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Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
Confucianism 2011
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Confucianism 2011

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Confucianism
    • 2. Confucius
    • 3. Confucius * 551 – 479 B.C.E.
    • 4. Confucius * 551 – 479 B.C.E. * Born in the feudal state of Liu.
    • 5. Confucius * 551 – 479 B.C.E. * Born in the feudal state of Liu. * Became a teacher and editor of books.
    • 6. Major Confucian Principles
    • 7. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)
    • 8. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanity
    • 9. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanityShu --> Reciprocity, empathy
    • 10. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanityShu --> Reciprocity, empathy Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.
    • 11. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanityShu --> Reciprocity, empathy Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.Yi --> Righteousness
    • 12. Major Confucian PrinciplesLi --> Rite, rules, ritual decorum (Binding force of an enduring stable society)Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanityShu --> Reciprocity, empathy Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.Yi --> RighteousnessXiao --> Filial Piety (Respect your elders!)
    • 13. 5 Principle Relationships
    • 14. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler
    • 15. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject
    • 16. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father
    • 17. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son
    • 18. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband
    • 19. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife
    • 20. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife4. Older Brother
    • 21. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife4. Older Younger Brother Brother
    • 22. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife4. Older Younger Brother Brother5. Older Friend
    • 23. 5 Principle Relationships1. Ruler Subject2. Father Son3. Husband Wife4. Older Younger Brother Brother5. Older Younger Friend Friend
    • 24. Organizing Principles
    • 25. Organizing Principles * Status
    • 26. Organizing Principles * Status * Age
    • 27. Organizing Principles * Status * Age * Gender
    • 28. Confucian Temple Complex
    • 29. The Analects
    • 30. The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.
    • 31. The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.* In Chinese, it means “conversation.”
    • 32. The Analects* The single most important Confucian work.* In Chinese, it means “conversation.”* Focus on practicalities of interpersonal relationships and the relationship of the role of rulers and ministers to the conduct of government.
    • 33. Sayings from The Analects
    • 34. Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows.
    • 35. Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows.* Making a mistake and not correcting it, is making another mistake.
    • 36. Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows.* Making a mistake and not correcting it, is making another mistake.* The superior man blames himself; the inferior man blames others.
    • 37. Sayings from The Analects* Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows.* Making a mistake and not correcting it, is making another mistake.* The superior man blames himself; the inferior man blames others.
    • 38. Stones Engraved with Confucius Life Stories
    • 39. Confucius Tomb
    • 40. Mencius
    • 41. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.
    • 42. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.
    • 43. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people are basically good.”
    • 44. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people are basically good.”* If someone does something bad, education, not punishment, is the answer.
    • 45. Mencius* 372 - 289 B.C.E.* Disciple of Confucius.* Starts off with the assumption that “people are basically good.”* If someone does something bad, education, not punishment, is the answer. ä Good people will mend their ways in accordance to their inherent goodness.
    • 46. Social Cohesion is Paramount!
    • 47. Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of proper behavior --> “big daddy”
    • 48. Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of proper behavior --> “big daddy”* Social relationships are based on “rites” or “rituals.”
    • 49. Social Cohesion is Paramount!* The emperor is the example of proper behavior --> “big daddy”* Social relationships are based on “rites” or “rituals.”* Even religious rituals are important for SOCIAL, not religious reasons, acc. to Confucius.

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