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Roman world
Roman world
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Roman world
Roman world
Roman world
Roman world
Roman world
Roman world
Roman world
Roman world
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Roman world

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  • Here you go! You will see simple questions embedded.  I use eInstruction student response system "clickers" to check for understanding (paying attention) during the discussion and usually have a short silly quiz at the end of the session. Grades for these sessions are imported into the grade book via eInstruction and are a daily grade.  Students can access these presentations anytime-anywhere via my class site on our school website. How do you want us to pay for these CDs? Personal check, Paypal, or money order?  LMK please...Thanks!Steve Miller/smiller@uplifteducation.org \n
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  • Transcript

    • 1. Mediterranean Society:The Roman Phase... (from Kingdom to Republic to Empire)
    • 2. From Kingdom to Republic... The earliest of the Roman civilizations were the Etruscans. With the fall of Hellenic influence, the Etruscans conquered all of the Italian peninsula.  About 2,000 BCE Indo-European migrants settle  Etruscans migrated from Anatolia  Dynamic people - ruled Med area between 8th and 5th centuries BCE  Challenged by Greeks by sea and Celts from north  Many were kings of early Rome  Last Etruscan king deposed in 509 BCE and the Republic is born 2
    • 3. The Republic of Rome
    • 4. The Republic of Rome Republic: System of government in which officials are elected by the people.
    • 5. The Republic of Rome Republic: System of government in which officials are elected by the people. Senate: Most powerful governing body. 300 members – all patricians. Made the laws.
    • 6. The Republic of Rome Republic: System of government in which officials are elected by the people. Senate: Most powerful governing body. 300 members – all patricians. Made the laws. First laws codified into the
    • 7. The Republic of Rome Republic: System of government in which officials are elected by the people. Senate: Most powerful governing body. 300 members – all patricians. Made the laws. First laws codified into the Twelve Tables
    • 8. The Republic of Rome Republic: System of government in which officials are elected by the people. Senate: Most powerful governing body. 300 members – all patricians. Made the laws. First laws codified into the Twelve Tables Two Consuls – elected by Senate. Ran the government and the army.
    • 9. The Republic of Rome Republic: System of government in which officials are elected by the people. Senate: Most powerful governing body. 300 members – all patricians. Made the laws. First laws codified into the Twelve Tables Two Consuls – elected by Senate. Ran the government and the army. Tribunes – elected by the people (plebeians)
    • 10. The Republic of Rome Republic: System of government in which officials are elected by the people. Senate: Most powerful governing body. 300 members – all patricians. Made the laws. First laws codified into the Twelve Tables Two Consuls – elected by Senate. Ran the government and the army. Tribunes – elected by the people (plebeians) Judges – Oversaw courts cases
    • 11. The Republic of Rome Senate: Most powerful governing body. 300 members – all patricians. Made the laws. First laws codified into the Twelve Tables Two Consuls – elected by Senate. Ran the government and the army. Tribunes – elected by the people (plebeians) Judges – Oversaw courts cases
    • 12. The Republic of Rome First laws codified into the Twelve Tables Two Consuls – elected by Senate. Ran the government and the army. Tribunes – elected by the people (plebeians) Judges – Oversaw courts cases
    • 13. The Republic of Rome Twelve Tables Two Consuls – elected by Senate. Ran the government and the army. Tribunes – elected by the people (plebeians) Judges – Oversaw courts cases
    • 14. The Republic of Rome Two Consuls – elected by Senate. Ran the government and the army. Tribunes – elected by the people (plebeians) Judges – Oversaw courts cases
    • 15. The Republic of Rome Tribunes – elected by the people (plebeians) Judges – Oversaw courts cases
    • 16. The Republic of Rome Judges – Oversaw courts cases
    • 17. The Republic of Rome
    • 18. The Republic of Rome
    • 19. The Republic of Rome - Internal Problems
    • 20. The Republic of Rome - Internal Problems Wide spread use of slave labor from conquered territories Slave labor forced small farmers out of business. Led to mass unemployment and poverty. Mob riots and corruption in the government. Attempts at reform failed. High tensions between Patricians and Plebeians. Gradually, political participation broadened.
    • 21. The Republic of Rome - Internal Problems Wide spread use of slave labor from conquered territories Slave labor forced small farmers out of business. Led to mass unemployment and poverty. Mob riots and corruption in the government. Attempts at reform failed. High tensions between Patricians and Plebeians. Gradually, political participation broadened.
    • 22. The Republic of Rome - External ProblemsVery effective in setting up military colonies - includedthem in republic, thus gradually Italy was theirs!
    • 23. The Republic of Rome - External ProblemsVery effective in setting up military colonies - includedthem in republic, thus gradually Italy was theirs!
    • 24. The Republic of Rome - External ProblemsVery effective in setting up military colonies - includedthem in republic, thus gradually Italy was theirs!Other primarychallenge:*Carthaginians*After three wars(264-146 BCE) – calledthe Punic Wars –Carthage destroyed*Also war with theAntigonids andSeleucids (won thosetoo)
    • 25. Hannibal
    • 26. Hannibal
    • 27. Hannibal In 218 BC the Carthaginian general Hannibal led his army, including dozens of war elephants, from Spain across the Pyrenees, through Gaul to Rome. Hannibal surprised the Romans and began 15 years of fighting. In the end, the Romans attacked Carthage and ended Hannibal’s attacks against Rome. Rome now ruled the Mediterranean.
    • 28. From Republic to Empire... Imperial expansion brought good and bad  wealth and power/control of Med. Sea  class tensions (unequal distribution of wealth) • conquered lands went to wealthy  latifundia created/slave labor used • small farmers couldn’t compete • led to violent conflict/civil war... • attempts to redistribute wealth fail (Gracchi bros.)  how to administer conquered lands?  Started to become clear the the constitution for the republic was not suitable for empire 7
    • 29. From Republic to Empire... 1st Century BCE - 1st Century CE  CHAOS! • politicians and generals jockey for power • recruit personal armies  interests of the army/leaders become more important than “Rome” • Marius and Sulla are good examples of new way of governing (use of terror) • Nephew of General Marius, JULIUS CAESAR begins to maneuver into position of power...  very popular in Rome (held events for the public - gladiators, etc)  defeated GAUL (France) and brought into the “empire” 8
    • 30. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire...
    • 31. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire... Turns his army on Rome and by 46 BCE names himself “dictator” for life
    • 32. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire... Turns his army on Rome and by 46 BCE names himself “dictator” for life Centralizes military and politics
    • 33. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire... Turns his army on Rome and by 46 BCE names himself “dictator” for life Centralizes military and politics large-scale building projects to employ
    • 34. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire... Turns his army on Rome and by 46 BCE names himself “dictator” for life Centralizes military and politics large-scale building projects to employ redistributes land
    • 35. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire... Turns his army on Rome and by 46 BCE names himself “dictator” for life Centralizes military and politics large-scale building projects to employ redistributes land extended citizenship to the provinces
    • 36. Under Julius Caesar... 10
    • 37. Under Julius Caesar... 10
    • 38. Under Julius Caesar... 10
    • 39. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire...
    • 40. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire... Caesar is assassinated by the Senate he tried to displace.
    • 41. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire... Caesar is assassinated by the Senate he tried to displace. Rome plunges into Civil War.
    • 42. Julius Caesar and the birth of empire... Caesar is assassinated by the Senate he tried to displace. Rome plunges into Civil War. Octavian, Caesar’s nephew, becomes Caesar Augustus.  Rules for 45 years  Institutions of empire take root  Stabilized Rome  Accumulated vast powers  Next 2 centuries - expansion and integration
    • 43. Pax RomanaLatin for "the Roman peace", is the long period of peace experienced by states within the Roman Empire.Roman rule and its legal system pacified regions which had suffered from the quarrels between rival leadersRome still fought a number of wars against neighboring states and tribes, most notably the Germanic tribes and Parthia.Era of relative tranquility, with no major civil wars nor serious invasions. (unlike the first century BC)Characterized by rule of emperors, a lack of democracy and a strong military presence.
    • 44. Pax RomanaRoman rule and its legal system pacified regions which had suffered from the quarrels between rival leadersRome still fought a number of wars against neighboring states and tribes, most notably the Germanic tribes and Parthia.Era of relative tranquility, with no major civil wars nor serious invasions. (unlike the first century BC)Characterized by rule of emperors, a lack of democracy and a strong military presence.
    • 45. Pax RomanaRome still fought a number of wars against neighboring states and tribes, most notably the Germanic tribes and Parthia.Era of relative tranquility, with no major civil wars nor serious invasions. (unlike the first century BC)Characterized by rule of emperors, a lack of democracy and a strong military presence.
    • 46. Pax RomanaEra of relative tranquility, with no major civil wars nor serious invasions. (unlike the first century BC)Characterized by rule of emperors, a lack of democracy and a strong military presence.
    • 47. Pax RomanaCharacterized by rule of emperors, a lack of democracy and a strong military presence.
    • 48. Pax Romana
    • 49. The Roman Achievements...*Roman Roads - As early as the 4th century BC, a good road system was recognized as vital for military deployment, communication and increasing commerce. By having an option to traveling around the peninsula or along the coast line of Italy, travelers and merchants could avoid some threat of storms, pirates and navigational problems. Well trained and extensive military. Because the military presence on Roman roads was so extensive, travel and trade were safer and much faster. Roman rule of law - An accused person is innocent until proven guilty. (12 Tables...)
    • 50. The Roman Achievement
    • 51. The Roman Achievement
    • 52. The Roman Achievements Aqueducts – Roman water systems often carried water to cities from mountain streams hundreds of miles away. Only a highly organized civilization with advanced technology could create such a system.
    • 53. The Roman Achievements Aqueducts – Roman water systems often carried water to cities from mountain streams hundreds of miles away. Only a highly organized civilization with advanced technology could create such a system.
    • 54. The Roman Achievements Aqueducts – Roman water systems often carried water to cities from mountain streams hundreds of miles away. Only a highly organized civilization with advanced technology could create such a system.
    • 55. More Achievements... Highly sophisticated public buildings and baths.
    • 56. More Achievements... Highly sophisticated public buildings and baths.
    • 57. More Achievements... Highly sophisticated public buildings and baths.
    • 58. Rome at its Height 60 – 400 AD
    • 59. Roman philosophy and religions of salvation... Polytheistic and often borrowed others deities Roman thinkers (Cicero) relied heavily on STOIC thought (natural law and order) Religion of salvation  Mithraism (esp. w/ military)  Cult of Isis (ancient Egypt - allowed women too)  Appealed to the masses • something to live for and something better to come 18
    • 60. The Jewish tradition leads to Christianity in the empire... Jewshad maintained their communities under several empires  Tense relations with imperial authorities (they wouldn’t worship them...)  Several rebellions but ultimately put down in the Jewish War (66-70 CE)  Scatter and some join other sects • Essenes (Dead Sea Scrolls in Palestine) • Christians (Jesus of Nazareth 4BCE-30CE)  basic information on religion charts! 19
    • 61. Christianity To prevent more rebellion, Jesus is crucified - movement takes off! Early Christians persecuted Pax Romana and Road system lead to the spread of the religion (Paul of Tarsus helps move religion past the Jews) Message appeals to large slave population Jesus healing the blind man. By 312 AD, Emperor Constantine had decreed Christianity the official religion of Rome. (just moved to monotheism!)
    • 62. Spread of Christianity... 21
    • 63. Spread of Christianity... 21

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