Humana people to people   farmers club
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  • 1. Farmers Club in AfricaF arming is the most vital source of a livelihood for most of the people in Africa. 70% of the people derive their livelihood from farming. This is mainly people who are growing crops on smaller pieces of land for sustaining their families.According to FAO, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of United Nation, food security exists when all people, at all times, haveaccess to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.Currently there are 852 million food insecure people in the world. Some of the problems that the farmers face are modern means ofproduction and input for the farming, small pieces of land, lack of money for investing in the production, lack of access to marketsfor the goods they produce and lack of training in modern methods of farming. There is a great need for training the farmers, so thatthey can increase the yield of the crops they grow on their land, diversify the crops and through that improve their food security.The training must also include how to protect the environment so that the land can be kept fertile and productive. Farmers trainingtake place within Humana People to People (HPP) in different forms and shapes. Members of HPP run specific agriculture projectsto address these questions. These projects are called Farmers Club and From Subsistence to Professional Farmer.A group of 50 farmers form what will be known as a Farmers Club. Upon registration and payment of the fee, the interestedfarmers start the Farmers Club. Common activities 1.  Model Fields The project recruits and makes agreements with 60 farmers or Women’s Groups to establish Model Fields, where they will use theFarmers Club Committee farming techniques and introduce new crops. They will establish aThe Farmers Club elects a Committee with 5 members that will well with a low-tech water pump.administer the club. The Committee constitutes itself with achairman, a vice-chairman, a secretary, a treasurer, and a member. 2.  Common toolsEach club establishes its own constitution that the members are The Farmers Club areas will be provided with some commonrequired to follow in order to have guidance for their activities. The farming tools for lease or borrow. This way, the farmers get accessCommittee takes on the entire responsibility of the organization, to training and using more tools.administration and economy. 3.  Small start-up kits for selected farmersGeneral meetings 1.200 farmers will be helped with a start-up kit with seeds and smallThe Farmers Club has a general meeting once every month at which tools. They will be selected based on their economic situation.new ideas are introduced, results and difficulties are discussed, newtechniques are learned and any other general business is handled. 4.  Grants 100 grants at an average of 750 $ will be given to farmers forWorkshops investment in their farm. The 75 grants are for improving agricultureSpecial workshops are organized in a specific subject where new based on an application with a business plan for the investment.techniques can be taught such as herb growing, bee keeping or Based on the application given, the 25 grants will be provided fordairy farming. improving the homestead of the farmers. 5.  Revolving FundField visits A revolving fund will be set up. This will grant smaller loans toEducation of the farmers and demonstration of new and cheap farmers with good business and repayment plans.technologies take place on the ground in the fields. 6.  Yearly Agriculture ShowQuarterly meetings for Committees In each of the 4 Farmers Club Areas, a yearly agriculture show will1.  members of each Committee in a district will get together on a 2 be organized and carried out. The farmers exhibit their products quarterly basis in order to evaluate the achievements, celebrate and prizes are given for the best products. the results and plan the coming period. 7.  Promotion of Preschools2.  meeting will be based on the records from each Farmers Club The Farmers Club will encourage the establishment of smaller preschools presented on posters for all to see, comment on and learn from. in the farming communities which will make it possible for the children to be under guidance while the parents are in the fields.Description of ActivitiesPractical Farming AchievementsParticipants in the Farmers Club follow a five step program.Each Farmer has a set of informative booklets that he uses for his •  rganising farmers in Farmers Clubs, where they get training Oplanning and record keeping. and work together to improve knowledge, farming technologies, and marketing of products.Step 1:  he farmer measures his own field, builds up contours T for protection and also calculates how much seeds and •  evelopment of high valued crops for small holder farmers. D fertilizer should be used. •  trengthening of the institutional and extension support systems SStep 2:  he farmer is in a position to produce surplus food and T at section, block and district level through capacity building. begins to grow cash crops. • ntensifying soil fertility and sustainable natural resource IStep 3:  he farmer adds irrigated and intensive crops for sale. T management, including water shed management and agro forestry through training and provision of some basic supplies.Step 4:  he farmer makes a small orchard on his land to grow fruit T trees, learns to graft mango trees and plant wood trees. •  xpanding small scale irrigation to increase the output. EStep 5:  he farmer learns to do other small income generating T •  romoting agri-business development technologies and skills. P activities such as cattle production, dairy farming etc. • Promoting affirmative action for women farmers. • mproving the health of the farmer families through health ILearning about Farming, Economy and Health education and concrete actions to improve hygiene.Besides these practical steps in the farming, the Farmers Clubprogram has 3 elements to upgrade the farmers’ knowledge ofFarming, Economy and Health.Element 1: Farmers TrainingKnowledge about Agriculture, Crop Husbandry, Animal Husbandry,Vegetables and fruits, Planning and managing the field, Soilimprovement, Water and Irrigation, Storage and preservation,Farm registers.Element 2: Farm and Family EconomyBudgets, accounts and registers, Business planning and grantapplications, Income Generating Projects, Marketing, Saving, loansand financing.Element 3: Health, Hygiene and EducationHome improvements, Nutrition, Health, Child Care, Communityaction. Humana People to People Designed by Call & Service Centre, Humana People to People Services E-mail: csc@humana-india.org   Phone: +91 11 43054059