Learning, Technology and Education Reform in the Knowledge Age (Article Summary)


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Presentation given in the context of a master's seminar on education in transistion in the 21st century. Critical discussion of a rather opinionated article by the authors Bernie Trilling and Paul Hood from 1999.

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Learning, Technology and Education Reform in the Knowledge Age (Article Summary)

  1. 1. Learning, Technology, andEducation Reform in theKnowledge Age according to Bernie Trilling and Paul Hood
  2. 2. Background of the AuthorsBernie Trilling Paul Hood• Global Director for the Oracle • Social Psychologist Education Foundation • Director of Institutional• Co-Chair of the Partnership for Planning for WestEd 21st Century Skills• Director for the Technology In Education A selection of the authors employers:http://www.p21.org/about-us/strategic-council-members http://www.wested.org/cs/we/print/docs/areas.htm
  3. 3. „Turning Point of the Knowledge Age“According to Trilling&Hood, the Knowledge Age started in 1991, when US spending for information technology was higher than for industrial capital goods• „with increased automation and the export of manufacturing to industrial-strength countries like China, industrial work in Knowledge Age countries like the US will continue to fade to low levels“• What is a Knowledge Age Country in a globalizing world?• What is happening here:http://www.manufacturingnews.com/news/ecindustrialpolicy1012121.html??
  4. 4. The new aims of education
  5. 5. Modern Learning Theory„a broad consensus has formed around key principles (..)Context: more authentic learning tasks (..), rich learning envoronmentsConstruction: external supports for internal model makingCaring: self-reliant and self-motivated workersCompetence: need to benefit from multiple talentsCommunity: social and cultural realms: group interaction, peer relations
  6. 6. „Knowledge Age survival skills“
  7. 7. Reform StrategiesTop-Down- focused mainly on standard tests and incentives for change- „you can only change what you measure“ – KA skills hard to measureBottum-Up- Educational innovations in projects, singular schools and communities- problem to scale these up, ensure sustainabilitySystemic-mixed Mode- Top-down initiated leadership and support for the development and co-ordination of bottom-up initiatives
  8. 8. A new approach: Turn-around reform strategy* Competition in education and training„benefits of a well-managed, balanced level of competition may far outweigh the risks“; „Multi-billion $ school education market locked up in governmental and non-profit programmes“* Decreased Costs from the use of educational technology* Performance-based educational practices and measures„total quality management, assessments of employee“„devising and mentoring of quality measures for educational service providers“
  9. 9. Turn around: Alternative learning Centres - Hybrid Campus: open 7 days a week, housing public and private schools, non- and for -profit bisinesses - Executive management team for educational balance and quality - Teacher as „primary learning adviser“ - mixed age teams working on wide variety of projects - wide variety of „just-in-time“ learning choices - online standards-based assessments and certifications of knowledgeHaving this in mind, take a look at the following:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Mug66WnoSkhttp://www.eschoolnews.com/2009/06/01/school-of-the-future-lessons-in-failure/
  10. 10. Questions?!What are the advantages and disadvantages of the decribed „turn-around strategy“ in education reform?What are the opportunities and challenges regarding the „alternative learning centers“ introduced?What is a Knowledge Age Country in a globalizing world?What is happening here:http://www.manufacturingnews.com/news/ecindustrialpolicy1012121.html??
  11. 11. ReferencesTrilling, B., & Hood, P. (1999). Learning Technology and Education Reform in the Knowledge Age or "Were Wired, Webbed and Windowed, Now What?" Educational Technology, 39, 3, 5-18. accessed at http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/learning_technology.pdf on 08 October 2007http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Mug66WnoSkhttp://www.p21.org/about-us/strategic-council-membershttp://www.wested.org/cs/we/print/docs/areas.htmhttp://www.eschoolnews.com/2009/06/01/school-of-the-future-lessons-in-failure/