The times they were a changing?

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The times they were a changing?

  1. 1. The times they were a changing? <ul><li>History by activists? </li></ul><ul><li>Rise and fall of liberalism? </li></ul><ul><li>A more complex movement? </li></ul><ul><li>Continuities as well as defeat? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Seeds of the 1960s <ul><li>Affluence </li></ul><ul><li>Suburbia and conformity </li></ul><ul><li>Birth Rate </li></ul><ul><li>Political conservatism </li></ul><ul><li>Teenagers and Rock and Roll </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural rebels: Kerouac, Pollock, Parker </li></ul>
  3. 3. JFK and the start of the 60s <ul><li>Nov 1960 JFK election victory </li></ul><ul><li>April 1961 Bay of Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>22 Nov 1963 JFK assassinated in Dallas </li></ul>
  4. 4. LBJ <ul><li>Aug 1964 Economic Opportunity Act </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 1964 Tonkin Gulf Incident </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 1964 LBJ re-elected </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 1965 ‘Rolling Thunder’ </li></ul><ul><li>Mar 1965 Ground troops to Vietnam </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vietnam <ul><li>Economic cost ($150 Billion) </li></ul><ul><li>Provided Impetus to growing social movements </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Govt. ‘lies’, and secrecy </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological impact of military defeat </li></ul>
  6. 6. The New Left <ul><li>1962 SDS and the ‘Port Huron Statement’ </li></ul><ul><li>Autumn 1964 Berkeley, and the ‘Free Speech Movement’ </li></ul><ul><li>1964 Vietnam teach-in at University of Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Apr 1965 SDS organised antiwar rally in DC </li></ul>
  7. 7. ‘ Turn on, Tune in, Drop Out’ <ul><li>‘ One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest’ (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>Commune at La Honda., Ca. </li></ul><ul><li>1966 20,000 attended an acid test in San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>1967 ‘The Summer of Love’ </li></ul>
  8. 8. Music and Rebellion <ul><li>May 1963 ‘The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan’ </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 1964 Beatles toured US </li></ul><ul><li>By 1965 ‘Acid Rock’ – Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane </li></ul><ul><li>1966 Otis Redding at Monterey </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 1969 Woodstock </li></ul>
  9. 9. The New Right <ul><li>A different Narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Anticommunism </li></ul><ul><li>William F. Buckley Jr </li></ul><ul><li>Barry Goldwater, 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Young Americans for Freedom (YAF) </li></ul><ul><li>Grassroots Activism. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1968 <ul><li>31 Jan Tet Offensive </li></ul><ul><li>31 Mar LBJ announcement </li></ul><ul><li>4 Apr Assassination of MLK </li></ul><ul><li>4 June Assassination of Robert Kennedy </li></ul><ul><li>Aug Chicago Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Nov Richard Nixon elected President </li></ul>

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