Imperialist japan

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  • Imperialist japan

    1. 1. Japan becomes animperialist power
    2. 2. Japan Changes Direction During the Meiji Era: 1868 - 1912 Commodore Matthew Perry
    3. 3. 1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry“Opens Up” Japan to Western Trade!
    4. 4. What Did the U. S. Want??
    5. 5. What Did the U. S. Want??  Coaling stations.
    6. 6. What Did the U. S. Want??  Coaling stations.  More trading partners.
    7. 7. What Did the U. S. Want??  Coaling stations.  More trading partners.  A haven for ship-wrecked sailors.
    8. 8. Perry’s “Black Ships”
    9. 9. The Treaty of Kanagawa - 1854
    10. 10. Japan Learns a Lesson!
    11. 11. Japan Learns a Lesson!In 1862, just before the start of theMeiji period, Tokugawa sent officials andscholars to China to study the situationthere. A Japanese recorded in his diaryfrom Shanghai…
    12. 12. Japan Learns a Lesson!In 1862, just before the start of theMeiji period, Tokugawa sent officials andscholars to China to study the situationthere. A Japanese recorded in his diaryfrom Shanghai…“The Chinese have become servants to theforeigners. Sovereignty may belong toChina, but in fact its no more than acolony of Great Britain and France.”
    13. 13. China’s “Unequal Treaties” After the Opium War of 1839-1842, Japan was convinced that it had to Open Up to the West.
    14. 14. The Shi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”)
    15. 15. The Shi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”) Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan.
    16. 16. The Shi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”) Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. They believed that:
    17. 17. The Shi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”) Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. They believed that:  Japan was sacred ground.
    18. 18. The Shi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”) Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. They believed that:  Japan was sacred ground.  The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God.
    19. 19. The Shi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”) Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. They believed that:  Japan was sacred ground.  The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God. Were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperor’s consent.
    20. 20. The Shi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”) Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. They believed that:  Japan was sacred ground.  The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God. Were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperor’s consent. Their slogan  Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians!
    21. 21. The Meiji Revolt - 1868 A powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun. Sakamoto Ryoma, the hero. He helped Japan emerge from feudalism into a unified modern
    22. 22. The Shogunate Is Overthrown!  The last Shogun.  Tokugawa Yoshinobu.
    23. 23. The Shogunate Is Overthrown!  The last Shogun.  Tokugawa Yoshinobu.
    24. 24. The Emperor Is “Restored” to Power MEIJI  “Enlightened Rule”
    25. 25. Newspaper Cartoon, 1870s? Enlightened Half-Enlightened Un-Enlightened
    26. 26. Modernization by“Selective Borrowing”
    27. 27. Modernization by “Selective Borrowing” Popular board game.
    28. 28. Modernization by “Selective Borrowing” Popular board game. Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals.
    29. 29. Modernization by “Selective Borrowing” Popular board game. Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals. End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official.
    30. 30. European Goods Europe began to “loom large” in the thinking of many Japanese. New slogan: Japanese Spirit; Western Technology!
    31. 31. The Japanese Became Obsessed with Western StylesCivilization and Enlightenment!
    32. 32. Everything Western Was Fashionable!
    33. 33. Everything Western Was Fashionable! Japanese soldiers with their wives.
    34. 34. The Rulers Set the Tone with Western DressEmperor Meiji Empress Haruko (1868- 1912)
    35. 35. Changing Women’s Fashions1900 Styles The First “Miss Japan” (1908)
    36. 36. MeijiReforms
    37. 37. Abolition of thefeudal system Meiji Reforms
    38. 38. Abolition Land of the Redistributionfeudal system Meiji Reforms
    39. 39. Westernize Abolition Land the School of the Redistribution Systemfeudal system (Fr. & Ger.) Meiji Reforms
    40. 40. Westernize Abolition Land the School of the Redistribution Systemfeudal system (Fr. & Ger.) Meiji Modernize the Army (Prussian) Reforms
    41. 41. Westernize Abolition Land the School of the Redistribution Systemfeudal system (Fr. & Ger.) Meiji Modernize the Army (Prussian) Reforms Build a Modern Navy (British)
    42. 42. Westernize Abolition Land the School of the Redistribution Systemfeudal system (Fr. & Ger.) Meiji Modernize the Army (Prussian) Reforms Build a Modern Navy (British) Emperor Worship Intensified
    43. 43. Westernize Abolition Land the School of the Redistribution Systemfeudal system (Fr. & Ger.) Meiji Modernize the Army (Prussian) Reforms Build a Modern Navy (British) Human Rights Emperor & Religious Worship Freedom Intensified
    44. 44. Westernize Abolition Land the School of the Redistribution System feudal system (Fr. & Ger.) Meiji Modernize the Army (Prussian) Reforms WrittenConstitution Build a (Germans) Modern Navy (British) Human Rights Emperor & Religious Worship Freedom Intensified
    45. 45. Westernize Abolition Land the School of the Redistribution System feudal system (Fr. & Ger.) Modern Meiji Banking Modernize System the Army (Prussian) Reforms WrittenConstitution Build a (Germans) Modern Navy (British) Human Rights Emperor & Religious Worship Freedom Intensified
    46. 46. A Constitutional Government Copied from the Germans Satsuma & Choshu Families The Emperor of Japan The Diet 1889 Constitution (Legislative Body) of Japan House of HouseRepresentatives of Peers
    47. 47. Expansionism& the Rise of Military Power
    48. 48. Expansionism& the Rise of Military Power New players on the block?
    49. 49. Sino-Japanese War: 1894-1895 The Meiji Emperor was in Hiroshima during the Sino-Japanese War
    50. 50. Soldiers on the BattlefieldDuring the Sino-Japanese WarThe Treaty of Shimonoseki ended the war.
    51. 51. Today—Tensions Between China & JapanEEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone.
    52. 52. Today—Tensions Between China & Japan  Offshore gas field in the East China Sea reveals recently strained relations between China & Japan.EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone.
    53. 53. Today—Tensions Between China & Japan  Offshore gas field in the East China Sea reveals recently strained relations between China & Japan.  Tension over disputed gas field on the rise, exacerbating mutual mistrust dating back to the Sino-Japanese War.EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone.
    54. 54. The Russo-Japanese War: 1904-1905 The Battle of Tsushima: The results startled the world!
    55. 55. President Teddy Roosevelt Mediates the PeaceThe Treaty of Portsmouth, NH ended the Russo-Japanese War.
    56. 56. Japan Annexes Korea
    57. 57. Japan Is a Player in China
    58. 58. Competition from Another“Pacific” Power Is on the Horizon
    59. 59. The U. S. “Great White Fleet”
    60. 60. But, Japanese Power Would Grow . . .

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