HIS BOUNTIES AND FAVOURS. ACTUALLY GODSATTRIBUTE OF MERCY HAS FULL MANIFESTATION IN HIS ATTRIBUTE OF JUSTICE. PEOPLESUFFERING THROUGHOUT THEIR LIFE FOR HIS SAKE AND PEOPLE OPPRESSING ANDEXPLOITING OTHER PEOPLE ALL THEIR LIFE SHOULD NOT RECEIVE SIMILAR TREATMENT FORTHAT WILL AMOUNT TO NEGATING THE VERY BELIEF IN THE ACCOUNTABILITY OF MAN IN THEHEREAFTER AND THEREBY NEGATING ALL THE INCENTIVES FOR A MORAL AND VIRTUOUS LIFEIN THIS WORLD. THE FOLLOWING QURANIC VERSES ARE VERY CLEAR ANDSTRAIGHTFORWARD IN THIS RESPECT.VERILY, FOR THE RIGHTEOUS ARE GARDENS OF DELIGHT, IN THE GARDENS OF DELIGHT, INTHE PRESENCE OF THEIR LORD. SHALL WE THEN TREAT THE PEOPLE OF FAITH LIKE THEPEOPLE OF SIN? WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH YOU? HOW JUDGE YOU? (68:34-36).ISLAM REJECTS CHARACTERISING GOD IN ANY HUMAN FORM OR DEPICTING HIM ASFAVOURING CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS OR NATIONS ON THE BASIS OF WEALTH, POWER OR RACE. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULHE CREATED THE HUMAN-BEINGS AS EQUALS. THEY MAY DISTINGUISH THEMSELVES ANDGET HIS FAVOUR THROUGH VIRTUE AND PIETY ONLY.THE CONCEPT THAT GOD RESTED IN THE SEVENTH DAY OF CREATION, THAT GOD WRESTLEDWITH ONE OF HIS SOLDIERS, THAT GOD IS AN ENVIOUS PLOTTER AGAINST MANKIND, ORTHAT GOD IS INCARNATE IN ANY HUMAN BEING ARE CONSIDERED BLASPHEMY FROM THEISLAMIC POINT OF VIEW.THE UNIQUE USAGE OF ALLAH AS A PERSONAL NAME OF GOD IS A REFLECTION OF ISLAMSEMPHASIS ON THE PURITY OF THE BELIEF IN GOD WHICH IS THE ESSENCE OF THE MESSAGEOF ALL GODS MESSENGERS. BECAUSE OF THIS, ISLAM CONSIDERS ASSOCIATING ANY DEITYOR PERSONALITY WITH GOD AS A DEADLY SIN WHICH GOD WILL NEVER FORGIVE, DESPITETHE FACT THAT HE MAY FORGIVE ALL OTHER SINS.THE CREATOR MUST BE OF A DIFFERENT NATURE FROM THE THINGS CREATED BECAUSE IF HEIS OF THE SAME NATURE AS THEY ARE, HE WILL BE TEMPORAL AND WILL THEREFORE NEED AMAKER. IT FOLLOWS THAT NOTHING IS LIKE HIM. IF THE MAKER IS NOT TEMPORAL, THEN HEMUST BE ETERNAL. BUT IF HE IS ETERNAL, HE CANNOT BE CAUSED, AND IF NOTHINGCAUSED HIM TO COME INTO EXISTENCE, NOTHING OUTSIDE HIM CAUSES HIM TO CONTINUETO EXIST, WHICH MEANS THAT HE MUST BE SELF-SUFFICIENT. AND IF HE DOES NOT DEPENDON ANYTHING FOR THE CONTINUANCE OF HIS OWN EXISTENCE, THEN THIS EXISTENCE CANHAVE NO END. THE CREATOR IS THEREFORE ETERNAL AND EVERLASTING: HE IS THE FIRSTAND THE LAST.HE IS SELF-SUFFICIENT OR SELF-SUBSISTENT OR, TO USE A QURANIC TERM, AL-QAYYUM.THE CREATOR DOES NOT CREATE ONLY IN THE SENSE OF BRINGING THINGS INTO BEING. HEALSO PRESERVES THEM AND TAKES THEM OUT OF EXISTENCE AND IS THE ULTIMATE CAUSEOF WHATEVER HAPPENS TO THEM.GOD IS THE CREATOR OF EVERYTHING. HE IS THE GUARDIAN OVER EVERYTHING. UNTO HIMBELONG THE KEYS OF THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH.NO CREATURE IS THERE CRAWLING ON THE EARTH, BUT ITS PROVISIONS RESTS ON GOD. HEKNOWS ITS LODGING PLACE AND ITS REPOSITORY.GODS ATTRIBUTESIF THE CREATOR IS ETERNAL AND EVERLASTING, THEN HIS ATTRIBUTES MUST ALSO BEETERNAL AND EVERLASTING. HE SHOULD NOT LOSE ANY OF HIS ATTRIBUTES NOR ACQUIRENEW ONES. IF THIS IS SO, THEN HIS ATTRIBUTES ARE ABSOLUTE. CAN THERE BE MORETHAN ONE CREATOR WITH SUCH ABSOLUTE ATTRIBUTES? CAN THERE BE FOR EXAMPLE, TWOABSOLUTELY POWERFUL CREATORS? A MOMENTS THOUGHT SHOWS THAT THIS IS NOTFEASIBLE.THE QURAN SUMMARISES THIS ARGUMENT IN THE FOLLOWING VERSES:GOD HAS NOT TAKEN TO HIMSELF ANY SON, NOR IS THERE ANY GOD WITH HIM: FOR THENEACH GOD WOULD HAVE TAKEN OFF THAT WHICH HE CREATED AND SOME OF THEM WOULDHAVE RISEN UP OVER OTHERS. AND WHY, WERE THERE GODS IN EARTH AND HEAVEN OTHERTHAN GOD, THEY (HEAVEN AND EARTH) WOULD SURELY GO TO RUIN.THE ONENESS OF GOD THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE QURAN REMINDS US OF THE FALSITY OF ALL ALLEGED GODS.TO THE WORSHIPPERS OF MAN-MADE OBJECTS IT ASKS: DO YOU WORSHIP WHAT YOU HAVECARVED YOURSELF OR HAVE YOU TAKEN UNTO YOU OTHERS BESIDE HIM TO BE YOURPROTECTORS, EVEN SUCH AS HAVE NO POWER TO PROTECT THEMSELVES?TO THE WORSHIPPERS OF HEAVENLY BODIES IT CITES THE STORY OF ABRAHAM:WHEN NIGHT OUTSPREAD OVER HIM HE SAW A STAR AND SAID, "THIS IS MY LORD". BUTWHEN IT SET HE SAID, "I LOVE NOT THOSE THAT SET". WHEN HE SAW MOON RISING, HESAID, "THIS IS MY LORD". BUT WHEN IT SET HE SAID: "IF MY LORD DOES NOT GUIDE ME ISHALL SURELY BE OF THE PEOPLE GONE ASTRAY". WHEN HE SAW THE SUN RISING, HE SAID,"THIS IS MY LORD: THIS IS GREATEST BUT WHEN IT SET HE SAID, "O MY PEOPLE, SURELY IQUIT THAT YOU ASSOCIATE PARTNERS TO HIM. I HAVE TURNED MY FACE TO HIM WHOORIGINATED THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH, A MAN OF PURE FAITH. I AM NOT OF THEIDOLATORS". (6 : 76-79)THE BELIEVERS ATTITUDEIN ORDER TO BE A MUSLIM I.E., TO SURRENDER ONESELF TO GOD, IT IS NECESSARY TOBELIEVE IN THE ONENESS OF GOD, IN THE SENSE OF HIS BEING THE ONLY CREATOR,PRESERVER, NOURISHER, ETC.. BUT THIS BELIEF - LATER ON CALLED TAWHID AR-RUBUBIYYAH IS NOT ENOUGH. MANY OF THE IDOLATORS KNEW AND BELIEVED THAT ONLYTHE SUPREME GOD COULD DO ALL THIS. BUT THAT WAS NOT ENOUGH TO MAKE THEMMUSLIMS. TO TAWHID AR-RUBUBIYYAH ONE MUST ADD TAWHID ALULUHIYYAH I.E., ONEACKNOWLEDGES THE FACT THAT IT IS GOD ALONE WHO DESERVES TO BE WORSHIPPED, ANDTHUS ABSTAINS FROM WORSHIPPING ANY OTHER THING OR BEING.HAVING ACHIEVED THIS KNOWLEDGE OF THE ONE TRUE GOD, MAN SHOULD CONSTANTLYHAVE FAITH IN HIM, AND SHOULD ALLOW NOTHING TO INDUCE HIM TO DENY TRUTH.WHEN FAITH ENTERS A PERSONS HEART, IT CAUSES CERTAIN MENTAL STATES WHICHRESULT IN CERTAIN ACTIONS. TAKEN TOGETHER THESE MENTAL STATES AND ACTIONS ARETHE PROOF FOR TRUE FAITH. THE PROPHET SAID, "FAITH IS THAT WHICH RESIDES FIRMLY INTHE HEART AND WHICH IS PROVED BY DEEDS".FOREMOST AMONG THOSE MENTAL STATES IS THE FEELING OF GRATITUDE TOWARDS GOD,WHICH COULD BE SAID TO BE THE ESSENCE OF IBADA (WORSHIP).THE FEELING OF GRATITUDE IS SO IMPORTANT THAT A NONBELIEVER IS CALLED KAFIR,WHICH MEANS ONE WHO DENIES A TRUTH AND ALSO ONE WHO IS UNGRATEFUL.A BELIEVER LOVES, AND IS GRATEFUL TO GOD FOR THE BOUNTIES HE BESTOWED UPON HIM,BUT BEING AWARE OF THE FACT THAT HIS GOOD DEEDS, WHETHER MENTAL OR PHYSICAL,ARE FAR FROM BEING COMMENSURATE WITH DIVINE FAVOURS, HE IS ALWAYS ANXIOUS LESTGOD SHOULD PUNISH HIM, HERE OR IN THE HEREAFTER. HE, THEREFORE, FEARS HIM,SURRENDERS HIMSELF TO HIM AND SERVES HIM WITH GREAT HUMILITY. ONE CANNOT BE INSUCH A MENTAL STATE WITHOUT BEING ALMOST ALL THE TIME MINDFUL OF GOD.REMEMBERING GOD IS THUS THE LIFE FORCE OF FAITH, WITHOUT WHICH IT FADES ANDWITHERS AWAY. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE QURAN TRIES TO PROMOTE THIS FEELING OF GRATITUDE BY REPEATING THEATTRIBUTES OF GOD VERY FREQUENTLY. WE FIND MOST OF THESE ATTRIBUTES MENTIONEDTOGETHER IN THE FOLLOWING VERSES OF THE QURAN: HE IS GOD; THERE IS NO GOD BUTHE. HE IS THE KNOWER OF THE UNSEEN AND THE VISIBLE; HE IS THE ALL-MERCIFUL, THEALL-COMPASSIONATE. HE IS GOD; THERE IS NO GOD BUT HE. HE IS THE KING, THE ALL-HOLY, THE ALL-PEACE, THE GUARDIAN OF FAITH, THE ALL-PRESERVER, THE ALL-MIGHTY, THEALL-COMPELLER, THE ALL-SUBLIME. GLORY BE TO GOD, ABOVE THAT THEY ASSOCIATE! HEIS GOD, THE CREATOR, THE MAKER, THE SHAPER. TO HIM BELONG THE NAMES MOSTBEAUTIFUL. ALL THAT IS IN THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH MAGNIFIES HIM; HE IS THE ALL-MIGHTY, THE ALL-WISE. (59:22-24).THERE IS NO GOD BUT HE, THE LIVING, THE EVERLASTING. SLUMBER SEIZES HIM NOT,NEITHER SLEEP; TO HIM BELONGS ALL THAT IS IN THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH. WHO ISTHERE THAT SHALL INTERCEDE WITH HIM SAVE BY HIS LEAVE? HE KNOWS WHAT LIESBEFORE THEM AND WHAT IS AFTER THEM, AND THEY COMPREHEND NOT ANYTHING OF HISKNOWLEDGE SAVE SUCH AS HE WILLS. HIS THRONE COMPRISES THE HEAVENS AND EARTH;THE PRESERVING OF THEM OPPRESSES HIM NOT; HE IS THE ALL-HIGH, THE ALL-GLORIOUS.(2:255).PEOPLE OF THE BOOK, GO NOT BEYOND THE BOUNDS IN YOUR RELIGION, AND SAY NOT ASTO GOD BUT THE TRUTH. THE MESSIAH, JESUS SON OF MARY, WAS ONLY THE MESSENGEROF GOD, AND HIS WORD THAT HE COMMITTED TO MARY, AND A SPIRIT FROM HIM. SOBELIEVE IN GOD AND HIS MESSENGERS, AND SAY NOT, THREE. REFRAIN; BETTER IS IT FORYOU. GOD IS ONLY ONE GOD. GLORY BE TO HIM - THAT HE SHOULD HAVE A SON. (4:171) CONCEPT OF WORSHIP IN ISLAMTHE CONCEPT OF WORSHIP IN ISLAM IS MISUNDERSTOOD BY MANY PEOPLE INCLUDING SOMEMUSLIMS. WORSHIP IS COMMONLY TAKEN TO MEAN PERFORMING RITUALIST ACTS SUCH ASPRAYERS, FASTING, CHARITY, ETC. THIS LIMITED UNDERSTANDING OF WORSHIP IS ONLYONE PART OF THE MEANING OF WORSHIP IN ISLAM. THAT IS WHY THE TRADITIONALDEFINITION OF WORSHIP IN ISLAM IS A COMPREHENSIVE DEFINITION THAT INCLUDESALMOST EVERYTHING IN ANY INDIVIDUALS ACTIVITIES. THE DEFINITION GOES SOMETHINGLIKE THIS: "WORSHIP IS AN INCLUSIVE TERM FOR ALL THAT GOD LOVES OF EXTERNAL ANDINTERNAL SAYINGS AND ACTIONS OF A PERSON". IN OTHER WORDS, WORSHIP ISEVERYTHING ONE SAYS OR DOES FOR THE PLEASURE OF ALLAH. THIS, OF COURSE,INCLUDES RITUALS AS WELL AS BELIEFS, SOCIAL ACTIVITIES, AND PERSONALCONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WELFARE OF ONES FELLOW HUMAN-BEINGS.ISLAM LOOKS AT THE INDIVIDUAL AS A WHOLE. HE IS REQUIRED TO SUBMIT HIMSELFCOMPLETELY TO ALLAH, AS THE QURAN INSTRUCTED THE PROPHET MUHAMMED TO DO: "SAY(O MUHAMMED) MY PRAYER, MY SACRIFICE, MY LIFE AND MY DEATH BELONG TO ALLAH; HEHAS NO PARTNER AND I AM ORDERED TO BE AMONG THOSE WHO SUBMIT, I.E.; MUSLIMS".THE NATURAL RESULT OF THIS SUBMISSION IS THAT ALL ONES ACTIVITIES SHOULDCONFORM TO THE INSTRUCTIONS OF THE ONE WHOM THE PERSON IS SUBMITTING TO.ISLAM BEING A WAY OF LIFE, REQUIRES THAT ITS FOLLOWERS MODEL THEIR LIFEACCORDING TO ITS TEACHINGS IN EVERY ASPECT, RELIGIOUS OR OTHERWISE. THIS MIGHTSOUND STRANGE TO SOME PEOPLE WHO THINK OF RELIGION AS A PERSONAL RELATIONBETWEEN THE INDIVIDUAL AND GOD, HAVING NO IMPACT ON ONES ACTIVITIES OUTSIDERITUALS. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULAS A MATTER OF FACT ISLAM DOES NOT THINK MUCH OF MERE RITUALS WHEN THEY AREPERFORMED MECHANICALLY AND HAVE NO INFLUENCE ON ONES INNER LIFE. THE QURANADDRESSES THE BELIEVERS AND THEIR NEIGHBOURS FROM AMONG THE PEOPLE OF THEBOOK WHO WERE ARGUING WITH THEM ABOUT THE CHANGE OF THE DIRECTION OF QIBLA INTHE FOLLOWING VERSE:IT IS NOT RIGHTEOUSNESS THAT YOU TURN YOUR FACES TOWARD THE EAST OR THE WEST,BUT RIGHTEOUS IS HE WHO BELIEVES IN ALLAH AND THE LAST DAY AND THE ANGELS ANDTHE BOOK AND THE PROPHETS, AND GIVES HIS BELOVED MONEY TO THE RELATIVES AND THEORPHANS AND THE NEEDY AND FOR THE RANSOMING OF THE CAPTIVES AND WHO OBSERVESPRAYER AND PAYS THE POOR-DUE; AND THOSE WHO FULFIL THEIR PROMISES WHEN THEYHAVE MADE ONE, AND THE PATIENT IN POVERTY AND AFFLICTION AND THE STEADFAST INTIME OF WAR; IT IS THOSE WHO HAVE PROVED TRUTHFUL AND IT IS THOSE WHO ARE THEGOD-FEARING (2:177)THE DEEDS IN THE ABOVE VERSE ARE THE DEEDS OF RIGHTEOUSNESS AND THEY ARE ONLY APART OF WORSHIP. THE PROPHET TOLD US ABOUT FAITH, WHICH IS THE BASIS OF WORSHIP,IS THAT IT "IS MADE UP OF SIXTY AND SOME BRANCHES: THE HIGHEST OF WHICH IS THEBELIEF IN THE ONENESS OF ALLAH, I.E., THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH AND THE LOWEST INTHE SCALE OF WORSHIP IS REMOVING OBSTACLES AND DIRT FROM PEOPLES WAY".DECENT WORK IS CONSIDERED IN ISLAM A TYPE OF WORSHIP. THE PROPHET SAID:"WHOEVER FINDS HIMSELF AT THE NIGHTFALL TIRED OF HIS WORK, GOD WILL FORGIVE HISSINS". SEEKING KNOWLEDGE IS ONE OF THE HIGHEST TYPES OF WORSHIP. THE PROPHETTOLD HIS COMPANIONS THAT "SEEKING KNOWLEDGE IS A (RELIGIOUS) DUTY ON EVERYMUSLIM". IN ANOTHER SAYING HE SAID: "SEEKING KNOWLEDGE FOR ONE HOUR IS BETTERTHAN PRAYING FOR SEVENTY YEARS". SOCIAL COURTESY AND CO-OPERATION ARE PART OFWORSHIP WHEN DONE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH AS THE PROPHET TOLD US: "RECEIVINGYOUR FRIEND WITH A SMILE IS A TYPE OF CHARITY, HELPING A PERSON TO LOAD HIS ANIMALIS A CHARITY AND PUTTING SOME WATER IN YOU NEIGHBOURS BUCKET IS A CHARITY".IT IS WORTH NOTING THAT EVEN PERFORMING ONES DUTIES IS CONSIDERED A SORT OFWORSHIP. THE PROPHET TOLD US THAT WHATEVER ONE SPENDS FOR HIS FAMILY IS A TYPEOF CHARITY; HE WILL BE REWARDED FOR IT IF HE ACQUIRES IT THROUGH LEGAL MEANS.KINDNESS TO THE MEMBERS OF ONES FAMILY IS AN ACT OF WORSHIP AS WHEN ONE PUTS APIECE OF FOOD IN HIS SPOUSES MOUTH AS THE PROPHET INFORMED US. NOT ONLY THISBUT EVEN THE ACTS WE ENJOY DOING VERY MUCH, WHEN THEY ARE PERFORMED ACCORDINGTO THE INSTRUCTIONS OF THE PROPHET, THEY ARE CONSIDERED AS ACTS OF WORSHIP. THEPROPHET TOLD HIS COMPANIONS THAT THEY WILL BE REWARDED EVEN FOR HAVING SEXUALINTERCOURSE WITH THEIR WIVES. THE COMPANIONS WERE ASTONISHED AND ASKED:"HOW ARE WE GOING TO BE REWARDED FOR DOING SOMETHING WE ENJOY VERY MUCH?"THE PROPHET ASKED THEM: "SUPPOSE YOU SATISFY YOUR DESIRES ILLEGALLY, DONT YOUTHINK THAT YOU WILL BE PUNISHED FOR THAT?" THEY REPLIED, "YES". "SO" HE SAID. "BYSATISFYING IT LEGALLY WITH YOUR WIVES YOU ARE REWARDED FOR IT". THIS MEANS THEYARE ACTS OF WORSHIP.THUS ISLAM DOES NOT CONSIDER SEX A DIRTY THING THAT ONE SHOULD AVOID. IT ISDIRTY AND SIN ONLY WHEN IT IS SATISFIED OUTSIDE MARITAL LIFE.IT IS CLEAR, FROM THE PREVIOUS DISCUSSION THAT THE CONCEPT OF WORSHIP IN ISLAM ISA COMPREHENSIVE CONCEPT THAT INCLUDES ALL THE POSITIVE ACTIVITIES OF THE THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULINDIVIDUAL. THIS OF COURSE IS AN AGREEMENT WITH THE ALL INCLUSIVE NATURE OFISLAM AS A WAY OF LIFE. IT REGULATES THE HUMAN LIFE ON ALL LEVELS: THE INDIVIDUAL,THE SOCIAL, THE ECONOMIC, THE POLITICAL AND THE SPIRITUAL. THAT IS WHY ISLAMPROVIDES GUIDANCE TO THE SMALLEST DETAILS OF ONES LIFE ON ALL THESE LEVELS.THUS FOLLOWING THESE DETAILS IS FOLLOWING ISLAMIC INSTRUCTIONS IN THAT SPECIFICAREA. IT IS A VERY ENCOURAGING ELEMENT WHEN ONE REALISES THAT ALL HIS ACTIVITIESARE CONSIDERED BY GOD AS ACTS OF WORSHIP. THIS SHOULD LEAD THE INDIVIDUAL TOSEEK ALLAHS PLEASURE IN HIS ACTIONS AND ALWAYS TRY TO DO THEM IN THE BESTPOSSIBLE MANNER WHETHER HE IS WATCHED BY HIS SUPERIORS OR HE IS ALONE. THERE ISALWAYS THE PERMANENT SUPERVISOR, WHO KNOWS EVERYTHING NAMELY, ALLAH.DISCUSSING THE NON-RITUAL WORSHIP IN ISLAM FIRST DOES NOT MEANUNDEREVALUATING THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RITUAL ONES. ACTUALLY RITUAL WORSHIPS, IFPERFORMED IN TRUE SPIRIT, ELEVATE MAN MORALLY AND SPIRITUALLY AND ENABLE HIM TOCARRY ON HIS ACTIVITIES IN ALL WALKS OF LIFE ACCORDING TO THE GUIDANCE OF GOD.AMONG RITUAL WORSHIPS, SALAH (RITUAL PRAYER) OCCUPIES THE KEY POSITION FOR TWOREASONS. FIRSTLY, IT IS THE DISTINCTIVE MARK OF A BELIEVER. SECONDLY, IT PREVENTSAN INDIVIDUAL FROM ALL SORTS OF ABOMINATIONS AND VICES BY PROVIDING HIMCHANCES OF DIRECT COMMUNION WITH HIS CREATOR FIVE TIMES A DAY, WHEREIN HERENEWS HIS COVENANT WITH GOD AND SEEKS HIS GUIDANCE AGAIN AND AGAIN: "YOUALONE WE WORSHIP AND TO YOU ALONE WE TURN FOR HELP. GUIDE US TO THE STRAIGHTPATH" (I:4-5). ACTUALLY SALAH IS THE FIRST PRACTICAL MANIFESTATION OF FAITH ANDALSO THE FOREMOST OF THE BASIC CONDITIONS FOR THE SUCCESS OF THE BELIEVERS:SUCCESSFUL INDEED ARE THE BELIEVERS WHO ARE HUMBLE IN THEIR PRAYERS. (23:1-2)THE SAME FACT HAS BEEN EMPHASISED BY THE PROPHET (PBUH) IN A DIFFERENT WAY. HESAYS: THOSE WHO OFFER THEIR SALAH WITH GREAT CARE AND PUNCTUALITY, WILL FIND ITA LIGHT, A PROOF OF THEIR FAITH AND CAUSE OF THEIR SALVATION ON THE DAY OFJUDGEMENT.AFTER SALAH, ZAKAH (POOR-DUE) IS AN IMPORTANT PILLAR OF ISLAM. IN THE QURANSALAH AND ZAKAH MOSTLY HAVE BEEN MENTIONED TOGETHER. LIKE SALAH, ZAKAH IS AMANIFESTATION OF FAITH THAT AFFIRMS THAT GOD IS THE SOLE OWNER OF EVERYTHING INTHE UNIVERSE, AND WHAT MEN HOLD IS A TRUST IN THEIR HAND OVER WHICH GOD MADETHEM TRUSTEES TO DISCHARGE IT AS HE HAS LAID DOWN:BELIEVE IN ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER AND SPEND OF THAT OVER WHICH HE MADE YOUTRUSTEES. (57:7)IN THIS RESPECT ZAKAH IS AN ACT OF DEVOTION WHICH, LIKE PRAYER, BRINGS THEBELIEVER NEARER TO HIS LORD.APART FROM THIS, ZAKAH IS A MEANS OF REDISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH IN A WAY THATREDUCES DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CLASSES AND GROUPS. IT MAKES A FAIR CONTRIBUTIONTO SOCIAL STABILITY. BY PURGING THE SOUL OF THE RICH FROM SELFISHNESS AND THESOUL OF THE POOR FROM ENVY AND RESENTMENT AGAINST SOCIETY, IT STOPS UP THECHANNELS LEADING TO CLASS HATRED AND MAKES IT POSSIBLE FOR THE SPRINGS OFBROTHERHOOD AND SOLIDARITY TO GUSH FORTH. SUCH STABILITY IS NOT MERELY BASEDON THE PERSONAL FEELINGS OF THE RICH: IT STANDS ON A FIRMLY ESTABLISHED RIGHTWHICH, IF THE RICH DENIED IT, WOULD BE EXACTED BY FORCE, IF NECESSARY. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULSIYAM (FASTING DURING THE DAY TIME FOR THE MONTH OF RAMADHAN) IS ANOTHER PILLAROF ISLAM. THE MAIN FUNCTION OF FASTING IS TO MAKE THE MUSLIM PURE FROM "WITHIN"AS OTHER ASPECTS OF SHARIAH MAKE HIM PURE FROM "WITHOUT". BY SUCH PURITY HERESPONDS TO WHAT IS TRUE AND GOOD AND SHUNS WHAT IS FALSE AND EVIL. THIS ISWHAT WE CAN PERCEIVE IN THE QURANIC VERSE: "O YOU WHO BELIEVE, FASTING ISPRESCRIBED FOR YOU AS IT WAS PRESCRIBED FOR THOSE BEFORE YOU, THAT YOU MAY GAINPIETY". (2:183) IN AN AUTHENTIC TRADITION, THE PROPHET REPORTED ALLAH AS SAYING:"HE SUSPENDS EATING, DRINKING, AND GRATIFICATION OF HIS SEXUAL PASSIONS FOR MYSAKE". THUS HIS REWARD IS GOING TO BE ACCORDING TO GODS GREAT BOUNTY.FASTING, THEN, AWAKENS THE CONSCIENCE OF THE INDIVIDUAL AND GIVES IT SCOPE FOREXERCISE IN A JOINT EXPERIENCE FOR ALL SOCIETY AT THE SAME TIME, THUS ADDINGFURTHER STRENGTH TO EACH INDIVIDUAL. MOREOVER, FASTING OFFERS A COMPULSORYREST TO THE OVERWORKED HUMAN MACHINE FOR THE DURATION OF ONE FULL MONTH.SIMILARLY FASTING REMINDS AN INDIVIDUAL OF THOSE WHO ARE DEPRIVED OF LIFENECESSITIES THROUGHOUT THE YEAR OR THROUGHOUT LIFE. IT MAKES HIM REALISE THESUFFERING OF OTHERS; THE LESS FORTUNATE BROTHERS IN ISLAM, AND THUS PROMOTES INHIM A SENSE OF SYMPATHY AND KINDNESS TO THEM.LASTLY, WE COME TO AL-HAJJ (PILGRIMAGE TO THE HOUSE OF GOD IN MAKKA). THIS VERYIMPORTANT PILLAR OF ISLAM, MANIFESTS A UNIQUE UNITY, DISPELLING ALL KINDS OFDIFFERENCES. MUSLIMS FROM ALL CORNERS OF THE WORLD, WEARING THE SAME DRESS,RESPOND TO THE CALL OF HAJJ IN ONE VOICE AND LANGUAGE: LABBAIK ALLA HUMMALABBAIK (HERE I AM AT YOUR SERVICE O LORD!). IN HAJJ THERE IS AN EXERCISE OF STRICTSELF-DISCIPLINE AND CONTROL WHERE NOT ONLY SACRED THINGS ARE REVERED, BUT EVENTHE LIFE OF PLANTS AND BIRDS IS MADE INVIOLABLE SO THAT EVERYTHING LIVES INSAFETY: "AND HE THAT VENERATES THE SACRED THINGS OF GOD, IT SHALL BE BETTER FORHIM WITH HIS LORD: (22:30), "AND HE THAT VENERATES THE WAYMARKS OF GOD, ITSURELY IS FROM DEVOTION OF THE HEART". (22:32)PILGRIMAGE GIVES AN OPPORTUNITY TO ALL MUSLIMS FROM ALL GROUPS, CLASSES,ORGANISATIONS, AND GOVERNMENTS FROM ALL OVER THE MUSLIM WORLD TO MEETANNUALLY IN A GREAT CONGRESS. THE TIME AND VENUE OF THIS CONGRESS HAS BEEN SETBY THEIR ONE GOD. INVITATION TO ATTEND IS OPEN TO EVERY MUSLIM. NO ONE HAS THEPOWER TO BAR ANYONE. EVERY MUSLIM WHO ATTENDS IS GUARANTEED FULL SAFETY ANDFREEDOM AS LONG AS HE HIMSELF DOES NOT VIOLATE ITS SAFETY.THUS, WORSHIP IN ISLAM, WHETHER RITUAL OR NON-RITUAL, TRAINS THE INDIVIDUAL INSUCH A WAY THAT HE LOVES HIS CREATOR MOST AND THEREBY GAINS AN UNYIELDING WILLAND SPIRIT TO WIPE OUT ALL EVIL AND OPPRESSION FROM THE HUMAN SOCIETY AND MAKETHE WORD OF GOD DOMINANT IN THE WORLD. DUTIES TO ALL OTHER CREATED BEINGSIN THE FOREGOING SECTIONS, THOSE AHADITH AND INSTRUCTIONS WERE DISCUSSEDWHICH GOVERN THE MUTUAL BEHAVIOUR OF MUSLIMS. THE HOLY PROPHETS (S.A.W.)TEACHINGS AND SAYINGS ALSO DEAL WITH THE MANNER OF OUR CONDUCT IN RESPECT TOALL MANKIND AND EVEN THE OTHER CREATURES OF ALLAH ALMIGHTY. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIT IS RELATED BY JAREER IBN ABDULLAH (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "THOSEWHOSE HEARTS ARE DEVOID OF MERCY FOR OTHERS, WILL NOT OBTAIN THE MERCY OFALLAH."THE WORD "OTHERS" USED IN THE HADITH, INCLUDES NOT ONLY THE MUSLIMS BUT THENON-BELIEVERS TOO. EVERYONE, INDEED, HAS A CLAIM TO KINDNESS AND COMPASSION, NOMATTER WHAT CLASS OR COMMUNITY HE MAY BELONG TO. TRUE, SYMPATHY AND KINDNESSTOWARDS THE NON-BELIEVERS AND WRONG-DOERS, HOWEVER, WOULD DEMAND THAT FIRSTOF ALL, A SORROW AND CONCERN IS FELT IN THE HEART AT THEIR PLIGHT ANDTRANSGRESSION AND AN EFFORT IS MADE TO SAVE THEM. BESIDES THIS, IN CASES OFPHYSICAL OR WORLDLY WANT AND SUFFERING, WE ARE COMMANDED TO BE KIND ANDHELPFUL TO THEM.THIS HADITH ACTUALLY IMPARTS A STERN WARNING TO THOSE WHO DO NOT TREAT THEIRFELLOW-MEN WITH KINDNESS AND COMPASSION AND REMAIN INDIFFERENT TO THEIR NEEDSEND DIFFICULTIES.IN ANOTHER HADITH, NARRATED BY ABDULLAH IBN AMR (R.A.) THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) ISREPORTED TO HAVE SAID "THE MOST-MERCIFUL(I.E. ALLAH)WILL HAVE MERCY ON THOSEWHO ARE MERCIFUL. SHOW COMPASSION TO THE DWELLERS OF THE EARTH, THEN THE ONEWHO DWELLS IN THE HEAVENS (ALLAH) WILL SHOW COMPASSION TO YOU!"A STRONG EMPHASIS TO SHOW KINDNESS AND MERCY TO ALL THE CREATURES OF ALLAH ONEARTH, WITH WHOM ONE COMES INTO CONTACT, IS CONTAINED IN THE HADITH. IT FIRSTTELLS THAT THERE WILL BE A SPECIAL MERCY OF ALLAH ON THOSE WHO ARE MERCIFUL ANDTHEN GIVES ASSURANCE THAT THE ALMIGHTY WILL SHOW COMPASSION TO THOSE WHO ARECOMPASSIONATE TO HIS CREATURES. THIS EMPHASIS, TO SHOW KINDNESS ANDCOMPASSION TO THE "DWELLERS OF THE EARTH", NOT ONLY INCLUDES MEN OF ALL FAITHSAND NATIONALITIES, BUT ALSO THE ANIMALS AND OTHER CREATURES.A SIMILAR HADITH HAS BEEN REPORTED BY ANAS (R.A.) AND ABDULLAH IBN MASUD (R.A.) -THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID, "ALL CREATURES ARE THE AYAAL (FAMILY) OF ALLAH.THE MOST BELOVED TO ALLAH, AMONGST HIS CREATURES, IS THE ONE WHO IS GOOD TO HISAYAAL (FAMILY - I.E. CREATURES).THOSE WHO ARE DEPENDENT ON A PERSON FOR THE NECESSITIES OF LIFE (LIKE FOOD,CLOTHING ETC.) ARE CALLED HISAYAAL. THEREFORE, IN THIS REGARD, ALL THE CREATEDBEINGS ARE THE AYAAL OF THE CREATOR - ALLAH. HE IS THE SOLE CHERISHER ANDSUSTAINER. THE ABOVE HADITH, THUS EXPLAINS THAT WHOEVER SHOWS KINDNESS ANDSYMPATHY TO THE CREATURES OF ALLAH WILL BE DESERVING OF HIS LOVE AND MERCY.KINDNESS TO ANIMALSTHE HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMED (S.A.W.), LIKE THE EARLIER PROPHETS, PERMITTED THE USEOF THOSE ANIMALS CREATED FOR THE PURPOSE OF RIDING OR CARRYING LOADS ANDPERMITTED THE USE OF FLESH OF THOSE ANIMALS WHICH HAVE BEEN DECLARED CLEAN FORFOOD. THIS ACTUALLY, IS A BLESSING OF ALLAH ALMIGHTY AND IS IN ACCORDANCE WITHHIS COMMANDS. BUT AT THE SAME TIME, AS EXPLAINED EARLIER, THESE CREATURESSHOULD BE TREATED WITH KINDNESS AND MERCY. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) RELATED THE NARRATION OF THE PROPHET (S.A.W.): "ONCE, ATRAVELLER (DURING THE COURSE OF HIS JOURNEY) CAME UPON A WELL. FEELING THIRSTY,HE WENT DOWN INTO IT- DRANK WATER AND CAME OUT. (THERE WAS NO ROPE NORBUCKET). ON COMING OUT HE SAW A DOG THAT WAS LICKING THE WET EARTH (AROUND THEWELL). THE MAN TOOK PITY AND WENT DOWN(INTO THE WELL- AGAIN), FILLED HIS BOOT,HELD IT BY THE TEETH, CAME OUT AND GAVE WATER TO T HE DOG TO DRINK. THIS (SIMPLE)SERVICE TO THE THIRSTY DOG PLEASED ALLAH TO AN EXTENT THAT HE BLESSED THE MANWITH SALVATION (FORGAVE HIM ALL HIS SINS)". ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) SAYS THAT UPONHEARING THIS, THE COMPANIONS (SAHABAH) ENQUIRED "OH, PROPHET OF ALLAH IS THERE AREWARD FOR US EVEN ON REMOVING THE DISTRESS OF ANIMALS?" "YES" REPLIED THEPROPHET (S.A.W.) "(IN FACT) ON REMOVING THE DISTRESS OF EVERY LIVING BEING!"THE MERCY AND BENEVOLENCE OF THE ALMIGHTY IS STIRRED BY THE DISPLAY OF SUCHDEEDS OF PITY AND SYMPATHY- DUE TO WHICH HE GRANTS FORGIVENESS AND SALVATION.IT SHOULD BE NOTED HERE THAT THE AIM OF THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) WAS NOT MERELYTO NARRATE THE STORY, BUT TO STRESS THE IMPORTANCE OF KINDNESS AND COMPASSIONTO ALL THE CREATURES OF ALLAH - EVEN TO A DOG!SEVERITY OF CRUELTY TO CREATURESTHE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.), ON THE ONE HAND EMPHASISED THAT ALL CREATURES OFALLAH BE TREATED KINDLY, AND ON THE OTHER HAND WARNED AGAINST CRUELTY TO THEMEXPLAINING THAT TO UNNECESSARILY INFLICT PAIN ON THE CREATURES IS A GREAT SIN.IT IS REPORTED BY SUHAIL IBN HANZALIYYAH (R.A.) THAT RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) ONCE CAMEUPON A CAMEL WHOSE BELLY HAD SHRUNK TO ITS BACK (DUE TO STARVATION). ON SEEINGIT HE REMARKED, "OH PEOPLE! FEAR ALLAH WITH REGARDS TO THE DUMB ANIMALS. (I.E. DONOT STARVE THEM LIKE THIS). RIDE THEM WHILE THEY ARE IN GOOD CONDITION (I.E. WELLFED) AND WHEN YOU LEAVE THEM, LEAVE THEM IN THE CONDITION THAT THEY ARE WELL!"THE MORAL OF THE HADITH IS THAT ANYONE WHO POSSESSES AN ANIMAL, SHOULD FEED ITPROPERLY AND THEN TAKE ONLY AS MUCH WORK FROM IT AS IT MAY BEAR(NOTHING BEYONDITS ENDURANCE).JABIR (R.A.) NARRATES THAT ONCE THE HOLY PROPHET(S.A.W.) SAW A DONKEY THAT HADBEEN BRANDED ON THE FACE, UPON WHICH HE EXCLAIMED "THE PERSON WHO HASCOMMITTED THIS (CRUEL) ACT IS REMOVED FROM THE MERCY OF THE LORD (CREATOR)."AS IS STILL PRACTISED IN MANY PLACES, IN THOSE DAYS IT WAS CUSTOMARY TO BRANDANIMALS (LIKE HORSES, DONKEYS, COWS, ETC.), WITH RED-HOT IRONS, AS A MARK OFRECOGNITION. TO BRAND THE FACE OF THE ANIMALS, WHICH IS THE MOST SENSITIVE PARTOF THE BODY, BY BURNING A MARK ON IT, IS DEFINITELY A MOST CRUEL ACT. THE HOLYPROPHET (S.A.W.) FELT DEEPLY HURT ON SEEING THAT THIS HAD BEEN DONE TO THE POORANIMAL, WHICH MADE HIM UTTER THE ABOVE SENTENCE. THIS SURELY WAS AN EXPRESSIONOF SEVERE RESENTMENT AGAINST SUCH CRUELTY!IN ANOTHER HADITH, RELATED BY ABDULLAH IBN UMAR(R.A.) THE PROPHET(S.A.W.) SAID "ACERTAIN CRUEL, HARD - HEARTED WOMAN WILL BE CAST INTO HELL, (SIMPLY) BECAUSE OF(HER CRUELTY TO) HER CAT. SHE HELD IT IS CAPTIVITY UNTIL IT DIED (DUE TOSTARVATION). SHE NEITHER GAVE IT ANYTHING TO EAT, NOR SET IT FREE SO THAT IT COULDFEED ON THE WORMS AND INSECTS OF THE EARTH. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIT IS CLEAR FROM THIS HADITH THAT THE CRUELTY TO ANIMALS IS MOST DISPLEASING TOALLAH THE ALMIGHTY, AND IT CAN LEAD ONE TO HELL!THESE FEW AHADITH OF THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) GIVE AN IDEA OF THE ISLAMIC TEACHINGSCONCERNING THE TREATMENT OF ANIMALS - AND ALL CREATURES, BUT, IT SHOULD BEREMEMBERED THAT THESE DO NOT CONFLICT WITH THE COMMAND FOR KILLING POISONOUSCREATURES, SUCH AS SNAKES, SCORPIONS ETC. WHICH IS ACTUALLY AN ACT OF SERVICE TOMEN AND TO OTHER CREATURES OF ALLAH.THE WORLD HAS, ONLY RECENTLY, REALISED THE NEED FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTYTO ANIMALS, BUT OUR HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMED (S.A.W.) HAD TAUGHT THIS TO MANKINDCENTURIES AGO! "THE EXISTANCE"WERE THEY CREATED OF NOTHING, OR WERE THEY THEMSELVES THE CREATORS? OR DIDTHEY CREATE THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH? SURELY, THEY HAVE NO FIRM BELIEF. OR ARETHE TREASURES OF YOUR LORD WITH THEM, OR HAVE THEY CONTROL OVER THEM? (AT-TUR,,35-37)AS MENTIONED BEFORE, THE FIRST ERROR A PREJUDICED PERSON MAKES IS TRYING TOEVALUATE RELIGION WITHOUT GIVING THOUGHT TO ALLAH. SOCIOLOGISTS, FOR EXAMPLE,WHO DO RESEARCH ON RELIGION, CAN WRITE THOUSANDS OF BOOKS ON HOW RELIGIONSAROSE AND HOW THEY AFFECTED SOCIETIES SOCIOLOGICALLY. YET, IN SPITE OF ALL THESEGREAT ACADEMIC STUDIES, THEY CANNOT UNDERSTAND RELIGION EVEN TO A MINUTEEXTENT WHEN COMPARED WITH THOSE WHO LEAD THEIR LIVES WITHIN THE BOUNDARIES OFRELIGION.SUCH PEOPLE ARE NOT CAPABLE OF COMPREHENDING THE REALITY OF ALLAH‟S UNITY,WHICH IS THE BASIS OF RELIGION. ANYONE WHO DECIDES TO LEARN ABOUT ISLAM NEEDSFIRST TO UNDERSTAND THE EXISTENCE OF ALLAH. IF HE DOES NOT BELIEVE IN ALLAH, HEWILL SIMPLY BE INVESTIGATING THE QUR‟AN AND MUSLIMS IN TERMS OF HIS OWN LIMITEDVISION OF LIFE.THE QUR‟AN THUS EXPRESSES DISAPPROVAL OF SUCH PEOPLE:“THEY DISBELIEVE WHAT THEY CANNOT GRASP, FOR THEY HAVE NOT YET SEEN ITS PROPHECYFULFILLED.” (YUNUS, 39) ISLAM IS NOT A MAN-MADE IDEOLOGY ABOUT WHICH HALF-BAKEDIDEAS AND BASELESS CONCLUSIONS CAN BE PUT FORTH FROM THE OUTSIDE. THEINDIVIDUAL CAN UNDERSTAND WHAT ISLAM IS ABOUT ONLY WHEN HE UNDERSTANDS THEEXISTENCE OF ALLAH AND LIVES HIS LIFE AS ENJOINED IN THE QUR‟AN.ESSENTIALLY, THE EXISTENCE OF ALLAH AND THE REALITY THAT THERE IS NO DEITY OTHERTHAN ALLAH ARE CRYSTAL CLEAR FACTS. BUT IN “THE SOCIETY OF IGNORANCE” WHEREPEOPLE FAIL TO USE THEIR REASONING DUE TO THEIR HABIT OF INDIFFERENCE ANDINDOLENCE, THEY GROW BLIND AND CANNOT COMPREHEND THIS REALITY. AS A MATTER OFFACT, THAT IS THE REASON WHY THEY WERE STIGMATIZED AS A “SOCIETY OF IGNORANCE”(JAHILLIYAH). THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULONE OF THE MANY QURANIC VERSES ABOUT PONDERING ON THE EXISTENCE OF ALLAHRECORDS THE ALMIGHTY‟S ADVICE TO THE PROPHET ON HOW HE SHOULD ADDRESS THEIGNORANT:“SAY: „THINK, YOU, IF ALLAH TOOK AWAY YOUR HEARING AND YOUR SIGHT, AND SEALED UPYOUR HEARTS, WHO - A GOD OTHER THAN ALLAH - COULD RESTORE THEM TO YOU?‟” THESAME VERSE GOES ON TO SAY: “SEE HOW WE EXPLAIN THE SIGNS BY VARIOUS SYMBOLS;YET THEY TURN ASIDE.” (AL-ANAAM, 46)A BRIEF EXAMPLE CAN HELP US ENRICH OUR VIEWS AND REMOVE OUR INNATE IGNORANCE.LET‟S ASSUME THAT THERE IS A PERSON FROM WHOSE MEMORY EVERYTHING, INCLUDINGTHE KNOWLEDGE OF HIS SELF-BEING AND HIS BODY, HAS BEEN WIPED OUT. IF HE FOUNDHIMSELF ON A PLACE LIKE EARTH, WHAT WOULD HE FEEL LIKE? HE WOULD UNDOUBTEDLY BESO AMAZED AND SO ASTONISHED AS TO LOSE HIS MIND OUT OF CURIOSITY. THE FIRSTTHING HE WOULD NOTICE WOULD PROBABLY BE HIS BODY. HE WOULD NOT BE AWARE THATHIS BODY IN FACT BELONGED TO HIM IN THE FIRST PLACE, THINKING OF IT AS AN EXTERNALOBJECT, LIKE THE OTHER THINGS IN THE SCENE. THEN IT WOULD BE VERY INTERESTING FORHIM TO BE ABLE TO CONTROL HIS BODY PARTS AND MAKE THEM DO WHAT HE WANTED THEMTO DO. HE WOULD PROBABLY TRY TO FIGURE OUT THE USE OF HIS ARM BY MOVING IT UPAND DOWN FOR A WHILE.HE WOULD FIND VERY SUITABLE SURROUNDINGS FOR HIS BODY, THE REASON FOR THEEXISTENCE OF WHICH WOULD STILL BE UNKNOWN TO HIM. THERE WOULD BE SAFE GROUNDTO STAND ON, A CLEAR IMAGE TO VIEW, BEAUTIFUL FRAGRANCES TO SMELL, VARIOUSANIMALS, A PROPER AIR TEMPERATURE EXACTLY SUITABLE TO THE BODY, AN ATMOSPHERESUITABLE FOR BREATHING, AND THOUSANDS OF OTHER SENSITIVE BALANCES. EDIBLEFRUITS TO SATISFY HIS HUNGER, PURE AND CLEAR WATER TO COOL HIS PARCHED THROATAND MANY MORE THINGS.FOR A MOMENT, LET US PUT OURSELVES IN HIS POSITION AND REFLECT FOR A WHILE. IN APLACE LIKE THIS, WOULD WE JUST GO AND ENJOY OURSELVES, OR BE WISE ENOUGH TO ASKOURSELVES SOME VERY CRUCIAL QUESTIONS? WOULD WE TRY TO UNDERSTAND WHO WEWERE, WHY WE WERE THERE, WHAT THE REASON FOR OUR EXISTENCE WAS, WHAT THEREASON FOR THE EXISTENCE OF THE PRESENT ORDER WAS OR, WOULD WE SIMPLY IGNORETHESE QUESTIONS AND BE CONCERNED WITH HOW MUCH WE ENJOYED OUR LIVES? WOULDNOT THE FIRST QUESTIONS COME TO OUR MINDS BE AS FOLLOWS:WHO AM I?WHO HAS CREATED ME, WHO HAS CREATED THIS PERFECT BODY OF MINE?WHO HAS CREATED THIS GREAT ORDER WHICH SURROUNDS ME?WHAT DOES HE, WHO CREATED EVERYTHING, WANT FROM ME? WHAT DOES HE WANT TOSHOW ME?EVEN AN INDIVIDUAL WITH A WEAK MIND WOULD THINK THAT THERE IS NOTHING MOREIMPORTANT THAN FINDING ANSWERS TO THESE QUESTIONS. SOMEONE WHO PAYS NOATTENTION TO THEM, PREFERRING RATHER TO SPEND HIS LIFE IN FULFILLING HIS PHYSICALNEEDS, AMUSING HIMSELF DURING THE DAY AND SLEEPING AT NIGHTS, WOULD THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULUNDOUBTEDLY BE A CREATURE OF NO UNDERSTANDING AT ALL. SOMEONE MUST HAVECREATED HIS BODY AND HIS SURROUNDINGS, AND THEY MUST HAVE COME INTO BEING ALLOF A SUDDEN. ONCE HE WAS CREATED, EVERY SECOND OF THE REST OF HIS LIFE MUST ALSOHAVE BEEN DEPENDENT ON THAT SUPERIOR BEING, WHO HAD INITIALLY CREATED HIM. WHATCOULD BE MORE IMPORTANT THAN KNOWING ABOUT THIS SUPERIOR BEING, WHOOBVIOUSLY POSSESSES A GREAT POWER?LET US CONTINUE WITH OUR EXAMPLE AND ASSUME THAT HE REACHES A CITY AFTERWALKING THROUGH THE LAND FOR A WHILE. THERE ARE VARIOUS TYPES OF PEOPLE THERE,MOST OF WHOM ARE PRETTY VULGAR, AMBITIOUS AND INSINCERE. AND ALMOST NOBODY ISTHINKING ABOUT HIS OWNER OR THE PLACE HE IS LIVING IN. ALTHOUGH EVERYONE HAS AJOB, AN AIM OR AN IDEOLOGY, THE PEOPLE OF THE CITY CANNOT BRING GOOD ORDER TOTHE CITY, WITH WHICH EVERYONE WOULD BE CONTENT.LET‟S ASSUME HE MEETS SOME PEOPLE WHOM THE CITIZENS OF THE CITY DISLIKE, ANDTOWARDS WHOM THEY FEEL RAGE AND ENMITY. AS TO WHAT THESE PEOPLE ARE LIKE, HESEES THAT THEY ARE SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENT FROM THE OTHERS IN MANY WAYS. HEFEELS THAT, AS HUMAN BEINGS, THEY ARE AMIABLE REASONABLE, AND TRUSTWORTHY. THEYLOOK HUMBLE AND THEY SPEAK IN A CLEAR, MODERATE AND SENSIBLE MANNER. HE CANEASILY SEE THAT THERE IS NOTHING WRONG WITH THEM, SO HE BECOMES CONFUSED ANDHAS DOUBTS AS TO WHY THE CITIZENRY THINK OTHERWISE.LET‟S ASSUME HE STARTS A CONVERSATION WITH THEM AND THEY TELL HIM: “WE HAVE ADIFFERENT VIEW OF LIFE AND THINK DIFFERENTLY FROM OTHER PEOPLE BECAUSE WE AREAWARE THAT THERE IS AN OWNER OF THIS PLACE AND EVERYTHING IN IT. WE ARE ALSOAWARE THAT HIS POWER IS ABOVE EVERYTHING AND HE HAS CREATED THIS PLACE ANDEVERYTHING ELSE TO TEST AND EDUCATE US UNTIL THE DAY COMES WHEN WE WILL LEAVETHIS PLACE. WE HAVE A BOOK WHICH WE HAVE RECEIVED FROM HIM, AND WE ARE LEADINGOUR LIVES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS BOOK.”IN SUCH A SITUATION, HE MIGHT NOT BE A HUNDRED PER CENT SURE WHETHER THESEPEOPLE WERE REALLY TELLING THE TRUTH OR NOT. BUT HE WOULD PROBABLY UNDERSTANDTHAT WHAT THEY WERE TALKING ABOUT WAS QUITE IMPORTANT. HE WOULD FEEL THEREWAS NOTHING MORE IMPORTANT THAN OBTAINING FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THESEPEOPLE AT THAT MOMENT, AND HE WOULD BE EXTREMELY CURIOUS ABOUT THE BOOK THEYWERE TALKING ABOUT, WOULD HE NOT?THE ONLY THING THAT STOPS US FROM BEING AS SENSIBLE AS THE PERSON IN THISEXAMPLE IS OUR HAVING BEEN ON THIS EARTH FOR A LONGER PERIOD OF TIME. WE HAVEEXPERIENCED A GROWTH PROCESS INSTEAD OF COMING INTO BEING AS AN ADULT ALL OF ASUDDEN, LIKE THE PERSON IN THE STORY. CONSEQUENTLY, WE HAVE TO ADMIT THAT MOSTOF US ARE IN A POSITION SIMILAR TO THAT OF THE TOWN PEOPLE IN THE EXAMPLE DUE TOOUR DISREGARD OF SUCH QUESTIONS IN OUR LIVES. WHAT WE SHOULD FURTHER BEAR INMIND IS THAT ALMOST NONE OF THE PEOPLE IN THIS CITY ACTUALLY THOUGHT ABOUT THEQUESTIONS CITED ABOVE, FOUND SOME CONSISTENT ANSWERS ON THEIR OWN, ANDFINALLY TURNED AWAY FROM THE SUPERIOR BEING, WHO CREATED THEM. IN FACT, MOST OFTHEM DID NOT EVEN GO THROUGH THESE STEPS, BUT SIMPLY PUSHED THESE QUESTIONSASIDE AND STOPPED THINKING ABOUT THEM, BECAUSE OF THEIR “COLLECTIVE IGNORANCE”.ARE WE AWARE OF THE FACT THAT THE “SOCIETY OF IGNORANCE” WE ARE LIVING INPREVENTS US FROM ANSWERING THOSE CRUCIAL QUESTIONS MENTIONED ABOVE BY THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULKEEPING US OCCUPIED WITH QUESTIONS LIKE: “WHAT SHALL I EAT TONIGHT, WHICH DRESSSHOULD I WEAR TOMORROW?” OR “WHAT IS SHE THINKING ABOUT ME, WHAT SHOULD I SAYTO HIM?”? UNFORTUNATELY, THIS SHOWS NOTHING BUT ABYSMAL IGNORANCE ALTHOUGHWE CLAIM TO BE LIVING IN THE “INFORMATION AGE”.NOW, YOU HAVE A CHANCE! THINK ABOUT THE COMPLETE IGNORANCE YOU MIGHT HAVEBEEN EXPOSED TO BY SUCH A “SOCIETY OF IGNORANCE” AND ASK YOURSELVES THEFOLLOWING QUESTION, WHICH SO FAR YOU MIGHT NOT HAVE THOUGHT OVER, OR MIGHTHAVE BRUSHED ASIDE WITH INSUFFICIENT EXPLANATIONS: HOW DID I COME INTOEXISTENCE?IN ORDER TO BE ABLE TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION, IT WOULD BE USEFUL TO START WITHTHE PHYSICAL BEGINNING OF OUR EXISTENCE AND THINK ABOUT THAT EXTRAORDINARYEVENT - “BIRTH”.THE BRIEF HISTORY OF BIRTH CAN BE SUMMARISED AS FOLLOWS:SPERMS ARE PRODUCED LITERALLY „OUTSIDE‟ OF A MAN‟S BODY. THE REASON FOR THIS ISTHE FACT THAT SPERM PRODUCTION CAN OCCUR ONLY IN A SUITABLE ENVIRONMENT WITH ATEMPERATURE OF ABOUT 35 DEGREES CELSIUS, WHICH IS TWO DEGREES BELOW THEAVERAGE BODY TEMPERATURE. MALE TESTICLES ARE THE ONLY BODY PARTS WITH THISTEMPERATURE, AS THEY ARE RIGHTLY PLACED OUTSIDE OF THE BODY. TO BRING THETEMPERATURE TO THE REQUIRED LEVEL, ANOTHER MECHANISM IS ACTIVATED. THE SKINCOVERING THE TESTICLES SHRINKS WHEN IT IS COLD AND SWEATS WHEN IT IS HOT TOKEEP THE TEMPERATURE OF THIS AREA STABLE. APPROXIMATELY A THOUSAND SPERMS AREPRODUCED PER MINUTE, AND THEY HAVE A SPECIAL DESIGN THAT EASES THEIR LONGJOURNEY FROM THE MAN‟S TESTICLES TO THE WOMAN‟S EGG. A SPERM COMPRISES A HEAD,A NECK AND A TAIL BY THE USE OF WHICH A FISH-LIKE MOVEMENT TOWARDS THE MOTHER‟SUTERUS TAKES PLACE.THE HEAD PART, WHICH CARRIES THE GENETIC CODE OF THE FUTURE HUMAN BEING, ISCOVERED WITH A SPECIAL PROTECTIVE ARMOUR. THE BENEFIT OF THIS ARMOUR IS NOTICEDAT THE ENTRANCE OF THE MOTHER‟S UTERUS. THIS PLACE IS VERY ACIDIC TO PROTECT THEMOTHER FROM MICROBES AND OTHER ALIEN PARTICLES LIKE SPERMS, BUT BY THE USE OFTHIS ARMOUR, MOST SPERMS MANAGE TO STAY ALIVE.NOT ONLY SPERMS ARE EJACULATED TO THE UTERUS. SEMEN IS A MIXTURE THAT CONSISTSOF MANY OTHER LIQUIDS. THESE LIQUIDS CONTAIN SUGAR THAT SUPPLIES ENERGY TO THESPERMS. SEMEN, WHICH IS A BASE IN ITS CHEMICAL FORM, NEUTRALISES THE ACIDICENVIRONMENT AT THE ENTRANCE OF THE UTERUS AND CREATES A SAFE ENVIRONMENT FORSPERMS. IT ALSO MAKES THE ENVIRONMENT SLIPPERY SO THAT SPERMS CAN MOVE ALONGEASILY. SPERMS MAKE A DIFFICULT JOURNEY INSIDE THE BODY OF THE MOTHER UNTIL THEYREACH THE EGG. NO MATTER HOW HARD THEY TRY TO SURVIVE, ONLY A THOUSAND SPERMSOUT OF 200-300 MILLION CAN MAKE IT TO THE EGG.IN THE LIGHT OF THIS BRIEF INFORMATION, LET‟S TRY TO FIND THE ANSWERS TO SOMEQUESTIONS THAT CROSS OUR MINDS: HOW CAN A SPERM MAKE ITSELF SO SUITABLE FORENTRY INTO THE MOTHER‟S UTERUS, ABOUT WHICH IT KNOWS NOTHING BEFOREHAND? HOWCAN A SPERM BE PRODUCED IN THE MALE BODY IN A WAY THAT IT CAN SURVIVE AND FINDITS WAY TO THE EGG IN THE FEMALE UTERUS IN SPITE OF THE PROTECTIVE MECHANISMS OF THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE FEMALE BODY, ABOUT WHICH THE SPERM HAD NO PREVIOUS IDEA? HOW CAN THISHAPPEN?SINCE A SPERM LACKS THE ABILITY TO ADAPT ITSELF TO AN UNKNOWN ENVIRONMENT INADVANCE, THE ONLY POSSIBLE ANSWER TO THESE QUESTIONS IS THAT IT IS ACTUALLYCREATED THAT WAY.LET‟S CONTINUE WITH THE BRIEF STORY OF BIRTH:AN EGG IS ABOUT HALF THE SIZE OF A SALT GRAIN. THE PLACE WHERE AN EGG AND A SPERMMEET IS CALLED THE FALLOPIAN TUBE. THE EGG SECRETES A SPECIAL FLUID THAT LEADS THESPERMS TO THE EGG. AS THEY COME CLOSER TO THE EGG, THEIR PROTECTIVE ARMOUR ISMELTED BY ANOTHER FLUID SECRETED BY THE EGG. AS A RESULT, SOLVENT ENZYMESACHETS APPEAR ON THE COVER OF THE SPERMS‟ HEADS. BY THE USE OF THESE ENZYMES,THE SPERM THAT IS TO FERTILISE THE EGG, PENETRATES THE MEMBRANE OF THE EGG. WHENTHE SPERMS SURROUND THE EGG, THEY RACE ONE ANOTHER TO ENTER TO THE EGG.MOSTLY, ONLY ONE SPERM FERTILISES THE EGG AND FROM THAT TIME ON, THERE IS NOPOSSIBILITY FOR ANOTHER SPERM TO ENTER IT. BEFORE FERTILISATION, THE ELECTRICCHARGE OF THE SPERMS AND THE EGG ARE OPPOSITE, THEREFORE THEY ATTRACT EACHOTHER. HOWEVER, AFTER THE ENTRANCE OF THE FIRST SPERM, THE ELECTRICAL CHARGE OFTHE EGG CHANGES, ACQUIRING A PUSHING EFFECT ON THE REST OF THE SPERMS.FINALLY, THE DNA OF THE MALE PRESENT IN THE SPERM COMBINES WITH THE DNA OF THEFEMALE. AT THIS MOMENT, THERE FORMS A NEW CELL (THE ZYGOTE), THAT IS, A NEWHUMAN BEING INSIDE THE MOTHER‟S WOMB.AFTER CONSIDERING THIS BIT OF INFORMATION, A NEW QUESTION COMES TO OUR MINDS:HOW IS IT THAT AN EGG IS PREPARED TO WELCOME A SPERM AS IF IT “KNEW” THAT ITWOULD MEET THE SPERM? HOW CAN THIS HAPPEN? THE ONLY POSSIBLE ANSWER TO THISQUESTION IS THAT THE EGG IS CREATED TO BE SUITABLE TO THE SPERM BY THE WILL OF ACREATOR WHO HAS ALSO CREATED THE SPERMS AND CONTROLS BOTH THE SPERM AND THEEGG.THE EXTRAORDINARY NATURE OF BIRTH DOES NOT FINISH WITH ALL THIS. THE FERTILISEDEGG CLINGS ON TO THE WOMB BY ITS SPECIAL KNOBBLY SURFACE. THE SMALLPROTUBERANCES ON THE SURFACE OF THE EGG JUT OUT AND PENETRATE DEEP INTO THEMOTHER‟S WOMB LIKE THE ROOTS OF PLANTS IN THE GROUND. THE ZYGOTE STARTS TODEVELOP THROUGH HORMONES SECRETED BY THE MOTHER. THE EGG KEEPS RECEIVINGNUTRITION PROVIDED BY THE MOTHER.WITH TIME, THE CELLS DIVIDE AND GROW IN NUMBER BY THE TWO-FOUR-EIGHT-SIXTEENMODEL. IN THE BEGINNING, ALL CELLS THAT ARE FORMED BY THE DIVISION OF OLD ONESHAVE THE SAME PROPERTIES AS EACH OTHER. THEN, ALL OF A SUDDEN, NEWLY FORMEDCELLS SOMEHOW START DIFFERENTIATING, SHOWING SEPARATE CHARACTERISTICS, AS THEYARE TO FORM DIFFERENT ORGANS OF THE FETUS. THE SCIENCE OF TODAY STILL LACKS THECOMPETENCE TO GIVE A SATISFACTORY ANSWER TO THE QUESTION OF WHY AND HOWEXACTLY THIS DIFFERENTIATION OF CELLS TAKES PLACE AND HOW THEY FORM DIFFERENTORGANS WITH SUCH PERFECT ORGANISATION.AS TIME PASSES, A DRASTIC CHANGE TAKES PLACE IN THE JELLY-LIKE FETUS. RELATIVELYROUGH BONES START TO FORM INSIDE THAT SOFT STRUCTURE, ALL OF THEM SURPRISINGLY, THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIN THEIR PROPER PLACES. WHAT‟S AMAZING HERE, IS THAT WHILE ALL THE CELLS CARRYEXACTLY THE SAME CHARACTERISTICS AT THE BEGINNING, THROUGH THE DIFFERENTIATINGPROCESS, SOME OF THEM TURN OUT TO BE EYE CELLS SENSITIVE TO LIGHT, OTHERS BECOMENERVE CELLS THAT PERCEIVE HEAT WHILE YET OTHERS FORM THOSE CELLS THAT DETECTSOUND VIBRATIONS.FINALLY THE FETUS‟ CONSTRUCTION IS COMPLETED AND A NEW BABY IS BORN INTO THEWORLD. AT THIS STAGE, IT IS 100 MILLION TIMES BIGGER AND 6 BILLION TIMES HEAVIERTHAN ITS INITIAL FORM WHEN IT WAS A FERTILISED EGG.THIS “BRIEF HISTORY” MENTIONED ABOVE CONCERNS US, BECAUSE IT IS THE STORY OF HOWWE CAME INTO BEING. FOR US, WHAT CAN BE MORE IMPORTANT THAN FINDING THEULTIMATE CAUSE AND OWNER OF THAT GREAT, EXTRAORDINARY AND COMPLEX EVENT OFOUR EXISTENCE? WHEN WE GLANCE AT THIS SHORT HISTORY, WE COME ACROSS MANYOTHER QUESTIONS TO WHICH SCIENCE, WHICH IS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF MATERIALISM,HAS NOT YET FOUND ANY ANSWERS.BUT THERE ARE STILL MANY QUESTIONS THAT NEED TO BE ANSWERED. ONE OF THESE IS:HOW CAN CELLS OF THE SAME STRUCTURE START TO GATHER IN GROUPS AND FORMDIFFERENT ORGANS OF THE BODY WHILE THEY MULTIPLY?ACTUALLY, THERE IS NO ANSWER TO THESE QUESTIONS ABOUT BIRTH OTHER THANACCEPTING THE PRESENCE OF A CREATOR. IT WOULD BE A GREAT MISTAKE TO THINK THATALL OF THESE COMPLEX OPERATIONS OCCUR ON THEIR OWN OR BY CHANCE. HOW CAN CELLSAGREE TO FORM “HUMAN ORGANS”? LET‟S THINK ABOUT THIS A LITTLE FURTHER. LET‟SASSUME THAT THERE ARE TWO WISE ADULTS WHO COME TOGETHER AND DECIDE TO WORKON AN ENGINEERING PROJECT. EVEN BETWEEN THESE TWO PERSONS, SOMEMISUNDERSTANDINGS WILL UNAVOIDABLY OCCUR AND THIS WILL PUT THE SUCCESS OF THEPROJECT AT RISK. THEN, HOW CAN THOUSANDS AND MILLIONS OF CELLS WORK TOGETHERTO FORM AN ABSOLUTELY PERFECT ORGANISATION WITHOUT ANY MISHAP? WHO WOULDDARE TO SAY AN ANSWER TO THIS QUESTION: “IT MAY BE POSSIBLE BY CHANCE”?SOME ATHEIST “SCIENTISTS” OF TODAY EXPLAIN THIS MARVELLOUS OCCURRENCE AS THE“MAGIC OF NATURE”. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? WHO OR WHAT IS NATURE? HAS NOT NATUREALSO BEEN CREATED?ANOTHER ATTEMPT TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION MIGHT BE TO REFER TO THE MOTHER ANDTHE FATHER—WHICH WOULD BE MEANINGLESS. THE ROLE OF PARENTS IN THIS EVENT IS INFACT, NEGLIGIBLE. NEITHER MOTHER NOR THE FATHER IS AWARE WHAT GOES ON WITHINTHEM IN THE PRODUCTION OF GENDER CELLS, FERTILISATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF FETUS.THE EXACT DATE OF BIRTH IS UNKNOWN TO MOTHER WHO HAS NO CONTROL OVERDELIVERY. IN SPITE OF THIS, MOTHER AND FATHER ARE SEEN AS THE “ORIGIN OF ONE‟SLIFE”? BUT ARE THEY SO?THE MOTHER AND FATHER ARE VERY IMPORTANT TO THEIR CHILD, AS THEY PLAY A ROLE INHIS EXISTENCE. ON THE OTHER HAND, ONE NEVER, OR ONLY RARELY, THINKS ABOUT ONESREAL CREATOR. IS NOT THE REAL CREATOR, WHO HAS THE ULTIMATE POWER AND CONTROLONES EVERYTHING INCLUDING BIRTH, LIFE AND DEATH, WORTH MORE LOVE AND RESPECT?HIS EXISTENCE IS CLEAR AND THE EXISTENCE OF ANY OTHER THING WITHOUT HIM IS NOTPOSSIBLE. NO ONE BUT ALLAH CAN CREATE ANYONE OR ANY MATTER ON HIS OWN, WHILE HENEITHER BEGETS NOR IS BEGOTTEN AS IS STATED IN THE THIRD VERSE OF AL-IKHLAS 3. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE CREATION IS EXPLAINED IN THE QUR‟AN AS FOLLOWS; “WE CREATED MAN FROM A QUINTESSENCE (OF CLAY); THEN WE PLACED HIM AS (A DROPOF) SPERM IN A PLACE OF REST, FIRMLY FIXED; THEN WE MADE THE SPERM INTO A CLOT OFCONGEALED BLOOD; THEN OF THAT CLOT WE MADE A (FETUS) LUMP; THEN WE MADE OUT OFTHAT LUMP BONES AND CLOTHED THE BONES WITH FLESH; THEN WE DEVELOPED OUT OF ITANOTHER CREATURE. SO BLESSED BE ALLAH, THE NOBLEST OF CREATORS!” (AL-MUMENOON,12-14)THIS BEING SO, IT IS CLEAR THAT THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN OURSELVES AND THATMAN IN THE STORY, WHO WAS “SUDDENLY” CREATED AND BECOME CURIOUS ABOUT WHOHAD CREATED HIM AND EVERYTHING AROUND HIM. OF COURSE, HE FOUND HIMSELF AS ANADULT AND WITHOUT ANY PARENTS WHO GAVE BIRTH TO HIM AND RAISED HIM. BUT NOWTHAT WE ALSO KNOW THAT OUR COMING INTO EXISTENCE CAN IN NO WAY BE EXPLAINED BYPARENTS, WE CAN CONSIDER OUR SITUATION SIMILAR TO THAT OF THE MAN IN THE STORY.IN SUCH A SITUATION, THE MOST IMPORTANT THING TO DO IS TO SEARCH EXCLUSIVELY FORTHE TRUTH, TO LISTEN TO THOSE WHO CLAIM THEY HAVE KNOWLEDGE AND EVIDENCEABOUT THE TRUTH AND THEN TO THINK OVER WHAT WE HAVE BEEN TOLD. TAKE THE MAN INTHE STORY AGAIN. AS WE KNOW, HE MEETS SOME PEOPLE IN THE CITY WHO TELL HIM THATTHEY CAN MAKE KNOWN TO HIM THE CREATOR WHO HAS CREATED HIMSELF ANDEVERYTHING AROUND AND THAT THERE IS A BOOK FROM HIM. WHAT DO YOU THINK HEWOULD DO? WOULD HE LISTEN TO THEM, OR WOULD HE SIMPLY TURN AWAY FROM THEM ANDPREFER TO BE INVOLVED WITH SUCH ORDINARY, EVERYDAY QUESTIONS LIKE: “WHAT SHALL IWEAR TONIGHT, WHAT SHALL I SAY TO HIM?” THAT ARE DAILY REPEATED AND WILL ONE DAYBECOME MEANINGLESS WHEN DEATH COMES TO HIM. WHICH ONE OF THESE TWO CHOICESIS THE MORE RATIONAL, LOGICAL AND CONSCIENTIOUS? YOU, WITHOUT DOUBT, KNOW THECORRECT ANSWER FOR THIS MAN. BUT, WHAT ABOUT YOURSELF?WHAT LEADS UP TO THE EVENT OF CREATION IS SPECIFICALLY DESCRIBED IN CERTAINOTHER VERSES OF THE QURAN;“DOES MAN THINK THAT HE WILL BE LEFT UNCONTROLLED, WITHOUT PURPOSE? WAS HE NOTA DROP OF SPERM EMITTED IN LOWLY FORM?THEN HE BECAME A LEECH-LIKE CLOT; THEN ALLAH MADE AND FASHIONED HIM IN DUEPROPORTION. AND OF HIM HE MADE TWO SEXES, MALE AND FEMALE. HAS NOT HE, THE SAME,THE POWER TO GIVE LIFE TO THE DEAD?” (AL-QIYAMA, 36-40)“ALLAH CREATED YOU FROM DUST; THEN FROM A SPERM-DROP; THEN HE MADE YOU INPAIRS. NO FEMALE CONCEIVES, OR LAYS DOWN HER LOAD, BUT WITH HIS KNOWLEDGE. NOMAN IS LONG-LIVED, NOR IS A PART CUT OFF FROM HIS LIFE, BUT IN ACCORDANCE WITH HISDECREE. ALL THIS IS EASY TO ALLAH.” (FATIR, 11)THE HUMAN IS A BEING CREATED BY ALLAH AND AS A CREATED ENTITY, HE CANNOT CHANGETHIS FACT. HE CANNOT BRING ANY OTHER EXPLANATION TO HIS OWN EXISTENCE. SINCE HEHAS BEEN CREATED, HE WOULD NOT BE LEFT UNCONTROLLED AND IRRESPONSIBLE ASEMPHASIZED IN THE ABOVE VERSES. THERE IS, OF COURSE, A PURPOSE FOR CREATION.WHERE THEN WILL HE FIND THE ANSWER? THERE IS ONLY ONE ANSWER TO THIS QUESTIONAND THAT IS IN THE BOOK THAT ALLAH HAS SENT DOWN TO HIM. THE NOBLE QURAN THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFUL HUMAN RIGHTS IN ISLAMSINCE GOD IS THE ABSOLUTE AND THE SOLE MASTER OF MEN AND THE UNIVERSE, HE IS THESOVEREIGN LORD, THE SUSTAINER AND NOURISHER, THE MERCIFUL, WHOSE MERCYENSHRINES ALL BEINGS; AND SINCE HE HAS GIVEN EACH MAN HUMAN DIGNITY ANDHONOUR, AND BREATHED INTO HIM OF HIS OWN SPIRIT, IT FOLLOWS THAT, UNITED IN HIMAND THROUGH HIM, AND APART FROM THEIR OTHER HUMAN ATTRIBUTES, MEN ARESUBSTANTIALLY THE SAME AND NO TANGIBLE AND ACTUAL DISTINCTION CAN BE MADEAMONG THEM, ON ACCOUNT OF THEIR ACCIDENTAL DIFFERENCES SUCH AS NATIONALITY,COLOUR OR RACE. EVERY HUMAN-BEING IS THEREBY RELATED TO ALL OTHERS AND ALLBECOME ONE COMMUNITY OF BROTHERHOOD IN THEIR HONOURABLE AND PLEASANTSERVITUDE TO THE MOST COMPASSIONATE LORD OF THE UNIVERSE. IN SUCH A HEAVENLYATMOSPHERE THE ISLAMIC CONFESSION OF THE ONENESS OF GOD STANDS DOMINANT ANDCENTRAL, AND NECESSARILY ENTAILS THE CONCEPT OF THE ONENESS OF HUMANITY AND THEBROTHERHOOD OF MANKIND.ALTHOUGH AN ISLAMIC STATE MAY BE SET UP IN ANY PART OF THE EARTH, ISLAM DOES NOTSEEK TO RESTRICT HUMAN RIGHTS OR PRIVILEGES TO THE GEOGRAPHICAL LIMITS OF ITSOWN STATE. ISLAM HAS LAID DOWN SOME UNIVERSAL FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS FORHUMANITY AS A WHOLE, WHICH ARE TO BE OBSERVED AND RESPECTED UNDER ALLCIRCUMSTANCES WHETHER SUCH A PERSON IS RESIDENT WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF THEISLAMIC STATE OR OUTSIDE IT, WHETHER HE IS AT PEACE WITH THE STATE OR AT WAR. THEQURAN VERY CLEARLY STATES:O YE WHO BELIEVE! STAND OUT FIRMLY FOR ALLAH, AS WITNESSES TO FAIR DEALING, ANDLET NOT THERE BE HATRED OF OTHERS TO MAKE YOU SWERVE TO WRONG AND DEPART FROMJUSTICE. BE JUST: THAT IS NEXT TO PIETY:” AND FEAR ALLAH. FOR ALLAH IS WELL -AQUATINTED WITH ALL THAT YOU DO. 5:80)HUMAN BLOOD IS SACRED IN ANY CASE AND CANNOT BE SPILLED WITHOUT JUSTIFICATION.AND IF ANYONE VIOLATES THIS SANCTITY OF HUMAN BLOOD BY KILLING A SOUL WITHOUTJUSTIFICATION, THE QURAN EQUATES IT TO THE KILLING OF ENTIRE MANKIND:WHOSO SLAYS A SOUL NOT TO RETALIATE FOR A SOUL SLAIN, NOR FOR CORRUPTION DONEIN THE LAND, SHOULD BE AS IF HE HAD SLAIN MANKIND ALTOGETHER.IT IS NOT PERMISSIBLE TO OPPRESS WOMEN, CHILDREN, OLD PEOPLE, THE SICK OR THEWOUNDED. WOMENS HONOUR AND CHASTITY ARE TO BE RESPECTED UNDER ALLCIRCUMSTANCES. THE HUNGRY PERSON MUST BE FED, THE NAKED CLOTHED AND THEWOUNDED OR DISEASED TREATED MEDICALLY IRRESPECTIVE OF WHETHER THEY BELONG TOTHE ISLAMIC COMMUNITY OR ARE FROM AMONGST ITS ENEMIES.WHEN WE SPEAK OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN ISLAM WE REALLY MEAN THAT THESE RIGHTS HAVEBEEN GRANTED BY GOD; THEY HAVE NOT BEEN GRANTED BY ANY KING OR BY ANYLEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY. THE RIGHTS GRANTED BY THE KINGS OR THE LEGISLATIVEASSEMBLIES, CAN ALSO BE WITHDRAWN IN THE SAME MANNER IN WHICH THEY ARECONFERRED. THE SAME IS THE CASE WITH THE RIGHTS ACCEPTED AND RECOGNISED BY THEDICTATORS. THEY CAN CONFER THEM WHEN THEY PLEASE AND WITHDRAW THEM WHEN THEYWISH; AND THEY CAN OPENLY VIOLATE THEM WHEN THEY LIKE. BUT SINCE IN ISLAM HUMANRIGHTS HAVE BEEN CONFERRED BY GOD, NO LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IN THE WORLD OR ANY THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULGOVERNMENT ON EARTH HAS THE RIGHT OR AUTHORITY TO MAKE ANY AMENDMENT ORCHANGE IN THE RIGHTS CONFERRED BY GOD. NO ONE HAS THE RIGHT TO ABROGATE THEMOR WITHDRAW THEM. NOR ARE THEY BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS WHICH ARE CONFERRED ONPAPER FOR THE SAKE OF SHOW AND EXHIBITION AND DENIED IN ACTUAL LIFE WHEN THESHOW IS OVER. NOR ARE THEY LIKE PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPTS WHICH HAVE NOSANCTIONS BEHIND THEM.THE CHARTER AND THE PROCLAMATIONS AND THE RESOLUTIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONSCANNOT BE COMPARED WITH THE RIGHTS SANCTIONED BY GOD; BECAUSE THE FORMER ISNOT APPLICABLE ON ANYBODY WHILE THE LATTER IS APPLICABLE ON EVERY BELIEVER. THEYARE A PART AND PARCEL OF THE ISLAMIC FAITH. EVERY MUSLIM OR ADMINISTRATOR WHOCLAIM THEMSELVES TO BE MUSLIMS, WILL HAVE TO ACCEPT, RECOGNISE AND ENFORCETHEM. IF THEY FAIL TO ENFORCE THEM, AND START DENYING THE RIGHTS THAT HAVE BEENGUARANTEED BY GOD OR MAKE AMENDMENTS AND CHANGES IN THEM, OR PRACTICALLYVIOLATE THEM WHILE PAYING LIP SERVICE TO THEM, THE VERDICT OF THE HOLY QURAN FORSUCH GOVERNMENT IS CLEAR AND UNEQUIVOCAL: THOSE WHO DO NOT JUDGE BY WHAT GODHAS SENT DOWN ARE THE DISBELIEVERS (5:44).HUMAN RIGHTS IN AN ISLAMIC STATE1. THE SECURITY OF LIFE AND PROPERTY:IN THE ADDRESS WHICH THE PROPHET DELIVERED ON THE OCCASION OF THE FAREWELLHAJJ, HE SAID: "YOUR LIVES AND PROPERTIES ARE FORBIDDEN TO ONE ANOTHER TILL YOUMEET YOUR LORD ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION". THE PROPHET HAS ALSO SAID ABOUTTHE DHIMMIS (THE NON-MUSLIM CITIZENS OF THE MUSLIM STATE): "ONE WHO KILLS A MANUNDER COVENANT (I.E., DHIMMI) WILL NOT EVEN SMELL THE FRAGRANCE OF PARADISE".2. THE PROTECTION OF HONOUR: THE HOLY QURAN LAYS DOWN-I) YOU WHO BELIEVE, DO NOT LET ONE (SET OF) PEOPLE MAKE FUN OF ANOTHER SET.II) DO NOT DEFAME ONE ANOTHERIII) DO NOT INSULT BY USING NICKNAMEIV) DO NOT BACKBITE OR SPEAK ILL OF ONE ANOTHER (49:11-12)3. SANCTITY AND SECURITY OF PRIVATE LIFE: THE QURAN HAS LAID DOWN THEINJUNCTION-I) DO NOT SPY ON ONE ANOTHERII) DO NOT ENTER ANY HOUSES UNLESS YOU ARE SURE OF THEIR OCCUPANTS CONSENT.4. THE SECURITY OF PERSONAL FREEDOM:ISLAM HAS LAID DOWN THE PRINCIPLE THAT NO CITIZEN CAN BE IMPRISONED UNLESS HISGUILT HAS BEEN PROVED IN AN OPEN COURT. TO ARREST A MAN ONLY ON THE BASIS OFSUSPICION AND TO THROW HIM INTO A PRISON WITHOUT PROPER COURT PROCEEDINGS ANDWITHOUT PROVIDING HIM A REASONABLE OPPORTUNITY TO PRODUCE HIS DEFENCE IS NOTPERMISSIBLE IN ISLAM.5. THE RIGHT TO PROTEST AGAINST TYRANNY: THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULAMONGST THE RIGHTS THAT ISLAM HAS CONFERRED ON HUMAN BEINGS IS THE RIGHT TOPROTEST AGAINST GOVERNMENTS TYRANNY. REFERRING TO IT THE QURAN SAYS. "GODDOES NOT LOVE EVIL TALK IN PUBLIC UNLESS IT IS BY SOME ONE WHO HAS BEEN INJUREDTHEREBY". IN ISLAM, AS HAS BEEN ARGUED EARLIER, ALL POWER AND AUTHORITY BELONGSTO GOD, AND WITH MAN THERE IS ONLY DELEGATED POWER WHICH BECOMES A TRUST;EVERYONE WHO BECOMES A RECIPIENT OR A DONEE OF SUCH A POWER HAS TO STAND INAWFUL REVERENCE BEFORE HIS PEOPLE TOWARDS WHOM AND FOR WHOSE SAKE HE WILL BECALLED UPON TO USE THESE POWERS. THIS WAS ACKNOWLEDGED BY HAZRAT ABU BAKRWHO SAID IN HIS VERY FIRST ADDRESS: "COOPERATE WITH ME WHEN I AM RIGHT BUTCORRECT ME WHEN I COMMIT ERROR; OBEY ME SO LONG AS I FOLLOW THE COMMANDMENTSOF ALLAH AND HIS PROPHET; BUT TURN AWAY FROM ME WHEN I DEVIATE".6. FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION:ISLAM GIVES THE RIGHT OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT AND EXPRESSION TO ALL CITIZENS OFTHE ISLAMIC STATE ON THE CONDITION THAT IT SHOULD BE USED FOR THE PROPAGATIONOF VIRTUE AND TRUTH AND NOT FOR SPREADING EVIL AND WICKEDNESS. THE ISLAMICCONCEPT OF FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION IS MUCH SUPERIOR TO THE CONCEPT PREVALENT INTHE WEST. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES WOULD ISLAM ALLOW EVIL AND WICKEDNESS TO BEPROPAGATED. IT ALSO DOES NOT GIVE ANYBODY THE RIGHT TO USE ABUSIVE OR OFFENSIVELANGUAGE IN THE NAME OF CRITICISM. IT WAS THE PRACTICE OF THE MUSLIMS TO ENQUIREFROM THE HOLY PROPHET (P.B.U.H.) WHETHER ON A CERTAIN MATTER A DIVINE INJUNCTIONHAD BEEN REVEALED TO HIM. IF HE SAID THAT HE HAD RECEIVED NO DIVINE INJUNCTION,THE MUSLIMS FREELY EXPRESSED THEIR OPINION ON THE MATTER.7. FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION:ISLAM HAS ALSO GIVEN PEOPLE THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION AND FORMATIONOF PARTIES OR ORGANISATIONS. THIS RIGHT IS ALSO SUBJECT TO CERTAIN GENERALRULES.8. FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE AND CONVICTION:ISLAM HAS LAID DOWN THE INJUNCTION: THERE SHOULD BE NO COERCION IN THE MATTEROF FAITH. ON THE CONTRARY TOTALITARIAN SOCIETIES TOTALLY DEPRIVE THE INDIVIDUALSOF THEIR FREEDOM. INDEED THIS UNDUE EXALTATION OF THE STATE AUTHORITYCURIOUSLY ENOUGH POSTULATES A SORT OF SERVITUDE, OF SLAVISHNESS ON THE PART OFMAN. AT ONE TIME SLAVERY MEANT TOTAL CONTROL OF MAN OVER MAN - NOW THAT TYPEOF SLAVERY HAS BEEN LEGALLY ABOLISHED BUT IN ITS PLACE TOTALITARIAN SOCIETIESIMPOSE A SIMILAR SORT OF CONTROL OVER INDIVIDUALS.9. PROTECTION OF RELIGIOUS SENTIMENTS:ALONG WITH FREEDOM OF CONVICTION AND FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE ISLAM HAS GIVENTHE RIGHT TO THE INDIVIDUAL THAT HIS RELIGIOUS SENTIMENTS WILL BE GIVEN DUERESPECT AND NOTHING WILL BE SAID OR DONE WHICH MAY ENCROACH UPON HIS RIGHT.10. PROTECTION FROM ARBITRARY IMPRISONMENT:ISLAM ALSO RECOGNISES THE RIGHT OF THE INDIVIDUAL THAT HE WILL NOT BE ARRESTEDOR IMPRISONED FOR THE OFFENCES OF OTHERS. THE HOLY QURAN HAS LAID DOWN THIS THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULPRINCIPLE CLEARLY: NO BEARER OF BURDENS SHALL BE MADE TO BEAR THE BURDEN OFANOTHER.11. THE RIGHT TO BASIC NECESSITIES OF LIFE:ISLAM HAS RECOGNISED THE RIGHT OF THE NEEDY PEOPLE THAT HELP AND ASSISTANCEWILL BE PROVIDED TO THEM: AND IN THEIR WEALTH THERE IS ACKNOWLEDGED RIGHT FORTHE NEEDY AND THE DESTITUTE.12. EQUALITY BEFORE LAW:ISLAM GIVES ITS CITIZENS THE RIGHT TO ABSOLUTE AND COMPLETE EQUALITY IN THE EYESOF THE LAW.13. RULERS NOT ABOVE THE LAW:A WOMAN BELONGING TO A HIGH AND NOBLE FAMILY WAS ARRESTED IN CONNECTION WITHTHEFT. THE CASE WAS BROUGHT TO THE PROPHET, AND IT WAS RECOMMENDED THAT SHEMIGHT BE SPARED THE PUNISHMENT OF THEFT. THE PROPHET REPLIED, "THE NATIONS THATLIVED BEFORE YOU WERE DESTROYED BY GOD BECAUSE THEY PUNISHED THE COMMON-MANFOR THEIR OFFENCES AND LET THEIR DIGNITARIES GO UNPUNISHED FOR THEIR CRIMES; ISWEAR BY HIM WHO HOLDS MY LIFE IN HIS HAND THAT EVEN IF FATIMA, THE DAUGHTER OFMUHAMMED, HAD COMMITTED THIS CRIME, I WOULD HAVE AMPUTATED HER HAND".14. THE RIGHT TO PARTICIPATE IN THE AFFAIRS OF STATE:AND THEIR BUSINESS IS (CONDUCTED) THROUGH CONSULTATION AMONG THEMSELVES.(42:38). THE SHURA OR THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY HAS NO OTHER MEANING EXCEPT THAT:THE EXECUTIVE HEAD OF THE GOVERNMENT AND THE MEMBERS OF THE ASSEMBLY SHOULDBE ELECTED BY FREE AND INDEPENDENT CHOICE OF THE PEOPLE.LASTLY, IT IS TO BE MADE CLEAR THAT ISLAM TRIES TO ACHIEVE THE ABOVE-MENTIONEDHUMAN RIGHTS AND MANY OTHERS NOT ONLY BY PROVIDING CERTAIN LEGAL SAFEGUARDSBUT MAINLY BY INVITING MANKIND TO TRANSCEND THE LOWER LEVEL OF ANIMAL LIFE TO BEABLE TO GO BEYOND THE MERE TIES FOSTERED BY THE KINSHIP OF BLOOD, RACIALSUPERIORITY, LINGUISTIC ARROGANCE, AND ECONOMIC PRIVILEGES. IT INVITES MANKINDTO MOVE ON TO A PLANE OF EXISTENCE WHERE, BY REASON OF HIS INNER EXCELLENCE, MANCAN REALISE THE IDEAL OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF MAN.ISLAM AND MUSLIM:ISLAM IS AN ARABIC WORD WHICH MEANS PEACE, PURITY, ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT.THE RELIGION OF ISLAM IS THE COMPLETE ACCEPTANCE OF THE TEACHINGS AND GUIDANCEOF GOD (ALLAH BEING HIS PROPER NAME). I.E. SURRENDER TO THE WILL OF GOD.A MUSLIM IS ONE WHO ACCEPTS FREELY AND WILLINGLY THE SUPREME POWER OF GOD ANDSTRIVES FOR TOTAL RECOGNITION OF HIS LIFE ACCORDING TO THE REVEALED TEACHINGSOF GOD. HE ALSO WORKS TOWARDS THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A JUST AND EQUITABLE SOCIALORDER WHICH WOULD TOTALLY REFLECT THE GUIDANCE OF GOD.CONTINUITY OF MESSAGE: THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULISLAM IS NOT A NEW RELIGION. IT IS, IN ESSENCE, THE SAME MESSAGE AND GUIDANCEWHICH GOD REVEALED TO ALL HIS PROPHETS (MAY HIS PEACE BE UPON THEM ALL )."SAY. WE BELIEVE IN GOD AND THAT WHICH WAS REVEALED TO US AND THAT WHICH WASREVEALED TO ABRAHAM AND ISHMAEL AND ISAAC AND JACOB AND THE TRIBES AND THATWHICH WAS GIVEN TO MOSES AND JESUS AND TO THE PROPHETS FROM THEIR LORD: WEMAKE NO DISTINCTION BETWEEN ANY OF THEM, AND TO HIM WE SUBMIT. (THE NOBLEQURAN).THE MESSAGE WHICH WAS REVEALED TO MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.), THE LAST PROPHET, ISISLAM IN ITS COMPREHENSIVE, COMPLETE AND FINAL FORM.THE 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM:EVERY ACTION WHICH IS DONE WITH THE AWARENESS THAT FULFILS THE WILL OF GOD ISCONSIDERED AN ACT OF WORSHIP IN ISLAM. NEVERTHELESS, THE SPECIFIC ACTS OFWORSHIP, TERMED THE PILLARS OF ISLAM, PROVIDE THE FRAMEWORK OF SPIRITUAL LIFE.THEY ARE THE FOLLOWING:1. SHAHADAH (THE DECLARATION OF FAITH)"I BEAR WITNESS THAT THERE IS NONE WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT GOD, AND THATMUHAMMED IS HIS SERVANT AND MESSENGER."THE PROPHETHOOD MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) OBLIGES THE MUSLIMS TO FOLLOW HISEXEMPLARY LIFE IN EVERY WAY.2. SALAH (PRAYERS)PRAYERS ARE PRESCRIBED FIVE TIMES A DAY AS A DUTY TOWARDS GOD. THEY STRENGTHENAND ENLIVEN THE BELIEF IN GOD AND INSPIRE MAN TO A HIGHER MORALITY. THEY PURIFYTHE HEART AND CONTROL TEMPTATION TOWARDS WRONG DOING AND EVIL. IT SHOULD BESTRESSED THAT WHILE ALLAH DOES NOT NEED OUR PRAYERS WE CANNOT SURVIVE WITHOUTHIS BLESSINGS AND GUIDANCE. "O YOU WHO BELIEVE! SEEK HELP WITH PATIENTPERSEVERANCE AND PRAYER, FOR ALLAH IS WITH THOSE WHO PATIENTLY PERSEVERE". (THENOBLE QURAN)3. SAWM (FASTING)FASTING IS OBSERVED ONCE EACH YEAR DURING THE MONTH OF RAMADAN. THIS MEANSABSTENTION FROM FOOD, DRINK AND SEXUAL INTERCOURSE FROM DAWN TO SUNSET, ANDALSO FROM ALL EVIL INTENTIONS AND DESIRES. IT TEACHES LOVE, SINCERITY ANDDEVOTION. IT DEVELOPS A SOUND SOCIAL CONSCIENCE, PATIENCE, UNSELFISHNESS ANDWILLPOWER. WHEN WE FAST BY CHOICE, GOD REMEMBERS OUR SUFFERINGS. HEAPPRECIATES IT ALL.4. ZAKAT (CHARITY) THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULZAKAT PAYMENT ANNUALLY OF 2.5% OF ONES NET SAVINGS AS A PURIFYING SUM TO BESPENT ON THE POOR AND NEEDY. ZAKAT IMPLIES THAT EVERYTHING MAN POSSESSESBELONG TO GOD AND; THEREFORE, ANYONE IN NEED HAS A SHARE IN IT.5. PILGRIMAGE ( HAJJ ) TO THE NOBLE CITY OF MAKKAHONCE IN A LIFETIME PROVIDED ONE HAS THE MEANS TO DO SO. HAJJ IMPLIES MANSTEMPORARY SUSPENSION OF ALL WORLDLY ACTIVITIES AND HIS REALISATION OF HIMSELFAS A NAKED SOUL IN FRONT OF GOD ALONE.ONENESS OF GOD:ISLAM ENJOINS FAITH IN THE ONENESS AND SOVEREIGNTY OF GOD, WHICH MAKES MANAWARE OF THE MEANINGFULNESS OF THE UNIVERSE AND OF HIS PLACE IN IT. THIS BELIEFFREES HIM FROM ALL FEARS AND SUPERSTITIONS BY MAKING HIM CONSCIOUS OF THEPRESENCE OF ALMIGHTY GOD AND OF MANS OBLIGATIONS TOWARDS HIM. BELIEF IN ONEGOD REQUIRES THAT WE LOOK UPON ALL HUMANITY AS ONE FAMILY IRRESPECTIVE OFCOLOUR, CLASS, RACE, OR TERRITORY, UNDER THE OMNIPOTENCE OF GOD THE CREATORAND NOURISHER OF ALL. ISLAM REJECTS THE IDEA OF A CHOSEN PEOPLE, MAKING FAITH INGOD AND GOOD ACTION THE ONLY WAY TO HEAVEN. THUS A DIRECT RELATIONSHIP ISESTABLISHED WITH GOD. OPEN TO ALL ALIKE, WITHOUT ANY INTERCESSOR.MAN, THE FREE AGENT:MAN IS THE HIGHEST CREATION OF GOD AND CHOOSES HIS OWN WAY. CREATED WITH THEHIGHEST POTENTIALITIES, MAN IS LEFT RELATIVELY FREE IN HIS WILL, ACTION AND CHOICE.GOD HAS SHOWN HIM THE RIGHT PATH AND THE LIFE OF PROPHET MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.)PROVIDES A PERFECT EXAMPLE. MANS SUCCESS AND SALVATION LIE IN FOLLOWING THEM.ISLAM TEACHES THE SANCTITY OF THE HUMAN PERSONALITY AND CONFERS EQUAL RIGHTSUPON ALL WITHOUT ANY DISTINCTION OF RACE OR SEX.THE LAW OF ALLAH, ENUNCIATED IN THE NOBLE QURAN AND EXEMPLIFIED IN THE LIFE OFTHE PROPHET (P.B.U.H.), IS SUPREME IN ALL CASES. IT IS APPLIED EQUALLY TO THE HIGHESTAND THE LOWEST, THE PRINCE AND THE PEASANT, THE RULER AND THE RULED.LIFE AFTER DEATH:THE WORLD ACCORDING TO ISLAM, IS A PLACE OF TRIAL AND MAN IS BEING JUDGED IN IT.MAN IS ACCOUNTABLE TO ALLAH FOR ALL THAT HE DOES HEREIN. LIFE ON EARTHY WILL, ONEDAY, COME TO AN END; AND AFTER THAT A NEW WORLD WILL BE RESURRECTED. IT WILL BEIN THIS LIFE AFTER DEATH THAT MAN WILL BE REWARDED OR PUNISHED FOR HIS DEEDS ANDMISDEEDS. GOD WILL JUDGE MAN ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT AND SEND HIM EITHER TOHEAVEN, A STAGE OF EXISTENCE WHICH LEADS TO FURTHER BLESSINGS, OR TO HELL, ASTAGE OF SUFFERING AND PUNISHMENT.QURAN AND HADITH:THE NOBLE QURAN IS THE LAST REVEALED WORD OF GOD AND AS SUCH AFFIRMS ANDCOMPLETES THE TOTAL PROCESS OF REVELATION WHICH HAS COME FROM THE DIVINE, FORTHE GUIDANCE OF THE HUMAN RACE. THE NOBLE QURAN IS THE BASIC SOURCE OF ISLAMICTEACHINGS AND LAWS AND DEALS WITH THE BASES OF CREEDS, MORALITY, HISTORY OF THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULHUMANITY, WORSHIP, KNOWLEDGE, WISDOM, GOD-MAN RELATIONSHIP ( HE IS OUR MASTER,CREATOR, AND LORD, WE ARE HIS SERVANTS ), AND HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS IN ALLASPECTS. COMPREHENSIVE TEACHINGS ON WHICH SOUND SYSTEMS OF SOCIAL JUSTICE,ECONOMICS, POLITICS, LEGISLATION, JURISPRUDENCE, LAW AND INTERNATIONALRELATIONS CAN BE BUILT, ARE IMPORTANT CONTENTS OF THE NOBLE QURAN.MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) HIMSELF WAS AN UNLETTERED MAN WHO COULD NOT READ OR WRITE.THE NOBLE QURAN WAS REVEALED TO HIM OVER A PERIOD OF 23 YEARS AND COMMITTED TOMEMORY AND WRITING BY HIS FOLLOWERS UNDER HIS SUPERVISION DURING HIS LIFETIME.THE ORIGINAL AND COMPLETE TEXT OF NOBLE QURAN IS AVAILABLE TO EVERYBODY INARABIC, THE LANGUAGE IN WHICH IT WAS REVEALED. TRANSLATIONS OF THE MEANING INTOMANY LANGUAGES ARE WIDELY USED. HADITH, THE TEACHINGS, SAYINGS, AND ACTIONS OFTHE NOBLE PROPHET MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.), METICULOUSLY REPORTED AND COLLECTED BYHIS DEVOTED COMPANIONS, EXPLAIN AND ELABORATE QURANIC VERSES.CONCEPT OF WORSHIP:ISLAM DOES NOT TEACH OR ACCEPT MERE RITUALISM. IT EMPHASISES INTENTION ANDACTION. TO WORSHIP GOD IS TO KNOW HIM AND LOVE HIM, TO ACT UPON HIS LAWS INEVERY ASPECT OF LIFE, TO ENJOIN GOODNESS AND FORBID EVIL AND OPPRESSION, TOPRACTICE CHARITY AND JUSTICE AND TO SERVE HIM BY SERVING MANKIND. ISLAM SEEKS TOIMPLANT IN MANS HEART THE STRONGEST CONVICTION THAT HIS EVERY THOUGHT ANDACTION ARE WITH GOD, WHO SEES HIM AT ALL TIMES AND IN ALL PLACES.THE NOBLE QURAN PRESENTS THIS CONCEPT IN THE FOLLOWING SUBLIME MANNER:"IT IS NOT RIGHTEOUSNESS THAT YOU TURN YOUR FACES TO THE EAST OR THE WEST, BUTRIGHTEOUS IS HE WHO BELIEVES IN GOD AND THE LAST DAY AND THE ANGELS AND THEBOOK AND THE PROPHETS; AND GIVES HIS WEALTH FOR THE LOVE OF HIM TO KINSFOLK ANDTO ORPHANS AND THE NEEDY AND THE WAYFARER AND TO THOSE WHO ASK, AND TO SETSLAVES FREE; AND OBSERVES PROPER WORSHIP AND PAYS THE ZAKAT. AND THOSE WHOKEEP THEIR TREATY WHEN THEY MAKE ONE, AND ARE PATIENT IN TRIBULATION ANDADVERSITY AND TIME OF STRESS. SUCH ARE THOSE WHO ARE SINCERE. SUCH ARE THE GODFEARING". (THE NOBLE QURAN)ISLAMIC WAY OF LIFE:ISLAM PROVIDES DEFINITE GUIDELINES FOR ALL PEOPLE TO FOLLOW IN ALL WALKS OF LIFE.THE GUIDANCE IT GIVES IS COMPREHENSIVE AND INCLUDES THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC,POLITICAL, MORAL AND SPIRITUAL ASPECTS OF LIFE. THE NOBLE QURAN REMINDS MAN OFTHE PURPOSE OF LIFE ON EARTH, AND HIS DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS TOWARDS HIMSELF,HIS KITH AND KIN, HIS COMMUNITY, HIS FELLOW HUMAN BEINGS AND HIS CREATOR. MAN ISGIVEN FUNDAMENTAL GUIDELINES ABOUT A PURPOSEFUL LIFE AND THEN HE IS LEFT WITHTHE CHALLENGE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE BEFORE HIM SO THAT HE MIGHT PUT THESE HIGHIDEALS INTO PRACTICE. IN ISLAM MAN IS A WHOLESOME, INTEGRATED UNIT AND NOT ACOLLECTION OF FRAGMENTED, COMPETITIVE PARTS. THE SACRED AND SECULAR ARE NOTSEPARATE PARTS OF MAN; THEY ARE UNITED IN THE NATURE OF HUMAN BEING.HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE: THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULMUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) WAS BORN IN THE YEAR 570 A.C. IN MAKKAH IN SAUDI ARABIA. HECAME OF A NOBLE ARAB FAMILY. AS SOON AS HE STARTED PREACHING ISLAM, HE AND HISFOLLOWERS WERE PERSECUTED AND HAD TO FACE SEVERE HARDSHIPS. HE WAS THEREFORECOMMANDED TO MIGRATE TO MADINAH, ANOTHER CITY IN SAUDI ARABIA. DURING A SHORTSPAN OF 23 YEARS HE WAS PUT TO REST IN THE CITY OF MADINAH. HE LEFT NO WEALTH ORPROPERTY. HE HAD LEAD A PERFECT LIFE AND SET AN EXAMPLE FOR ALL HUMAN BEINGS. HISBIOGRAPHY ILLUSTRATES IN REAL LIFE, THE MEANING AND IMPLICATIONS OF QURANICTEACHINGS.ISLAMS RATIONAL APPEAL:ISLAM IS A SIMPLE, RATIONAL AND PRACTICAL RELIGION. THE UNITY OF GOD, THEPROPHETHOOD OF MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H.) AND THE CONCEPT OF LIFE AFTER DEATH ARE THEBASIC ARTICLES OF ITS FAITH. THERE IS NO HIERARCHY OF PRIESTS, NO COMPLICATEDRITES, AND RITUALS. EVERYBODY MAY APPROACH QURAN DIRECTLY AND TRANSLATE ITSDICTATES INTO PRACTICE.ISLAM STANDS FOR THE MIDDLE PATH AND THE GOAL OF PRODUCING A MORAL MAN IN THESERVICE OF A JUST SOCIETY. "OUR LORD ! GIVE US GOOD IN THIS WORLD AND GOOD IN THEHEREAFTER". (THE NOBLE QURAN) ISLAM IS A GUIDE TOWARDS A BETTER AND COMPLETELIFE AND GLORIFYING IN ALL ITS PHASES, GOD THE ALMIGHTY CREATOR.STATUS OF WOMEN:NO DISCRIMINATION IS MADE ON THE BASIS OF SEX. BUT ISLAM MAKES ONE REALISE THATTHE SPHERES OF POTENTIAL CAPABILITIES AND HENCE RESPONSIBILITIES OF MEN ANDWOMEN ARE EQUALLY IMPORTANT IN THEMSELVES BUT NOT EXACTLY THE SAME. THE ROLESOF MEN AND WOMEN ARE COMPLEMENTARY TO EACH OTHER.MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE:MARRIAGE IS A VERY IMPORTANT AND SACRED BOND OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MAN ANDWOMAN AND A STEP TOWARDS A BETTER PURER AND HAPPIER LIFE. ISLAM GIVES BOTH MANAND WOMAN FULL RIGHT TO DIVORCE. NEVERTHELESS DIVORCE IS DISCOURAGED AND ISALLOWED AS THE LAST RESORT. ISLAM ALLOWS LIMITED POLYGAMY ONLY AS A REMEDYSUBJECT TO CERTAIN CONDITIONS.JIHAD:JIHAD ( MEANING STRUGGLE ) CONSISTS IN EXERTING ONESELF TO THE UTMOST IN ORDERTO PERSONALLY FOLLOW THE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM. A MUSLIM; THEREFORE, EXPENDS ALLTHE POWERS OF BODY AND SOUL, HIS WEALTH, POSSESSIONS, AND EVEN LIFE IN THE FIGHTAGAINST THE EVIL FORCES OF THE WORLD, IN ORDER THAT INJUSTICE, OPPRESSION, ANDCONTUMACY ARE ANNIHILATED AND GODS JUST ORDER IS ESTABLISHED. THEREFORE, TOSTRUGGLE IN THE PATH OF ALLAH WITH THE PEN; SPEECH; AND HIS SWORD IS JIHAD."WHAT HAS HAPPENED TO YOU ? WHY DONT YOU FIGHT IN THE WAY OF GOD IN SUPPORT OFMEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN, WHOM FINDING HELPLESS, THEY HAVE REPRESSED; AND WHOPRAY, "OH GOD! LIBERATE US FROM THIS HABITATION WHICH IS RULED BY TYRANTS". (THENOBLE QURAN) ISLAM HAS COME TO LIBERATE MAN FROM THE WORSHIP OF MAN ANDESTABLISH THE WORSHIP OF GOD.ISLAM - THE SOLUTION FOR MODERN PROBLEMS THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE BROTHERHOOD OF MAN:A MAJOR PROBLEM WHICH MODERN MAN FACES IS THAT OF RACISM. THE MATERIALLYADVANCED NATIONS CAN SEND MAN TO THE MOON BUT THEY CANNOT STOP MAN FROMHATING AND FIGHTING HIS FELLOW MAN. ISLAM, OVER THE LAST 1400 YEARS, HAS SHOWNIN PRACTICE HOW RACISM CAN BE ENDED. EVERY YEAR DURING THE HAJJ, THE ISLAMICMIRACLE OF REAL BROTHERHOOD OF ALL RACES AND NATIONS CAN BE SEEN IN ACTION.THE FAMILY:THE FAMILY WHICH IS THE BASIC UNIT OF CIVILISATION IS DISINTEGRATING IN ALLWESTERN COUNTRIES. ISLAMS FAMILY SYSTEM BRINGS INTO A FINE EQUILIBRIUM THERIGHTS OF MAN, WIFE, CHILDREN AND RELATIVES. ISLAM NOURISHES HUMANUNSELFISHNESS, GENEROSITY AND LOVE IN A WELL ORGANISED FAMILY SYSTEM. HUMANBEINGS LIVE ACCORDING TO THEIR VIEW OF LIFE. THE TRAGEDY OF SECULAR SOCIETIES ISTHAT THEY FAIL TO CONNECT THE DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF LIFE. THE SECULAR AND THERELIGIOUS, THE SCIENTIFIC AND THE SPIRITUAL SEEM TO BE IN CONFLICT. ISLAM PUTS ANEND TO THIS CONFLICT AND BRINGS HARMONY TO MANS VISION OF LIFE.CONCLUSION:WHAT IS THE STATE OF THE WORLD TODAY? HAS MAN FREED HIMSELF FROM ALLSUPERSTITIONS, IMBECILITIES AND ABSURD BELIEFS? HAS HE DISCOVERED THE MAN FROMWITHIN HIMSELF? HAS HE LIBERATED HIMSELF FROM THE YOKE OF WORLDLY TYRANTSINDULGING IN THE EXPLOITATION OF MAN BY MAN? IF SUCH A MILLENNIUM HAS NOT BEENACHIEVED DESPITE ALL DEVELOPMENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, THEN ISLAM STILLHAS A GREAT AND GLORIOUS PART TO PLAY.SCIENCE: FINGER TIPS CAN BE USED FOR IDENTIFICATIONTHE NOBLE QURAN: DOES MAN THINK WE CANNOT ASSEMBLE HIS BONES? YES . . . WE AREABLE TO PUT TOGETHER IN PERFECT ORDER THE VERY TIP OF HIS FINGERS.SCIENCE: ATOMS ARE FOUND IN PAIRSTHE NOBLE QURAN: GLORY BE TO ALLAH, WHO CREATED IN PAIRS ALL THINGS THAT THEEARTH PRODUCES, AS WELL AS THEIR OWN (HUMAN) KIND, AND OTHER THINGS OF WHICHTHEY HAVE NO KNOWLEDGE.SCIENCE: HONEY IS HEALING FOR MANKINDTHE NOBLE QURAN: COMES FROM THEIR (THE BEES) BELLIES A DRINK OF VARYING COLOURS,WHEREIN IS HEALING FOR HUMAN BEING. VERILY IN THIS IS A SIGN FOR PEOPLE WHOREFLECT.SCIENCE: SEPARATION OF SALT AND SEA WATERTHE NOBLE QURAN: VERILY HE IS THE ONE WHO HAS JOINED THE TWO SEAS: THIS ISPALATABLE AND SWEET, AND THIS IS SALTY AND BITTER. AND HE MADE A BARRIER BETWEENTHE TWO OF THEM, AND A PARTITION THAT IS FORBIDDEN TO BE PASSED.SCIENCE: MILK AS A WHOLESOME MEAL THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE NOBLE QURAN: AND VERILY FOR YOU IN THE CATTLE THERE IS AN INSTRUCTIVE SIGN(LESSON). WE GIVE YOU TO DRINK OF THAT WHICH IS IN THEIR BELLIES FROM BETWEENEXCRETIONS AND BLOOD, PURE MILK PALATABLE TO THE DRINKERS.SCIENCE: OCEANS HAVE DARKNESS UNDER THEIR SURFACESTHE NOBLE QURAN: OR AS DARKNESS IN A VAST, DEEP SEA, THERE IT COVERS WAVES, FROMABOVE WHICH ARE WAVES, FROM ABOVE WHICH ARE CLOUDS. DARKNESS ON TOP OF EACHOTHER. IF A MAN STRETCHES OUT HIS HAND, HE CAN HARDLY SEE IT. AND WHOEVER ALLAHDOES NOT MAKE LIGHT FOR HIM, FOR HIM THERE IS NO LIGHT.SCIENCE: IRON AND STEELTHE NOBLE QURAN: AND WE SENT DOWN IRON, IN WHICH IS SEVERE STRENGTH ANDBENEFITS FOR MANKIND. VERILY IN THIS IS A SIGN FOR PEOPLE WHO REFLECT.SCIENCE: SUN AND MOONTHE NOBLE QURAN: IT IS NOT PERMITTED TO THE SUN TO CATCH UP WITH THE MOON, NORTHE NIGHT OUTSTRIP THE DAY. EACH FLOATS IN AN ORBIT.SCIENCE: CREATION OF LIVING CREATURES FROM WATERTHE NOBLE QURAN: WE MADE FROM WATER EVERY LIVING THING.SCIENCE: MOUNTAINS HAVE ROOTS INSIDE THE EARTHTHE NOBLE QURAN: HAVE WE NOT MADE THE EARTH AS A WIDE EXPANSE, AND THEMOUNTAINS AS PEGS? LIFE AFTER DEATHTHE QUESTION WHETHER THERE IS A LIFE AFTER DEATH DOES NOT FALL UNDER THEJURISDICTION OF SCIENCE AS SCIENCE IS CONCERNED ONLY WITH CLASSIFICATION ANDANALYSIS OF SENSE DATA. MOREOVER, MAN HAS BEEN BUSY WITH SCIENTIFIC ENQUIRIESAND RESEARCH, IN THE MODERN SENSE OF THE TERM, ONLY FOR THE LAST FEW CENTURIES,WHILE HE HAS BEEN FAMILIAR WITH THE CONCEPT OF LIFE AFTER DEATH SINCE TIMESIMMEMORIAL. ALL THE PROPHETS OF GOD CALLED THEIR PEOPLE TO WORSHIP GOD AND TOBELIEVE IN LIFE AFTER DEATH. THEY LAID SO MUCH EMPHASIS ON THE BELIEF IN LIFE AFTERDEATH THAT EVEN A SLIGHT DOUBT IN IT MEANT DENYING GOD AND MADE ALL OTHERBELIEFS MEANINGLESS. THE VERY FACT THAT ALL THE PROPHETS OF GOD HAVE DEALT WITHTHIS METAPHYSICAL QUESTION OF LIFE AFTER DEATH SO CONFIDENTLY AND SO UNIFORMLY -THE GAP BETWEEN THEIR AGES BEING THOUSANDS OF YEARS - GOES TO PROVE THAT THESOURCE OF THEIR KNOWLEDGE OF LIFE AFTER DEATH AS PROCLAIMED BY THEM ALL, WASTHE SAME, I.E., DIVINE REVELATION. WE ALSO KNOW THAT THESE PROPHETS OF GOD WEREGREATLY OPPOSED BY THEIR PEOPLE, MAINLY ON THE ISSUE OF LIFE AFTER DEATH AS THEIRPEOPLE THOUGHT IT IMPOSSIBLE. BUT IN SPITE OF OPPOSITION THE PROPHETS WON SOMANY SINCERE FOLLOWERS. THE QUESTION ARISES WHAT MADE THOSE FOLLOWERSFORSAKE THE ESTABLISHED BELIEFS, TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS OF THEIR FOREFATHERSNOTWITHSTANDING THE RISK OF BEING TOTALLY ALIENATED FROM THEIR OWN COMMUNITY?THE SIMPLE ANSWER IS: THEY MADE USE OF THEIR FACULTIES OF MIND AND HEART ANDREALISED THE TRUTH. DID THEY REALISE THE TRUTH THROUGH PERCEPTUALCONSCIOUSNESS? NOT SO, AS PERCEPTUAL EXPERIENCE OF LIFE AFTER DEATH ISIMPOSSIBLE. ACTUALLY GOD HAS GIVEN MAN BESIDES PERCEPTUAL CONSCIOUSNESS,RATIONAL, AESTHETIC AND MORAL CONSCIOUSNESS TOO. IT IS THIS CONSCIOUSNESSTHAT GUIDES MAN REGARDING REALITIES THAT CANNOT BE VERIFIED THROUGH SENSORY THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULDATA. THAT IS WHY ALL THE PROPHETS OF GOD WHILE CALLING PEOPLE TO BELIEVE IN GODAND LIFE AFTER DEATH, APPEAL TO AESTHETIC, MORAL AND RATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS OFMAN. FOR EXAMPLE, WHEN THE IDOLATORS OF MAKKAH DENIED EVEN THE POSSIBILITY OFLIFE AFTER DEATH, THE QURAN EXPOSED THE WEAKNESS OF THEIR STAND BY ADVANCINGVERY LOGICAL AND RATIONAL ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT OF IT:AND HE HAS COINED US A SIMILITUDE, AND HAS FORGOTTEN THE FACT OF HIS CREATION,SAYING: WHO WILL REVIVE THESE BONES WHEN THEY HAVE ROTTEN AWAY?SAY: HE WILL REVIVE THEM WHO PRODUCED THEM AT THE FIRST, FOR HE IS THE KNOWEROF EVERY CREATION. WHO HAS APPOINTED FOR YOU FIRE FROM THE GREEN TREE, ANDBEHOLD! YOU KINDLE FROM IT.IS NOT HE WHO CREATED THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH, ABLE TO CREATE THE LIKE OFTHEM? YES, AND HE IS INDEED THE SUPREME CREATOR, THE ALL-KNOWING. (36:78-81)AT ANOTHER OCCASION THE QURAN VERY CLEARLY SAYS THAT THE DISBELIEVERS HAVE NOSOUND BASIS FOR THEIR DENIAL OF LIFE AFTER DEATH. IT IS BASED ON PURECONJECTURES:THEY SAY, THERE IS NOTHING BUT OUR PRESENT LIFE; WE DIE, AND WE LIVE, AND NOTHINGBUT TIME DESTROYS US. OF THAT THEY HAVE NO KNOWLEDGE; THEY MERELY CONJECTURE.AND WHEN OUR REVELATIONS ARE RECITED TO THEM, THEIR ONLY ARGUMENT IS THAT THEYSAY, BRING US OUR FATHERS, IF YOU SPEAK TRULY. (45:24-25)SURELY GOD WILL RAISE ALL THE DEAD. BUT GOD HAS HIS OWN PLAN OF THINGS. A DAYWILL COME WHEN THE WHOLE UNIVERSE WILL BE DESTROYED AND THEN AGAIN THE DEADWILL BE RESURRECTED TO STAND BEFORE GOD. THAT DAY WILL BE THE BEGINNING OF THELIFE THAT WILL NEVER END, AND THAT DAY EVERY PERSON WILL BE REWARDED BY GODACCORDING TO HIS OR HER GOOD OR EVIL DEED.THE EXPLANATION THAT THE QURAN GIVES ABOUT THE NECESSITY OF LIFE AFTER DEATH ISWHAT MORAL CONSCIOUSNESS OF MAN DEMANDS. ACTUALLY IF THERE IS NO LIFE AFTERDEATH, THE VERY BELIEF IN GOD BECOMES IRRELEVANT OR EVEN IF ONE BELIEVES IN GOD,THAT WOULD BE AN UNJUST AND INDIFFERENT GOD: HAVING ONCE CREATED MAN NOTCONCERNED WITH HIS FATE. SURELY, GOD IS JUST. HE WILL PUNISH THE TYRANTS WHOSECRIMES ARE BEYOND COUNT: HAVING KILLED HUNDREDS OF INNOCENT PERSONS, CREATEDGREAT CORRUPTIONS IN THE SOCIETY, ENSLAVED NUMEROUS PERSONS TO SERVE THEIRWHIMS ETC.. SINCE MAN HAS A VERY SHORT LIFESPAN IN THIS WORLD, AND THE PHYSICALWORLD TOO BEING NOT ETERNAL, PUNISHMENTS OR REWARDS EQUAL TO THE EVIL ORNOBLE DEEDS OF PERSONS ARE NOT POSSIBLE HERE. THE QURAN VERY EMPHATICALLYSTATES THAT THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT MUST COME AND GOD WILL DECIDE ABOUT THE FATEOF EACH SOUL ACCORDING TO HIS OR HER RECORD OF DEEDS:THOSE WHO DISBELIEVE SAY: THE HOUR WILL NEVER COME UNTO US. SAY: NAY, BY MYLORD, BUT IT IS COMING UNTO YOU SURELY. (HE IS) THE KNOWER OF THE UNSEEN. NOT ANATOMS WEIGHT, OR LESS THAN THAT OR GREATER, ESCAPES HIM IN THE HEAVENS OR INTHE EARTH, BUT IT IS IN A CLEAR RECORD. THAT HE MAY REWARD THOSE WHO BELIEVE ANDDO GOOD WORKS. FOR THEM IS PARDON AND A RICH PROVISION. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULBUT THOSE WHO STRIVE AGAINST OUR REVELATIONS, CHALLENGING (US), THEIRS WILL BE APAINFUL DOOM OF WRATH. (34:3-5)THE DAY OF RESURRECTION WILL BE THE DAY WHEN GODS ATTRIBUTES OF JUSTICE ANDMERCY WILL BE IN FULL MANIFESTATION. GOD WILL SHOWER HIS MERCY ON THOSE WHOSUFFERED FOR HIS SAKE IN THE WORLDLY LIFE, BELIEVING THAT AN ETERNAL BLISS WASAWAITING THEM. BUT THOSE WHO ABUSED THE BOUNTIES OF GOD, CARING NOTHING FORTHE LIFE TO COME, WILL BE IN THE MOST MISERABLE STATE. DRAWING A COMPARISONBETWEEN THEM, THE QURAN SAYS:IS HE, THEN, TO WHOM WE HAVE PROMISED A GOODLY PROMISE THE FULFILMENT OF WHICHHE WILL MEET, LIKE THE ONE WHOM WE HAVE PROVIDED WITH THE GOOD THINGS OF THISLIFE, AND THEN ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION HE WILL BE OF THOSE WHO WILL BEARRAIGNED BEFORE GOD? (28:61)THE QURAN ALSO STATES THAT THIS WORLDLY LIFE IS A PREPARATION FOR THEETERNAL LIFE AFTER DEATH. BUT THOSE WHO DENY IT BECOME SLAVES OF THEIRPASSIONS AND DESIRES, MAKE FUN OF VIRTUOUS AND GOD-CONSCIOUS PERSONS.SUCH PERSONS REALISE THEIR FOLLY ONLY AT THE TIME OF THEIR DEATH AND WISHTO BE GIVEN A FURTHER CHANCE IN THE WORLD BUT IN VAIN. THEIR MISERABLESTATE AT THE TIME OF DEATH, AND THE HORROR OF THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT, ANDTHE ETERNAL BLISS GUARANTEED TO THE SINCERE BELIEVERS ARE VERYBEAUTIFULLY MENTIONED IN THE FOLLOWING VERSES OF THE NOBLE QURAN:UNTIL, WHEN DEATH COMES UNTO ONE OF THEM, HE SAYS, MY LORD SEND ME BACK, THAT IMAY DO RIGHT IN THAT WHICH I HAVE LEFT BEHIND! BUT NAY! IT IS BUT A BARRIER UNTILTHE DAY WHEN THEY ARE RAISED. AND WHEN THE TRUMPET IS BLOWN THERE WILL BE NOKINSHIP AMONG THEM THAT DAY, NOR WILL THEY ASK OF ONE ANOTHER. THEN THOSEWHOSE SCALES ARE HEAVY, THEY ARE SUCCESSFUL. AND THOSE WHOSE SCALES ARE LIGHTARE THOSE WHO LOSE THEIR SOULS, IN HELL ABIDING, THE FIRE BURNS THEIR FACES ANDTHEY ARE GLUM THEREIN. (23:99-104).THE BELIEF IN LIFE AFTER DEATH NOT ONLY GUARANTEES SUCCESS IN THE HEREAFTER BUTALSO MAKES THIS WORLD FULL OF PEACE AND HAPPINESS BY MAKING INDIVIDUALS MOSTRESPONSIBLE AND DUTIFULL IN THEIR ACTIVITIES.THINK OF THE PEOPLE OF ARABIA. GAMBLING, WINE, TRIBAL FEUDS, PLUNDERING ANDMURDERING WERE THEIR MAIN TRAITS WHEN THEY HAD NO BELIEF IN LIFE AFTER DEATH.BUT AS SOON AS THEY ACCEPTED THE BELIEF IN THE ONE GOD AND LIFE AFTER DEATH THEYBECAME THE MOST DISCIPLINED NATION OF THE WORLD. THEY GAVE UP THEIR VICES,HELPED EACH OTHER IN HOURS OF NEED, AND SETTLED ALL THEIR DISPUTES ON THE BASISOF JUSTICE AND EQUALITY. SIMILARLY THE DENIAL OF LIFE AFTER DEATH HAS ITSCONSEQUENCES NOT ONLY IN THE HEREAFTER BUT ALSO IN THIS WORLD. WHEN A NATIONAS A WHOLE DENIES IT, ALL KINDS OF EVILS AND CORRUPTIONS BECOME RAMPANT IN THATSOCIETY AND ULTIMATELY IT IS DESTROYED. THE QURAN MENTIONS THE TERRIBLE END OFAAD, THAMUD AND THE PHARAOH IN SOME DETAIL:(THE TRIBES OF) THAMUD AND AAD DISBELIEVED IN THE JUDGEMENT TO COME. AS FORTHAMUD, THEY WERE DESTROYED BY THE LIGHTNING, AND AS FOR AAD, THEY WEREDESTROYED BY A FIERCE ROARING WIND, WHICH HE IMPOSED ON THEM FOR SEVEN LONG THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULNIGHTS AND EIGHT LONG DAYS SO THAT YOU MIGHT SEE THE PEOPLE LAID PROSTRATE IN ITAS IF THEY WERE THE STUMPS OF FALLEN DOWN PALM TREES.NOW DO YOU SEE REMNANT OF THEM? PHARAOH LIKEWISE AND THOSE BEFORE HIM, ANDTHE SUBVERTED CITIES. THEY COMMITTED ERRORS AND THEY REBELLED AGAINST THEMESSENGER OF THEIR LORD, AND HE SEIZED THEM WITH A SURPASSING GRIP. LO, WHENTHE WATERS ROSE, WE BORE YOU IN THE RUNNING SHIP THAT WE MIGHT MAKE IT AREMINDER FOR YOU AND FOR HEEDING EARS TO HOLD. SO WHEN THE TRUMPET IS BLOWNWITH A SINGLE BLAST AND THE EARTH AND THE MOUNTAINS ARE LIFTED UP AND CRUSHEDWITH A SINGLE BLOW, THEN ON THAT DAY, THE TERROR SHALL COME TO PASS, AND THEHEAVEN SHALL BE SPLIT FOR UPON THAT DAY IT SHALL BE VERY FRAIL. THEN AS FOR HIMWHO IS GIVEN HIS BOOK IN HIS RIGHT HAND, HE SHALL SAY HERE TAKE AND READ MYBOOK! CERTAINLY I THOUGHT THAT I SHOULD ENCOUNTER MY RECKONING. SO HE SHALLBE IN A PLEASING LIFE IN A LOFTY GARDEN, ITS CLUSTERS NIGH TO GATHER.EAT AND DRINK WITH WHOLESOME APPETITE FOR THAT YOU DID LONG AGO, IN THE DAYSGONE BY.BUT AS FOR HIM WHO IS GIVEN HIS BOOK IN HIS LEFT HAND, HE SHALL SAY: WOULD THAT IHAD NOT BEEN GIVEN MY BOOK AND NOT KNOWN MY RECKONING! WOULD IT HAD BEEN THEEND!MY WEALTH HAS NOT AVAILED ME, MY AUTHORITY IS GONE FROM ME. (69:4-39)THUS THERE ARE VERY CONVINCING REASONS TO BELIEVE IN LIFE AFTER DEATH.FIRSTLY, ALL THE PROPHETS OF GOD HAVE CALLED THEIR PEOPLE TO BELIEVE IN IT.SECONDLY, WHENEVER A HUMAN SOCIETY IS BUILT ON THE BASIS OF THIS BELIEF, IT HASBEEN THE MOST IDEAL AND PEACEFUL SOCIETY, FREE OF SOCIAL AND MORAL EVILS.THIRDLY, HISTORY BEARS WITNESS THAT WHENEVER THIS BELIEF IS REJECTEDCOLLECTIVELY BY A GROUP OF PEOPLE IN SPITE OF THE REPEATED WARNING OF THEPROPHET, THE GROUP AS A WHOLE HAS BEEN PUNISHED BY GOD EVEN IN THIS WORLD.FOURTHLY, MORAL, AESTHETIC AND RATIONAL FACULTIES OF MAN ENDORSE THEPOSSIBILITY OF LIFE AFTER DEATH.FIFTHLY, GODS ATTRIBUTES OF JUSTICE AND MERCY HAVE NO MEANING IF THERE IS NOLIFE AFTER DEATH. MORAL SYSTEM OF ISLAMISLAM HAS LAID DOWN SOME UNIVERSAL FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS FOR HUMANITY AS AWHOLE, WHICH ARE TO BE OBSERVED AND RESPECTED UNDER ALL CIRCUMSTANCES. TOACHIEVE THESE RIGHTS ISLAM PROVIDES NOT ONLY LEGAL SAFEGUARDS BUT ALSO A VERYEFFECTIVE MORAL SYSTEM. THUS WHATEVER LEADS TO THE WELFARE OF THE INDIVIDUALOR THE SOCIETY IS MORALLY GOOD IN ISLAM AND WHATEVER IS INJURIOUS IS MORALLYBAD. ISLAM ATTACHES SO MUCH IMPORTANCE TO THE LOVE OF GOD AND LOVE OF MAN THATIT WARNS AGAINST TOO MUCH OF FORMALISM. WE READ IN THE QURAN: THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIT IS NOT RIGHTEOUSNESS THAT YOU TURN YOUR FACES TOWARDS EAST OR WEST; BUT ITIS RIGHTEOUSNESS TO BELIEVE IN GOD AND THE LAST DAY AND THE ANGELS, AND THEBOOK, AND THE MESSENGERS; TO SPEND OF YOUR SUBSTANCE, OUT OF LOVE FOR HIM, FORYOUR KIN, FOR ORPHANS, FOR THE NEEDY, FOR THE WAYFARER, FOR THOSE WHO ASK; ANDFOR THE RANSOM OF SLAVES; TO BE STEADFAST IN PRAYERS, AND PRACTICE REGULARCHARITY; TO FULFIL THE CONTRACTS WHICH YOU MADE; AND TO BE FIRM AND PATIENT INPAIN (OR SUFFERING) AND ADVERSITY AND THROUGHOUT ALL PERIODS OF PANIC. SUCH ARETHE PEOPLE OF TRUTH, THE GOD-FEARING. (2:177)WE ARE GIVEN A BEAUTIFUL DESCRIPTION OF THE RIGHTEOUS AND GOD-FEARING MAN INTHESE VERSES. HE SHOULD OBEY SALUTARY REGULATIONS, BUT HE SHOULD FIX HIS GAZEON THE LOVE OF GOD AND THE LOVE OF HIS FELLOW-MEN.WE ARE GIVEN FOUR GUIDELINES:A) OUR FAITH SHOULD BE TRUE AND SINCEREB) WE MUST BE PREPARED TO SHOW IT IN DEEDS OF CHARITY TO OUR FELLOW-MENC) WE MUST BE GOOD CITIZENS, SUPPORTING SOCIAL ORGANISATIONS ANDD) OUR OWN INDIVIDUAL SOUL MUST BE FIRM AND UNSHAKEN IN ALL CIRCUMSTANCES.THIS IS THE STANDARD BY WHICH A PARTICULAR MODE OF CONDUCT IS JUDGED ANDCLASSIFIED AS GOOD OR BAD. THIS STANDARD OF JUDGEMENT PROVIDES THE NUCLEUSAROUND WHICH THE WHOLE MORAL CONDUCT SHOULD REVOLVE. BEFORE LAYING DOWNANY MORAL INJUNCTIONS, ISLAM SEEKS TO FIRMLY IMPLANT IN MANS HEART THECONVICTION THAT HIS DEALINGS ARE WITH GOD WHO SEES HIM AT ALL TIMES AND IN ALLPLACES; THAT HE MAY HIDE HIMSELF FROM THE WHOLE WORLD BUT NOT FROM HIM; THAT HEMAY DECEIVE EVERYONE BUT CANNOT DECEIVE GOD; THAT HE CAN FLEE FROM THECLUTCHES OF ANYONE ELSE BUT NOT FROM GODS.THUS, BY SETTING GODS PLEASURE AS THE OBJECTIVE OF MANS LIFE, ISLAM HASFURNISHED THE HIGHEST POSSIBLE STANDARD OF MORALITY. THIS IS BOUND TO PROVIDELIMITLESS AVENUES FOR THE MORAL EVOLUTION OF HUMANITY. BY MAKING DIVINEREVELATIONS AS THE PRIMARY SOURCE OF KNOWLEDGE IT GIVES PERMANENCE ANDSTABILITY TO THE MORAL STANDARDS WHICH AFFORD REASONABLE SCOPE FOR GENUINEADJUSTMENTS, ADAPTATIONS AND INNOVATIONS THOUGH NOT FOR PERVERSIONS, WILDVARIATION, ATOMISTIC RELATIVISM OR MORAL FLUIDITY. IT PROVIDES A SANCTION TOMORALITY IN THE LOVE AND FEAR OF GOD, WHICH WILL IMPEL MAN TO OBEY THE MORALLAW EVEN WITHOUT ANY EXTERNAL PRESSURE. THROUGH BELIEF IN GOD AND THE DAY OFJUDGEMENT IT FURNISHES A FORCE WHICH ENABLES A PERSON TO ADOPT THE MORALCONDUCT WITH EARNESTNESS AND SINCERITY, WITH ALL THE DEVOTION OF HEART ANDSOUL.IT DOES NOT, THROUGH A FALSE SENSE OF ORIGINALITY AND INNOVATION, PROVIDE ANYNOVEL MORAL VIRTUES NOR DOES IT SEEK TO MINIMISE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE WELL-KNOWN MORAL NORMS, NOR DOES IT GIVE EXAGGERATED IMPORTANCE TO SOME ANDNEGLECT OTHERS WITHOUT CAUSE. IT TAKES UP ALL THE COMMONLY KNOWN MORALVIRTUES AND WITH A SENSE OF BALANCE AND PROPORTION IT ASSIGNS A SUITABLE PLACEAND FUNCTION TO EACH ONE OF THEM IN THE TOTAL SCHEME OF LIFE. IT WIDENS THESCOPE OF MANS INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE LIFE - HIS DOMESTIC ASSOCIATIONS, HIS THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULCIVIC CONDUCT, AND HIS ACTIVITIES IN THE POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, LEGAL, EDUCATIONAL,AND SOCIAL REALMS. IT COVERS HIS LIFE FROM HOME TO SOCIETY, FROM THE DINING-TABLE TO THE BATTLEFIELD AND PEACE CONFERENCES, LITERALLY FROM THE CRADLE TO THEGRAVE. IN SHORT, NO SPHERE OF LIFE IS EXEMPT FROM THE UNIVERSAL ANDCOMPREHENSIVE APPLICATION OF THE MORAL PRINCIPLES OF ISLAM. IT MAKES MORALITYREIGN SUPREME AND ENSURES THAT THE AFFAIRS OF LIFE, INSTEAD OF DOMINATED BYSELFISH DESIRES AND PETTY INTERESTS, SHOULD BE REGULATED BY NORMS OF MORALITY.IT STIPULATES FOR MAN A SYSTEM OF LIFE WHICH IS BASED ON ALL GOOD AND IS FREEFROM ALL EVIL. IT INVOKES THE PEOPLE, NOT ONLY TO PRACTICE VIRTUE, BUT ALSO TOESTABLISH VIRTUE AND ERADICATE VICE, TO BID GOOD AND FORBID WRONG. IT REQUIRESTHE VERDICT OF CONSCIENCE SHOULD PREVAIL AND VIRTUE MUST NOT BE SUBDUED TOPLAY SECOND FIDDLE TO EVIL. THOSE WHO RESPOND TO THIS CALL ARE GATHEREDTOGETHER INTO A COMMUNITY AND GIVEN THE NAME MUSLIM. AND THE SINGULAR OBJECTUNDERLYING THE FORMATION OF THIS COMMUNITY (UMMAH) IS THAT IT SHOULD MAKE ANORGANISED EFFORT TO ESTABLISH AND ENFORCE GOODNESS AND SUPPRESS ANDERADICATE EVIL.HERE WE FURNISH SOME BASIC MORAL TEACHINGS OF ISLAM FOR VARIOUS ASPECTS OF AMUSLIMS LIFE. THEY COVER THE BROAD SPECTRUM OF PERSONAL MORAL CONDUCT OF AMUSLIM AS WELL AS HIS SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES.GOD-CONSCIOUSNESSTHE QURAN MENTIONS IT AS THE HIGHEST QUALITY OF A MUSLIM: THE MOST HONOURABLEAMONG YOU IN THE SIGHT OF GOD IS THE ONE WHO IS MOST GOD-CONSCIOUS. (49:13)HUMILITY, MODESTY, CONTROL OF PASSIONS AND DESIRES, TRUTHFULNESS, INTEGRITY,PATIENCE, STEADFASTNESS, AND FULFILLING ONES PROMISES ARE MORAL VALUES WHICHARE EMPHASISED AGAIN AND AGAIN IN THE QURAN. WE READ IN THE QURAN:AND GOD LOVES THOSE WHO ARE FIRM AND STEADFAST. (3:146)AND VIE WITH ONE ANOTHER TO ATTAIN TO YOUR SUSTAINERS FORGIVENESS AND TO APARADISE AS VAST AS THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH, WHICH AWAITS THE GOD-CONSCIOUS,WHO SPEND FOR CHARITY IN TIME OF PLENTY AND IN TIME OF HARDSHIP, AND RESTRAINTHEIR ANGER, AND PARDON THEIR FELLOW MEN, FOR GOD LOVES THOSE WHO DO GOOD.(3:133-134)ESTABLISH REGULAR PRAYER, ENJOIN WHAT IS JUST, AND FORBID WHAT IS WRONG; ANDBEAR PATIENTLY WHATEVER MAY BEFALL YOU; FOR THIS IS TRUE CONSTANCY. AND DO NOTSWELL YOUR CHEEK (WITH PRIDE) AT MEN, NOR WALK IN INSOLENCE ON THE EARTH, FORGOD DOES NOT LOVE ANY MAN PROUD AND BOASTFUL. AND BE MODERATE IN YOU PACE ANDLOWER YOU VOICE; FOR THE HARSHEST OF SOUNDS, INDEED, IS THE BRAYING OF THE ASS.(31:18-19)IN A WAY WHICH SUMMARISES THE MORAL BEHAVIOUR OF A MUSLIM, THE PROPHET (PBUH)SAID: MY SUSTAINER HAS GIVEN ME NINE COMMANDS: TO REMAIN CONSCIOUS OF GOD,WHETHER IN PRIVATE OR IN PUBLIC; TO SPEAK JUSTLY, WHETHER ANGRY OR PLEASED; TOSHOW MODERATION BOTH WHEN POOR AND WHEN RICH; TO REUNITE FRIENDSHIP WITHTHOSE WHO HAVE BROKEN IT OFF WITH ME; TO GIVE TO HIM WHO REFUSES ME; THAT MY THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULSILENCE SHOULD BE OCCUPIED WITH THOUGHT; THAT MY LOOKING SHOULD BE ANADMONITION; AND THAT I SHOULD COMMAND WHAT IS RIGHT.SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIESTHE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM CONCERNING SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES ARE BASED ONKINDNESS AND CONSIDERATION OF OTHERS. SINCE A BROAD INJUNCTION TO BE KIND ISLIKELY TO BE IGNORED IN SPECIFIC SITUATIONS, ISLAM LAYS EMPHASIS ON SPECIFIC ACTSOF KINDNESS AND DEFINES THE RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS OF VARIOUSRELATIONSHIPS. IN A WIDENING CIRCLE OF RELATIONSHIP, THEN, OUR FIRST OBLIGATIONIS TO OUR IMMEDIATE FAMILY - PARENTS, HUSBAND OR WIFE AND CHILDREN, THEN TOOTHER RELATIVES, NEIGHBOURS, FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCES, ORPHANS AND WIDOWS,THE NEEDY OF THE COMMUNITY, OUR FELLOW MUSLIMS, ALL OUR FELLOW HUMAN BEINGSAND ANIMALS.PARENTSRESPECT AND CARE FOR PARENTS IS VERY MUCH STRESSED IN THE ISLAMIC TEACHING ANDIS A VERY IMPORTANT PART OF A MUSLIMS EXPRESSION OF FAITH.YOUR SUSTAINER HAS DECREED THAT YOU WORSHIP NONE BUT HIM, AND THAT YOU BE KINDTO PARENTS. WHETHER ONE OR BOTH OF THEM ATTAIN OLD AGE IN YOUR LIFETIME, DO NOTSAY TO THEM A WORD OF CONTEMPT NOR REPEL THEM, BUT ADDRESS THEM IN TERMS OFHONOUR. AND, OUT OF KINDNESS, LOWER TO THEM THE WING OF HUMILITY AND SAY:MY SUSTAINER! BESTOW ON THEM YOUR MERCY, EVEN AS THEY CHERISHED ME INCHILDHOOD. (17:23-24)OTHER RELATIVESAND RENDER TO THE RELATIVES THEIR DUE RIGHTS, AS (ALSO) TO THOSE IN NEED, AND TOTHE TRAVELLER; AND DO NOT SQUANDER YOUR WEALTH IN THE MANNER OF A SPENDTHRIFT.(17:26)NEIGHBOURSTHE PROPHET (PBUH) HAS SAID:"HE IS NOT A BELIEVER WHO EATS HIS FILL WHEN HIS NEIGHBOUR BESIDE HIM IS HUNGRY."AND: "HE DOES NOT BELIEVE WHOSE NEIGHBOURS ARE NOT SAFE FROM HIS INJURIOUSCONDUCT."ACTUALLY, ACCORDING TO THE QURAN AND SUNNAH A MUSLIM HAS TO DISCHARGE HISMORAL RESPONSIBILITY NOT ONLY TO HIS PARENTS, RELATIVES AND NEIGHBOURS BUT TOTHE ENTIRE MANKIND, ANIMALS AND USEFUL TREES AND PLANTS. FOR EXAMPLE, HUNTINGOF BIRDS AND ANIMALS FOR THE SAKE OF GAME IS NOT PERMITTED. SIMILARLY CUTTINGTREES AND PLANTS WHICH YIELD FRUIT IS FORBIDDEN UNLESS THERE IS A VERY PRESSINGNEED FOR IT.THUS, ON THE BASIC MORAL CHARACTERISTICS, ISLAM BUILDS A HIGHER SYSTEM OFMORALITY BY VIRTUE OF WHICH MANKIND CAN REALISE ITS GREATEST POTENTIAL. ISLAMPURIFIES THE SOUL FROM SELF-SEEKING EGOTISM, TYRANNY, WANTONNESS ANDINDISCIPLINE. IT CREATES GOD-FEARING MEN, DEVOTED TO THEIR IDEALS, POSSESSED OFPIETY, ABSTINENCE AND DISCIPLINE AND UNCOMPROMISING WITH FALSEHOOD. IT INDUCESFEELINGS OF MORAL RESPONSIBILITY AND FOSTERS THE CAPACITY FOR SELF-CONTROL.ISLAM GENERATES KINDNESS, GENEROSITY, MERCY, SYMPATHY, PEACE, DISINTERESTED THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULGOODWILL, SCRUPULOUS FAIRNESS AND TRUTHFULNESS TOWARDS ALL CREATION IN ALLSITUATIONS. IT NOURISHES NOBLE QUALITIES FROM WHICH ONLY GOOD MAY BE EXPECTED. MUTUAL RIGHTS OF HUSBAND AND WIFETHE SIGNIFICANCE OF MARRIAGE AND THE AIMS AND ADVANTAGES THAT ARE ASSOCIATEDWITH IT ARE SELF-EVIDENT. PEACE OF MIND AND A HAPPY LIFE ARE GREATLY DEPENDENT ONTHE MUTUAL RELATIONSHIP THAT DEVELOPS BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE.THE MAIN OBJECTS OF MARRIAGE ARE THAT BOTH PARTIES ENJOY THE PLEASURES OF LIFEWITH PURITY, (WHICH CAN ONLY BE POSSIBLE THROUGH WEDLOCK) AND THAT THECONTINUITY OF THE HUMAN RACE BE, AND IS, MAINTAINED WITH DIGNITY. THESE OBJECTSCAN BE REALISED BEST WHEN THE RELATIONS BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE ARE GOOD ANDTHERE IS LOVE, SYMPATHY AND GOOD UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THEM.THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THE PROPHETS TEACHINGS, REGARDING THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OFMARRIAGE, IS THAT THE MARRIAGE PROVES TO BE A SOURCE OF JOY AND SATISFACTION TOBOTH HUSBAND AND WIFE, THAT THEIR HEARTS REMAIN UNITED AND THAT THE AIMS OF THEMARRIAGE BE ATTAINED IN THE BEST POSSIBLE MANNER. ACCORDING TO THE PROPHETSTEACHINGS, THE WIFE SHOULD REGARD HER HUSBAND OVER AND ABOVE EVERYONE ELSEAND SHE SHOULD REMAIN FAITHFUL TO HIM. SHE SHOULD LEAVE NOTHING TO BE DESIREDWITH REGARDS TO DEVOTION AND EARNESTNESS AND SHOULD BELIEVE THAT, FOR HER. THEHAPPINESS OF BOTH WORLDS LIES IN HIS GOOD PLEASURE. THE HUSBAND, ON HIS PART,OUGHT TO CONSIDER HIS WIFE AS A BLESSING OF ALLAH AND HE SHOULD GIVE HER.UNGRUDGINGLY, HIS LOVE, HOLD HER IN HIGH ESTEEM AND LOOK AFTER HER NEEDS ANDCOMFORTS TO THE BEST OF HIS ABILITY. IT SHE MAKES A MISTAKE, HE SHOULD OVER LOOKIT AND TRY TO CORRECT HER WITH TACT AND PATIENCE.OBEDIENCE AND LOYALTY TO THE HUSBANDAYESHA (R.A.) SAYS THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "THE GREATEST CLAIM ON A WOMANIS THAT OF HER HUSBAND AND THE GREATEST CLAIM ON A MAN IS THAT OF HIS MOTHER".IN THE MARRIAGE AGREEMENT IT IS NECESSARY THAT THE HUSBAND HAS THE POSITION OFLEADERSHIP. MAN HAS BEEN DECLARED THE HEAD OF THE FAMILY IN THE ISLAMIC SHARIAHAND GREAT RESPONSIBILITIES HAVE BEEN ASSIGNED TO HIM. THE QUR‟AN SAYS „MEN ARETHE PROTECTORS AND MAINTAINERS OF WOMEN".AS FOR THE WOMEN, THE COMMANDMENT IS THAT THEY OBEY THE HUSBAND AS THE HEADOF THE HOUSEHOLD AND FULFIL THE DOMESTIC DUTIES. REGARDING THEM, THE QUR‟ANSAYS "THE RIGHTEOUS WOMEN ARE OBEDIENT AND PROTECT (THE HUSBANDS INTEREST) INHIS ABSENCE, AS ALLAH HAS PROTECTED THEM."IF THE WIFE FAILS TO SUBMIT TO HER HUSBAND, AND INSTEAD OF SERVING HIMDEVOTEDLY, SHE ADOPTS AN ATTITUDE OF DEFIANCE AND STUBBORNNESS, THEN IT WILL BEDISASTROUS FOR BOTH AND THEY WILL BE LOSERS IN THIS WORLD AND THE HEREAFTER.THE PROPHET (S.A.W.), THEREFORE, STRESSED UPON THE WIVES TO BE LOYAL AND FAITHFULTO THEIR HUSBANDS AND TO SEEK THEIR PLEASURE, -(A GREAT REWARD HAS BEENPROMISED FOR THIS, IN THE HEREAFTER.) THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIT IS RELATED BY ANAS (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "IF A WOMAN OFFERS FIVETIMES DAILY PRAYER, KEEPS THE FASTS OF RAMADHAN, GUARDS HER HONOUR AND OBEYSHER HUSBAND, THEN SHE WILL ENTER PARADISE BY WHICHEVER GATE SHE PLEASES."COMMENTARY:- HERE, LOYALTY AND OBEDIENCE TO THE HUSBAND HAS BEEN MENTIONEDALONG WITH THE SWALAAH AND FAST. IT DENOTES THAT, IN THE SHARIAH, SUBMISSION TOTHE HUSBAND IS AS IMPORTANT AS THE PRINCIPAL DUTIES OF ISLAM.THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS SAID "A WOMAN WHO DIES IN THE STATE THAT HER HUSBAND ISPLEASED WITH HER, SHALL GO TO PARADISE.IT SHOULD BE NOTED HERE, THAT, IF A MAN IS DISPLEASED WITH HIS WIFE, WITHOUT ANYFAULT OF HERS, SHE WILL BE INNOCENT IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH AND THE RESPONSIBILITYFOR ANNOYANCE SHALL REST WITH THE HUSBAND.ADVICE ON KIND TREATMENT TO THE WIFE.ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) RELATES THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) ADVISED, "0 PEOPLE. FOLLOWMY ADVICE CONCERNING THE KIND TREATMENT OF WIVES. (I ORDER YOU TO TREAT YOURWIVES WITH KINDNESS AND LOVE). THE WOMAN HAS BEEN CREATED FROM THE RIB, ANDTHE RIB IS CURVED, BY NATURE, AND THE GREATEST CURVE IS IN ITS UPPER PART. IF YOUTRY TO STRAIGHTEN THE CURVED RIB BY FORCE, IT WILL BREAK, AND IF YOU LEAVE ITALONE, IT WILL REMAIN CURVED FOREVER. SO FOLLOW MY ADVICE AND TREAT YOUR WIVESKINDLY AND WELL. IF A MAN DISLIKES HIS WIFE FOR SOME REASON, HE SHOULD NOT ADOPTAN ATTITUDE OF HATRED TOWARDS HER, AND START THINKING IN TERMS OF DIVORCE, BUTHE SHOULD LOOK FOR THE GOOD QUALITIES IN HER, AND LEARN TO ADMIRE HER BECAUSEOF THEM.THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS SAID, "NO BELIEVING MAN HATES HIS BELIEVING WIFE. I! THEREIS A BAD QUALITY IN HER, THERE WILL ALSO BE A GOOD QUALITY." THIS IS THE CLAIM OFFAITH ON A BELIEVING HUSBAND AND THE PRIVILEGE OF A BELIEVING WIFE.ADDRESSING THE MUSLIMS, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "THE BEST OF YOU ARE THOSE WHOARE BEST TO THEIR WIVES."IT IS RELATED BY AYESHA (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID, "GOOD AMONG YOU ARETHOSE WHO ARE GOOD TO THEIR WIVES; AND I, ON MY PART, AM VERY GOOD TO MY WIVES."THIS SHOWS THAT THERE IS A SPECIAL GOODNESS IN TREATING ONES WIFE WELL. TO MAKETHE ADVICE MORE EFFECTIVE, THE PROPHET ADDED THAT HE HIMSELF WAS GOOD ANDCONSIDERATE TO HIS WIVES. RIGHTS OF NEIGHBOURSAPART FROM A MANS PARENTS, CHILDREN AND NEAR RELATIVES, THERE ALSO EXISTS APERMANENT ASSOCIATION AND CONTACT BETWEEN HIM AND HIS NEIGHBOURS. THE STATEOF HIS ASSOCIATION - BE IT GOOD OR OTHERWISE HAS A GREAT INFLUENCE ON HIS LIFEAND MORALS. THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAD ATTACHED GREAT IMPORTANCE TO THIS AND HASCONSTANTLY URGED THE UMMAH TO PAY DUE REGARD TO THE RIGHTS OF NEIGHBOURS TOTHE EXTENT THAT HE HAD DECLARED GOOD NEIGHBOURLINESS TO BE PART OF IMAN (FAITH)AND AN ESSENTIAL REQUISITE FOR SALVATION. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHREE CATEGORIES OF NEIGHBOURSIN A HADITH, RELATED BY JABIR(R.A.), THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID "NEIGHBOURS ARE OF THREE KINDS. FIRSTLY, THE NEIGHBOUR WHO ENJOYS ONLY ONE RIGHT(AND AS FAR AS RIGHTS ARE CONCERNED) HE IS OF THE LOWEST GRADE. SECONDLY, THEONE WHO ENJOYS TWO RIGHTS AND THIRDLY THE NEIGHBOUR WHO ENJOYS THREE RIGHTS.THE NEIGHBOUR WITH ONLY ONE RIGHT IS THE POLYTHEIST (I.E. A NON-MUSLIM NEIGHBOURWITH WHOM THERE ARE NO FAMILY TIES). THE NEIGHBOUR WITH TWO RIGHTS IS THENEIGHBOUR WHO IS ALSO A MUSLIM (AS SUCH HE HAS A CLAIM AS A NEIGHBOUR AS WELLAS A FELLOW MUSLIM) AND THE ONE WITH THREE RIGHTS IS THE NEIGHBOUR WHO IS AMUSLIM AND A RELATIVE - HE HAS A CLAIM AS A NEIGHBOUR, AS A FELLOW MUSLIM AND ASA RELATIVE".THIS HADITH CLEARLY EXPLAINS THAT THE OBLIGATION TO LIVE IN PEACE AND HARMONYWITH NEIGHBOURS, AS DEMANDED IN THE HOLY QUR‟AN AND THE TRADITIONS, ALSOINCLUDES THE NON-MUSLIM NEIGHBOURS. THEY TOO HAVE A CLAIM TO OUR KINDNESS ANDSYMPATHY. WE TREAT THE ANIMALS WITH KINDNESS AND WE HAVE BEEN WARNED AGAINSTILL TREATING THEM, THEN WHAT OF OUR FELLOW HUMANS - MORE SO OUR NEIGHBOURS. ITWILL BE SIGNIFICANT TO NOTE THAT IN ALL AHADITH TRADITIONS) MENTIONED, WITHREGARDS TO THE BASIC RIGHTS OF NEIGHBOURS, NO DISTINCTION HAD BEEN MADEBETWEEN MUSLIMS AND NON-MUSLIMS.EMPHASIS ON THE RIGHTS OF NEIGHBOURSIT IS REPORTED, ON THE AUTHORITY OF AYESHA (R.A.) AND IBN UMAR (R.A.) THAT THEMESSENGER OF ALLAH (S.A.W.) SAID "THE ANGEL JIBRAIL (A.S.) COUNSELLED ME SOFREQUENTLY REGARDING THE RIGHTS OF THE NEIGHBOUR THAT I FEARED, HE TOO WOULDBE DECLARED AN HEIR.THIS HADITH SHOWS THAT ANGEL JIBRAIL (A.S.) BROUGHT COMMANDMENTS FROM ALLAH,CONCERNING THE RIGHTS OF THE NEIGHBOUR SO FREQUENTLY AND STRESSED THE NEED TOBE KIND AND COURTEOUS TO HIM WITH SUCH FORCE AND REGULARITY THAT THE HOLYPROPHET (S.A.W.) THOUGHT THAT THE NEIGHBOUR ALSO WILL BE MADE AN HEIR I.E. JUSTAS PARENTS, CHILDREN AND NEAR RELATIVES INHERIT THE PROPERTY LEFT BY THEDECEASED, HE THOUGHT THAT THE NEIGHBOUR, TOO, WILL BE GIVEN A SHARE IN IT.NOTE:- THE PURPOSE OF THIS HADITH IS NOT MERELY TO STATE A FACT, BUT RATHER IT ISMOST EFFECTIVE WAY OF HIGHLIGHTING THE IMPORTANCE OF THE NEIGHBOUR TO THEMUSLIMS.IMPORTANCE OF GOOD TREATMENT TO NEIGHBOURS (IT IS AN ESSENTIAL CONDITION OFIMAN-FAITH)IT IS NARRATED BY ABU SHURAYH (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "WHOEVERBELIEVES IN ALLAH AND THE FINAL DAY (DAY OF JUDGEMENT) IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT HEDOES NOT HARM HIS NEIGHBOURS AND WHOEVER BELIEVES IN ALLAH AND THE FINAL DAY ITIS ESSENTIAL FOR HIM TO ENTERTAIN HIS GUEST WITH KINDNESS AND GENEROSITY ANDWHOEVER BELIEVES IN ALLAH AND THE FINAL DAY IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT HE SPEAK WHAT ISGOOD OR OTHERWISE REMAIN SILENT." THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULAMONGST OTHER POINTS THIS HADITH EXPLAINS THAT IT IS ESSENTIAL FOR THE TRUEBELIEVER TO BE MINDFUL OF HIS NEIGHBOURS AT ALL TIMES SO THAT HE DOES NOT HARMHIM IN ANY WAY. IT ALSO GIVES US AN IDEA OF THE VALUE PLACED ON THE RIGHTS OFNEIGHBOURS BY THE HOLY PROPHET OF ISLAM (S.A.W.).IN ANOTHER HADITH RELATED BY ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID, "BYALLAH, HE IS NOT A TRUE BELIEVER, BY ALLAH, HE IS NOT A TRUE BELIEVER, BY ALLAH, HE ISNOT A TRUE BELIEVER (THREE TIMES). HE WAS ASKED WHO?" UPON WHICH HE REPLIED,"THE ONE WHOSE NEIGHBOURS DO NOT FEEL SECURE FROM HIS MISCHIEF AND EVIL.THE CONSTRUCTION AND MANNER OF THE HADITH SHOWS HOW AGITATED THE PROPHET(S.A.W.) MUST HAVE BEEN WHEN HE SAID THIS. THE ESSENCE CONTAINED IN THIS HADITHIS THAT THE MUSLIM WHOSE CHARACTER IS SUCH THAT HIS NEIGBHOURS EXPECT NOTHINGBUT EVIL FROM HIM AND THEY LIVE IN FEAR OF BEING HURT OR HARMED BY HIM, CANNOT BEREGARDED AS A TRUE AND FAITHFUL BELIEVER- HE DOESNT DESERVE THE TITLE OF MUSLIMOR MUMIN. ON ANOTHER OCCASION THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAIDTHAT SUCH A PERSON (WHOSE NEIGHBOURS DO NOT FEEL SAFE ON HIS ACCOUNT) SHALLNOT GO TO HEAVEN.NOTE:- IN THE LANGUAGE OF PROPHETHOOD, WHEN SPECIAL EMPHASIS IS LAID ON A DEED,THE CUSTOMARY WAY OF PUTTING IT IS TO SAY THAT WHOEVER NEGLECTS IT ETC. IS NOT ATRUE BELIEVER, AND HE SHALL NOT GO TO HEAVEN. IT SHOULD BE UNDERSTOOD THAT THISDOES NOT IMPLY THAT HE HAS ACTUALLY BEEN THROWN OUT OF THE FOLD OF ISLAM ANDNOW THE LAWS OF INFIDELITY(KUFR) WILL APPLY TO HIM, AND THAT IN THE HEREAFTER HEWILL BE TREATED AS AN INFIDEL, BUT RATHER THIS IS AN EMPHATIC WAY OF EXPLAININGTHAT SUCH A PERSON DOES NOT POSSESS THE TRUE SPIRIT OF IMAN WHICH IS THE GLORYOF A MUSLIM AND IS PLEASING TO ALLAH. THE PARTICULAR PHRASING IS USED TO LENDGREATER FORCE TO THE MATTER.IN YET ANOTHER HADITH, RELATED BY ANAS (R.A.), THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "HE HASNOT AFFIRMED FAITH IN ME (I.E. HE IS NOT A TRUE FOLLOWER) WHO EATS TO HISSATISFACTION AND SLEEPS COMFORTABLY AT NIGHT WHITE HIS NEIGHBOUR GOES HUNGRY -AND HE IS AWARE OF IT."HOW ASTONISHING THAT SUCH A WIDE GAP HAS OCCURRED BETWEEN THESE TEACHINGSAND TRADITIONS AND THE ACTUAL CONDUCT OF THE MUSLIMS AS A WHOLE! IT ISEXTREMELY DIFFICULT FOR AN UNKNOWING PERSON TO BELIEVE THAT SUCH, REALLY, WERETHE TEACHINGS OF THE HOLY PROPHET OF ISLAM (S.A.W.).NEVERTHELESS, THESE TRADITIONS AND TEACHINGS EXPLAIN CLEARLY THE IMPORTANCE OFGOOD AND KIND TREATMENT TO NEIGHBOURS AND THEY ARE A CLEAR ADMONITION TOTHOSE WHO REMAIN INDIFFERENT TO THE NEEDS AND DIFFICULTIES OF THEIR NEIGHBOURSAND CARE NOTHING FOR THEM.CERTAIN SPECIFIC RIGHTS OF THE NEIGHBOURSMUAWIYA IBN HAIDAH RELATES THAT THE PROPHET OF ALLAH (S.A.W.) SAID "THE RIGHTS OFTHE NEIGHBOUR UPON YOU ARE THAT; IF HE FALLS ILL YOU VISIT (AND TAKE CARE OF) HIM;IF HE DIES YOU ATTEND HIS FUNERAL (AND TAKE PART IN THE BURIAL ARRANGEMENTS); IFHE COMMITS AN EVIL DEED, YOU PREVENT IT FROM BEING KNOWN (I.E. DO NOT GIVEPUBLICITY TO IT); IF HE IS FAVOURED BY GOOD-FORTUNE, YOU CONGRATULATE HIM; IF A THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULCALAMITY BEFALLS HIM, YOU GRIEVE IN SYMPATHY WITH HIM; AND THAT YOU RESTRAINFROM ERECTING YOUR BUILDING HIGHER THAN HIS IN SUCH A WAY THAT THE PASSAGE OFFRESH AIR IS BLOCKED FROM HIS HOUSE (UNLESS YOU OBTAINED HIS CONSENT) ANDFURTHER, (YOU TAKE CARE THAT) THE AROMA OF YOUR COOKING POT DOES NOT CAUSESORROW TO HIM (AND HIS CHILDREN) EXCEPT THAT YOU SEND SOME OF IT (THE FOOD) TOHIM."THE SPECIFIC RIGHTS MENTIONED ABOVE ARE EASILY UNDERSTOOD BUT THE LAST TWOREQUIRE SPECIAL ATTENTION:- ONE SHOULD BE CAREFUL, WHILE BUILDING A HOUSE (ORANY BUILDING) THAT THE WALLS ARE NOT SO HIGH AS TO CAUSE DISCOMFORT TO THENEIGHBOURS BY OBSTRUCTING THE FREE FLOW OF AIR INTO THEIR PLACE (OR IN ANY OTHERWAY) UNLESS OF COURSE ONE HAS OBTAINED PRIOR CONSENT OF THE NEIGHBOURS.LET US NOTE THAT THIS WAS THE TEACHING OF THE PROPHET OF ISLAM (S.A.W.) MORE THANFOURTEEN HUNDRED YEARS AGO, BUT WE AS MUSLIMS TEND TO FORGET OR RATHER IGNORETHIS, AND WE READILY ACCEPT GOVERNMENT, MUNICIPAL OR COUNCIL LAWS ON THE SAMEISSUE -(THAT THE CONSENT OF NEIGHBOURS SHOULD BE OBTAINED PRIOR TO ANYCONSTRUCTION)! HOW UNMINDFUL AND INDIFFERENT WE SEEM TO BE!THE OTHER POINT IS THAT ONE SHOULD TRY HIS LEVEL BEST NOT TO LET THE AROMA OFONES COOKING POT REACH THE NEIGHBOURS HOUSEHOLD - LEST THEY ARE AROUSED BYTHE DELICIOUS SMELLS AND DESIRE TO EAT THE SAME WHILE THEY CAN NOT AFFORD IT -THIS WILL CAUSE GRIEF TO THEM. TO RESTRAIN THE AROMA FROM TRAVELLING ISOBVIOUSLY NOT EASY, HENCE ONE SHOULD MAKE IT A POINT OF SENDING SOME OF THEFOOD (WHEN A DELICIOUS MEAL IS COOKED) TO THE NEIGHBOURS. IT IS REPORTED ON THEAUTHORITY OF JABIR (R.A.) THAT RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) SAID "WHENEVER GRAVY IS COOKEDIN ANYONES HOUSE, HE SHOULD INCREASE THE BROTH (BY ADDING WATER) AND THENSEND SOME TO HIS NEIGHBOURS."CARING FOR THE MORAL AND RELIGIOUS STATUS OF NEIGHBOURSTHE FOREGOING SECTIONS DEALT WITH THE MATERIAL WELFARE OF NEIGHBOURS - PAYINGREGARD TO THEIR NEEDS AND FEELINGS ETC., HEREUNDER IS AN EXPLANATION OF THECARING FOR THEIR MORAL AND RELIGIOUS WELFARE, WHICH IS ALSO A RIGHT OF THENEIGHBOUR.ON ONE OCCASION THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID "WHAT HASHAPPENED TO THOSE, WHOM ALLAH HAS FAVOURED WITH THE UNDERSTANDING OF FAITHAND RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE, AND THEY DO NOTHING BY WAY OF TEACHING IT TO, THEIRNEIGHBOURS (WHO ARE IN NEED OF IT) OR CREATING AN AWARENESS IN THEM? THEYNEITHER GIVE GOOD COUNSEL, NOR DISCHARGE THE DUTY OF ENJOINING WHAT IS GOODAND LAWFUL, AND FORBIDDING WHAT IS BAD AND PROHIBITING. AND WHAT HAS HAPPENEDTO THE UNINFORMED ONES THAT THEY MAKE NO EFFORT TO LEARN FROM THEIRNEIGHBOURS?BY ALLAH IT IS THE DUTY OF THOSE WHO POSSESS THE KNOWLEDGE TO IMPART IT TO THEIRNEIGHBOURS (WHO ARE WANTING IN IT)- THROUGH GOOD COUNSEL AND BY ENJOININGWHAT IS LAWFUL AND FORBIDDING WHAT IS PROHIBITED. IN THE SAME MANNER IT IS THEDUTY OF T HE IGNORANT AND UNINFORMED TO ACQUIRE THE KNOWLEDGE FROM THEIRNEIGHBOURS (WHO ARE LEARNED) AND TO TAKE ADVICE FROM THEM OTHERWISE, (IF THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULNEITHER PARTY DOES ITS DUTY) A SEVERE PUNISHMENT WILL BEFALL THEM IN THEIR VERYEXISTENCE."THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS THUS ENJOINED UPON THE PEOPLE OF ALL LOCALITIES ANDREGIONS, WHO POSSESS THE UNDERSTANDING OF FAITH AND RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE, TOIMPART IT TO THOSE LIVING IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD AND TO WORK FOR THEIR MORAL ANDSPIRITUAL INSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT. ON THE OTHER HAND HE HAS CHARGED THOSEWHO ARE LACKING IN THIS FIELD TO MAINTAIN A REGULAR CONTACT WITH MEN OF FAITHAND KNOWLEDGE SO AS TO BENEFIT FROM THEIR COMPANY.UNFORTUNATELY, DUE TO THE NEGLECT OF THIS HADITH AND ITS LIKES, A VAST MAJORITYOF MUSLIMS LACK (ARE WANTING IN) RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE AND ATTACHMENT TO ALLAHAND HIS MESSENGER (S.A.W.). PARENTS RIGHTS OVER CHILDRENTHE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS LAID STRESS ON THE RIGHTS OF PARENTS AND DUTIES OFCHILDREN, IN THE SAME WAY AS HE HAS STRESSED THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN AND THEDUTIES OF PARENTS.TO BE OBEDIENT TO PARENTS AND TO SHOW KINDNESS TO THEM HAS BEEN ENJOINEDALONG WITH THE ONENESS AND WORSHIP OF ALLAH, IN THE HOLY QUR‟AN, IN SUCH AMANNER THAT IT APPEARS THAT AMONG HUMAN DEEDS, TO OBEY PARENTS AND TREAT THEMWITH RESPECT AND KINDNESS IS NEXT ONLY TO DIVINE WORSHIP.THE QUR‟AN SAYS, IN SURA BANI ISRA‟IL:"YOUR LORD (THE CREATOR) HAS ORDAINED THAT YOU WORSHIP NONE BUT HIM, AND THATYOU BE KIND TO THE PARENTS.PARENTS ARE THE HEAVEN AND HELL OF THE CHILDRENIN A HADITH THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS SAID THAT THE PARENTS OF A PERSON ARE HISHEAVEN OR HELL.THIS SHOWS THAT IF A PERSON OBEYS HIS PARENTS AND ATTENDS TO THEIR NEEDS ANDCOMFORTS AND KEEPS THEM HAPPY, HE WILL ATTAIN PARADISE. ON THE OTHER HAND, IF HEIS RUDE AND DISOBEDIENT TO THEM AND OFFENDS THEM BY IGNORING THEIR FEELINGS ORBY CAUSING THEM GRIEF IN ANY OTHER WAY, HIS PLACE SHALL BE IN HELL.PLEASING THE PARENTS CAUSES ALLAHS PLEASUREANYONE WHO SEEKS TO PLEASE ALLAH SHOULD EARN THE GOOD PLEASURE OF HIS PARENTS.TO KEEP THE PARENTS WELL PLEASED IS ESSENTIAL SINCE THEIR ANGER AND DISPLEASUREWILL LEAD TO ALLAHS ANGER AND DISPLEASURE. THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS SAID "IN THEGOOD PLEASURE OF THE FATHER LIES THE GOOD PLEASURE OF THE CREATOR AND IN HISDISPLEASURE, LIES THE DISPLEASURE OF THE CREATOR."HERE THE MOTHER HAS NOT BEEN MENTIONED, BUT, ACCORDING TO MANY OTHER AHADITH,THE RIGHT OF THE MOTHER WITH REGARD TO SERVICE AND KIND TREATMENT IS EVEN THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULHIGHER THAN THAT OF THE FATHER. THEREFORE, HER PLEASURE OR DISPLEASURE WILLCARRY AN EQUAL SIGNIFICANCE.CURSE FOR NOT LOOKING AFTER AGED PARENTS.THE TIME THAT THE PARENTS NEED TO BE LOOKED AFTER MOST CAREFULLY IS IN THEIR OLDAGE, AND TO SERVE THEM DEVOTEDLY IN THAT STATE IS MOST PLEASING TO ALLAH AND ITIS AN EASY WAY TO ATTAIN PARADISE.ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) RELATES THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "MAY HE BE DISGRACED,MAY HE BE DISGRACED, MAY HE BE DISGRACED." "WHO?" THE SAHAABA ENQUIRED. "THEPERSON WHOSE PARENTS, OR ANY ONE OF THEM, ATTAIN OLD-APE DURING HIS LIFE-TIMEAND HE DOES NOT EARN PARADISE (BY BEING KIND-HEARTED AND DUTIFUL TO THEM)!"THEREFORE, ANYONE WHO GETS AN OPPORTUNITY TO SERVE HIS PARENTS IN THEIR OLD-AGE AND DOES NOT AVAIL HIMSELF TO IT (TO ATTAIN PARADISE), UNDOUBTEDLY, HE IS AMOST WRETCHED PERSON.SERVING THE PARENTS IS PREFERABLE TO JIHADWHEN THE PARENTS OF A PERSON ARE IN NEED OF HIS HELP AND ATTENTION, THEN IT ISPREFERABLE FOR HIM TO SERVE THEM THAN TO GO TO JIHAD. A PERSON ONCE CAME TO THEPROPHET (S.A.W.) AND SAID THAT HE WANTED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE JIHAD. THE PROPHETASKED HIM "ARE YOUR PARENTS ALIVE?" "YES, THEY ARE ALIVE" HE REPLIED. THE PROPHETSAID. "THEN STRIVE IN THEIR SERVICE AND ASSIST THEM AT THE TIME OF THEIR NEED.(THIS IS YOUR JIHAD.)"COMMENTARY: PERHAPS, THERE WAS REASON FOR THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) TO BELIEVE THATTHE PARENTS OF THE PERSON CONCERNED WERE IN NEED FOR HELP AND ATTENTION, THATIS WHY HE TOLD HIM TO GO AND TAKE CARE OF THEM, BECAUSE IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCESSERVICE TO THE PARENTS WAS MORE IMPORTANT.HOWEVER, IT MUST NOT BE MISUNDERSTOOD THAT ANYONE WHOSE PARENTS ARE ALIVESHOULD NOT TAKE PART IN JIHAD, AND THAT ONLY THOSE WHOSE PARENTS HAVE DIED.SHOULD DO SO. IN FACT, THE PARENTS OF MANY OF THE SAHAABA WHO TOOK PART INJIHAD, WERE LIVING.THE MOTHERS CLAIM IS GREATERABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) NARRATES THAT A PERSON ASKED THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) "WHO HASTHE GREATEST CLAIM ON ME WITH REGARD TO SERVICE AND KIND TREATMENT?" THEPROPHET REPLIED, "YOUR MOTHER, AND AGAIN YOUR MOTHER, AND ONCE AGAIN YOURMOTHER. AFTER HER, IS THE CLAIM OF YOUR FATHER, THEN THAT OF YOUR NEAR RELATIONSAND THEN OF THE RELATIONS NEXT TO THEM.THIS, OBVIOUSLY, SHOWS THAT WHERE CARE AND KIND TREATMENT ARE CONCERNED, THECLAIM OF THE MOTHER IS GREATER THAN THAT OF THE FATHER.IT APPEARS TO BE THE SAME IN THE QUR‟AN TOO. IN MANY INSTANCES, THE PAIN AND THESUFFERING WHICH THE MOTHER HAS TO BEAR DURING PREGNANCY, AT CHILDBIRTH, AND IN THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE BRINGING-UP OF THE CHILDREN, HAS BEEN MENTIONED ALONG WITH THE EMPHASIS OFEXPRESSING KINDNESS TO PARENTS.PARADISE LIES AT THE MOTHERS FEETIN ONE HADITH THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS CLEARLY STATED THAT A PERSONS PARADISELIES AT HIS MOTHERS FEET. BY SERVING HER WELL AND BEING OBEDIENT TO HER, ONE CANATTAIN PARADISE.IN SOME OTHER AHADITH THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS EXPLAINED THAT SERVING THEMOTHER, THE MATERNAL AUNT AND MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER, ARE AMONG THE ACTS BYWHOSE PIOUSNESS, EVEN THE REPENTANCE OF A GREAT SINNER AND EVIL-DOER ISACCEPTED AND HE IS FORGIVEN.TREATMENT TOWARDS POLYTHEIST PARENTSIF ANYONES PARENTS ARE POLYTHEISTS, AND THEY WANT HIM TO FOLLOW THEIR FAITH, HESHOULD REFUSE, BUT HE SHOULD CONTINUE TO BE KIND AND RESPECTFUL TO THEM.ASMA BINT ABU BAKR (R.A.) RELATES THAT HER MOTHER HAD COME TO MADINAH, FROMMAKKAH, TO MEET HER. HER MOTHER FOLLOWED THE PAGAN CUSTOMS AND BELIEFS? SOASMA (R.A.) ENQUIRED FROM THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) AS HOW SHE WAS TO TREAT HERWHETHER SHE SHOULD HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH HER, AS SHE WAS A PAGAN, OR TREATHER LIKE A DAUGHTER SHOULD, AND SHOW KINDNESS TO HER. THE PROPHET TOLD HER TOBE KIND AND CONSIDERATE AND TO BEHAVE TOWARDS HER AS WAS A MOTHERS DUE, FROMA DAUGHTER.PARENTS RIGHTS AFTER THEIR DEATHTHE RIGHTS OF PARENTS DO NOT COME TO AN END WITH THEIR DEATH. IN FACT, SOME OFTHEIR RIGHTS TAKE EFFECT AFTER THEIR DEATH, AND IT IS A RELIGIOUS OBLIGATION FORTHE CHILDREN TO FULFIL THEM.AS EXPLAINED BEFORE, OBEYING ONES PARENTS AND TREATING THEM WITH RESPECT ANDAFFECTION IS GREAT VIRTUE - AND ATONES FOR ONES SINS. SIMILARLY, TO ASK ALLAH TOHAVE MERCY ON THEM AFTER THEIR DEATH, IS AN ACT WHICH BRINGS COMFORT TO THEM INTHEIR GRAVES AND SERVES TO ATONE FOR ONES SINS.AFTER THE DEATH OF ONES PARENTS AMONG OTHER DUTIES, SHOULD BE TO PRAY FORTHEIR FORGIVENESS AND TREAT THEIR RELATIVES AND FRIENDS WITH DUE RESPECT.ABU USAID SAIDI (R.A.) RELATES THAT A PERSON CAME TO THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) ANDASKED HIM "0 PROPHET OF ALLAH, ARE THERE SOME RIGHTS OF MY PARENTS, ON ME, WHICHI HAVE TO FULFIL EVEN AFTER THEY HAVE DIED?" "YES" THE PROPHET REPLIED, "THESE ARETO PRAY FOR MERCY AND FORGIVENESS ON THEIR BEHALF, TO FULFIL THE PROMISES THEYHAVE MADE TO ANYONE, TO PAY DUE REGARD TO THE BONDS OF RELATIONSHIP FROM THEIRSIDE AND TO BE RESPECTFUL TO THEIR FRIENDS.IN THE QUR‟AN, MUSLIMS HAVE BEEN URGED TO PRAY FOR THE SALVATION OF THEIRPARENTS AS SHOWN IN THE VERSE. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULAND SAY, "MY LORD. HAVE MERCY ON BOTH OF THEM, AS THEY CARED FOR ME WHEN I WASLITTLE."ADVANTAGES OF OBEDIENCE TO PARENTSTHE REAL REWARD FOR SERVING THE PARENTS, WITH GREAT ATTENTION, IS PARADISE ANDTHE PLEASURE OF ALLAH. BUT THE ALMIGHTY BESTOWS A SPECIAL FAVOUR, IN THIS WORLDTOO, ON THE BELIEVER WHO FULFILS THE PARENTS RIGHTS DEVOTEDLY.JABIR (R.A.) REPORTS THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "ALLAH PROLONGS THE LIFE OF APERSON WHO OBEYS HIS PARENTS AND SERVES THEM DEVOTEDLY."IN ANOTHER HADITH, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID, "OBEY YOURPARENTS AND TREAT THEM WITH KINDNESS, YOUR CHILDREN WILL BE KIND AND OBEDIENTTO YOU.GREAT SIN FOR DISOBEYING THE PARENTSJUST AS THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) DECLARED, THAT SERVING ONES PARENTS WELL IS AN ACTOF GREAT VIRTUE, HE CONDEMNED THE SHOWING OF DISOBEDIENCE TO THEM, OR HARMINGTHEM, AS A MOST SERIOUS AND DETESTABLE SIN.WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE MAJOR SINS, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) REPLIED." TO ASSOCIATEANYONE WITH ALLAH, TO DISOBEY THE PARENTS, TO KILL UNLAWFULLY AND TO GIVE FALSEEVIDENCE."THE ABOVE-MENTIONED ACTS HAVE BEEN CONDEMNED AS AKBARUL-KABAAIR I.E. THE MOSTSERIOUS OF THE MAJOR SINS. THE ORDER IN WHICH THE PROPHET SAID THEM, SHOWS THATTHE DISREGARD OF PARENTS RIGHTS IS NEXT, ONLY, TO POLYTHEISM (SHIRK) AND IT ISEVEN MORE SERIOUS THAN MURDER.THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS SAID "TO ABUSE ONES PARENTS IS ALSO A MAJOR SIN." HE WASASKED "CAN ANYONE ABUSE HIS PARENTS?" "YES," THE PROPHET REPLIED, "IF A PERSONABUSED SOMEONE ELSES PARENTS AND THAT PERSON, IN RETALIATION, ABUSED HISPARENTS, - THEN IT IS AS THOUGH HE HIMSELF HAD ABUSED HIS PARENTS."WE CAN IMAGINE, FROM THIS, WHAT AN IMPORTANT PLACE RESPECT FOR PARENTS OCCUPIESIN THE MORAL AND SOCIAL TEACHINGS OF ISLAM, AND HOW CAREFUL ONE SHOULD BEABOUT IT. RIGHTS OF THE WEAK AND POORIN THE TEACHINGS OF THE HOLY PROPHET OF ISLAM (S.A.W.) THE IMPORTANCE OF RESPECTFOR THE RIGHTS OF THE WEAKER AND POORER SECTIONS OF SOCIETY, - THE NEEDY, THEORPHANS, THE WIDOWS, THE DESTITUTE AND DOWNTRODDEN ETC. - HAS ALSO BEENSTRESSED. TO CARE FOR THEIR NEEDS AND LOOK AFTER THEIR WELL BEING HAS BEENDESCRIBED AS A VIRTUE OF THE HIGHEST ORDER AND THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS GIVENTHE TIDINGS OF A VAST REWARD IN THIS REGARD.CARING FOR THE ORPHAN THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULACCORDING TO THE HOLY TRADITIONS THE BEST MUSLIMS HOME IS THE ONE WHEREIN ANORPHAN IS SUPPORTED AND IS TREATED IN A LOVING AND AFFECTIONATE MANNER, AND THEWORST IS THAT HOME WHEREIN AN ORPHAN LIVES AND IS TREATED BADLY OR CRUELLY.IT IS RELATED BY SAHL IBN SAAD (R.A.) THAT RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) SAID "WHOEVERSUPPORTS AN ORPHAN FROM AMONG HIS OWN OR ANY OTHER FAMILY, HE WILL BE AS CLOSETO ME IN HEAVEN AS THESE FINGERS ARE CLOSE TO EACH OTHER" SAHL (R.A.) SAYS THATRASULULLAH (S.A.W.) MADE A MOTION OF HIS INDEX AND MIDDLE FINGERS (WHILE HE SAIDTHIS) AND THERE WAS ONLY A LITTLE SPACE BETWEEN THE TWO.IN ANOTHER HADITH THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) MADE A PROVISION:- "PROVIDED HE ISNOT GUILTY OF AN UNPARDONABLE SIN. THIS HADITH EXPLAINS THE STATUS, IN THEHEREAFTER, OF THAT BONDSMAN WHO ACCEPTS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF SUPPORTING ANORPHAN BELONGING EITHER TO HIS OWN FAMILY OR ANY OTHER FAMILY WITH WHOM HEHAS NO PARTICULAR BLOOD TIE. WHICH MAKES THE FACT CLEAR THAT THE PROMISE OFSALVATION AND ENTRY INTO PARADISE IS SUBJECT TO THE CONDITION OF NOT COMMITTINGA MISDEED, SUCH AS POLYTHEISM, MURDER ETC. WHICH IS NOT PARDONABLE.ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) REPORTS THAT THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (S.A.W.) STATED "WHOEVERCARESSES THE HEAD OF AN ORPHAN (IN AFFECTION), SOLELY FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH, AGOOD DEED WILL BE WRITTEN TO HIS ACCOUNT FOR EVERY HAIR OVER WHICH HE PASSEDHIS HAND, AND WHOEVER TREATED AN ORPHAN (BOY OR GIRL) WITH GOODNESS ANDKINDNESS, HE AND I WILL BE CLOSE TO EACH-OTHER IN HEAVEN AS THESE TWO FINGERS"THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) MADE A GESTURE WITH HIS FINGERS AS EXPLAINED ABOVE.IT IS THEREFORE CLEAR THAT THE GLAD TIDINGS ON SHOWING KINDNESS TO ORPHANS AREDEPENDENT UPON THE CONDITION THAT THE LOVING AND KINDLY TREATMENT IS WHOLLYWITH THE INTENTION OF EARNING THE PLEASURE OF THE ALMIGHTY.ATTENDING TO THE NEEDS OF THE WIDOW AND THE DESTITUTEABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) RELATES THAT RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) SAID, "WHOEVER STRIVES TORELIEVE THE WIDOW, THE DISTRESSED AND THE NEEDY, HE IS AS ONE WHO DOES JIHAD INTHE PATH OF ALLAH (IN TERMS OF REWARD AND BLESSINGS)"IN ANOTHER VERSION OF THE SAME HADITH THE PROPHET IS QUOTED TO HAVE SAID "HE ISAS ONE WHO FASTS CONTINUOUSLY DURING THE DAYS AND SPENDS THE NIGHTS INPRAYERS."JIHAD IS A DEED OF UTMOST MERIT IN ISLAM, SIMILARLY THE ACT OF SPENDING ONES DAYSIN FASTING AND NIGHTS IN PRAYER IS GREATLY REWARDABLE. BUT IN THE ABOVE HADITHTHE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS STATED THAT THE SAME IS THE WORTH, VALUE ANDREWARD OF A PERSON WHO TAKES PAINS TO HELP THE WEAK AND NEEDY OR A HELPLESSWIDOW, BY SPENDING HIS WEALTH ON THEM OR BY SINCERELY TRYING TO DRAW THEATTENTION OF OTHERS TO THEIR PROBLEMS AND DIFFICULTIES.VISITING THE SICK AND FEEDING THE HUNGRYIN A HADITH REPORTED BY ABU MOOSA ASHARI (R.A.), THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "FEEDTHE HUNGRY, VISIT THE SICK AND FREE THE CAPTIVES." THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULBESIDES MENTION OF FEEDING THE HUNGRY- WHICH IS A DEED OF COMPASSION AND KIND-HEARTEDNESS, THIS HADITH ALSO CONTAINS AN INJUNCTION FOR VISITING THE SICK ANDOBTAINING THE FREEDOM OF THOSE WHO ARE (UNLAWFULLY) HELD PRISONERS." INCOMMON TERMS VISITING THE SICK SIMPLY DENOTES ENQUIRING AFTER ONES HEALTH BUTHERE (IN ARABIC) IT IS USED IN A BROADER SENSE AND INCLUDES ALSO THE CARING ANDARRANGING OF TREATMENT FOR THE SICK, IF NECESSARY, AND IF ONE IS ABLE TO DO SO.THE REWARDS AND BLESSING FOR THESE DEEDS IS (ONCE AGAIN) VERY GREAT, ANDENVIABLE INDEED IS THE LOT OF THOSE WHO FEEL FOR TIE LESS FORTUNATE BRETHREN ANDARE WILLING TO HELP THEM IN ANY POSSIBLE MANNER.TREATMENT OF SLAVES AND SERVANTS(1) GENERAL TEACHINGS OF THE PROPHET (S.A.W.)SLAVERY WAS A COMMON PRACTICE IN ARABIA, AND ALMOST ALL OVER THE WORLD, BEFORETHE TIME OF PROPHET MUHAMMED (S.A.W.). VICTORIOUS NATIONS OF THE TIMECONSIDERED THE PEOPLE CAPTURED BY THEM, IN BATTLE, AS A "COMMODITY" - NOT ASHUMAN BEINGS - AND USED THEM MERCILESSLY FOR THEIR OWN ADVANTAGE.THE BELOVED PROPHET OF ISLAM (S.A.W.) URGED AND ENCOURAGED THE PEOPLE TO FREETHE SLAVES, BY DECLARING THE FREEING OF SLAVES AN ACT OF HIGHEST VIRTUE AND ANACT BY WHICH SINS ARE FORGIVEN. ON THE OTHER HAND HE ENJOINED ON ALL NOT TODRIVE THEM LIKE ANIMALS. HE EXPLAINED THAT THEIR BASIC NEEDS, LIKE FOOD ANDCLOTHING SHOULD BE TAKEN CARE OF IN A DESERVING MANNER.HE, IN FACT, CONSTANTLY WARNED THE MUSLIMS THAT THEY WILL BE CALLED TO ACCOUNT,IN THE HEREAFTER, IF THEY FAILED IN THEIR DUTY TO BE JUST AND MERCIFUL TO THESLAVES AND SERVANTS. HE EMPHASISED THIS TO SUCH AN EXTENT THAT IT IS REPORTED BYALI (.R.A.) THAT THE LAST WORDS, SPOKEN BY THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.), (AT THE TIMEOF HIS DEATH) WERE, "OBSERVE SALAAH (THE PRAYERS), OBSERVE SALAAH AND FEAR ALLAHWITH REGARDS TO YOUR SLAVES AND SERVANTS."THIS SHOWS THE IMPORTANCE THAT THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) ATTACHED TO THEIRRIGHTS - THAT HE EVEN STRESSED ITS SIGNIFICANCE UPON HIS FOLLOWERS AT THE TIME OFHIS DEPARTURE FROM THIS WORLD.HISTORY TELLS THAT THE ENTIRE COURSE OF THE LIVES OF SLAVES AND SERVANTS WASTRANSFORMED, AS A RESULT OF THESE TEACHINGS, AND THEIR HUMAN DIGNITY WASRESTORED TO THEM.MANY OF THEM ROSE TO BE GREAT SCHOLARS AND LEADERS HOLDING HIGH POSTS OFOFFICE. EVENTUALLY THE WHOLE WORLD WAS INFLUENCED BY THIS GUIDANCE AND SLAVERYBECAME A THING OF THE PAST.(2) KIND AND MERCIFUL TREATMENTIT IS RELATED BY ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) THAT RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) SAID, "FOOD AND DRESSARE THE RIGHT OF THE SLAVE AND HE SHOULD NOT BE ASSIGNED TO TASK WHICH MAY BEBEYOND HIS CAPACITY." THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHESE POINTS CONSTITUTE THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF SLAVES AND SERVANTS- THATONE SHOULD FULFIL THEIR BASIC NEED FOR FOOD AND CLOTHING IN KINDNESS ANDSHOULD BE MERCIFUL IN ASSIGNING ANY WORK TO THEM.IN ANOTHER HADITH, THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID, "THEY ARE YOURBROTHERS (THE SLAVES AND SERVANTS). ALLAH HAS PLACED THEM UNDER YOURAUTHORITY. SO HE WHO HAS A BROTHER UNDER HIM SHOULD FEED HIM AND CLOTHE HIM ASHE HIMSELF DOES, AND SHOULD NOT TAKE FROM HIM ANY WORK THAT IS BEYOND HISPOWER. IF HE DOES TELL HIM TO DO SUCH WORK THEN HE SHOULD ALSO JOIN IN IT - (ANDHELP HIM).HERE THE SLAVES AND SERVANTS HAVE BEEN DECLARED TO BE THE BROTHERS OF THEIRMASTERS, AND THEREFORE DESERVE TREATMENT LIKE BROTHERS - ARE NOT BOTH OF THEM,SERVANT AND MASTER, THE CHILDREN OF ADAM, AFTER ALL!IN YET ANOTHER STRIKING HADITH, PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID, "WHEN YOUR SLAVE ORSERVANT PREPARES FOOD FOR YOU AND LAYS IT FOR YOU - WHILE HE HAS SUFFERED THEINCONVENIENCE OF HEAT AND SMOKE WHEN COOKING - YOU SHOULD ASK HIM TO SIT DOWNAND SHARE THE MEAL. IF THE FOOD IS IN A SMALL QUANTITY (AND CANNOT SUFFICE) ATLEAST GIVE HIM A MORSEL OR TWO THERE FROM (AT LEAST A LITTLE).(3) POLICY OF FORGIVENESSFURTHERMORE RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) CONSTANTLY EMPHASISED THE NEED TO ADOPT APOLICY OF FORGIVENESS WITH SERVANTS - THIS IS VERY CLEAR FROM THE HADITHNARRATED BY ABDULLAH IBN UMAR (R.A.) THAT ONCE A PERSON CAME TO THE PROPHET OFALLAH (S.A.W.) AND ASKED "O PROPHET OF ALLAH! TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD WE FORGIVETHE MISTAKES AND FAULTS OF OUR SLAVES AND SERVANTS?" THE PROPHET (S.A.W.)REMAINED SILENT WHEREUPON THE MAN REPEATED THIS QUESTION. THE PROPHET (S.A.W.)AGAIN, REMAINED SILENT AND WHEN THE MAN ASKED FOR A THIRD TIME, HE REPLIED"SEVENTY TIMES A DAY.EVIDENTLY THE FIGURE, SEVENTY, DOES NOT DENOTE THE EXACT NUMBER HERE BUT ASERVANT SHOULD BE FORGIVEN EVEN IF HE MAKES A MISTAKES OFTEN. "FORGIVING" INTHIS HADITH MEANS THAT THE PUNISHMENT SHOULD NOT BE INFLICTED ON SERVANTS IN ASPIRIT OF VENGEANCE. BUT THERE IS NO HARM, HOWEVER, IF THEY ARE TAKEN TO TASKWITH POLITENESS IN VIEW OF THEIR CORRECTION - WHICH WOULD ACTUALLY BE FOR THEIROWN GOOD.NOTE:- ON THE OCCASION OF THIS INCIDENT, THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) REMAINEDSILENT WHEN THE QUESTION WAS ASKED FOR THE FIRST TWO TIMES - THIS SHOULD BE FORTHE REASON THAT HE WANTED THE QUESTIONER TO REALISE THE REDUNDANCY OF HISENQUIRY. TO FORGIVE THE MISTAKES OF ONES SERVANTS IS AN ACT OF VIRTUE WHICHMAKES ONE DESERVING OF DIVINE MERCY, HENCE ONE SHOULD ALWAYS BE PREPARED TOEXCUSE THEIR FAULTS- AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE.(4) REVENGE AND ACCOUNT TO BE TAKEN FOR CRUEL TREATMENT TO SLAVES ANDSERVANTS. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) RELATES THAT HE HEARD THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (S.A.W.) SAY"WHOEVER BEATS THE SLAVE OR SERVANT UNJUSTLY, REVENGE WILL BE TAKEN FROM HIMON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT."ABU MASOOD (R.A.) NARRATES THAT "ONCE I WAS BEATING MY SLAVE WHEN I HEARD AVOICE BEHIND -(SAYING)" OH ABU MASOOD! REMEMBER THAT ALLAH HAS A GREATER POWERAND AUTHORITY OVER YOU THAN YOU HAVE OVER THE POOR SLAVE" I TURNED AROUND ANDSAW THAT IT WAS THE PROPHET OF ALLAH (S.A.W.) WHEREUPON I SAID "OH PROPHET OFALLAH - HE IS NOW FREE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH (I HAVE SET HIM FREE)." THE PROPHET(S.A.W.) OBSERVED THAT "BE INFORMED THAT HAD YOU NOT DONE SO (I.E. SET HIM FREE)YOU WOULD BE CONSUMED IN THE FIRE OF HELL!"(5) LOYALTY OF SLAVES AND SERVANTS TO THEIR MASTERSWHILST ENJOINING THE MASTERS TO BE FAIR AND GENEROUS IN THEIR TREATMENT OF THESLAVES AND SERVANTS, THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) ALSO EMPHASISED UPON THE SLAVESAND SERVANTS THEIR DUTY TO REMAIN FAITHFUL TO THEIR MASTERS. THE PROPHET (S.A.W.)IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID, “IT IS A MATTER OF GREAT SUCCESS AND GOOD FORTUNE FORA SLAVE OR SERVANT THAT ALLAH RAISES HIM FROM THIS WORLD (GIVES HIM DEATH) IN ASTATE THAT HE IS A WORSHIPPER OF THE CREATOR AND HE IS LOYAL TO HIS MASTER.IN ANOTHER HADITH RELATED BY ABDULLAH IBN U MAR(R.A.), THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.)SAID, "WHEN A SLAVE OR SERVANT IS FAITHFUL TO HIS MASTER AND ALSO WORSHIPS HISCREATOR, HE IS DESERVING OF A DOUBLE REWARD (IN THE HEREAFTER). THE PRINCIPALFEATURE OF THE HOLY PROPHETS TEACHINGS IS THAT HE URGES EACH CLASS ANDINDIVIDUAL TO FULFIL THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS WITH A FULL SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY ANDCONSIDER IT A SOURCE OF GOOD FORTUNE IN BOTH THE WORLDS. HE, THUS, ENJOINS UPONTHE MASTERS TO FEAR ALLAH IN RESPECT OF THEIR SLAVES AND SERVANTS, (BY TREATINGTHEM FAIRLY AND KINDLY) AND HE ENJOINS UPON THE SLAVES AND SERVANTS TO BE LOYALAND SINCERE TO THEIR MASTERS.BEHAVIOUR OF THE OLD AND YOUNG TOWARDS EACH OTHERIN EVERY SOCIETY THERE ARE SOME MEMBERS WHO ARE SENIOR IN AGE AND OTHERS WHOARE JUNIOR TO THEM. THE BELOVED PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS, ALSO, EXPLAINED (IN HISTEACHINGS) WHAT THEIR MUTUAL BEHAVIOUR SHOULD BE. STATED BELOW ARE A FEWAHADITH REGARDING THIS ASPECT OF SOCIAL CONDUCT, WHICH MAY APPEARINSIGNIFICANT TO SOME PEOPLE, BUT PLAYS AN IMPORTANT PART IN PROMOTING A HAPPYAND PEACEFUL LIFE, BOTH AT FAMILY AND COMMUNITY LEVELS.IN ONE HADITH THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) IS REPORTED TO HAVE STATED THAT "HE IS NOT OFUS, WHO IS NOT AFFECTIONATE TO THOSE WHO ARE YOUNGER THAN HIM AND IS NOTRESPECTFUL TO THOSE WHO ARE OLDER." IN ANOTHER HADITH HE SAID, "WHOEVER DOESNOT SHOW AFFECTION TO THE YOUNG, AND RESPECT TO THE OLD, IS NOT ONE OF US."THE OCCASION FOR THE STATING OF THE SECOND HADITH, AS RELATED BY ANAS (R.A.) WASONCE WHEN AN ELDERLY PERSON CAME TO MEET RASULULLAH (S.A.W.) AND THE PEOPLEPRESENT IN THE GATHERING TOOK SOME TIME TO MAKE WAY (CLEAR A PATH IN THEIRMIDST) FOR HIM TO GO UP TO THE PROPHET (S.A.W.)- I.E. THEY DID NOT MOVE QUICKLYENOUGH AS THE OLD PERSONS AGE WOULD HAVE REQUIRED. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHEREFORE, THESE AHADITH SHOW THAT ANYONE WHO WISHES TO REMAIN ATTACHED TOTHE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.) AND HIS FAITH SHOULD TREAT THOSE WHO ARE YOUNGER, TOHIM, WITH AFFECTION AND MERCY, AND THOSE WHO ARE OLDER WITH RESPECT ANDHONOUR.IT IS RELATED BY ANAS (RA.) THAT THE PROPHET OF ALLAH (S.A.W.) SAID "FOR THE YOUNGMAN WHO WILL HONOUR AN OLD MAN BECAUSE OF HIS AGE, ALLAH WILL APPOINT MEN WHOWILL HONOUR HIM IN HIS OLD AGE.THIS HADITH EXPLAINS THAT, ALTHOUGH THE REWARD FOR SHOWING GOOD MANNERS ANDRESPECT TO ONES ELDERS WILL BE IN THE HEREAFTER, THE ALMIGHTY BESTOWS HISFAVOURS TO SUCH PEOPLE IN THIS WORLD TOO. PROPHETHOOD IN ISLAMPROPHETHOOD IS NOT UNKNOWN TO HEAVENLY REVEALED RELIGIONS, SUCH AS JUDAISMAND CHRISTIANITY. IN ISLAM, HOWEVER, IT HAS A SPECIAL STATUS AND SIGNIFICANCE.ACCORDING TO ISLAM, ALLAH CREATED MAN FOR A NOBLE PURPOSE: TO WORSHIP HIM ANDLEAD A VIRTUOUS LIFE BASED ON HIS TEACHINGS AND GUIDANCE. HOW WOULD MAN KNOWHIS ROLE AND THE PURPOSE OF HIS EXISTENCE UNLESS HE RECEIVED CLEAR AND PRACTICALINSTRUCTIONS OF WHAT ALLAH WANTS HIM TO DO? HERE COMES THE NEED PROPHETHOOD.THUS ALLAH HAD CHOSEN FROM EVERY NATION A PROPHET OR MORE TO CONVEY HISMESSAGE TO PEOPLE.ONE MIGHT ASK; HOW WERE THE PROPHETS CHOSEN AND WHO WERE ENTITLED TO THISGREAT HONOUR?PROPHETHOOD IS ALLAHS BLESSING AND FAVOUR THAT HE MAY BESTOW ON WHOM HEWILLS. HOWEVER, FROM SURVEYING THE VARIOUS MESSENGERS THROUGHOUT HISTORY,THREE FEATURES OF A PROPHET MAY BE RECOGNISED:1. HE IS THE BEST IN HIS COMMUNITY MORALLY AND INTELLECTUALLY. IT IS NECESSARYBECAUSE THE PROPHETS (P.B.U.H.) LIFE SERVES AS A MODEL FOR HIS FOLLOWERS. HISPERSONALITY SHOULD ATTRACT PEOPLE TO ACCEPT HIS MESSAGE RATHER THAN DRIVE THEMAWAY BY HIS IMPERFECT CHARACTER. AFTER RECEIVING THE MESSAGE HE IS INFALLIBLE.THAT IS, HE WOULD NOT COMMIT ANY SIN. HE MIGHT MAKE SOME MINOR MISTAKES WHICHARE USUALLY CORRECTED BY REVELATION.2. HE IS SUPPORTED BY MIRACLES TO PROVE THAT HE IS NOT AN IMPOSTER. THOSEMIRACLES ARE GRANTED BY THE POWER AND PERMISSION OF GOD AND ARE USUALLY IN THEFIELD IN WHICH HIS PEOPLE EXCEL AND ARE RECOGNISED AS SUPERIORS. WE MIGHTILLUSTRATE THIS BY QUOTING THE MAJOR MIRACLES OF THE THREE PROPHETS OF THEMAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS; JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM. MOSES CONTEMPORARIESWERE EXCELLENT IN MAGIC. SO HIS MAJOR MIRACLE WAS TO DEFEAT THE BEST MAGICIANSOF EGYPT OF HIS DAYS. JESUSS CONTEMPORARIES WERE RECOGNISED AS SKILFULPHYSICIANS. THEREFORE HIS MIRACLES WERE TO RAISE THE DEAD AND CURE THEINCURABLE DISEASES. THE ARABS, THE CONTEMPORARIES OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMED,WERE KNOWN FOR THEIR ELOQUENCE AND MAGNIFICENT POETRY. SO PROPHETMUHAMMEDS (P.B.U.H.) MAJOR MIRACLE WAS THE QURAN, THE EQUIVALENT OF WHICH THEWHOLE LEGION OF THE ARAB POETS AND ORATORS COULD NOT PRODUCE DESPITE THE THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULREPEATED CHALLENGE FROM THE QURAN ITSELF. AGAIN MUHAMMEDS MIRACLE HASSOMETHING SPECIAL ABOUT IT. ALL PREVIOUS MIRACLES WERE LIMITED BY TIME ANDPLACE, I.E., THEY WERE SHOWN TO SPECIFIC PEOPLE AT A SPECIFIC TIME. NOT SO THEMIRACLE OF MUHAMMED, THE QURAN. IT IS A UNIVERSAL AND EVERLASTING MIRACLE.PREVIOUS GENERATIONS WITNESSED IT AND FUTURE GENERATIONS WILL WITNESS ITSMIRACULOUS NATURE IN TERM OF ITS STYLE, CONTENT AND SPIRITUAL UPLIFTING. THESESTILL CAN BE TESTED AND WILL THEREBY PROVE THE DIVINE ORIGIN OF THE QURAN.3. EVERY PROPHET STATES CLEARLY THAT WHAT HE RECEIVES IS NOT OF HIS OWN BUT FROMGOD FOR THE WELL-BEING OF MANKIND. HE ALSO CONFIRMS WHAT WAS REVEALED BEFOREHIM AND WHAT MAY BE REVEALED AFTER HIM. A PROPHET DOES THIS TO SHOW THAT HE ISSIMPLY CONVEYING THE MESSAGE WHICH IS ENTRUSTED TO HIM BY THE ONE TRUE GOD OFALL PEOPLE IN ALL AGES. SO THE MESSAGE IS ONE ESSENCE AND FOR THE SAME PURPOSE.THEREFORE, IT SHOULD NOT DEVIATE FROM WHAT WAS REVEALED BEFORE HIM OR WHATMIGHT COME AFTER HIM.PROPHETS ARE NECESSARY FOR CONVEYING GODS INSTRUCTIONS AND GUIDANCE TOMANKIND. WE HAVE NO WAY OF KNOWING WHY WE WERE CREATED. WHAT WILL HAPPEN TOUS AFTER DEATH? IS THERE ANY LIFE AFTER DEATH? ARE WE ACCOUNTABLE FOR OURACTIONS? IN OTHER WORDS, IS THERE ANY REWARD OR PUNISHMENT FOR OUR DEEDS INTHIS LIFE? THESE AND SO MANY OTHER QUESTIONS ABOUT GOD, ANGELS, PARADISE, HELLETC.. IS ONLY KNOWN TO THE CREATOR AND KNOWER OF THE UNSEEN. THOSE ANSWERSMUST BE AUTHENTIC AND MUST BE BROUGHT BY INDIVIDUALS WHOM WE TRUST ANDRESPECT. THAT IS WHY, MESSENGERS ARE THE SELECT OF THEIR SOCIETIES IN TERMS OFMORAL CONDUCTS AND INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES.HENCE THE SLANDEROUS BIBLICAL STORIES ABOUT SOME OF THE GREAT PROPHETS ARE NOTACCEPTED BY MUSLIMS. AS FOR EXAMPLE, WHEN LOT IS REPORTED TO HAVE COMMITTEDFORNICATION WHILE DRUNK, WITH HIS DAUGHTERS, OR THAT DAVID SENT ONE OF HISLEADERS TO DEATH TO MARRY HIS WIFE. PROPHETS TO MUSLIMS ARE GREATER THAT WHATTHESE STORIES INDICATE. THESE STORIES CAN NOT BE TRUE FROM THE ISLAMIC POINT OFVIEW.THE PROPHETS ARE ALSO MIRACULOUSLY SUPPORTED BY GOD AND INSTRUCTED BY HIM TOAFFIRM THE CONTINUITY OF THE MESSAGE.THE CONTENT OF THE PROPHETS MESSAGE TO MANKIND CAN BE SUMMARISED AS FOLLOWS:A) CLEAR CONCEPT ABOUT GOD: HIS ATTRIBUTES, HIS CREATION, WHAT SHOULD ANDSHOULD NOT BE ASCRIBED TO HIM.B) CLEAR IDEA ABOUT THE UNSEEN WORLD, THE ANGLES, JINN (SPIRITS), PARADISE ANDHELL.C) WHY HAS GOD CREATED US? WHAT DOES HE WANT FROM US WHAT THE REWARD ORPUNISHMENT FOR OBEYING OR DISOBEYING HIM?D) HOW TO RUN OUR SOCIETIES ACCORDING TO HIS WILL? THAT IS, CLEAR INSTRUCTIONSAND LAWS THAT, WHEN APPLIED CORRECTLY AND HONESTLY, WILL RESULT IN A HAPPY ANDIDEAL SOCIETY. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIT IS CLEAR FROM THE ABOVE DISCUSSIONS THAT THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE FOR PROPHETS.EVEN NOWADAYS WITH THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, THE ONLY AUTHENTIC SOURCE OFINFORMATION ABOUT THE SUPERNATURAL WORLD IS REVELATION. GUIDANCE CAN NEITHERBE OBTAINED FROM SCIENCE NOR FROM MYSTIC EXPERIENCE. THE FIRST IS TOOMATERIALISTIC AND TOO LIMITED; THE SECOND IS TOO SUBJECTIVE AND FREQUENTLY TOOMISLEADING.NOW ONE MIGHT ASK:HOW MANY PROPHETS HAD GOD SENT TO HUMANITY? WE DO NOT KNOW FOR SURE. SOMEMUSLIMS SCHOLARS HAVE SUGGESTED 240 THOUSAND PROPHETS. WE ARE ONLY SURE OFWHAT IS CLEARLY MENTIONED IN THE QURAN, I.E. GOD HAS SENT A MESSENGER (OR MORE)TO EVERY NATION. THAT IS BECAUSE IT IS ONE OF GODS PRINCIPLES THAT HE WILL NEVERCALL A PEOPLE TO ACCOUNT UNLESS HE HAS MADE CLEAR TO THEM WHAT TO DO AND WHATNOT TO DO. THE QURAN MENTIONS THE NAMES OF 25 PROPHETS AND INDICATES THATTHERE HAVE BEEN OTHERS WHO WERE NOT MENTIONED TO THE PROPHET MUHAMMED.THESE 25 INCLUDE NOAH, THE MAN OF THE ARK, ABRAHAM, MOSES, JESUS AND MUHAMMED.THESE FIVE ARE THE GREATEST AMONG GODS MESSENGERS. THEY ARE CALLED THERESOLUTE PROPHETS.AN OUTSTANDING ASPECT OF THE ISLAMIC BELIEF IN PROPHETHOOD IS THAT MUSLIMSBELIEVE IN AND RESPECT ALL THE MESSENGERS OF GOD WITH NO EXCEPTIONS. SINCE ALLTHE PROPHETS CAME FROM THE SAME ONE GOD FOR THE SAME PURPOSE - TO LEAD MANKINDTO GOD, BELIEF IN THEM ALL IS ESSENTIAL AND LOGICAL; ACCEPTING SOME AND REJECTINGOTHERS HAS TO BE BASED ON MISCONCEPTIONS OF THE PROPHETS ROLE OR ON RACIALBIAS. THE MUSLIMS ARE THE ONLY PEOPLE IN THE WORLD WHO CONSIDER THE BELIEF INTHE PROPHETS OF GOD AN ARTICLE OF FAITH. THUS THE JEWS REJECT JESUS CHRIST ANDMUHAMMED (PBUH), THE CHRISTIANS REJECT MUHAMMED (PBUH) AND IN REALITY REJECTMOSES BECAUSE THEY DO NOT ABIDE BY HIS LAWS. THE MUSLIMS ACCEPT THEM ALL ASMESSENGERS OF GOD WHO BROUGHT GUIDANCE TO MANKIND. HOWEVER, THE REVELATIONWHICH THOSE PROPHETS BROUGHT FROM GOD HAD BEEN TAMPERED WITH IN ONE WAY ORTHE OTHER. THE BELIEF IN ALL THE MESSENGERS OF GOD IS ENJOINED ON THE MUSLIMS BYTHE QURAN:SAY (O MUSLIMS):WE BELIEVE IN ALLAH AND THAT WHICH IS REVEALED TO US AND THATWHICH WAS REVEALED TO ABRAHAM AND ISMAEL, AND ISAAC AND JACOB, AND THEIRCHILDREN, AND THAT WHICH MOSES AND JESUS RECEIVED AND THAT THE PROPHETSRECEIVED FROM THEIR LORD. WE MAKE NO DISTINCTION BETWEEN ANY OF THEM AND UNTOHIM WE HAVE SURRENDERED. (2:136)THE QURAN CONTINUES IN THE FOLLOWING VERSES TO INSTRUCT THE MUSLIMS THAT THISIS THE TRUE AND IMPARTIAL BELIEF. IF OTHER NATIONS BELIEVE IN THE SAME THEY AREFOLLOWING THE RIGHT TRACK. IF THEY DO NOT, THEY MUST BE FOLLOWING THEIR OWNWHIMS AND BIASES AND GOD WILL TAKE CARE OF THEM. THUS WE READ: AND IF THEYBELIEVE IN WHAT YOU BELIEVE, THEN ARE THEY RIGHTLY GUIDED. BUT IF THEY TURN AWAY,THEN THEY ARE IN DISUNITY, AND ALLAH WILL SUFFICE YOU AGAINST THEM. HE IS THEHEARER, THE KNOWER. THIS IS GODS RELIGION AND WHO IS BETTER THAN GOD INRELIGION? (2:1137-38)THERE ARE, AT LEAST, TWO IMPORTANT POINTS RELATED TO PROPHETHOOD THAT NEED TOBE CLARIFIED. THESE POINTS CONCERN THE ROLES OF JESUS AND MUHAMMED AS PROPHETSWHO ARE USUALLY MISUNDERSTOOD. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULTHE QURANIC ACCOUNT OF JESUS EMPHATICALLY REJECTS THE CONCEPT OF HIS DIVINITYAND DIVINE SONSHIP AND PRESENTS HIM AS ONE OF THE GREAT PROPHETS OF GOD. THEQURAN MAKES IT CLEAR THAT THE BIRTH OF JESUS WITHOUT A FATHER DOES NOT MAKE HIMA SON OF GOD AND MENTIONS IN THIS RESPECT ADAM WHO WAS CREATED BY GODWITHOUT A FATHER AND MOTHER.TRULY THE LIKENESS OF JESUS, IN GODS SIGHT, IS AS ADAMS LIKENESS; HE CREATED HIMOF DUST, THEN SAID HE UNTO HIM, "BE", AND HE WAS (3:59).LIKE OTHER PROPHETS JESUS ALSO PERFORMED MIRACLES. FOR EXAMPLE, HE RAISED THEDEAD AND CURED THE BLIND AND THE LEPERS, BUT WHILE SHOWING THESE MIRACLES HEALWAYS MADE IT CLEAR THAT IT WAS ALL FROM GOD.ACTUALLY, THE MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT THE PERSONALITY AND MISSION OF JESUS FOUNDA WAY AMONG HIS FOLLOWERS BECAUSE THE DIVINE MESSAGE THAT HE PREACHED WASNOT RECORDED DURING HIS PRESENCE IN THE WORLD, RATHER IT WAS RECORDED AFTER ALAPSE OF ABOUT HUNDRED YEARS. ACCORDING TO THE QURAN HE WAS SENT TO THECHILDREN OF ISRAEL; HE CONFIRMED THE VALIDITY OF THE TORAH WHICH WAS REVEALEDTO MOSES AND HE ALSO BROUGHT THE GLAD TIDINGS OF A FINAL MESSENGER AFTER HIM.AND WHEN JESUS SON OF MARY SAID, CHILDREN OF ISRAEL, I AM INDEED THE MESSENGERTO YOU, CONFIRMING THE TORAH THAT IS BEFORE ME, AND GIVING GOOD TIDINGS OF AMESSENGER WHO SHALL COME AFTER ME, WHOSE NAME SHALL BE THE PRAISED ONE. (61:6)(THE UNDERLINED PORTION IS THE TRANSLATION OF AHMAD WHICH IS PROPHETMUHAMMEDS NAME).HOWEVER, THE MAJORITY OF THE JEWS REJECTED HIS MINISTRY. THEY PLOTTED AGAINSTHIS LIFE AND IN THEIR OPINION CRUCIFIED HIM. BUT THE QURAN REFUTES THIS OPINIONAND SAYS THAT THEY NEITHER KILLED HIM NOR CRUCIFIED HIM, RATHER HE WAS RAISED UPTO GOD. THERE IS A VERSE IN THE QURAN, WHICH IMPLIED THAT JESUS WILL COME BACKAND ALL THE CHRISTIANS AND JEWS WILL BELIEVE IN HIM BEFORE HE DIES. THIS IS ALSOSUPPORTED BY AUTHENTIC SAYINGS OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMED (PBUH).THE LAST PROPHET OF GOD, MUHAMMED, WAS BORN IN ARABIA IN THE SIXTH CENTURY C.E.UP TO THE AGE OF FORTY, PEOPLE OF MAKKAH KNEW HIM ONLY AS A MAN OF EXCELLENTCHARACTER AND CULTURED MANNERS AND CALLED HIM AL-AMEEN (THE TRUSTWORTHY). HEALSO DID NOT KNOW THAT HE WAS SOON TO BE MADE A PROPHET AND RECEIVER OFREVELATION FROM GOD. HE CALLED THE IDOLATORS OF MAKKAH TO WORSHIP THE ONLYONE GOD AND ACCEPT HIM AS HIS PROPHET. THE REVELATION THAT HE RECEIVED WASPRESERVED IN HIS LIFETIME IN THE MEMORY OF HIS COMPANIONS AND WAS ALSORECORDED ON PIECES OF PALM LEAVES, LEATHER ETC. THUS THE QURAN THAT IS FOUNDTODAY IS THE SAME THAT WAS REVEALED TO HIM, NOT A SYLLABLE OF IT HAS BEEN ALTEREDAS GOD HIMSELF HAS GUARANTEED ITS PRESERVATION. THIS QURAN CLAIMS TO BE THEBOOK OF GUIDANCE FOR WHOLE HUMANITY FOR ALL TIMES, AND MENTIONS MUHAMMED ASTHE LAST PROPHET OF GOD. RIGHTS OF OTHER RELATIVESBESIDES PARENTS RIGHTS, A GREAT EMPHASIS IS ALSO LAID ON THE RIGHTS OF OTHERRELATIVES. IN ISLAMIC TERMS, SILAH-RAHIMI IS USED TO DENOTE GOOD TREATMENTTOWARDS THE RELATIVES. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIN THE QUR‟AN, WHERE THE MUSLIMS ARE ENJOINED TO SHOW KINDNESS TO PARENTS, THEYARE ALSO REQUIRED TO TREAT THE OTHER RELATIVES WITH LOVE AND SYMPATHY AND TOPAY DUE REGARD TO THEIR RIGHTS AS WELL.AS WE HAVE SEEN IN A PREVIOUS HADITH, THE FOREMOST CLAIM ON A PERSON IS THAT OFHIS MOTHER, THEN OF HIS FATHER, AND THEN GRADE BY GRADE, OF THE OTHER RELATIVES.THEREFORE THROUGH RELATIONSHIP, THE RELATIVES RIGHTS COME AFTER THAT OF THEPARENTS.ALLAH HAS DECLARED, "I AM ALLAH, I AM AR-RAHMAN (THE MERCIFUL), I HAVE CREATED THEBOND OF KINSHIP AND NAMED IT RAHIM,-WHICH I HAVE DERIVED FROM THE ROOT OF MYNAME OF RAHMAN. THUS, WHOEVER, SHALL JOIN IT TIE. RAHIM), I SHALL JOIN HIM, ANDWHOEVER WILL BREAK IT, I SHALL BREAK HIM."THE ALMIGHTY HAS DESIGNED THE SYSTEM OF BIRTH IN SUCH A WAY, THAT WHOEVER ISBORN, IS TIED TO THE BONDS OF KINSHIP-AND THESE BONDS CARRY CERTAIN CLAIMS ANDRIGHTS. THUS, WHOEVER FULFILS THESE CLAIMS, BY BEING KIND TO HIS RELATIVES ANDTREATING THEM WELL, ALLAH WILL "JOIN HIM" I.E. HE WILL MAKE HIM HIS OWN ANDBESTOW HIS FAVOUR AND MERCY ON HIM. AND WHOSOEVER WILL VIOLATE THESE CLAIMS,ALLAH WILL "BREAK HIM" I.E. HE WILL HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH HIM.FULFILLING THE RIGHTS OF RELATIVESIT IS RELATED BY ANAS (R.A.) THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID "WHOEVER WANTS ANINCREASE IN HIS SUSTENANCE AND THAT THE MARKS OF HIS FEET REMAIN FOR A LONG TIMEIN THE WORLD (I.E. TO LIVE LONG) - HE SHOULD BE KIND AND HELPFUL TO HIS RELATIVES."BASICALLY, THERE ARE TWO WAYS OF BEING KIND AND CONSIDERATE TO RELATIVES. ONE ISBY GIVING THEM MONETARY ASSISTANCE, WHEN NEEDED, AND THE OTHER IS BY DEVOTINGA PART OF ONES TIME AND ENERGY AT THEIR SERVICE.FAMILY QUARRELS, WHICH GENERALLY ARISE FROM THE DISREGARD OF THE RELATIVESRIGHTS, AFFECT A MANS HEALTH AND MAKE IT DIFFICULT FOR HIM TO CONCENTRATE IN HISWORK. THOSE WHO TREAT THEIR RELATIVES WELL AND ARE HELPFUL TO THEM, ARE FREEFROM TENSIONS OF THIS KIND AND THEY ARE HAPPIER AND MORE PEACEFUL.VIOLATION OF RELATIVES RIGHTSTHE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS SAID "WHOEVER VIOLATES THE RIGHTS OF RELATIVES, SHALLNOT GO TO PARADISE.COMMENTARY:- THIS HADITH, ALONE, SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO MAKE US REALISE THEIMPORTANCE OF SILAH-RAHIMI. IT SHOWS THAT THE VIOLATION OF THE RELATIVES RIGHTSIS SO DETESTED BY ALLAH, THAT WITH ITS FILTHINESS, NO ONE CAN ENTER PARADISE. IT ISONLY WHEN A PERSON (BELIEVER) HAS RECEIVED HIS PUNISHMENT OR HAS BEEN FORGIVEN,THAT THE GATES OF PARADISE WILL BE OPENED FOR HIM.SHOWING KINDNESS TO THOSE WHO SEVER RELATIONS. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULOFTEN, THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO CARE LITTLE FOR THE BONDS OF RELATIONSHIP AND ARERUIN) AND UNJUST IN THIS RESPECT. PROPHET (S.A.W.) HAS ENJOINED TO CONTINUE TOTREAT THEM WELL AND FULFIL THE OBLIGATIONS, IRRESPECTIVE OF WHAT THEY DO ANDHOW THEY BEHAVE.ABDULLAH IBN UMAR(R.A.) RELATES FROM THE PROPHET (S.A.W.), "HE DOES NOT FULFIL THECLAIM OF SILAH-RAHIMI WHO SHOWS NO KINDNESS IN RETURN FOR THE KINDNESS SHOWNTO HIM.. THE PERSON WHO REALLY FULFILS THE CLAIM IS HE WHO TREATS HIS RELATIVESWELL EVEN WHEN THEY ARE MEAN AND UNJUST TO HIM.WHEN THE VIOLATION OF THE RIGHTS OF RELATIVES IS RETURNED IN A SIMILAR MANNER,THE EVIL WILL SPREAD IN THE SOCIETY -- WHILE IF IT IS RETURNED WITH KINDNESS, IT MAYLEAD TO THEIR CORRECTION AND IT WILL ASSIST IN THE PROMOTION OF SILAH-RAHIMI, INTHE LIFE OF THE COMMUNITY. IMPORTANCE OF GOOD SOCIAL CONDUCTTHE FIRST THING IN THE GUIDANCE BROUGHT TO MANKIND BY THE HOLY PROPHETMUHAMMED (S.A.W.) WAS THE CALL TO FAITH AND DIVINE UNITY. AFTER IT, HE USED TOGIVE INSTRUCTION AND ADVICE CONCERNING THE MORAL AND PRACTICAL SPHERES OF LIFETO THOSE WHO HAD ACCEPTED THE CALL.THESE TEACHINGS OF THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) CAN BASICALLY, BE DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS.THE FIRST PART IS RELATED TO THE RIGHTS OF ALLAH. IT TELLS WHAT THE CLAIM OF ALLAHIS UPON THE BELIEVER AND WHAT THE DUTIES OF THE BELIEVER ARE IN THAT REGARD, ANDHOW THIS CLAIM SHOULD BE DISCHARGED AND HOW THE OBLIGATIONS ARE TO BEFULFILLED.THE SECOND PART CONSISTS OF THE TEACHINGS RELATED TO THE RIGHTS OF MEN ON EACHOTHER, AND THE DUTY THEY OWE TO ALL CREATED BEINGS IN GENERAL. HOW MAN IS TOFULFIL HIS SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND ACT TOWARDS ALL INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS ORANY OTHER CREATURE WITH WHOM HE MAY COME INTO CONTACT IN THE DIFFERENT WALKSOF LIFE.THE QUESTION OF THE RIGHTS OF MEN IS MORE IMPORTANT IN THE SENSE THAT IF WEDISREGARD THEM, I.E. INFRINGE ON RIGHTS OF ANYONE OR DO SOME OTHER INJUSTICE TOHIM, THEN ALLAH HAS NOT KEPT THE FORGIVING OF IT IN HIS OWN HANDS BUT HASDECLARED THAT AMENDS ARE TO BE MADE FOR IT IN THIS LIFE BY REFERRING BACK TO THEPERSON WE HAVE SINNED AGAINST AND TO GIVE HIM HIS DUE OR TO SEEK HIS PARDON,OTHERWISE WE WILL HAVE TO REPAY HIM IN THE HEREAFTER, WHICH INDEED, WILL COST USVERY DEARLY.IN A HADITH, NARRATED BY ABU HURAIRAH (R.A.) THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAYS: "WHOEVERMAY HAVE DONE AN INJUSTICE TO A BROTHER, OR DEFAMED HIM OR TRANSGRESSEDAGAINST HIS RIGHTS IN ANY OTHER WAY SHOULD SET RIGHT THE AFFAIR WITH HIM ON THISVERY DAY, IN THIS VERY LIFE - BEFORE THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT - WHEN HE WILL HAVE NODINARS AND DIRHAMS (MONEY) TO SETTLE THE CLAIM. IF HE WILL POSSESS A STOCK OFGOOD DEEDS, THE AGGRIEVED WILL BE RECOMPENSED FROM IT IN RELATION TO THEINJUSTICE DONE TO HIM. AND IN CASE HE IS EMPTY-HANDED IN THE MATTER OF GOODDEEDS, THE SINS OF THE AGGRIEVED WILL BE THRUST UPON HIM. (THUS JUSTICE WILL BEDONE THAT DAY)." THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULIN ANOTHER HADITH, AYESHA (R.A.) REPORTS THAT THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) SAID, "THEBOOKS OF DEEDS (IN WHICH THE SINS OF THE PEOPLE ARE RECORDED) WILL BE OF THREEKINDS. FIRSTLY, THE ONE THAT WILL NEVER BE FORGIVEN, AND IT IS POLYTHEISM (SHIRK).ALLAH HAS DECLARED IN HOLY QUR‟AN THAT, IN NO CASE SHALL HE FORGIVE THE SIN OFPOLYTHEISM. SECONDLY, THAT WHICH ALLAH WILL NOT PASS OVER WITHOUT DOINGJUSTICE. THESE ARE THE MUTUAL WRONGS, INJURIES AND VIOLATIONS OF RIGHTS, ANDALLAH WILL SURELY HAVE THEM REPAID. THIRDLY, THE SINS WHICH ARE OF LITTLE WEIGHTAND IMPORTANCE IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH. THESE ARE THE LAPSES THAT ARE, EXCLUSIVELY,BETWEEN THE BELIEVER AND THE CREATOR; THE DECISION CONCERNING THEM IS WHOLLYIN HIS HANDS AND HE WILL PUNISH OR FORGIVE THE SINNERS AS HE LIKES."GUIDANCE FROM THE PROPHET (PEACE BE UPON HIM)HADRAT ANAS IBN MALIK (R.A.) REPORTED: “WE RETURNED WITH THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH(PEACE BE UPON HIM) FROM A JOURNEY; AND WHEN WE ENTERED THE SUBURBS OF AL-MADINAH, THE PROPHET (SAWS) SAID: "AYIBUNA, TAIBUNA, AABIDUNA, LI-RABBINAHAMIDUN (WE ARE RETURNING IN SAFETY, TURNING TO OUR LORD, WORSHIPPING HIM ANDPRAISING HIM). HE (SAWS) CONTINUED REPEATING THESE WORDS TILL WE ENTERED AL-MADINAH.RELATED BY MUSLIM. HADITH QUOTED FROM RIYAD-US-SALIHEEN (HADITH # 987)COMMENTARY:WHEN ONE RETURNS FROM A JOURNEY AND SEES ONE‟S TOWNS HIGHLIGHTS, HE SHOULDSTART RECITING THE INVOCATION MENTIONED IN THIS HADITH TILL HE ENTERS THE CITY.THESE PHRASES EXPRESS GRATITUDE TO ALLAH SUBHANAH FOR THE SAFE RETURN TO ONESHOMETOWN; THEY ALSO EXPRESS REPENTANCE, OBEDIENCE AND DETERMINATION TOWORSHIP ALLAH.HADRAT ABDULLAH BIN AMR BIN AL-AAS (R.A.) REPORTED: “THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH(PEACE BE UPON HIM) SAID, "SUCCESSFUL IS THE ONE WHO HAS ENTERED THE FOLD OFISLAM AND IS PROVIDED WITH SUSTENANCE WHICH IS SUFFICIENT FOR HIS NEEDS, ANDALLAH MAKES HIM CONTENT WITH WHAT HE HAS BESTOWED UPON HIM..RELATED BY MUSLIM.HADITH QUOTED FROM RIYAD-US-SALIHEEN (HADITH # 523)COMMENTARY:TO BE CONTENTED WITH THE INDEPENDENT SUBSISTENCE (KAFAF) HAS BEEN COUNTED AMERIT BY THE PROPHET (PBUH) BECAUSE THIS PREVENTS ONE FROM BEGGING OF PEOPLE.THE HADITH POINTS OUT THE EXCELLENCE OF THOSE PEOPLE WHO REMAIN SATISFIED WITHTHEIR LIMITED RESOURCES AND DO NOT BEG OF PEOPLE. BEING CONTENT WITH ADEQUATELIVELIHOOD HAS ITS OWN MERITS BECAUSE AFFLUENCE OFTEN MAKES A MAN PROUD,WHEREAS PENURY LOWERS HIS IMAGE IN THE EYES OF PEOPLE. YET ADEQUATE LIVELIHOODHAS NO ROOM FOR THE PITFALLS OF THE TWO OTHER SITUATIONS.HADRAT ABDULLAH IBN AMR BIN AL-AAS (R.A.) REPORTED: „THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH(PEACE BE UPON HIM) WOULD SUPPLICATE: "ALLAHUMMA MUSARRIFAL-QULUBI, SARRIFQULUBANA ALA TAATIKA. (O ALLAH! CONTROLLER OF THE HEARTS, DIRECT OUR HEARTS TOYOUR OBEDIENCE)."‟ THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULRELATED BY MUSLIM. HADITH QUOTED FROM RIYAD-US-SALIHEEN (HADITH # 1470)COMMENTARY:ONE‟S HEART IS ALWAYS OPEN TO TROUBLE, TURMOIL, AND ORDEALS AS ONE DRIFTS FROMONE SITUATION OR TRIAL TO ANOTHER. IF ONE IS NOT SUPPORTED BY ALLAH SUBHANAH,ONE CAN EASILY DEVIATE FROM THE RIGHT PATH AT ANY MOMENT.THAT IS PRECISELY WHY EVEN THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (PEACE BE UPON HIM) WOULDCONSTANTLY SUPPLICATE HIS LORD MOST GRACIOUS TO SAVE HIS HEART FROM TURNINGTOWARDS EVIL AND KEEP IT STEADFAST TOWARDS THE PATH OF ALLAH, FOR IT IS ALLAHSUBHANAH ALONE WHO HAS THE ABSOLUTE POWER TO CONTROL THE HEARTS OF HISSLAVES.GOOD MANNERS AND CONTENTMENT - KHALID IBN AL WALÎD NARRATED THE FOLLOWINGHADITH:A BEDOUIN CAME ONE DAY TO THE HOLY PROPHET AND SAID TO HIM: „O, MESSENGER OFALLAH! I‟VE COME TO ASK YOU A FEW QUESTIONS ABOUT THE AFFAIRS OF THIS LIFE AND THEHEREAFTER.‟ „ASK WHAT YOU WISH‟ SAID THE PROPHET.Q: I‟D LIKE TO BE THE MOST LEARNED OF MEN.A: FEAR ALLAH, AND YOU WILL BE THE MOST LEARNED OF MEN.Q: I WISH TO BE THE RICHEST MAN IN THE WORLD.A: BE CONTENTED, AND YOU WILL BE THE RICHEST MAN IN THE WORLD.Q: I‟D LIKE TO BE THE MOST JUST MAN.A: DESIRE FOR OTHERS WHAT YOU DESIRE FOR YOURSELF, AND YOU WILL BE THE MOST JUSTOF MEN.Q: I WANT TO BE THE BEST OF MEN.A: DO GOOD TO OTHERS AND YOU WILL BE THE BEST OF MEN.Q: I WISH TO BE THE MOST FAVOURED BY ALLAH.A: ENGAGE MUCH IN ALLAH‟S PRAISE, AND YOU WILL BE MOST FAVOURED BY HIM.Q: I‟D LIKE TO COMPLETE MY FAITH.A: IF YOU HAVE GOOD MANNERS, YOU WILL COMPLETE YOUR FAITHQ: I‟D LIKE TO BE RAISED ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT IN THE LIGHT.A: DON‟T WRONG YOURSELF OR ANY OTHER CREATURE, AND YOU WILL BE RAISED ON THEDAY OF JUDGEMENT IN THE LIGHT.Q: I‟D LIKE ALLAH TO BESTOW HIS MERCY ON ME.A: IF YOU HAVE MERCY ON YOURSELF AND OTHERS, ALLAH WILL GRANT YOU MERCY ON THEDAY OF JUDGEMENT.Q: I‟D LIKE TO ENLARGE MY PROVISION.A: IF YOU KEEP YOURSELF PURE, ALLAH WILL ENLARGE YOUR PROVISION. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH
  • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH – THE SOURCE OF MERCY – THE MOST MERCIFULQ: I‟D LIKE TO BE LOVED BY ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER.A: IF YOU LOVE WHAT ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER LOVE, YOU WILL BE AMONG THEIRBELOVED ONES.Q: I WISH TO BE SAFE FROM ALLAH‟S WRATH ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT.A: IF YOU DO NOT LOSE YOUR TEMPER WITH ANY OF YOUR FELLOW CREATURES, YOU WILL BESAFE FROM THE WRATH OF ALLAH ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT. THERE IS NO GOD WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH AND MUHAMMED (PBUH) IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH