OVERVIEW OF INDONESIA’S TUNAINDUSTRY AND THE ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENTWITH ENGAGING IN FISHERY IMPROVEMENT ANDMARKET CERTIFIC...
BACKGROUND
Background Information3
Population (2012) ......................................... 259 millionIncome per capita (2012) .............................
TUNA RESOURCES5
MAP OF FISHERIES RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ZONE OF INDONESIASource: Research Center for Capture Fisheries (2007)
No. Resource Management Zone (WPP)Potential Est.(1000MT/year)1. WPP- 571: Malacca Strait and Andaman Sea 27,72. WPP-571 : ...
TUNA PRODUCTION
Trends in World fisheries production (in million mt)
Commodity 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011% tage ofIncreased2010/2011Albacore20.293 34.335 36.538 25.621 31.190 11.444 -63,31...
EXPORT PERFORMANCE
TAHUN Shrimp Fish Tuna Crab Others TOTAL2008 1.165 734 347 214 238 2.6992009 1.007 723 352 156 225 2.4662010 1.056 898 383...
TAHUN Shrimp Fish Tuna Crab Others TOTAL2008 170.583 424.401 130.056 20.713 165.923 911.6742009 150.989 430.513 131.550 18...
NO MAIN COMMODITY PERSENTAGE1 SHRIMP 33,842 TUNA/SKIPJACK 19,463 OTHER FISH 25,044 CRAB 8,565 OTHERS PRODUCT 13,10COMPOSIT...
350,826118,45584,24368,78413,363 8,605 8,143 6,195 5,570 5,329 4,601 2,089 1,881 1,775-50,000100,000150,000200,000250,0003...
Export Destination of Indonesian Tuna (prepared/preserved) in 2012351,53560,148 53,492 49,33433,155 27,597 21,639 13,996 1...
Code Product labelTrade IndicatorsExportedvalue 2012(USDthousand)Tradebalance2012(USDthousand)Annualgrowth invaluebetween2...
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)030341Tunas,albacore orlongfinned,frozen,exclheadg No 03.04,livers& roes11,472 10,...
CodeProductlabelTrade IndicatorsExportedvalue2012(USD000)Tradebalance2012(USD000)Annualgrowthin valuebetween2008-2012 (%,p...
ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND POLICIES
Issues and CHALLENGES- Histamin- Salmonella Crisis- Small Scale Business - USA1. QUALITY AND SAFETY ISSUE- IUU Fishing Reg...
Capture PrimaryHandling/ProcessingManufacturing Wholesale RetailAquacultureGhdPGAP,GlobalGAPOrganicProduct Cert.GMPOrganic...
GOVERNMENT POLICIES:Facilitating pro-sustainable initiativesReducing illegal fishingpractices
ContinuedImproving compliance tomarket requirements (quality and Safety, catchcertificate, traceability)Improving competit...
Regulations related totuna management in Indonesia1. Minister Regulation No: 12/2012 regarding Capture Fisheries Businessi...
1. Issued license (SIPI ) – to authorize fishing at long distance fishing Minister Regulation No. 12/2012 regarding Captu...
9. Implementation of fishing logbook : Minister Regulation No. 18/2010regarding Fishing Logbook;10. Regulating the fishing...
NRCPVesselsCertificationGHdPUnloadingMonitoringCAPTUREFISHERIESFeed/Vet-DrugGMP andHACCPCertificationDISTRIBUTION/MARKETIN...
Source : FQIA-MMAFLocation of Quarrantine Technical Implementing Unit -FQIA (47units)Location of Provincial Laboratory -FI...
CATCH CERTIFICATION SCHEME30423EC Regulation No. 1005/2008 on Establishing a community system to prevent, deterand elimina...
1. PPSBELAWAN2. PPSBUNGUS3.PPS NIZAMZACHMAN4. PPSKENDARI5. PPSCILACAP6.PPSBITUNG7.PPNSIBOLGA8.PPNTANJUNGPANDAN9.PPNPELABUH...
GARATIMURMuara CiasemTegalsariTasik AgungBajomulyoSadengPondokdadapMayanganPugerMuncarLab. LombokKupangLampuloTengkayu IIL...
Constraints to MSC participation• Data deficiency• Cost of certification• Limited certification bodycapacity• Fishery mana...
How toCreate Market Incentivesfor Sustainable Fishing
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION
1. Tuna industry is very important for the peopleand Indonesian economy2. Tuna is found throughout WPPs with thepotential ...
Summary and Outlook1. A more stringent managementcontrol is neededRECCOMENDATIONS2. More pro-sustainable tunafisheries dev...
OVERVIEW OF INDONESIA’S TUNA INDUSTRY AND THE ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT WITH ENGAGING IN FISHERY IMPROVEMENT AND MARKET CERTI...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

OVERVIEW OF INDONESIA’S TUNA INDUSTRY AND THE ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT WITH ENGAGING IN FISHERY IMPROVEMENT AND MARKET CERTIFICATIONS

2,405 views
2,240 views

Published on

Presentase dirjen p2 hp tentang perikanan tuna indonesia pada 2nd international business forum tuna pole and line hand line

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,405
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

OVERVIEW OF INDONESIA’S TUNA INDUSTRY AND THE ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT WITH ENGAGING IN FISHERY IMPROVEMENT AND MARKET CERTIFICATIONS

  1. 1. OVERVIEW OF INDONESIA’S TUNAINDUSTRY AND THE ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENTWITH ENGAGING IN FISHERY IMPROVEMENT ANDMARKET CERTIFICATIONS1By Saut P. Hutagalung,Director General of Fisheries Product Processing and MarketingMINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS AND FISHERIESInternational Business Forum Coastal Tuna Development,Pole and Line and Hand Line Bidakara, Jakarta May 27-29, 2013)KEMENTERIAN PEMBANGUNAN DAERAHTERTINGGAL REPUBLIK INDONESIA
  2. 2. BACKGROUND
  3. 3. Background Information3
  4. 4. Population (2012) ......................................... 259 millionIncome per capita (2012) ............................. US$3 563Per capita fish consumption (2012).............. 33.89 kgNo of modern seafood processing plants ..... 430 unitNo of EU approved packers .......................... 196 unitExport of fisheries products (2012)- Volume (mt) ............................................... 1 229 114- Value (US$ million) .................................... 3 854Imports of fisheries products (2012)- Volume (mt) ................................................. 337 360- Value (US$ million) ...................................... 412Facts and Figures
  5. 5. TUNA RESOURCES5
  6. 6. MAP OF FISHERIES RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ZONE OF INDONESIASource: Research Center for Capture Fisheries (2007)
  7. 7. No. Resource Management Zone (WPP)Potential Est.(1000MT/year)1. WPP- 571: Malacca Strait and Andaman Sea 27,72. WPP-571 : Indian Ocean (West Sumatera) and Sunda Strait 164,83. WPP-571 : Indian Ocean (South Java,, South Nusa Tenggara, Sawu Sea, North WestTimor)201,44. WPP-711 :Karimata Strait, Natuna Sea, and South China Sea 66,15. WPP-712 : Java Sea 55,06. WPP-713 :Makassar Strait, Bone Bay, Flores Sea, Bali Sea 193,67. WPP-714 :Tolo Bay, and Banda Sea 104,18. WPP-715 : Tomini Bay, Maluku Sea, Halmahera Sea, Seram Sea, Berau Bay 106,59. WPP-716 : Sulawesi Sea, Northern Part of Halmahera Island, 70,110. WPP-717 : Cederawasih Bay and Pacific Ocean 105,211. WPP-718 : Aru Sea, Arafura Sea, North East Part of Timor 50,9Total 1.145,4Source: MMAF 2011Indonesian Tuna Resourses Potential by WPP
  8. 8. TUNA PRODUCTION
  9. 9. Trends in World fisheries production (in million mt)
  10. 10. Commodity 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011% tage ofIncreased2010/2011Albacore20.293 34.335 36.538 25.621 31.190 11.444 -63,31Yellowfin Tuna 94.406 103.655 102.765 114.163 128.410 176.793 37,68SouthernBluefin Tuna 747 1.079 891 641 450 700 55,56Bigeye Tuna 43.958 52.489 53.979 62.844 72.280 52.427 -27,47Skipjack277.388 301.531 296.769 338.034 345.100 372.211 7,86Total436.792 493.089 490.942 541.303 577.430 613.575 6,26Total Production of Indonesian Tuna in 2006 - 2011Source: DG Capture Fisheries Statistic, 2011
  11. 11. EXPORT PERFORMANCE
  12. 12. TAHUN Shrimp Fish Tuna Crab Others TOTAL2008 1.165 734 347 214 238 2.6992009 1.007 723 352 156 225 2.4662010 1.056 898 383 208 317 2.8632011 1.309 1.100 498 262 349 3.5212012 1.304 965 750 330 505 3.854INDONESIAN FISH AND FISHERY PRODUCTEXPORT VALUE IN 2008 – 2012(USD MILLION)Source : Statistics of DG Fishries Product Processing and Marketing, 2012
  13. 13. TAHUN Shrimp Fish Tuna Crab Others TOTAL2008 170.583 424.401 130.056 20.713 165.923 911.6742009 150.989 430.513 131.550 18.673 149.688 881.4132010 145.092 622.932 122.450 21.537 191.564 1.103.4132011 158.062 621.632 142.774 23.089 214.793 1.159.3492012 162.068 538.723 201.160 23.698 298.952 1.229.114INDONESIAN FISH AND FISHERY PRODUCTEXPORT VOLUME IN 2008 – 2012 (MT)Source : Statistics of DG Fishries Product Processing and Marketing, 2012
  14. 14. NO MAIN COMMODITY PERSENTAGE1 SHRIMP 33,842 TUNA/SKIPJACK 19,463 OTHER FISH 25,044 CRAB 8,565 OTHERS PRODUCT 13,10COMPOSITION OF MAIN COMMODITY IN 2012Source : Statistics of DG Fishries Product Processing and Marketing, 2012
  15. 15. 350,826118,45584,24368,78413,363 8,605 8,143 6,195 5,570 5,329 4,601 2,089 1,881 1,775-50,000100,000150,000200,000250,000300,000350,000400,000Value(US$000)CountriesSource: ITC, ComtradeEXPORT DESTINATION OF INDONESIAN TUNA (FRESH, CHILLED AND FROZEN) IN 2012
  16. 16. Export Destination of Indonesian Tuna (prepared/preserved) in 2012351,53560,148 53,492 49,33433,155 27,597 21,639 13,996 10,308 9,028 7,730 6,956 6,356 6,213 6,190 5,556 5,246-50,000100,000150,000200,000250,000300,000350,000400,000Value(US$000)CountriesSource: ITC, Comtrade
  17. 17. Code Product labelTrade IndicatorsExportedvalue 2012(USDthousand)Tradebalance2012(USDthousand)Annualgrowth invaluebetween2008-2012(%, p.a.)Annualgrowth inquantitybetween2008-2012(%, p.a.)Annualgrowth invaluebetween2011-2012(%, p.a.)Annualgrowth ofworldimportsbetween2008-2012(%, p.a.)Sharein worldexports(%)Rankingin worldexports(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)030343Skipjack or stripe-bellid bonito,frozen exheading No03.04,livers&roes108,206 94,101 43 24 96 7 7.4 5030342Tunas, yellowfin,frozen excludingheading No 03.04,livers and roes77,628 68,342 45 41 94 8 5.5 7030239Tunas nes,fresh orchilled,excludingheading No03.04,livers and roes31,781 31,715 -11 -32 -25 4 58.2 1030349Tunas nes, frozen,excluding heading No03.04, livers and roes28,329 28,001 4 -11 57 3 19.5 2030232Tunas,yellowfin,freshor chilled,excl headingNo 03.04,livers androes28,008 28,008 -3 -22 -17 5 6.8 4List of fishery products exported by Indonesia in 2012Product: Tuna (fresh, chilled, frozen)Source: ITC, Comtrade
  18. 18. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)030341Tunas,albacore orlongfinned,frozen,exclheadg No 03.04,livers& roes11,472 10,546 47 31 -34 16 3.1 8030234Fresh or chilled bigeyetunas "Thunnusobesus"9,210 9,210 -4 -24 -13 -1 4.2 6030344 Frozen bigeye tunas"Thunnus obesus" 2,285 2,038 119 97 291 7 0.3 19030235Fresh or chilled bluefintunas "Thunnusthynnus"1,240 1,240 -4 0.5 15030233Skipjack o stripe-bellidbonito,fr o chd,exheadg No03.04,livers&roes725 725 -19 -36 -18 18 6.1 6030345 Frozen bluefin tunas"Thunnus thynnus" 507 507 16 -32 1778 -17 0.6 9030346Frozen Southernbluefin tunas"Thunnus maccoyii"443 443 119 14 0.3 5030231Tunas,albacore orlongfinned,fr or chdexcl headg No03.04,livers&roes40 40 0 -39 -86 -2 0.1 22030236Fresh or chilledSouthern bluefin tunas"Thunnus maccoyii"14 14 53 12 40 0 0 13Continued
  19. 19. CodeProductlabelTrade IndicatorsExportedvalue2012(USD000)Tradebalance2012(USD000)Annualgrowthin valuebetween2008-2012 (%,p.a.)Annualgrowth inquantitybetween2008-2012 (%,p.a.)Annualgrowth invaluebetween2011-2012(%, p.a.)Annualgrowth ofworldimportsbetween2008-2012(%, p.a.)Share inworldexports(%)Rankingin worldexports160414Tunas,skipjack&Atlbonito,prepard/preservd,whole/inpieces,exmincd351,535 348,331 20 12 26 7 4.9 4List of fishery products exported by Indonesia in 2012Product: Tuna (prepared/preserved)Source: ITC, Comtrade
  20. 20. ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND POLICIES
  21. 21. Issues and CHALLENGES- Histamin- Salmonella Crisis- Small Scale Business - USA1. QUALITY AND SAFETY ISSUE- IUU Fishing Regulation:(EC) No. 1005/2008  Catch Certification – EU Market- Ecolabelling Certificates:• Marine Stewardship Council – MSC Certificate3. SUSTAINABILITY/ ECO-LABELLING ISSUE4. DISCRIMINATORY IMPORT TARIFF – EU- Fresh/Frozen Tuna : 22%- Canned Tuna : 24%>< import tariff Salmonto Indonesia: 5%5. RFMOs (IOTC, CCSBT, WCPFC, Others)- Compliance2. UNSUSTAINABLE FISHING PRACTICES
  22. 22. Capture PrimaryHandling/ProcessingManufacturing Wholesale RetailAquacultureGhdPGAP,GlobalGAPOrganicProduct Cert.GMPOrganicBRCProduct Cert.GMPBRCSQF 2000Product Cert.Non Spec Supply ChainInspectionHACCP / ISO 9001 / ISO 14001 , Monitoring residue/contaminants, Ecolabel (MSC)ISO 22000 (FSMS), Traceability (a buyers’ requirement)Table/ForkEU Catch Certification Interrelated support Traceability dataRequirement From Farm/Sea to Retail
  23. 23. GOVERNMENT POLICIES:Facilitating pro-sustainable initiativesReducing illegal fishingpractices
  24. 24. ContinuedImproving compliance tomarket requirements (quality and Safety, catchcertificate, traceability)Improving competitivenessof Indonesian fisheryproducts
  25. 25. Regulations related totuna management in Indonesia1. Minister Regulation No: 12/2012 regarding Capture Fisheries Businessin the High Seas (adopted RFMO resolution on vessel registration,pendaftaran kapal, ERS, Observer, and Transhipment).2. Minister Regulation No: 30/2012 regarding Capture FisheriesBusiness at management zones (WPPs) RoI3. Minister Regulation No. 05/2007 regarding VMS (adopted IOTCresolution 06/03; CMM-WCPFC 2007-02 and in-line with the Resolutionon Establishing the CCSBT VMS adopted at Annual Meeting 14-172008).4. Minister Regulation : 27 /2009 regarding Vessels Registration andMarking (adopted ITOC resolution 07/02 and CMM-WCPFC 2004-03).5. Minister Regulation No: Per.02/Men/2011 regarding Fishing lines andFishing Gears Placement in WPPs.
  26. 26. 1. Issued license (SIPI ) – to authorize fishing at long distance fishing Minister Regulation No. 12/2012 regarding Capture Fisheries Business in theHigh Seas and Minister Regulation No. 30/2012 regarding Capture Fisheries Business atManagement zones (WPPs) RoI2. Registration of Vessels on Record of Fishing Vessels every RFMOs;3. Vessels marking (Unique Vessel Identifier). Minister Regulation No: 27/2009 regarding Vessels Registration and Marking Installed of 1.654 IOTC Sticker on vessels operationg in Indian Ocean (suportedby IOTC);4. Implementation of CDS on every SBT catch, Implementation of IOTC BigeyeStatistical Document for every export of bigeye (whole);5. Intalled of VMS : Minister Regulation No 05/20076. Implementation of Regional Observer Programme (ROP);7. Implementation of observer scheme: Minister Regulation No. 01/2013 regardingObserver on Board of Fishing and Transport Vessels8. Apply Fishing Quotas2626Management Actions on Tuna Fishery byIndonesia
  27. 27. 9. Implementation of fishing logbook : Minister Regulation No. 18/2010regarding Fishing Logbook;10. Regulating the fishing gears additional support gears : the used of circlehook, tori line, Regulating the used of additional gears such as payaos, light andboat), Limitation of fishing gears (oceanic gillnet max 2,5 km)Minister Regulation No:Per.02/Men/2011 regarding fishing lines and fishing gears placementat WPPs RoI11. Implementation of closed system for a certain fishing groundareas : WCPFC : was closed 4 high seas pocket at Pasific Ocean (for purse-seinesince 2010) IOTC (Resolution 10/01 that was amendment with Resolution 12/13):• Long line: was temporary closed fishing ground area in Indian Ocean• Purse Seine: was temporary closed fishing ground area in Indian Ocean• DG Capture Fisheries was issued a circular letter to all stakeholderscencerning on closing of fishing ground area in IOTC for 2011 and 201227continued
  28. 28. NRCPVesselsCertificationGHdPUnloadingMonitoringCAPTUREFISHERIESFeed/Vet-DrugGMP andHACCPCertificationDISTRIBUTION/MARKETINGHealthCertificate- Quality & SafetySupplier/Middleman/ Mini PlantSupplier/Middleman/ MiniPlantApprovalSupplierPRODUCTSTRACEABILITYLanding Place/Fishing PortPROCESSINGPLANTSCOPE OF CERTIFICATION QUALITY AND SAFETY FOR FISHERYPRODUCTS INTENDED FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTIONGAPCertificationAQUACULTURENo matter how good a company organizes one element of a chain,if any other part of the chain doesn’t perform, the whole chain is contaminatedCertificationGHdP
  29. 29. Source : FQIA-MMAFLocation of Quarrantine Technical Implementing Unit -FQIA (47units)Location of Provincial Laboratory -FIQC) (33 units)
  30. 30. CATCH CERTIFICATION SCHEME30423EC Regulation No. 1005/2008 on Establishing a community system to prevent, deterand eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing is EC regulation forEU member state against IUU Fishing.Mechanism:To prohibit the fishery products originating from IUU Fishing activities from/to EUmarketFishery products must be accompanied with CatchCertificate (effective since 1 January 2010)Exempted for : farmed fishery products, freshwaterfishery products, ornamental fish, bivalve, seaweed,scallops, and oyster
  31. 31. 1. PPSBELAWAN2. PPSBUNGUS3.PPS NIZAMZACHMAN4. PPSKENDARI5. PPSCILACAP6.PPSBITUNG7.PPNSIBOLGA8.PPNTANJUNGPANDAN9.PPNPELABUHANRATU10.PPNkEJAWANAN11. PPNPEKALONGAN12. PPNBRONDONG13.PPNPRIGI14. PPNTERNATE15. PPNPEMANGKAT16.PPNAMBON17.PPNTual18.PPNSUNGAILIAT19.PPNPENGAMBENGAN20.PPNKARANGANTU21. PPPTELUKBATANGKwandangLOCAL COMPETENT AUTHORITHYAT 22 FISHING PORTS AS ACENTRAL TECHNICAL IMPLEMENTING UNIT31
  32. 32. GARATIMURMuara CiasemTegalsariTasik AgungBajomulyoSadengPondokdadapMayanganPugerMuncarLab. LombokKupangLampuloTengkayu IILempasingKota AgungLabuan MaringgaiTeladasMuara AngkePaotereBanjarmasinBaru TengahSorongIdiSui RengasManggarDonggalaTamperanLOCAL COMPETENT AUTHORITHYAT 28 FISHING PORT AS AREGIONAL TECHNICAL IMPLEMENTING UNIT32
  33. 33. Constraints to MSC participation• Data deficiency• Cost of certification• Limited certification bodycapacity• Fishery managementchallenges• Limited awareness/capacityto engage in the MSC• Organisational capacity
  34. 34. How toCreate Market Incentivesfor Sustainable Fishing
  35. 35. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION
  36. 36. 1. Tuna industry is very important for the peopleand Indonesian economy2. Tuna is found throughout WPPs with thepotential development of more directed atWPP-571, WPP-713, WPP-571, and WPP-7153. Government of Indonesia through MMAF iscommitted to continue in promoting thesustainability of tuna resources andcertifications to comply the domestic andinternational markets requirements.CONCLUSIONS
  37. 37. Summary and Outlook1. A more stringent managementcontrol is neededRECCOMENDATIONS2. More pro-sustainable tunafisheries developmentinitiatives should be promoted

×