Ww2

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  • Ww2

    1. 1. World War II
    2. 2. World War II
    3. 3. The Road to War:1919-1939
    4. 4. The Versailles Treaty
    5. 5. A Weak League of Nations
    6. 6. The Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations
    7. 7. The Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations y No control of major conflicts. y No progress in disarmament. y No effective military force.
    8. 8. The “Stab-In-The-Back” Theory German soldiers are dissatisfied.
    9. 9. Decadence of the Weimar Republic
    10. 10. France – False Sense of Security? The Maginot Line
    11. 11. France – False Sense of Security?
    12. 12. International Agreements
    13. 13. International AgreementsLocarno Pact – 1925 y France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy  Guarantee existing frontiers  Establish DMZ 30 miles deep on East bank of Rhine River  Refrain from aggression against each otherKellogg-Briand Pact – 1928 y Makes war illegal as a tool of diplomacy  No enforcement provisions
    14. 14. The Great Depression
    15. 15. The Manchurian Crisis, 1931
    16. 16. Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931
    17. 17. Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935
    18. 18. Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935 Emperor Haile Selassie
    19. 19. Germany Invades the Rhineland March 7, 1936
    20. 20. U. S. Neutrality Acts:1934, 1935, 1937, 1939
    21. 21. America-First Committee Charles Lindbergh
    22. 22. The Austrian Anschluss, 1938
    23. 23. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939
    24. 24. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The The National Popular Front Front [Nationalists] [Republicans]y Carlists [ultra-Catholic y Anarcho-Syndicalists. monarchists]. y Basques.y Catholic Church. y Catalans.y Falange [fascist] Party. y Communists.y Monarchists. y Marxists. y Republicans.
    25. 25. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939
    26. 26. The Spanish Civil War
    27. 27. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The American “Lincoln Brigade”
    28. 28. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 Francisco Franco
    29. 29. The Spanish Civil War:A Dress Rehearsal for WW II? Italian troops in Madrid
    30. 30. “Guernica” by Pablo Picasso
    31. 31. The Japanese Invasion of China, 1937
    32. 32. The “Problem” of the Sudetenland
    33. 33. Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
    34. 34. Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain Now we have “peace in our time!” HerrHitler is a man we can do business with.
    35. 35. Czechoslovakia Becomes Part of the Third Reich: 1939
    36. 36. Rome-Berlin Axis, 1939 The “Pact of Steel”
    37. 37. The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939 Foreign Ministersvon Ribbentrop & Molotov
    38. 38. The WarBegins!
    39. 39. Poland Attacked: Sept. 1, 1939 Blitzkrieg [“Lightening War”]
    40. 40. German Troops March into Warsaw
    41. 41. The European & North African Theaters
    42. 42. European Theater of Operations
    43. 43. The “Phoney War” Ends: Spring, 1940 The “Sitzkrieg”
    44. 44. Dunkirk Evacuated June 4, 1940
    45. 45. France Surrenders June, 1940
    46. 46. France Surrenders June, 1940
    47. 47. A Divided France Henri Petain
    48. 48. The French ResistanceThe Free French General Charles The Maquis DeGaulle
    49. 49. Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis:The Tripartite PactSeptember, 1940
    50. 50. Now Britain Is All Alone!
    51. 51. U. S. Lend-Lease Act, 1941Great Britain.........................$31 billionSoviet Union...........................$11 billionFrance......................................$ 3 billionChina.......................................$1.5 billionOther European.................$500 millionSouth America...................$400 millionThe amount totaled: $48,601,365,000
    52. 52. Lend-Lease
    53. 53. Battle of Britain: The “Blitz”
    54. 54. Battle of Britain:The “Blitz”
    55. 55. The London “Tube”:Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz
    56. 56. The Royal Air Force
    57. 57. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
    58. 58. The Atlantic Charter
    59. 59. The Atlantic Charter y Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941.
    60. 60. The Atlantic Charter y Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941. y Solidifies alliance.
    61. 61. The Atlantic Charter y Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941. y Solidifies alliance. y Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points.
    62. 62. The Atlantic Charter y Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941. y Solidifies alliance. y Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points. y Calls for League of Nations type organization.
    63. 63. Operation Barbarossa:Hitler’s Biggest Mistake
    64. 64. Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941 y 3,000,000 German soldiers. y 3,400 tanks.
    65. 65. The “Big Three”Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin
    66. 66. Axis Powers in 1942
    67. 67. Battle of Stalingrad: Winter of 1942-1943 German Army Russian Army 1,011,500 men 1,000,500 men10,290 artillery guns 13,541 artillery guns 675 tanks 894 tanks 1,216 planes 1,115 planes
    68. 68. The North Africa Campaign: The Battle of El Alamein, 1942 Gen. Ernst Rommel, The “Desert Fox”Gen. Bernard LawMontgomery (“Monty”)
    69. 69. The Italian Campaign [“Operation Torch”] : Europe’s “Soft Underbelly”y Allies plan assault on weakest Axis area - North Africa - Nov. 1942-May 1943y George S. Patton leads American troopsy Germans trapped in Tunisia - surrender over 275,000 troops.
    70. 70. The Battle for Sicily: June, 1943 GeneralGeorge S. Patton
    71. 71. George C. ScottPlaying General Patton in the 1968 Movie, “Patton”
    72. 72. George C. ScottPlaying General Patton in the 1968 Movie, “Patton”
    73. 73. The Battle of Monte Casino: February, 1944
    74. 74. The Allies Liberate Rome: June 5, 1944
    75. 75. The Allies Liberate Rome: June 5, 1944
    76. 76. Gen. Eisenhower Gives the Ordersfor D-Day [“Operation Overlord”]
    77. 77. D-Day (June 6, 1944)
    78. 78. Normandy Landing (June 6, 1944)German Prisoners Higgins Landing Crafts
    79. 79. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot Major Claus von Stauffenberg
    80. 80. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot Major Claus von Stauffenberg
    81. 81. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot Major Claus von Stauffenberg
    82. 82. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot 1. Adolf Hitler 2. Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel 3. Gen Alfred von Jodl 4. Gen Walter Warlimont 5. Franz von Sonnleithner 6. Maj Herbert Buchs 7. Stenographer Heinz Buchholz 8. Lt Gen Hermann Fegelein 9. Col Nikolaus von Below 10. Rear Adm Hans-Erich Voss 11. Otto Gunsche, Hitlers adjutant 12. Gen Walter Scherff (injured) 13. Gen Ernst John von Freyend 14. Capt Heinz Assman (injured)
    83. 83. The Liberation of Paris:August 25, 1944 De Gaulle in Triumph!
    84. 84. U. S. Troops in Paris, 1944
    85. 85. French Female Collaborators
    86. 86. The Battle of the Bulge: Hitler’s Last Offensive Dec. 16, 1944 to Jan. 28, 1945
    87. 87. Yalta: February, 1945
    88. 88. Yalta: February, 1945y FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war.
    89. 89. Yalta: February, 1945y FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war.y FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany.
    90. 90. Yalta: February, 1945y FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war.y FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany.y Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin.
    91. 91. Yalta: February, 1945y FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war.y FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany.y Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin.y FDR argues for a ‘United Nations’.
    92. 92. Mussolini &His Mistress, Claretta Petacci Are Hung inMilan, 1945
    93. 93. US & Russian Soldiers Meet at the Elbe River: April 25, 1945
    94. 94. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed
    95. 95. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Entrance to AuschwitzCrematoria at Majdanek
    96. 96. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Slave Labor at Buchenwald
    97. 97. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Mass Graves at Bergen-Belsen
    98. 98. Hitler’s “Secret Weapons”: Too Little, Too Late!
    99. 99. Hitler’s “Secret Weapons”: Too Little, Too Late! V-1 Rocket: “Buzz Bomb” V-2 Rocket Werner von Braun
    100. 100. Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945
    101. 101. Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945 Cyanide & PistolsThe Führer’s Bunker Mr. & Mrs. Hitler
    102. 102. V-E Day (May 8, 1945) General Keitel
    103. 103. V-E Day (May 8, 1945)
    104. 104. The Code Breakers of WW II Bletchley Park
    105. 105. The Code Breakers of WW II Bletchley Park The German “Enigma” Machine
    106. 106. The Code Breakers of WW II The Japanese “Purple” [naval] Code Machine Bletchley Park The German “Enigma” Machine
    107. 107. The PacificTheater
    108. 108. Pearl Harbor
    109. 109. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
    110. 110. Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot
    111. 111. Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941
    112. 112. Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!
    113. 113. President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War
    114. 114. USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor
    115. 115. Pearl Harbor Memorial
    116. 116. Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead!
    117. 117. Pacific Theater of Operations
    118. 118. “Tokyo Rose”
    119. 119. Paying for the War
    120. 120. Paying for the War
    121. 121. Paying for the War
    122. 122. Paying for the War
    123. 123. Paying for the War
    124. 124. Paying for the War
    125. 125. Betty Grable: Allied Pinup GirlShe Reminded Men What They Were Fighting For
    126. 126. Singapore Surrenders [February, 1942]
    127. 127. Singapore Surrenders [February, 1942]
    128. 128. U.S. Surrenders at Corregidor, the Philippines [March, 1942]
    129. 129. Bataan Death March: April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.
    130. 130. Bataan: British Soldiers
    131. 131. Bataan: British Soldiers A Liberated British POW
    132. 132. The Burma Campaign General Stilwell Leaving Burma, 1942The “Burma Road”
    133. 133. Allied Counter-Offensive: “Island-Hopping”
    134. 134. “Island-Hopping”: US Troops on Kwajalien Island
    135. 135. Farthest Extentof Japanese Conquests
    136. 136. Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle:First U. S. Raids on Tokyo, 1942
    137. 137. Battle of the Coral Sea: May 7-8, 1942
    138. 138. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
    139. 139. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
    140. 140. Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific
    141. 141. Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Suicide Bombers
    142. 142. Gen. MacArthur “Returns” to the Philippines! [1944]
    143. 143. Gen. MacArthur “Returns” to the Philippines! [1944]
    144. 144. US Marines on Mt. Surbachi, Iwo Jima [Feb. 19, 1945]
    145. 145. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945 P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin
    146. 146. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945y FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference. P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin
    147. 147. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945y FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference.y Stalin only original. P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin
    148. 148. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945y FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference.y Stalin only original.y The United States has the A-bomb. P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin
    149. 149. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945y FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference.y Stalin only original.y The United States has the A-bomb.y Allies agree Germany is to be divided into occupation zones P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin
    150. 150. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945y FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference.y Stalin only original.y The United States has the A-bomb.y Allies agree Germany is to be divided into occupation zonesy Poland moved around to suit the Soviets. P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin
    151. 151. The Manhattan Project: Los Alamos, NM Major GeneralLesley R. Groves Dr. Robert Oppenheimer
    152. 152. The Manhattan Project: Los Alamos, NM I am become Major GeneralLesley R. Groves death, the shatterer Dr. Robert of worlds! Oppenheimer
    153. 153. Tinian Island, 1945Little Boy Fat Man
    154. 154. Tinian Island, 1945Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew
    155. 155. Tinian Island, 1945Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew
    156. 156. Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb
    157. 157. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945
    158. 158. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed immediately.
    159. 159. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed immediately. © 48,000 buildings. destroyed.
    160. 160. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed immediately. © 48,000 buildings. destroyed. © 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
    161. 161. The Beginning of the Atomic Age
    162. 162. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945
    163. 163. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945© 40,000 killed immediately.
    164. 164. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945© 40,000 killed immediately.© 60,000 injured.
    165. 165. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945© 40,000 killed immediately.© 60,000 injured.© 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
    166. 166. Japanese A-Bomb Survivors
    167. 167. Hiroshima Memorials
    168. 168. V-J Day (September 2, 1945)
    169. 169. Japanese POWs, Guam
    170. 170. V-J Day in Times Square, NYC
    171. 171. V-J Day in Times Square, NYC
    172. 172. Results ofWorld War II
    173. 173. WW II Casualties: Europe Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
    174. 174. WW II Casualties: Asia Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
    175. 175. Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded WW IIAustralia 1,000,000 26,976 180,864Austria 800,000 280,000 350,117Belgium 625,000 8,460 55,5131 CasualtiesBrazil2 40,334 943 4,222Bulgaria 339,760 6,671 21,878Canada 1,086,3437 42,0427 53,145China3 17,250,521 1,324,516 1,762,006Czechoslovakia — 6,6834 8,017 1. Civilians only.Denmark — 4,339 — 2. Army and navy figures. 3. Figures cover period July 7,Finland 500,000 79,047 50,000 1937 to Sept. 2, 1945,France — 201,568 400,000 and concern only ChineseGermany 20,000,000 3,250,0004 7,250,000 regular troops. They do notGreece — 17,024 47,290 include casualties sufferedHungary — 147,435 89,313 by guerrillas and local military corps.India 2,393,891 32,121 64,354 4. Deaths from all causes.Italy 3,100,000 149,4964 66,716 5. Against Soviet Russia;Japan 9,700,000 1,270,000 140,000 385,847Netherlands 280,000 6,500 2,860 against Nazi Germany.New Zealand 194,000 11,6254 17,000 6. Against Soviet Russia; 169,822Norway 75,000 2,000 — against Nazi Germany.Poland — 664,000 530,000 7. National Defense Ctr.,Romania 650,0005 350,0006 — CanadianSouth Africa 410,056 2,473 — Forces Hq., Director ofU.S.S.R. — 6,115,0004 14,012,000 History.United Kingdom 5,896,000 357,1164 369,267United States 16,112,566 291,557 670,846Yugoslavia 3,741,000 305,000 425,000
    176. 176. Massive Human Dislocations
    177. 177. The U.S. & the U.S.S.R.Emerged as the Two Superpowers of the later 20c
    178. 178. The Bi-Polarization of Europe: The Beginning of the Cold War
    179. 179. The Division of Germany: 1945 - 1990
    180. 180. The Creation of the U. N.
    181. 181. The Nuremberg War Trials: Crimes Against Humanity
    182. 182. Japanese War Crimes Trials General Hideki Tojo
    183. 183. Japanese War Crimes Trials General Hideki TojoBio-ChemicalExperiments
    184. 184. 7 Future American Presidents Served in World War II
    185. 185. 7 Future American Presidents Served in World War II
    186. 186. The Race for Space
    187. 187. Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II
    188. 188. Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II Colossus, 1941
    189. 189. Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II Colossus, 1941Mark I, 1944
    190. 190. Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II Colossus, 1941Mark I, 1944 Admiral Grace Hooper, 1944-1992 COBOL language
    191. 191. The Emergence of Third World Nationalist Movements
    192. 192. The Emergence of Third World Nationalist Movements
    193. 193. The De-Colonization of European Empires
    194. 194. The World We Live in Today Was Formed by the Events of World War II & itsimmediate aftermath!

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