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Configuring the dhcp server for huawei firewall
 

Configuring the dhcp server for huawei firewall

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Leading Huawei networking products distributor-huanetwork.com

Leading Huawei networking products distributor-huanetwork.com
Configuring the DHCP Server for Huawei Firewall

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    Configuring the dhcp server for huawei firewall Configuring the dhcp server for huawei firewall Document Transcript

    • Configuring the DHCP Server for Huawei Firewall This chapter we will tell you the DHCP Server function and how to configure the DHCP Server for Huawei symantec firewall. DHCP Server Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a technology for dynamically managing and configuring users in a centralized way. The DHCP technology realizes dynamic assignment and centralized management of user addresses and configuration information, enabling enterprises to rapidly and dynamically assign addresses to users and manage these addresses. This manner avoids complex manual configuration and adapts to network changes rapidly. DHCP uses the Client/Server (C/S) mode. The client applies for configurations. In response, the server replies with corresponding configurations (including the IP address, default gateway, DNS server, and WINS server) to dynamically assign IP addresses, and configure and manage other network parameters in a centralized manner. DHCP delivers the following functions: Device Serving as a DHCP Server The device supports the configuration of the DHCP server on the interface. It assigns IP addresses and network parameters to clients on different network segments or those on cross-network segments by interworking with the DHCP relay. Policies for IP Address Allocation According to the different requirements, the DHCP server provides the following IP address allocation policies: l Static address allocation A few specific hosts (such as the PCs of high access permissions and the servers of various types) require fixed IP addresses. To address their requirements, you can configure the static address allocation on these hosts. After that, when a client with a designated MAC address applies for an IP address, the server assigns a bound fixed IP address to the client based on its MAC address. This allows the specific hosts to use their fixed IP addresses. l Dynamic address allocation The DHCP server chooses IP addresses from the available IP address range and assigns them to the client in lease mode. After the lease expires, the clients need to re-apply for IP addresses. The "infinite" lease is a special case in dynamic address allocation, which allows the clients to occupy their assigned IP addresses for a long time. Before the DHCP server dynamically allocates IP addresses, it proactively excludes 1
    • certain IP addresses, including those that have been assigned, reserved, or configured as static addresses. This avoids that the same address is assigned to different clients and eliminates IP address collision. Assignable IP address range You can define the start and end IP addresses of the allocatable IP address range. The start IP address and end IP address can be on different network segments. l When the DHCP server and DHCP client are on the same network segment, the DHCP server assigns its interface IP addresses on the same network segment to the DHCP client. l When the DHCP server and DHCP client are on the different network segments, the DHCP server assigns the IP addresses that are on the same network segment as the interface IP address of the DHCP relay to the DHCP client. By default, the allocatable IP address range is on the network segment where the interface IP address resides, after the DHCP server is enabled on the interface. Network parameter service accessible to the client The DHCP server, by using the Option fields in the DHCP packets, can centrally specify the client network parameters, including: l Client domain name and DNS server address. l Windows Internet Naming Server (WINS). l Egress gateway address. Device Serving as a DHCP Relay A DHCP client sends the request packets to apply for a dynamic IP address in broadcast mode; therefore, the DHCP service is applicable only to the application scenarios where the DHCP server and the DHCP clients reside on the same network segment. It is uneconomical to deploy a DHCP server on each network segment to dynamically configure the host. Therefore, it is unnecessary to configure each segment with a DHCP server to perform dynamic host configuration . The DHCP relay is developed as a solution to this problem. The DHCP relay communicates with the DHCP servers on other subnets and obtains the valid IP addresses. In this manner, DHCP clients on multiple networks can share a single DHCP server. This is more cost-effective and facilitates centralized management. The device supports the configuration of the DHCP relay on the interface. The DHCP relay interface forwards DHCP packets transparently between the DHCP client and DHCP server. The interface IP address must be on the same network segment as the IP address of the DHCP client. Device Serving as a DHCP Client 2
    • The device supports the enabling of the DHCP client on the interface. It uses DHCP to obtain IP addresses and network segments from the DHCP server, simplifying configurations and centralized management. Configuring the DHCP Service Enabling DHCP Service Enabling the DHCP service enables other related DHCP functions. Although you can perform related DHCP configurations in the case of the DHCP service disabled, the configurations do not take effect. Step 1 Choose Network > DHCP Server > Settings. Step 2 Select the Enable check box corresponding to DHCP Service in Configure DHCP Basic Parameter. Step 3 Click Apply. If the Operation succeeded dialog box is displayed, the function is successfully enabled. ----End Creating a DHCP Server The DHCP server not only provides clients on the same network segment with dynamically assigned IP addresses, statically assigned IP addresses, designated DNS servers, gateways, and WINS servers, but also collaborates with the DHCP relay to assign IP addresses and network parameters to client across network segments. The DHCP server and DHCP relay services cannot coexist on the same interface. Step 1 Choose Network > DHCP Server > Settings. Step 2 Click Add in DHCP Service Information List. Step 3 Enter or select parameters listed in Table 1. Step 4 Click Apply. If the operation succeeds, DHCP Service Information List is displayed on the page and new configuration items are added to the list. Repeat the previous operations to configure the DHCP server function on multiple interfaces. 3
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    • ----End Creating a DHCP Relay The DHCP client can communicate with DHCP servers on other network segments through a DHCP relay, and finally obtains the IP address. In so doing, DHCP clients on multiple network segments can use the same DHCP server, which saves costs and facilitates centralized management. Before configuring the DHCP relay on an interface, make sure that the DHCP server is already configured, and the DHCP server and DHCP relay interface are routable. In addition, the IP address of the DHCP relay interface should be on the same network segment as the IP address assigned by the DHCP server to the client, and the default gateway of the DHCP client is the IP address of the DHCP relay interface. The DHCP server and DHCP relay services cannot coexist on the same interface. Step 1 Choose Network > DHCP Server > Settings. Step 2 Click Add in DHCP Service Information List. Step 3 Enter or select parameters listed in Table 2. Step 4 Click Apply. If the operation succeeds, DHCP Service Information List is displayed on the page and new configuration items are added to the list. Repeat the previous operations to configure the DHCP relay function on multiple interfaces. Table 2 Parameters of the DHCP relay ----End 9
    • Modifying the DHCP Service Step 1 Choose Network > DHCP Server > Settings. Step 2 In DHCP Service Information List, click in the line where the DHCP service to be modified resides. Step 3 Enter or select parameters listed in Table 1 and Table 2. Interface Name cannot be modified. Step 4 Click Apply. If the operation succeeds, DHCP Service Information List is displayed. ----End Deleting the DHCP Service Step 1 Choose Network > DHCP Server > Setting. Step 2 Select the check boxes of multiple entries or the check box in the table header for selecting all. Step 3 Click Delete. If the operation succeeds, DHCP Service Information List is displayed on the page and entries that are just selected are not displayed in the list. ----End More related: Huawei Next Generaion Firewall Comprehensively Resolve Enterprise Configuration for Huawei Symantec Firewall How to Enable DST for USG2000/5000 Huawei Firewall USG5300: Configuring System Parameters More Huawei products and Reviews you can visit: http://www.huanetwork.com/blog Huanetwork.com is a world leading Huawei networking products distributor, we wholesale original new Huawei networking equipments, including Huawei switches, Huawei routers, Huaweisymantec security products, Huawei IAD, Huawei SFP and other Huawei networking products. Our customers include telecom operators, Huawei resellers, ISP and system integrators. Right now most of our sales are contributed by regular customers Our website: http://www.huanetwork.com Telephone: +852-30501940 Email: sales@huanetwork.com Address: 23/F Lucky Plaza, 315-321 Lockhart Road, Wanchai, Hongkong 10