Computer basics for seniors


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Basic computer information, especially for seniors.

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  • Hardware--ask parts. Ask them to name parts in laptop. 1. Hard drive--brains of computer. Not really brains--just a bunch of electronic circuits. Hard drive--a circular magnetic disk--looks like a record, only flimsier. central processing unit of the computer--all the rest are peripherals and have to be plugged into the hard drive. Has the on switch. Has to be plugged in of course. Drives: C drive--main drive. Other drives--you can insert things: drive A: floppy disks--show--little magnetic disk inside this--holds less than hard disk. CD-ROM drive, Zip drive ports--to plug in peripherals--little pictures--icons show what plugs into what. Don’t force anything--little pins--don’t want to bend. 2. Monitor--display--(output device) so we can see what’s in the hard drive.Has an on switch, but if hard drive not on, won’t display anything. 3. Keyboard--Input device--how we enter info into the hard drive, give commands--how we talk to computer. 4. Mouse--commands w/o needing to type. Moves the cursor (little arrow) around on the screen 5. Modem--necessary to connect to the Internet--connect to other computers. 6.Printer --output device--make a hard copy 7. Laptop--identify these--most built in.
  • Computer basics for seniors

    1. 1. For Beginners Theresa Public Library
    2. 2. <ul><li>Console (CPU) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer screen (Monitor) </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Printer </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Use the mouse to point at something on the computer screen. </li></ul><ul><li>Clicking the left button on the mouse gives the computer a command. </li></ul><ul><li>The bottom of the mouse has a ball or a small red light which records movement on the tabletop and moves the arrow around on the computer screen. </li></ul><ul><li>Using the mouse takes us from page to page on the Web. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Hold mouse with tail facing toward computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Rest heel of hand on mousepad. </li></ul><ul><li>Put thumb on one side of mouse and ring and pinky fingers on other side of mouse to hold it in place. </li></ul><ul><li>Put index finger on left button. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Hold the mouse firmly and keep it flat on the table. </li></ul><ul><li>Move the mouse around in small circles and watch the arrow move on the computer screen. </li></ul><ul><li>Small, steady movements are best. </li></ul><ul><li>Be patient and try to watch the screen instead of the mouse itself. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>When you press the left button, you will hear a small click. </li></ul><ul><li>This is why we say “click” on this or that when referring to commands on the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Make your click quick, just like you would say “piz-za.” </li></ul><ul><li>Hold the mouse steady while you click or the computer will get confused. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Almost every computer mouse has 2 buttons –left and right—and each has special functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Some mice have a scroll wheel which is used to scroll through long pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Left clicks are used for commands. Right clicks are used to bring up specialized menus. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use thumb & ring and pinky fingers to slide mouse across mousepad until arrow is at right place on the computer screen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The mouse is in the right place when the arrow changes to a hand or to an “I”. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Click </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With index finger, lightly press the left button and release. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold the mouse still with thumb & pinky while clicking. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Double Click </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With index finger, lightly press the left button and release 2 times quickly. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drag </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With index finger, lightly press the left button and hold it down. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the mouse across the pad, and the object on the screen should move too. </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Arrow cursor Navigate around the screen. Busy cursor Wait – computer is “working” Typing cursor Text seen or to be typed here Double arrow cursor Resize a window. Web link cursor Link to another page.
    10. 10. <ul><li>Mousercise </li></ul><ul><li> crippel/computerlab/tutorials/mouse/page1.html </li></ul><ul><li>Northville, Michigan Public Library Tutorial </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>SeniorNet’s Mouse Exercise </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    11. 11. Space bar adds a space Enter to <send> Bck Sp erase to the left DEL erase to the right Shift for capital letter or ? ” : + % & ! @ # $ ( ) Caps Lock for all capital letters More practice at Chris Rippel’s Computer Training Tutorials, Central Kansas Library System.
    12. 12. <ul><li>USB ports may be on the front or back of the computer </li></ul><ul><li>USB used for flash drives, printers, scanners, cameras, and more </li></ul>Flash Drive Digital Camera Printer
    13. 13. <ul><li>CD/DVD Drive used for playing or recording (burning) CDs/DVDs </li></ul><ul><li>CD – Compact disc </li></ul><ul><li>CD-R – Recordable </li></ul><ul><li>CD-RW – Rewritable </li></ul><ul><li>DVD – Digital video disc </li></ul><ul><li>DVD-R - Recordable </li></ul><ul><li>DVD +-RW – Rewritable </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Operating Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows XP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vista </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applications or Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Office or similar programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo-editing software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solitaire and others </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>The desktop in the sample at right is the blue background on top of which graphic items are placed. </li></ul><ul><li>An Icon is a picture or graphic that represents a program, process, folder or file. </li></ul><ul><li>You can double click on an icon to open a program, start a process, or view contents of a folder </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Start Button </li></ul><ul><li>Task Bar </li></ul><ul><li>Task Buttons </li></ul><ul><li>Quick Launch </li></ul><ul><li>Notification Area (System Tray) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Bars 1 2 3 4 5 6 Buttons Minimize (Send to task bar) Resize (full window or not) Close 1 – Title Bar: name of page or document you’re using 2 – Menu Bar: includes alternate ways to print or go to favorites 3 – Tool Bar: Back button (return to page before), home page (house), favorites 4 – Address Bar: each web page has its own address (URL) 5 – Scroll Bar: Move with bottom for left/right; right for up/down 6 – Status Bar: Shows if page is loading or done.
    18. 18. <ul><li>Allows you to see what’s on your computer </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Use My Computer/Windows Explorer to view files and folders </li></ul><ul><li>The Task pane easily allows you to work with files </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting files and folders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Edit Menu and Select All to choose all items in a window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Shift + Click to select items from beginning to end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Ctrl + Click to select non-adjacent items </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Copying Files and Folders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut – Moves the selected file/folder or text to the Clipboard and removes the original – Ctrl + X </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copy – Moves the selected file/folder or text to the Clipboard and leaves the original – Ctrl + C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paste – Puts the cut or copied file/folder or text from the Clipboard wherever the cursor is located – Ctrl + V </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renaming and Deleting Files and Folders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Task Pane, Edit Menu or Right Click Menu to rename or delete files – Can also use Del on keyboard to delete files </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Starting an Application </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing keyboard and file management skills with WordPad </li></ul><ul><li>Using the Menu Bar and Toolbar </li></ul>WordPad WordPad can be found by going to the Start Button> All Programs>Accessories>WordPad
    22. 22. <ul><li>Using the Toolbar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often used Menu items are also on the Toolbar for easy reference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Printing Documents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Print Preview to see how pages will look </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clicking Print icon on toolbar sends it to printer without opening Print dialog box. Use File menu or Right Click Menu to make print choices </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>Save vs. Save As Commands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the File menu, Toolbar, or Right Click Menu to save your work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save As dialog box will appear the first time you save a file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save As command saves a new copy of your document and leaves the original. You need to provide a new file name and a location where it should be saved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save command saves your document again if </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>you‘ve made changes </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>Keyboard image is from Chris Rippel’s Computer Training Tutorials, Central Kansas Library System. </li></ul><ul><li>Material developed from Rochester Regional Library Council </li></ul><ul><li>CLIC-on-Health for Seniors. </li></ul><ul><li>Training developed by a team of librarians led by: </li></ul><ul><li>Chris DeGolyer, Outreach Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Additional material obtained from Fond du Lac Public Library </li></ul><ul><li>Our thanks to Mid-Wisconsin Library System and Steve Platteter for the use of the mobile lab. </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to the Theresa Public Library for creating this slideshow! </li></ul>