The holocaust by h. plouffe
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The holocaust by h. plouffe

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The holocaust by h. plouffe The holocaust by h. plouffe Presentation Transcript

  • TheHolocaustAn examination ofthe crimes of the Nazis
  • Yellow - JewBrown - GypsyViolet - JehovahsWitnessPink - HomosexualGreen - HabitualcriminalRed - PoliticalprisonerBlack - AsocialBlue - Emigrant
  • SHOAH - a great terriblewind(Hebrew)
  • SHOAH - a great terriblewind(Hebrew)HOLOCAUST(Greek): Holosmeans “whole”, caustosmeans“burnt”.
  • SHOAH - a great terriblewind(Hebrew)
  • HOLOCAUST is an exampleof GENOCIDE.
  • The United NationsConvention of 1948 definesgenocide as“acts committed to destroyin whole or in part a national,ethnical, racial or religious
  • Genocide in History
  • Genocide in History!1904-5: annihilation of Herero in Africa by German settlers.
  • Genocide in History!1904-5: annihilation of Herero in Africa by German settlers.!1915-16: Turks massacre 1 M. Armenians.
  • GermanImperialismin S.W. Africa(Namibia)
  • Armenianskilled byTurks
  • !1965-66: 1 M communists and their families massacred by Indonesian army.!1972: 150,000 Hutus massacred by ruling Tutsis in Burundi.
  • !1975-79: Up to 2 M. Cambodians murdered by Khmer Rouge in Kampuchea.
  • !1975-79: Up to 2 M. Cambodians murdered by Khmer Rouge in Kampuchea.!1975-2002: 200,000 Timorese murdered by Indonesian army.
  • !Brazilian Indians by destruction of rainforests.!“Ethnic Cleansing” in former Yugoslavia.
  • Two Approaches toExamining this history:
  • Two Approaches toExamining this history:!When they examine the factors which enabled the Holocaust to occur they are then what is called FUNCTIONALIST.
  • Two Approaches toExamining this history:!When they examine the factors which enabled the Holocaust to occur they are then what is called FUNCTIONALIST.!When they believe that from the moment of the Nazis gaining of power that all Jewry was to be annihilated then this is what is called an INTENTIONALIST.
  • Steps to Genocide
  • Steps to Genocide 1. You have no right to live among us as Jews.
  • Steps to Genocide
  • Steps to Genocide 2. You have no right to live among us.
  • Steps to Genocide
  • Steps to Genocide 3. You have no right to live.
  • Steps to Genocide
  • Deaths caused by theNazis
  • Anti-Semitism: A History
  • Anti-Semitism: A History!Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
  • Anti-Semitism: A History!Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.!The revolutions in Judea under Roman rule…Diaspora.
  • Anti-Semitism: A History!Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.!The revolutions in Judea under Roman rule…Diaspora.!The Crusades.
  • Anti-Semitism: A History!Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.!The revolutions in Judea under Roman rule…Diaspora.!The Crusades.!The Enlightenment.
  • Anti-Semitism: A History!Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.!The revolutions in Judea under Roman rule…Diaspora.!The Crusades.!The Enlightenment.!19th Century nationalism.
  • !In the late 19th cent. Jews were seen as anti-nationalist: they were Zionists.
  • Two Peoples One !Sephardim: means Spain; refers to Jews in the Mediterranean basin. !They speak Ladino; eat couscous; listen to Oriental music.
  • !Ashkenazim: means Germany; all Jews living in western, central and eastern Europe…and North America.!Speak Yiddish: Hebrew + Medieval German.!Listen to Slavic melodies.
  • The Nazi Approach!Step One: !Nuremberg Laws (1935) !Jews could not enjoy German citizenship!Step Two: !Forced ghettoization. Especially in Poland.
  • !Step Three: !The Final Solution 1942 !Killing factories.
  • !The Evian Conference, July, 1938: Many countries discuss why they can’t accept refugees.!“Suppose the conference actually does find territories other than Palestine to shelter Jewish refugees? If other doors are open, it will damage Zionism in Palestine! Better the conference comes to no decision.” David Ben-
  • !“If the international Jewish financiers in and outside Europe should succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war, then the result will be not the Bolshevization of the earth and thus the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe.” Hitler,
  • !There was a plan to ship Jews to Madagascar, but with Britain still fighting on, this was scrapped in the summer of 1940.!Shipped to centralized locations in Poland; ghettos (once more).!Warsaw, Lodz, Krakow, Lublin
  • !“Non-productive” Jews were taken out of the ghettos for “resettlement”.!The approach to a solution.
  • The Final Solution!Several ways of mass killing were utilized, but they were slow and psychologically painful on the murderers: shooting and carbon-monoxide.!Solution: Zyklon B
  • !On January 20, 1942, the aims of the Final Solution were dictated: !11 million JEWS in Europe. 4.5 are in German held areas, 5 are in Russia.
  • !All are to be gathered in the East.!They are to be used as slave labour. Most will die from disease, starvation, and brutality.!Jews will be taken to transit ghettos and then to camps.
  • The Economics of theFinal Solution.!Nearly 500,000 slave labourers were used in German industry.!Many companies found in Germany today utilized this force: Krupp Steel, I.G. Furban Chemicals, Siemans, Graetz, and Krone-Presswerk.!Most produced war material.
  • Auschwitz-Birkinau !The most infamous camp: 1/5th of all killings !3 camps !Zyklon-B used in gassing. Thirty minutes.
  • !12,000 a day!In two months the entire Jewish population of Hungary was murdered.
  • Jewish Resistance!No chances!Many collaborated with Nazis to hunt down Jewish people.!Warsaw Ghetto, April 18, 1943.!Treblinka Death Camp Rebellion, summer, 1943.
  • !By December, 1941, reports had been received by the allies of the genocide going on.!Two Czech Jews that had escaped from Auschwitz had evidence of what was happening and numbers; both were
  • !By August, 1944, aerial photographs of Auschwitz were taken.!Chimneys of the crematoria could be seen.
  • !Rather than bomb that, the Americans aimed at Auschwitz III, the synthetic rubber factory.!In the end it was felt that bombing death camps would endanger crews.
  • War Crimes and Trials
  • War Crimes and Trials!Holocaust crimes were not pursued as fervently as other crimes.
  • War Crimes and Trials!Holocaust crimes were not pursued as fervently as other crimes.!Especially by the British.
  • War Crimes and Trials!Holocaust crimes were not pursued as fervently as other crimes.!Especially by the British.!Of the thousands involved in the Holocaust only a fraction have been brought to justice.
  • War Crimes and Trials!Holocaust crimes were not pursued as fervently as other crimes.!Especially by the British.!Of the thousands involved in the Holocaust only a fraction have been brought to justice.!More Japanese soldiers/leaders were executed than Germans.
  • !Many prominent businessmen who benefited by the slave labour, were not punished, or were given light sentences.
  • The Endurance of Anti-Semitism!In Poland nine months after the war, more than one thousand Jews were murdered in a series of pogroms.!Revisionist historians seek to prove that the Holocaust is a Jewish conspiracy.
  • Japanese War Crimes
  • Comfort Women: Sex slaves forJapanese Soldiers
  • !One woman was required for every thirty-five soldiers.!100,000 plus women were forced into this.!Eighty percent were Korean.!The rest Taiwanese or Filipino.
  • !One woman was required for every thirty-five soldiers.!100,000 plus women were forced into this.!Eighty percent were Korean.!The rest Taiwanese or Filipino.
  • !Few of them have ever been compensated.
  • POW Abuse & Murder
  • POW Abuse & MurderDeath rate for POWs in Nazicamps: 3%
  • POW Abuse & MurderDeath rate for POWs in Nazicamps: 3% Death rate for POWs in Japanese camps: 37%.
  • Nan king Massacre
  • Nanjing Massacre Dec. ‘37- Mar. ‘38
  • Nanjing Massacre Dec. ‘37- Mar. ‘38
  • Nanjing Massacre Dec. ‘37- Mar. ‘38
  • Nanjing Massacre Dec. ‘37- Mar. ‘38
  • Nanjing Massacre Dec. ‘37- Mar. ‘38
  • Nanjing Massacre Dec. ‘37- Mar. ‘38300,000 massacred Chinese were in Nanjing. Over 20,000 women were raped.
  • Nanjing Massacre Dec. ‘37- Mar. ‘38
  • Japanese Diet members commemorating the service of their war criminals, i.e. Matsui Iwane of the Nanking Massacrehttp://www.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/NanjingMassacre/NMB&J.html
  • Canadian Crimes…Somalia!Canadian Airborne Regiment on U.N. Peacekeeping Mission to Belet Huen, Somalia.!Under U.N. Charter 7, same as Korean War and Gulf War.!Somalia was engaged in a civil war.
  • !Members tortured a Somali boy, Aaron, till he died from his wounds.!The mission met with violence every day.!They did meet their objectives.