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High Threat Environment Protective Security Specialist Training Course Day One(Module 1)Foreign and Domestic Weapons Familiarization.HCT instructors will teach and demonstrate essential weapon handling principles on standard issue mili-tary assault rifles and pistols. Course participants will become familiar with the following weapons; theColt M4 carbine, H&K MP-5, AK-47, PKM, Glock 19/22, Beretta 92F, M-9, and SIG Sauer pistols. Addi-tional subject matter taught will include: • Weapon system mechanics, features and characteristics • Breakdown, assembly and preventative maintenance • Loading, unloading and weapon malfunction remediation • Controlled automatic and semi-automatic fire • Safety and movement • Basic ballistics (pistol & carbine) • Tactical gear selection; ammunition, holsters, vests, sights/laser(Module 2)Combat Tactical Shooting. • Ready Positions (high, low, traveling, compressed, and contact ready). • Fundamentals of the 4-point quick draw • Shooting positions (standing, kneeling, sitting and prone position) • Grip, aiming and trigger squeeze • Weapon zeroing • Sight picture and sight post • Shot grouping • Combat shooting VS. target shooting (Sympathetic response) • Physiological/psychological considerationsMoving beyond basic marksmanship principles of; proper stance, footwork, grip, breathing, sight-postalignment, and trigger squeeze, course participants will learn the principles of close quarters marksman-ship. This module places a heavy emphasis on instinctive/reflexive shooting drills. • Aiming techniques; slow aimed fired, rapid aimed fire, aimed quick kill, instinctive fire • Shot placement, trigger manipulation • Double tap & controlled burst • Dry fire holster drills • Shooting from unorthodox angles/ offset aiming holds • Weapon malfunction remediation drills • Recoil and muzzle control • Hasty and tactical reloading • Suppressive fire • Disoriented (*Night Shooting) • Live fire instinctive shooting drills (during team movement)
Day Two(Module 3)Immediate Action DrillsHCT has developed a series of physical drills and exercises specifically designed to sharpen an individ-ual’s ability to respond quickly and instinctively to attacks on the principle (AOP).• Malfunction drill plus, react to a close range knife attack• Malfunction drill plus, react to close range suicide bomber• Malfunction drill plus, react to multiple armed attackers• 2/4 man movement to cover, hasty reload and suppressing fire drills• 2/4 man movement to cover, weapon malfunction remediation, cover and movement• Bounding over-watch, cover, hasty reloading drills.Man down considerations(Module 4)Protective Formations• High profile and low profile considerations• Overt VS covert protective formations• Roles and responsibility of team members• Team member components and responsibilities• Counter-ambush/assault Team (CAT)• Tactical equipment selection and use (vehicle and foot escort)• Short suspense reconnaissance - scouting• Establishing rapport with protectee/principle• Threat assessment matrix• Threat management considerations• Direct action contingency planning• Foot escort formations (diamond, 3BG diamond, modified diamond, wedge, column/vee,open and closed box formations)• Walking the package – foot escort drills• Dress, etiquette and protocol (diplomatic protective security)
Day Three(MODULE 5)Small Unit Combat Tactics• Movement to contact mission planning• OPORD preparation and issuance• Pre-combat inspection checklist• Rehearsal and inspection• Tactical communications gear and use *two-way radio• Call signs, hand signals and pro-words• Security during movement, offense and defense• Movement techniques (overwatch, traveling and bounding overwatch)• Individual movement techniques• Fire team discipline• Observation and fields of fire, cover and concealment, fire dispersion• Actions on contact (extracting the principle, returning fire, use of smoke/diversionary devices)• Types of attack (hasty, deliberate, raid and ambush)• Initiative in the defense• Defense in sector and extraction considerations• Counter-ambush considerations (foot and vehicle dismount)• Consolidate and reorganization after contact• Man down considerations• Weapon malfunction remediation drills• Hasty & tactical reload drills• Disabled shooter considerations• Proper use of cover & concealment• Crowd control considerationsMission planning, OPORD development, warning order issuance through mission implementation.
Day Five(Module 7)SDR and counter-surveillance principles for short suspense reconnaissance.Insurgent forces in Iraq carefully and meticulously conduct surveillance operation on potential targets.To successfully combat their efforts it is important to understand the basic concepts and principles ofcounter-surveillance operations.• Command and control (OPSEC) operational security• Tactical deception• Electromagnetic camouflage, cover and deception• Covert/overt counter-surveillance• Electronic and visual surveillance• Acoustic, eavesdropping and aerial surveillance• Use of thermal imaging/infrared recording devices• Night vision equipment• Electronic frequency jamming, tap/trace and intercept gear• Foot and vehicle surveillance/counter-surveillance methods• Close Target Reconnaissance (CTR); Audio, video manned and unmanned, methods of CTR- fromremote cameras, directional microphones to vehicle and personnel tagging, phases of CTR.• Break contact/abort mission considerations.
Day Six(Module 8)Physical Protective Measures/Hand-to-Hand Combatives • Hostile control philosophy • Offensive VS defensive mindset • Activating the killer Instinct • Measured use of force • Tactical control (environment, situation and subject) • Exploiting the four fighting ranges (distance concepts) • Natural tools and weapons • Balance, movement, economy of motion • The vital template • Blind spot movement strategy • Standing tactical control • Entering and trapping • The Straight Blast • Dynamics of the Clinch • Setting up the clinch • Interception, trapping and limb/tool destructions • Head-butts, knees and elbows • Finishes from the clinch • Joint and limb breaks (arm, leg, neck and spine) • Eye gouging, throat attacks, fish-hooking, • Small joint manipulation, finger and limb breaking HCT hand-to-hand combative system is a hybrid blend of combat applicable fighting strategies from; Inosanto Combat JKD, Wing Chun, Filipino Kali/Silat, Enshin and Catch Wrestling/Pankration.
Day Seven(Module 9)Ground-fighting Tactics & Weapon Retention • Take-downs (foot-sweeps, reaps, throws) • Controlling arm-locks from the ground (side, mount, guard and cross-mount) • Weapon retention from the guard • Reversing the guard • Fighting from the guard (with weapon control) • Multiple attacker considerations (with weapon control) • Finishes from the mount • Finishes from the guard • Eye gouging, throat attacks, fish-hooks, small joint manipulations, limb destructions, hooking.This module includes a full day of instruction, drills, sparring and simulated direct action scenarios.
Day Eight(Module10)Emergency First Aid/CPR *Twelve (12) hours.• Initial scene assessment• Evacuation of casualties to safety• Perform emergency moves• Proper body positioning of injured persons• Perform a head-to-toe examination• When to administer CPR• Airway, breathing and circulation• Rescue breathing• One person CPR• Two person CPR• Spinal injury considerations• Describe proper care for head and neck injuries• Demonstrate bleeding control sequence and pressure bandaging• Demonstrate and explain basic first aid care for heat or cold related emergencies• Demonstrate splinting skills• Action for back flow of stomach contents / vomit• Acute tissue injury, blunt trauma, blast and penetrating injury• Treatment for shock• External bleeding• Internal bleeding• Sprains and Strains• Eye injuries• Fractures and dislocations• Insect and animal bites• Burn injuries (fire, chemical or biological weapon)Conduct a series of field exercises. Reference Sources and training guides: NAVEDTRA 10670-C, Hospital Corpsman 1 & C NAVEDTRA 10669-C, Hospital Corpsman 3 & 2
Day Nine(Module 11)Force Protection Operations.The knowledge of how to perform watch duty and roving security patrols are essential skills. This mod-ule covers:• How to conduct a facility/site threat assessment survey• Site entrance checkpoint security• Perimeter security considerations• Roadblocks, speed bumps, and barricades• Authorized personnel access and clearance procedures• Individual, team and site communication methods• Unauthorized personnel procedures and response• NBC/CHEM & bomb threat considerations• Contingency planning, training and exercises• Foot and mobile surveillance and patrolling• Overt and covert counter-surveillance techniques• Vehicle and personnel body searches• Trespasser arrest and control (lethal and non-lethal options)• Implementation of THREATCON measures.• Rules of engagement for civilian security contractors overseasCourse participants are required to successful complete a series of vehicle, personnel and site bombsearch exercises. This module incorporates the use of building and site survey analysis worksheets toaid in making a proper threat, risk vulnerability assessment.(Module 12)IED/VBIED awareness and safety considerations• Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and VBIED awareness.• Improvised explosive device counter-measures.• Advanced counter-ambush Tactics
(Module 13)Urban Close Quarters Battle. CQB/CQCThis is module will introduce students to modern principles and techniques of close quarters battle (CQB) as theyrelate to hostage rescue scenarios. Learn how to operate in a 2/4 or 8 man team in house-to-house, room to roomsweeping and clearing. *Extensive role play and immediate action drills.• Dynamic & Precision Entry Concepts• Ballistic, Explosive & Mechanical Breaching• Breach Point Considerations• The Breachers Kit• Pre-Entry Staging• Scene Containment & Control• Team Stack Movement• Weapon Carriage & Presentation• Small Unit Communications *Radio, Tap & Hand Signals• Flood Techniques; Wall, Penetration & Saturation• Clearing Rooms, Hallways & Stairwells• Formations; Serpentine, Rolling-T• Negotiating Corners, Hallways & Intersections• Leap Frog, Bounding Movement• Cover & Check Drills• Sectoring, Fields of Fire• Cover & Concealment• Fatal Funnel Considerations• Man-down Considerations• Weapon Malfunction Remediation Drills• Noise-Frags & Diversionary Devices• Target Discrimination• Booby Traps, Obstables & Barricades• Low light, No light Considerations
Day 10/11/12 (Three Days)(MODULE 13)High Risk Evasive/ Protective DrivingBasic High Risk Security Driver Certification is awarded to course participants who complete threedays of security driver training. This is an intensive program that goes far beyond the basics and race-line (motor sport) concepts to introduce tactics specifically designed for extreme high threat environ-ments.Unlike "race-line" driving which emphasizes speed, APEX concepts and ideal environment scenarios,HCT understands that reality-based training must take into consideration the following imperatives:travel pattern analysis, mission route planning, operational driving dynamics, firearms in tran-sit, and action on contact considerations• Vehicle Awareness & Handling• Vehicle Dynamics (Weight transfer/Tires/Hard Skin, Soft Skin/*high center gravity)• Driving Dynamics (steering/braking/eyes/body position)• Road Conditions, Terrain & Environment Considerations• Urban/ Rural considerations(close proximity, vehicle distance)• Driver Skill & Limitations• Front, All and Rear-wheel Drive Operating Techniques• High Center of Gravity Vehicle Considerations• Two and Three Vehicle Convoy Operations• Motorcade Formations• Driver /Passengers Responsibilities• Anticipation of Potential hazards• PSD Team Member Responsibilities• Embarking & Disembarking Procedures• Ballistic considerations in transit• Myths of shooting the gas tank• Shooting results against windshields and tires• Shooting results against vehicle doors and the engine block• Ballistic effects against vehicles (9mm, 40, 45, 5.56, 7.62) *Training runs and exercises with instructor assistance.
Day 13(MODULE 14)Advanced Security Driving Techniques• Mission/Route Planning• Attack Pattern Methodologies• Travel Pattern Analysis• In transit vehicle-borne (VBIED) considerations• Field Scenarios and Exercises (All Day)• Convoy Integrity• Low signature considerations (convoy approach, use of signal panels)• Evasive Maneuvers (backing/ram/surgical/dead man take over)• Defensive & Evasive Driving• High Speed & Pursuit Driving• Braking (judging distance, weight transfer, block turns, directional braking, ABS/Non-ABS, threshold breaking, finite control)• Acceleration (control, distance, high speed approach, specialized turns, cornering, high speed reverse)• Driving Styles (SIPDE, SMITH, ZONE)• Turning Concepts (High Speed Slalom, Decreasing & Increasing Radius Turns, Offset Lane, The Block Turn)• Direction Changes (backing, parking, countering, high speed maneuvers)• Forward & Reverse Serpentine Drills• Constant Radius Curves & Collision Avoidance• Traversing, Turns & Pivots• Countering, Blocking & Screening• Choke Points & Alternative Routes• Ballistic Awareness• Vehicle Down Scenarios• Counter-ambush Drills• Deceptive traffic stop avoidance• Pushing through ramming• IED & VBIED Awareness & Counter-measures
Day 14(Module 15)Field scenarios and tactical skill assessment evaluation.• Force-on-Force Role Scenarios• Full scale mission plans• After Action Review(s) Course graduation and commencement ceremonies.