Edu psy powerpoint

546 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
546
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Edu psy powerpoint

  1. 1. Educational psychology I Group presentation
  2. 2. Introducing the crew
  3. 3. Jeremy çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  4. 4. His parents çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  5. 5. His teacher çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  6. 6. His classmates çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  7. 7. çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ ??? !!!! !!!! ??!!!!!!? People Jeremy has contact with Jeremy
  8. 8. çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  9. 9. çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  10. 10. çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  11. 11. çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  12. 12. Primary Areas of Learning theories • Cognitivists • Behaviorists • Constructivists çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  13. 13. Behaviorism • Learning witness through ‘observable’ behaviours (J.B.Watson) • Lack Mental process • Skinner: Operant Conditioning • Change in voluntary behaviour • Learning is a behaviourial change
  14. 14. Behaviorism - Role of teacher Role of teacher • Behavioural engineer • Thorndike’s Laws of Exercise and Effect çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  15. 15. Approaching Jeremy’s case • Many negative reinforcers • Attempt to coax good behaviours çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√
  16. 16. Approaching Jeremy’s case • Attention Moves • Occurs along a spectrum • Desisting • Alerting • Enlisting • Winning
  17. 17. Approaching Jeremy’s case • Ms Low should consider positive reinforcers • Resist sarcasm and other authority-based attention moves • Affect Jeremy’s self-worth
  18. 18. Limitations of behaviorism • Student behaviour entirely controlled by teachers • Does not explain cognitive behaviours
  19. 19. Limitations of behaviorism • Radical behaviourists • Forms of behaviour which seem to have no observable reinforcement are ALWAYS the result of some kind of reinforcement (Gredler, 93) • Motivation NOT in radical behaviourists
  20. 20. Approaching Jeremy’s Case • Jeremy is UNMOTIVATED • Failure-accepting student • Mr chan’s comments that Jeremy is a slow learner • Damaging to student’s self- attribution • Learned helplessness çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ I am Mr Tan
  21. 21. Approaching Jeremy’s Case • DeCharm’s causation model • self-efficacy improved through an appropriately structured lesson • lack of structure in Mr Tan’s lesson • Minimal instruction çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ Discuss among yourselves çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ ??? ???? ????
  22. 22. Approaching Jeremy’s Case • Cognitivism • Learning takes place through memory • “Essential components of learning are the organization of the information to be learned, the learner’s prior knowledge, and the processes involved in perceiving, comprehending and storing information.” (Gredler) • Information processing model, Schema theory and Meaningful reception theory.
  23. 23. Approaching Jeremy’s Case • Under structured lesson (DeCharms) • Mr Tan begins class by giving them a puzzle to solve • Briefly tells the class the answer according to lessons learnt in previous lesson • Jeremy rebuked • Ms Low handling of Jeremy’s failure to anwer questions
  24. 24. Approaching Jeremy’s Case • Both teachers should have attempted to get Jeremy to provide a correct answer • Mr Tan should guide Jeremy to the correct answer • Motivational for Jeremy çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ Correct answers
  25. 25. Approaching Jeremy’s Case • Jeremy has a problem of getting to the point of equilibration • Disruption in class (Naps, teachers) • Tuition • Affects his motivation çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ çç √√ X
  26. 26. Jeremy’s social situation • Jeremy as upper middle snob • parents • extra classes • Means of conditioning • Jeremy’s classmates: reinforcers of non- participation
  27. 27. Constructivist view of Learning • Learning as social (Vygotsky) • Students do not learn through social interaction but learning IS social interaction
  28. 28. Approaching Jeremy’s case • Jeremy must negotiate social interactions • Greater degree of structure in lessons • conflicts may be avoided • humiliation by teacher should be avoided to prevent non-participation.

×