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Spatial Cloud Computing And Gis Web Version, Urisa October 2012

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Presentation by SKE president Darko Poletto to URISA conference in Athens Georgia Oct 2012

Presentation by SKE president Darko Poletto to URISA conference in Athens Georgia Oct 2012

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  • You may have seen this before – it’s a Hubble Deep Space image. The perspective of this presentation is like the Hubble telescope peering into space. No matter where you look, there’s a lot, but it would be impossible to describe it all. So, this presentation is my perspective of cloud computing and GIS. A different presentation might look similar but have some very different ideas and thoughts.
  • What’s interesting about this, is that if you look carefully... (Georgia Bulldogs “constellation”)
  • Although clients care most about price, security, availability, and feature functionality, standards can also be important. For example, without cloud standards, clients can become “locked-in” to their service provider. Despite cloud computing’s relative immaturity, recognition of the importance of standards has resulted in an array of cloud computing standards setting activities and bodies as shown in this image.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Spatial Cloud Computing Darko Poletto President dpoletto@skeinc.com Presentation to URISA Conference Athens Georgia, October 2012www.skeinc.com
    • 2. 2
    • 3. 3
    • 4. So, While You’re Digesting... • Why Talk About Cloud? – Corporate IT Challenges • What is Cloud Computing? • Why is the cloud appealing? • Are there issues? • Is GIS cloud-appropriate? • Sign me up? 4www.skeinc.com
    • 5. Corporate IT Challenges 1. Complexity – Security, Architecture, Policy, Procedures, Servers, Data Centres, SANs, FW, Networks, Disaster Recovery, ... 2. Cost – Hundreds thousands to millions of $ to implement business solutions – Require on-going maintenance and support – Specialized technologies and skills 3. Dealing with the Unreasonable Demands of the GIS Department. Result => Huge $ and Effort Commitment 5www.skeinc.com
    • 6. And then there was cloud....
    • 7. What is Cloud Computing • The provision of software, hardware and networking solutions as a service over the web. 7www.skeinc.com
    • 8. What Makes it Appealing? • Scalable – right-size resources based on demand • Agile – deploy quickly • Accessible – web based (any time, anywhere) • Low Technical Risk - No installation required, no servers, no specialized software, no additional staff, automatic updates,... – Technology someone elses responsibility/headache – Ability to leverage proven solutions based on industry best practices. • Overhead – less: staff, computers, energy, space.. • Affordable – based on use / accounts. – Economies of scale, because there are typically multiple different clients on the same infrastructure. 8www.skeinc.com
    • 9. How Does it Work? 9
    • 10. Cloud Service Models • Software as a Service (SaaS) – End user app’s delivered as a service – Examples: • Google Apps, • Social media, • Virtual Desktops, • Salesforce.com 10www.skeinc.com
    • 11. Cloud Service Models • Platform as a Service (PaaS) – Combination of SaaS and IaaS purposed for development and deployment – Examples: Development and Testing Tools, Database Management Systems, Directory Services. 11www.skeinc.com
    • 12. Cloud Service Models • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) – Computing resources: Virtual Machines, VLAN’s, Virtual Storage, etc. – Examples: Virtualized Computers, Storage Systems, Networking 12www.skeinc.com
    • 13. Cloud Deployment • Private Clouds – Specific to an organization (usually internally hosted) • Public Clouds – Available to anyone (Internet based) • Community Clouds – Shared resources for a community/industry • Hybrid Clouds – A mix of the above 13www.skeinc.com
    • 14. Cloud Issues • Security – Where is your data?, who can see it? – How reliable/trustworthy is the provider? – Where is the provider and what are their IT practices? • Physical premises • System security • SW upgrades and patching • SLA’s • Responsibility is shared... 14www.skeinc.com
    • 15. Cloud Issues • Security controls by service type... • Disaster recovery • Absence of industry standards • Integration with existing systems • Dependant on Internet access speed and reliability. • Often less functionality than desktop. 15www.skeinc.com
    • 16. Amazon Outage • Amazon cloud went down in April, 2011 – Many high profile sites went down: Foursquare, Reddit, Quora, Hootsuite… • Lessons Learned: – Plan for failure – Retain expertise to develop and implement Disaster Recovery Plan – Security and disaster recovery is a joint responsibility – Create internal back-up options • Can you get your data if your service provider goes down – Distribute your risk across different sites/providers – Know your service provider and what they will/will not do • SLA’s matter 16www.skeinc.com
    • 17. Go Daddy Outage • Go Daddy web sites and DNS servers go down went down in September 2012. – A DNS (Domain Name Server) is like a telephone exchange for the Internet. Directs traffic to appropriate site. – Thousands of sites affected. • We host our own cloud service in a secure facility, but we use the Go Daddy DNS. • So, even though our services remained up and running just fine, for several hours, no one could “find” them. • #$*@**@&^^@@!! 17www.skeinc.com
    • 18. Lessons Learned • Clients demand more from service providers. • Even the best laid plans... • OWASP (IT security standards), isn’t necessarily the standard. • Cloud is in constant change. OWASP Logo (and, that doesn’t change.) 18www.skeinc.com
    • 19. Cloud Standards 19
    • 20. Cloud Adoption • Public Sector: Slow, primarily because of security concerns – Non-sensitive data storage – Public web sites – Development and testing environments – Data disaster recovery sites – US Govt ahead of Canadian Govt • Private Sector: High adoption rate – Social media Sites: Facebook, Twitter, ... – Google, MS, Amazon, SalesForce... 20www.skeinc.com
    • 21. Municipal Cloud • Rationalize IT infrastructure. • More easily enable growth and change. • Less dependency on internal expertise; e.g. security, IT hardware, network administration. • Increased options for remote access and the portable office. • Increase GIS deployment options. 21www.skeinc.com
    • 22. Cloud Companies 22
    • 23. Cloud GIS / Spatial Cloud Computing (SC2) • Software as a Service: Highly suitable for basic to intermediate GIS functionality. – E.g. www.giscloud.com • Platform as a Service: Highly suitable for basic to intermediate GIS functionality. – E.g. Google Aps; ArcGIS Online • Infrastructure as a Service: High potential for replacing internal high-end GIS infrastructure. – E.g. Infrastructure Ontario. 23www.skeinc.com
    • 24. SC2 Introduces DaaS • New key component of cloud computing. • Spatial data essential to any GIS – and most organizations don’t have it. • Also, significant money saving potential: – According to ESRI 2012 almost 90% of data used by petroleum sector companies comes from external source. – Massive potential if data provided as a service rather than handled locally. – 100s of data sources – Interoperability still an issue. 24www.skeinc.com
    • 25. Compare Cloud GIS vs. Traditional Enterprise GIS • Functionality (specific vs. general) • Infrastructure (lease vs. own) • Time and ease • Spatial content • Security • Business continuity • Client support • Cost 25www.skeinc.com
    • 26. SKE’s SC2 - GeoPortal • A hosted, cloud computing solution that uses geography to integrate business information. • A common geo-base for an organization’s information and data with Google maps and imagery. – maps; tabular data; and, documents / unstructured content • Clients subscribe… nothing to buy. • Secure and reliable: Audit approved. • Standards-based and integrates with dozens of technologies, such as…www.skeinc.com
    • 27. Benefits of Ontario GeoPortal • Data: Spatial data and info. services provided. • Technology: Always available (HA). Scalable. SLA guaranteed. • Applications: Comes with full suite of applications. Enables business info. system integration. • Simple: Easy to learn and implement. No GIS specialty required. • Cost Effective: Reduces our client’s IT operating costs by app. 25%/annum ($250,000). Subscription costs well defined. • Subscription model: $1/day/user (1600 named users) • Resource utilization model: App. $2000/month 27www.skeinc.com
    • 28. How We Handle Security a. Distributed Model – your data stay behind your firewall. b. Data hosted in Toronto – which is important for some Canadian clients. c. Security Model – Uses Windows Authentication – TRA-tested to meet rigid standards – Users only see the information to which they have been granted access. d. Multiple redundancy ensures your solution is always available. 28www.skeinc.com
    • 29. Distributed Model
    • 30. Important Considerations • Cloud implementation is: – optimal for collaboration – optimal for GIS implementation (eliminates complexity, cost, skill requirements). • Build / design for leverage. One-off projects are expensive; leveraged technology is much cheaper and easier to maintain. • Geography brings new capacity for information access, sharing, and understanding.www.skeinc.com
    • 31. Thank you Darko Poletto President SKE Inc. 416-221-4363 dpoletto@skeinc.com Please join the Spatial Cloud Computing Group on LinkedIn. 10/26/2012 31www.skeinc.com

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