The roadtocommunism

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  • The roadtocommunism

    1. 1. 20c China:From Republic toCommunist Power
    2. 2. Dr. Sun Yixian (1866 – 1925) (Dr. Sun Yat-sen)
    3. 3. Chinese Warlords, 1920s Yuan Shi-kai
    4. 4. China in 1924
    5. 5. Mao Zedong As a Young Revolutionary (Mao Tse-tung)
    6. 6. Mao With His Children, 1930s
    7. 7. Jiang Jieshi Becomes President of Nationalist China, 1928 (Chiang Kai-shek)
    8. 8. The Long March 1934
    9. 9. The Long March
    10. 10. Survivors of the March
    11. 11. Japan Invades China 1937
    12. 12. Japanese Aggression, 1931 - 1945
    13. 13. The Communist Revolution: 1946 - 1949
    14. 14. The Peoples’ Liberation Army, 1949
    15. 15. The Communist Victory
    16. 16. Taiwan: The Republic of China
    17. 17. Jiang Jieshu (1887-1975) (Chiang Kai-shek)
    18. 18. Madame Jiang Jieshu
    19. 19. The People’s Republic of China
    20. 20. Reasons for theCommunists’ Success
    21. 21. Reasons for the Communists’ Success► Mao won support of peasants – land
    22. 22. Reasons for the Communists’ Success► Mao won support of peasants – land► Mao won support of women
    23. 23. Reasons for the Communists’ Success► Mao won support of peasants – land► Mao won support of women► Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics
    24. 24. Reasons for the Communists’ Success► Mao won support of peasants – land► Mao won support of women► Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics► Many saw the Nationalist government as corrupt
    25. 25. Reasons for the Communists’ Success► Mao won support of peasants – land► Mao won support of women► Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics► Many saw the Nationalist government as corrupt► Many felt that the Nationalists allowed foreigners to dominate China.
    26. 26. The Great LeapForward (or Backward?) 1958-1961
    27. 27. Great Leap Forward, 1958
    28. 28. Great Leap Forward, 1958► 5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry
    29. 29. Great Leap Forward, 1958► 5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry► Communes
    30. 30. Great Leap Forward, 1958► 5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry► Communes e Groups of people who live and work together
    31. 31. Great Leap Forward, 1958► 5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry► Communes e Groups of people who live and work together e Property held in common
    32. 32. Great Leap Forward, 1958► 5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry► Communes e Groups of people who live and work together e Property held in common e Had production quotas
    33. 33. Great Leap Forward, 1958► 5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry► Communes e Groups of people who live and work together e Property held in common e Had production quotas► Failed due to poor quality of products, poor weather hurt agriculture
    34. 34. Communist China Under Mao
    35. 35. Communist China Under Mao► Industrialized China
    36. 36. Communist China Under Mao► Industrialized China► Increased literacy
    37. 37. Communist China Under Mao► Industrialized China► Increased literacy► Class privileges ended
    38. 38. Communist China Under Mao► Industrialized China► Increased literacy► Class privileges ended► Rural Chinese received health care
    39. 39. Communist China Under Mao► Industrialized China► Increased literacy► Class privileges ended► Rural Chinese received health care► One-party dictatorship
    40. 40. Communist China Under Mao► Industrialized China► Increased literacy► Class privileges ended► Rural Chinese received health care► One-party dictatorship► Denied people basic rights and freedoms --> Inner Mongolia, Tibet
    41. 41. Mao, Panchen Lama, Dalai Lama in Beijing, 1954
    42. 42. Mao, Panchen Lama, Dalai Lama in Beijing, 1954 ► Tibet --> an autonomous area.
    43. 43. Mao, Panchen Lama, Dalai Lama in Beijing, 1954 ► Tibet --> an autonomous area. ► Dalai Lama fled in the late 1950s to India.
    44. 44. The Great ProletarianCultural Revolution 1966 - 1976
    45. 45. A Campaign Against the “FOUR OLDS”
    46. 46. A Campaign Against the “FOUR OLDS” ► Old Thoughts
    47. 47. A Campaign Against the “FOUR OLDS” ► Old Thoughts ► Old Culture
    48. 48. A Campaign Against the “FOUR OLDS” ► Old Thoughts ► Old Culture ► Old Customs
    49. 49. A Campaign Against the “FOUR OLDS” ► Old Thoughts ► Old Culture ► Old Customs ► Old Habits
    50. 50. A Campaign Against the “FOUR OLDS” ► Old Thoughts ► Old Culture ► Old Customs ► Old Habits To Rebel Is Good!
    51. 51. Communist China Under Mao
    52. 52. Communist China Under Mao► Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more equitable society
    53. 53. Communist China Under Mao► Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more equitable society► Mao wanted to put “intellectuals” in their place
    54. 54. Communist China Under Mao► Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more equitable society► Mao wanted to put “intellectuals” in their place► Schools shut down – students revolted
    55. 55. Communist China Under Mao► Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more equitable society► Mao wanted to put “intellectuals” in their place► Schools shut down – students revolted► Red Guards – students who attacked professors, government officials, factory managers
    56. 56. A Red Guard
    57. 57. Red Guards March to Canton
    58. 58. With regard to the great teacher ChairmanMao, cherish the word Loyalty. With regardto the great Mao Zedong Thought, vigorously stress the word Usefullness. (1968) Cult of Personality
    59. 59. The reddest, reddest, red sun in our heart, Chairman Mao, and us togetherZhejiang Workers, Farmers and Soldiers Art Academy collective, 1968 Mao’s Little Red Book
    60. 60. Propaganda Poster
    61. 61. Go among the workers, peasants andsoldiers, and into the thick of struggle! 1967-1972
    62. 62. Propaganda Poster
    63. 63. Propaganda Poster
    64. 64. Propaganda Poster
    65. 65. “Ping-Pong Diplomacy”:U. S. Players at Great Wall, 1971
    66. 66. Mao Meets President Nixon, 1972
    67. 67. Power Struggle CommunistModernists 1976 Traditionalists
    68. 68. Power Struggle CommunistModernists 1976 Traditionalists Zhou Enlai
    69. 69. Power Struggle CommunistModernists 1976 Traditionalists Zhou Enlai “The Gang of Four”: Jiang Qin, Chen Boda, Wang Hongwen, Yao Wenyuan
    70. 70. Communist Government and a Capitalist Economy
    71. 71. Deng Xiaoping (1905-1997)
    72. 72. De-Maoization“The 4 Modernizations” Progress in:
    73. 73. De-Maoization“The 4 Modernizations” Progress in: ► Agriculture
    74. 74. De-Maoization“The 4 Modernizations” Progress in: ► Agriculture ► Industry
    75. 75. De-Maoization“The 4 Modernizations” Progress in: ► Agriculture ► Industry ► Science
    76. 76. De-Maoization“The 4 Modernizations” Progress in: ► Agriculture ► Industry ► Science ► Defense
    77. 77. De-Maoization “The 4 Modernizations” Progress in: ► Agriculture ► Industry ► Science ► DefenseClass struggle was no longer the central focus!
    78. 78. Gap Between Rich & Poor
    79. 79. Gap Between Rich & PoorDeng: If you open a window, some flies naturally get in!
    80. 80. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    81. 81. Tiananmen Square, 1989 More democracy!
    82. 82. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    83. 83. Tiananmen Square, 1989Student activist, Wang Dan, Beijing University
    84. 84. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    85. 85. Tiananmen Square, 1989 Democracy—Our Common Ideal!
    86. 86. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    87. 87. Tiananmen Square, 1989 The “Goddess of Democracy”
    88. 88. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    89. 89. Tiananmen Square, 1989The Government Clamps Down
    90. 90. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    91. 91. Tiananmen Square, 1989One Lone Man’s Protest
    92. 92. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    93. 93. Tiananmen Square, 1989The Massacre: The People’s Army Moves In
    94. 94. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    95. 95. Tiananmen Square, 1989The Massacre: A Human Body Crushed by an Army Tank
    96. 96. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    97. 97. Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Army Looks for Dissidents
    98. 98. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    99. 99. Tiananmen Square, 1989 Student Leaders Are Arrested
    100. 100. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    101. 101. Tiananmen Square, 1989 Chinese Students Mourn the Dead
    102. 102. Tiananmen Square, 1989
    103. 103. Tiananmen Square, 1989 The Reestablishment of Order
    104. 104. What’s the Message Here?
    105. 105. Demography► may be no surer predictor of destiny than trade data. But of the two momentous changes championed by Deng Xiaoping a quarter-century ago, coercive population controls and experiments with market economics, the jury is still out on which will do more to shape Chinas long-term potential.
    106. 106. Demography
    107. 107. Demography ►There are too many retirees in China, and not enough young people to replace them.
    108. 108. Demography► "The evidence is overwhelming that a large population of unmarried adult males is a risk factor for both crime and war," Ms. den Boer said in an interview. "The fact that China is an authoritarian country is another risk factor."

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