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United nations United nations Presentation Transcript

  • United NationsConsider: Collective Security,Internationalism &SupranationalismThursday, May 23, 13
  • Possible essay question• Some individuals believe that the United Nationsshould intervene in civil wars and ethnic conflictsthat occur within nations. Other individualsbelieve that the United Nations should notinterfere in the internal disputes of any nationunder any circumstances.• To what extent should the United Nationsintervene in civil wars and ethnic conflicts?Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Thursday, May 23, 13
  • UN BudgetThursday, May 23, 13
  • UN Budget• 2004 was $1.5 billionThursday, May 23, 13
  • UN Budget• 2004 was $1.5 billion• No country can pay less than 0.01% of theregular budget; the majority of UNmembers, which are regarded as ‘poor’, payat this minimum level.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • UN Budget• 2004 was $1.5 billion• No country can pay less than 0.01% of theregular budget; the majority of UNmembers, which are regarded as ‘poor’, payat this minimum level.• Any member state that owes more than itstwo previous years’ assessments cannot votein the General Assembly. (Theory)Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Budget (cont’d)Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Budget (cont’d)• The $11.9 billion spent by the UN system in2001 for all its worldwide responsibilities.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Budget (cont’d)• The $11.9 billion spent by the UN system in2001 for all its worldwide responsibilities.• $2.7 billion spent on peacekeeping in 2001= New York City’s police budget.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Budget (cont’d)• The $11.9 billion spent by the UN system in2001 for all its worldwide responsibilities.• $2.7 billion spent on peacekeeping in 2001= New York City’s police budget.• http://www.newint.org/issue375/facts.htmThursday, May 23, 13
  • Origin of the United Nations• Roosevelt’s 4 Freedoms• Atlantic Charter• Washington Pact 1942• Dumbarton Oaks/Yalta/San Franciscoprior to end of WW II• http://www.un.org/aboutun/charter/Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, andThursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Those “Four Freedoms”:1. freedom of speech,2. freedom of worship,3. freedom from want, and4. freedom from fear.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Organs of the United Nations• Security Council– Most important– China, Russia, USA, Great Britain, France(5 permanent)– 10 other nations on rotation for two years– Political and military decisionsThursday, May 23, 13
  • Organs of the United Nations• Security Council– Most important– China, Russia, USA, Great Britain, France(5 permanent)– 10 other nations on rotation for two years– Political and military decisionsThursday, May 23, 13
  • Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Thursday, May 23, 13
  • • General Assembly– Each nation = 5 delegates = 1 vote– 2/3 majority can over-turn veto of S. C.– Elects non-permanent members to S. C.– Embodies the spirit of a universalorganizationThursday, May 23, 13
  • • General Assembly– Each nation = 5 delegates = 1 vote– 2/3 majority can over-turn veto of S. C.– Elects non-permanent members to S. C.– Embodies the spirit of a universalorganizationThursday, May 23, 13
  • • Secretary General– Head of administration of UN– Sits in S.C. but no vote– Brings to the attention of the S.C. securitymattersBan Ki-moonThursday, May 23, 13
  • • International Court of Justice– The Hague, Netherlands– Parties must voluntarily submit to court– Mediation– http://www.icj-cij.org/Thursday, May 23, 13
  • • International Court of Justice– The Hague, Netherlands– Parties must voluntarily submit to court– Mediation– http://www.icj-cij.org/Thursday, May 23, 13
  • • Economic and Social Council– Non-military threats to security– Deals with a very wide range of bodies: fromUNESCO to WHO and in between– http://www.un.org/documents/ecosoc.htmThursday, May 23, 13
  • The New UN?Thursday, May 23, 13
  • 1. Permanent military2. Greater role in global issues3. Peace building: address illegal arms trade.4. USA’s relationship with UN.5. Become more interventionist: humanrights versus national sovereignty.6. The S.C.7. The need to make IFIs subservient to theUN not equal to them.Thursday, May 23, 13
  • Present UN Peacekeeping MissionsThursday, May 23, 13
  • Peacekeeping• Since 1945 UN has launched 59peacekeeping missions, of which 16 werestill active in July 2004.• Countries are reimbursed by the UN at therate of $1,000 per soldier/month.•Thursday, May 23, 13