Confucianism
Confucius
Confucius     * 551 – 479 B.C.E.
Confucius     * 551 – 479 B.C.E.     * Born in the feudal       state of Liu.
Confucius     * 551 – 479 B.C.E.     * Born in the feudal       state of Liu.     * Became a teacher       and editor of b...
Major Confucian Principles
Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding        force of an enduring stable society)
Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding        force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> h...
Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding        force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> h...
Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding        force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> h...
Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding        force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> h...
Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding        force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> h...
5 Principle Relationships
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject2. Father
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject2. Father          Son
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject2. Father          Son3. Husband
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject2. Father          Son3. Husband         Wife
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject2. Father          Son3. Husband         Wife4. Older  Brother
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject2. Father          Son3. Husband         Wife4. Older           Younger...
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject2. Father          Son3. Husband         Wife4. Older           Younger...
5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler           Subject2. Father          Son3. Husband         Wife4. Older           Younger...
Organizing Principles
Organizing Principles     *   Status
Organizing Principles     *   Status     * Age
Organizing Principles     *   Status     * Age     * Gender
Confucian Temple Complex
The Analects
The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.
The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.* In Chinese, it means “conversation.”
The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.* In Chinese, it means “conversation.”* Focus on practicalities of ...
Sayings from The Analects
Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he  doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person  who ...
Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he  doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person  who ...
Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he  doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person  who ...
Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he  doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person  who ...
Stones Engraved with Confucius          Life Stories
Confucius Tomb
Mencius
Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.
Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.
Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people  are basically good.”
Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people  are basically good.”* If s...
Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people  are basically good.”* If s...
Social Cohesion is Paramount!
Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of  proper behavior --> “big daddy”
Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of  proper behavior --> “big daddy”* Social relationships are ba...
Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of  proper behavior --> “big daddy”* Social relationships are ba...
Confucianism 2011
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  • Confucianism 2011

    1. 1. Confucianism
    2. 2. Confucius
    3. 3. Confucius * 551 – 479 B.C.E.
    4. 4. Confucius * 551 – 479 B.C.E. * Born in the feudal state of Liu.
    5. 5. Confucius * 551 – 479 B.C.E. * Born in the feudal state of Liu. * Became a teacher and editor of books.
    6. 6. Major Confucian Principles
    7. 7. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)
    8. 8. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanity
    9. 9. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanityShu --> Reciprocity, empathy
    10. 10. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanityShu --> Reciprocity, empathy Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.
    11. 11. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanityShu --> Reciprocity, empathy Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.Yi --> Righteousness
    12. 12. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanityShu --> Reciprocity, empathy Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.Yi --> RighteousnessXiao --> Filial Piety (Respect your elders!)
    13. 13. 5 Principle Relationships
    14. 14. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler
    15. 15. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject
    16. 16. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father
    17. 17. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son
    18. 18. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband
    19. 19. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife
    20. 20. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife4. Older Brother
    21. 21. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife4. Older Younger Brother Brother
    22. 22. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife4. Older Younger Brother Brother5. Older Friend
    23. 23. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife4. Older Younger Brother Brother5. Older Younger Friend Friend
    24. 24. Organizing Principles
    25. 25. Organizing Principles * Status
    26. 26. Organizing Principles * Status * Age
    27. 27. Organizing Principles * Status * Age * Gender
    28. 28. Confucian Temple Complex
    29. 29. The Analects
    30. 30. The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.
    31. 31. The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.* In Chinese, it means “conversation.”
    32. 32. The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.* In Chinese, it means “conversation.”* Focus on practicalities of interpersonal relationships and the relationship of the role of rulers and ministers to the conduct of government.
    33. 33. Sayings from The Analects
    34. 34. Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows.
    35. 35. Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows.* Making a mistake and not correcting it, is making another mistake.
    36. 36. Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows.* Making a mistake and not correcting it, is making another mistake.* The superior man blames himself; the inferior man blames others.
    37. 37. Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows.* Making a mistake and not correcting it, is making another mistake.* The superior man blames himself; the inferior man blames others.
    38. 38. Stones Engraved with Confucius Life Stories
    39. 39. Confucius Tomb
    40. 40. Mencius
    41. 41. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.
    42. 42. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.
    43. 43. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people are basically good.”
    44. 44. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people are basically good.”* If someone does something bad, education, not punishment, is the answer.
    45. 45. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people are basically good.”* If someone does something bad, education, not punishment, is the answer. ä Good people will mend their ways in accordance to their inherent goodness.
    46. 46. Social Cohesion is Paramount!
    47. 47. Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of proper behavior --> “big daddy”
    48. 48. Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of proper behavior --> “big daddy”* Social relationships are based on “rites” or “rituals.”
    49. 49. Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of proper behavior --> “big daddy”* Social relationships are based on “rites” or “rituals.”* Even religious rituals are important for SOCIAL, not religious reasons, acc. to Confucius.
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